1998 Bijhan and Laharn federal election

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The 1998 Bijhan and Laharn federal election took place on 2-3 May 1998 to elect the members of the 2nd Kunveno.

Composition of Kunveno[edit]

The Kunveno is bicameral, with a Senate and a House of Representatives, both of which have 120 members. Senate seats are divided equally between the two states, while seats in the House of Representatives are apportioned based on the populations of both states, provided neither can be apportioned fewer than 30 seats. As Laharn's population grew faster than Bijhan's during the previous five years, one seat was transferred from Bijhan to Laharn,

Electoral system[edit]

The Kunveno is elected under a system of proportional representation, in which each constituent state forms a single electoral district. Political parties submit ranked lists of candidates for the Senate and the House of Representatives. Voters vote for one party only, and that vote is counted as a vote for the party's candidates in both chambers. Once the votes are tallied, the seats are distributed to the parties using the pure D'Hondt method with no set threshold. Candidates are elected based on their ranking on the party list.

Results[edit]

Bijhan[edit]

Political party Votes % ±% Senate ± House ±
  Independence Party of Bijhan
Partio Sendependeco de Biĵanio (PSB)
741,249 35.12 –5.43 22 –4 31 –6
  Moderate Progressive Party
Modera Progresema Partio (MPP)
450,198 21.33 +21.33 13 +13 19 +19
  Bijhanian Democratic Party
Biĵana Demokratia Partio (BDP)
378,222 17.92 –1.42 11 –1 15 –2
  Change Bijhan
Ŝanĝu Biĵanion (ŜB)
147,532 6.99 +6.99 4 +4 6 +6
  Conservative People's Party
Konservativa Popola Partio (KPP)
128,958 6.11 –0.01 4 +1 5 ±0
  Unity Party
Unueca Partio (UP)
109,330 5.18 +0.15 3 ±0 4 ±0
  Better Future for Bijhan
Pli Bona Estonteco por Biĵanio (PBEB)
89,068 4.22 +4.22 2 +2 3 +3
  Communist Party of Bijhan
Komunisma Partio de Biĵanio (KPB)
59,519 2.82 –8.35 1 –6 2 –8
Other parties
Aliaj Partioj
6,542 0.35 –17.48 0 –9 0 –13
Valid votes 2,110,618 97.81 –0.16 60 ±0 85 –1
Invalid votes 47,205 2.18 +0.16  
Total votes 2,157,823 100.00 ±0.00
Enrolled voters/Turnout 4,611,892 46.79 –7.71

Laharn[edit]

Political party Votes % ±% Senate ± House ±
  New Democratic Party
Nova Demokratia Partio (NDP)
480,276 32.11 –10.07 20 –7 13 –2
  Socialist Party
Socalisma Partio (SP)
425,712 28.47 +7.07 18 +4 11 +3
  Our Strength – Our State
Nia Forto–Nia Ŝtato (NFNŜ)
167,640 11.21 –0.80 7 ±0 4 ±0
  United Laharn Party
Partio Unuiĝinta Laharnio (PUL)
126,604 8.47 –0.17 5 ±0 3 ±0
  Only Unity Will Save Laharn
Nur Unueco Savos Laharnion (NUSL)
101,830 6.81 +6.81 4 +4 2 +2
  Agrarian Party
Agrara Partio (AP)
62,922 4.21 –1.90 2 –1 1 –1
  Liberty Party
Partio Libereco (PL)
46,508 3.11 –2.89 2 –1 1 –1
  Solidarity
Solidareco (S)
30,701 2.05 +2.05 1 +1 0 ±0
  People's Party
Popola Partio (PP)
23,558 1.58 +1.58 1 +1 0 ±0
Other parties
Aliaj Partioj
29,789 1.99 –1.67 0 –1 0 ±0
Valid votes 1,495,540 98.94 +0.86 60 ±0 35 +1
Invalid votes 15,959 1.06 –0.86  
Total votes 1,511,499 100.00 ±0.00
Enrolled voters/Turnout 2,078,711 72.71 –6.14

Election of Presidential Council[edit]

The Presidential Council is elected on a single list by special majority vote. There are six voting members and a variable number of non-voting members, with each group divided between the constituent states according to population, provided each is allocated at least one-third of the members.

The 2nd Kunveno was convoked on 1 June 1998. The House of Representatives approved the list on 2 June by a vote of 89–31. The Senate approved the list the following day by a vote of 84–36. The 2nd Presidential Council began its term on 1 July 1998.

Member Political Party State Voting/Non-Voting
  Independence Party of Bijhan Bijhan Voting
  Independence Party of Bijhan Bijhan Voting
  Moderate Progressive Party Bijhan Voting
  Bijhanian Democratic Party Bijhan Voting