1863 Sierran federal election

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1863 Sierran federal election

← 1858 September 1–October 16, 1863 1865 →

None of the 33 seats in the K.S. Senate
All 50 seats in the K.S. House of Commons
26 seats needed for majority
Registered 556,793
Turnout 18.26%

  First party Second party Third party
  Frank Morrison Pixley.jpg Ulysses Perry.png Leland Stanford1.jpg
Leader Frederick Bachelor, Sr. Ulysses Perry Leland Stanford
Party Royalist Democratic-Republican Whig
Leader since November 27, 1858 November 27, 1858 March 19, 1861
Leader's seat San Francisco 2nd San Joaquin 1st None
Last election 33 seats, 66.0% 17 seats, 34.0% Did not stand
Seats won 29 19 2
Seat change 4 2 2
Popular vote 60,392 37,415 3,863
Percentage 59.4% 36.8% 2.8%
Swing -6.6% +2.8% Steady 2.8%

1863 Sierran federal election map.svg
A map presenting the results of the election, by party of the MP elected from each constituency.

Prime Minister before election

Frederick Bachelor, Sr.
Royalist Party of Sierra

Elected Prime Minister

Frederick Bachelor, Sr.
Royalist Party of Sierra

The 1863 Sierran federal election was the second federal election. It was held from September 1 to October 16, 1863 to elect members of the House of Commons of the 3rd Parliament of Sierra. It was the first parliamentary election to feature a third party contest in the election and win seats in the House. Prime Minister Frederick Bachelor, Sr. and the Royalists retained control over the House but lost several seats to the Democratic-Republicans and the Whigs. While the Democratic-Republicans' gains were relatively modest, the election demonstrated growing strength of the party within the Styxie, which concerned the Royalists. Three parliamentary districts in San Francisco were narrowly won by the Royalists, further indicating the government's eroding confidence among some of its party base.

Under the first premiership of Bachelor, Sr., the Sierran government promoted a domestic policy grounded on free trade, open immigration, and industrialism. Sierra's aristocratic class was also emerging, receiving the patronage and support by the King and the Royalists, who issued over 50 substantive titles of nobility. Sierra's rapid industrialization was fueled by wealthy industrialists and entrepreneurs who invested millions of dollars into infrastructure and transportation in order to strengthen Sierra's international trade, especially within the San Francisco Bay Area.

The policies of the Royalists were met with angry opposition by the Democratic-Republicans who perceived the changes as signs of Sierra moving towards an autocratic society that was indifferent to the popular masses. The Democratic-Republicans under Ulysses Perry favored curtailing the role and power of the Monarch while supporting agricultural workers and farmers. He and his party supported protectionist policies, the adoption of the silver standard, legal recognition and protection of labor unions, and slowing down immigration, especially from China.

Leland Stanford, an industrialist and robber baron led the Whigs, positioned himself as a moderate. He backed Sierra's continued industrial progress but also supported populist proposals including the creation of worker-owned cooperatives, switching from the gold standard to a land value-based currency, and limiting Sierra's immigration.

Results[edit]

Summary of results[edit]

29 19 2
Royalist Democratic-Republican Whig
Party Votes Seats
Royalist 60,392
59.4%
29 / 50 (58%)
Democratic-Republican 37,415
36.8%
19 / 50 (38%)
Whig 3,863
2.8%
2 / 50 (4%)

Sierran Parliament Layout 1863.svg

Detailed analysis[edit]

Party Party leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular vote
1858 Elected % Change # % pp Change
Royalist Frederick Bachelor, Sr. 72 33 29 -12.12% 60,392 59.40% –5.4 pp
Democratic-Republican Ulysses Perry 80 17 19 11.76% 37,415 36.80% +1.6 pp
Whig Leland Stanford 20 2 3,863 2.80%
Total 172 50 50 0.00% 41,721 100.00%  

Results by province[edit]

Party name CV GC LG MA MO PL SF SJ SC SH RN TA Total
Royalist Seats: 0 9 3 0 0 2 12 1 2 0 0 0 29
Popular votes: 16.5 84.3 85.6 47.3 38.0 42.4 69.6 23.7 24.3 29.8 18.5 18.0 59.4
Democratic-Republican Seats: 1 0 0 1 1 2 3 4 4 1 1 1 19
Popular votes: 82.9 15.4 14.3 52.5 61.9 57.1 25.5 75.4 75.0 69.6 80.2 81.7 36.8
Whig Seats: 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2
Popular votes: 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.4 4.5 0.8 0.6 0.5 1.3 0.2 2.8
Independent/Other Seats: 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Popular votes: 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 1.0
Total seats: 1 9 3 1 1 4 18 5 5 1 1 1 50

Vote and seat summaries[edit]

Popular vote
Royalist
  
59.40%
Democratic-Republican
  
36.80%
Whig
  
2.8%
Other
  
1.0%
Seat totals
Royalist
  
58.00%
Democratic-Republican
  
38.00%
Whig
  
4.00%
Other
  
0.00%

See also[edit]