1984 Jamaican coup d'état

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1984 Jamaican coup d'état
Jamaican Democratic Revolution
Part of the Cold War
DateFebruary 23, 1984 - March 17th, 1984
Result Removal of Lloyd Williams' Continentalist Party of Jamaica, establishment of the Emergency Directorate of Jamaica
Proposed flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica

Supported by

 United Commonwealth

Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaican Army Supported by

Flag of the Conference of American States.svg Conference of American States
 United Kingdom
Commanders and leaders
Proposed flag of Jamaica.svg Lloyd Williams
Flag of the United Commonwealth.svg Ulylan Saunders
Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamal Young
Flag of Sierra.svg Mitchell Ford
Flag of Brazoria.svg George Bush

The 1984 Jamaican coup d'état, sometimes called the Jamaican Democratic Revolution was a coup d'état and military intervention undertaken by members of the Conference of American States to depose the Marxist-Landonist government of Lloyd Williams and the ruling party the Continentalist Party of Jamaica (CPJ). Williams, elected in 1980, pushed for Jamaica's integration into the United Commonwealth, creating tensions with Commonwealth of Nations and the liberal democracies of North America and Europe.

General Jamal Young of the Jamaican Defense Force deposed the Landonist government within a week, capturing Williams and televising his execution. The Continental Navy deployed an array of frigates and a aircraft carrier group to begin a retaliatory strike on Kingston, leading to a standoff with the Sierran Royal Navy and the Brazorian Navy, an event that resulted in a prolonged period of hostile relations between the two factions. On the island, a vicious struggle for power ensued between the Landonists and Young's forces, leading to the Sierran government to call for an intervention on March 7th. On March 9th, the Continental Navy returned to its ports in Cuba, allowing for the Sierran Royal Army to secure the island.

Young ascended to power, establishing a junta that suspended all political activity in Jamaica and repressed the island's remaining left-wing movements, targeting Landonists, socialists and those espousing unionists beliefs. Sierran Prime Minister, Mitchell Ford promptly recognized the newly formed Emergency Directorate of Jamaica (EDJ) and supported it in consolidating it's power. The Continental government's failure to deter CAS encroachment into the Caribbean was attributed to Ulylan Saunders inability to rally support within his own party and among the public.

Political background[edit]

Continentalist involvement in Jamaica[edit]

1980 election[edit]

Departure from the Commonwealth of Nations[edit]

Admissions into the United Commonwealth[edit]


Nationalization of bauxite mines[edit]

Naval port lease[edit]

Economic reforms[edit]


Installing a new regime[edit]

Continued violence[edit]

International reaction[edit]


See Also[edit]