|Province of Cisplatina|
Location of New Cumbria in the United Provinces
|Official Languages||French, English|
|• Governor||Bastien Alarie (CSDP)|
|• Senator||Anna Aitchison (CSDP)|
New Cumbria (French: Nouvelle Cumbria) is a province located in the southeastern region of Cisplatina, encompassing a major portion of the nation's Pampas region, and makes up one of the five Coastal Provinces. It is the 7th most populous province, and the 5th largest by land area. It borders the provinces of New Pomerelia to the west, and Edessea to the north. New Cumbria's capital is the French speaking city of Henriville, while its largest city is the English speaking Aberdeen. Aberdeen is the nations fourth largest English speaking city, and is one of the nation's minor centers for finance. The official census conducted in 2015 reported that 17,309,281 people lived within the province. It is one of the nations two English speaking provinces with a Roman Catholic majority; with some 67% of native English speaking inhabitants claiming they were affiliates of the church. It was the third province to join the the United Provinces; admitted on September 2nd, 1753.
First settled by the Huguenots after the expulsion of French Protestants by the Edict of Nantes in 1658, it was a major hub for Protestants in the country. As the nation had historically been closed off to non-Catholic colonists, the admission of Protestants to the Hospitaller territory has been considered a major event in the creation of a pluralist national system that persists to this day. In the 1680's, English speaking Roman Catholics migrated away from the French dominated states of North Pereira and South Pereira, deterring continue French settlement in the area. Along with continued migration by the French Huguenots into the El Chaco, English settlers came to outnumber the original settlers by 1720. In 1753 the region was admitted to the United Provinces, with the ratification of its own provincial constitution, declaring itself as the Province of New Cumbria in honor of the county of Cumberland in England. It was among some of the first provinces to industrialize during the Industrial Revolution, becoming a hub for international trade, and an important route for regional trade with Argentina. Historically agriculture, specifically concerning cattle and wheat have been the provinces driving economic force, although it has typically ranked behind Paraná and New Pomerelia in agricultural output. Since the 1960's New Cumbria has rapidly developed, as its moderate climate has attracted northern Cisplatinians, leading to serious issues concerning urban sprawl and the loss of prime agricultural land.
New Cumbria's current Governor is Bastien Alarie, elected in 2012, he is a member of the Christian-Social Democratic Party of Cisplatina. Anna Aitchison is the province's Senator, the first woman to be elected to the seat and is a member of the Christian-Social Democratic Party. New Cumbria's delegation to the House of Deputies consists of 18 members of the Christian-Social Democratic Party and 16 members of the National Party of Cisplatina. Historically the province has been host to many of the nation's marginal seats which have been the deciding factor in the creation of a political party's majority in the national government.
Prior to English settlement, French Huguenot's named the region after French Hospitaller Édouard Jean-Baptiste Masson, as Domaine de Masson. Francophones relocated after several population shifts in the country; with the Huguenots migrating across the Paraná River into the Paraná Plateau and the El Chaco. French names still continue to dominate the provinces topography, with its most important river still being refereed to as the Masson River. Roman Catholics from the present day English county of Cumbria entered the land after arriving in mass after religious conflict in England. Originally the land was settled as the "Cumberland Province and Plantations" under the administration of William Brooke but was renamed New Cumbria during admission into the United Provinces. Cumbria in the Brittonic language translate literally to "land of the Cymry"; it originates from the root word "Kombrogi" meaning "fellow countrymen". The name for the province closely resembles that of the Welsh word for Wales; Cymru.
Although little is known about the original indigenous population that settled the region comprising of New Cumbria, archaeological evidence dates some 10,000 years BCE, the presence of the Homo catalanensis culture. Key groups include the Charrúa and the Guaraní people. Some smaller groups included the Chana and Arachan peoples. New Cumbria was not host to any major civilizations, like that of the Inca or the Aztecs, found in Peru and Mexico; instead they were semi-nomadic people who relied heavily on hunting, fishing and gathering. It is estimated that prior to colonization, that the collective population in the region never surpassed between 10,000 or 20,000 inhabitants.
- (INCORPORATE) In 1558, the first group of Polish-Lithuanians to immigrate departed in several ships from Gdańsk under the Calvinist Piotr Mieczko arrived in Aubusson, where they secured rights from the Knights Hospitaller to establish a settlement further south. Mieczko commenced a voyage along the Uraguay River, where they established the town of Nowydom
New Cumbria's system for taxation is controlled through it's revenue service known as the New Cumbria Franchise Tax Board, which collects personal income tax and corporate taxes. Lacking a system of standard deductions and itemized deductions, the board places citizens in specialized categorizes through conventions set by the Tax Board. Tax credits are issued by the Tax Board through different criteria by year. Although the province levies a 4% flat income tax on its residents, the Board will apply tax credits to those who recently bought a new home, established a new business or had a child within the province. Because deductions are not provided, submission of information throughout the year allows for a less bureaucratic tax season; although it demands for more paperwork throughout the year to provide evidence to the Tax Board. The province has a flat corporate tax of 3%, and does not collect taxes on corporate or private dividends or earnings, making it a popular site for the financial sector. It's sales tax is around 8%, which provides a large part of the income for the state. Collectively, taxes from property, large purchases and income can only legally amount to 12% of an individuals total income. Earnings, reported purchases and events are factored into the Tax Board's categorization, providing funds at the end of the year around January to compensate for taxation above 12% of an individual's total income.
New Cumbria has a 15 cent fuel tax, and is among the only provinces that do not have an alcohol tax. Introduced in 2001, the province enacted its first sin tax which targeted cigarettes and lottery winnings. Considered a tax haven within the United Provinces; the state's anti-tax attitude has pushed it into financial troubles over the course of several decades, forcing it to target pensions, public schools, emergency workers and infrastructure. New Cumbria has ranked the best in doing business within the country during the year of 2012, 2016, and 2018. In 2012, the National Party passed legislation that forbid local municipalities or districts from levying taxes as some cities attempted to enforce their own taxes after the 2008 financial crisis.