2020 Summer Olympics

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Games of the XXXII Olympiad
XXXII. Yaz Olimpiyat Oyunları
2020 Summer Olympics Istanbul.svg
Host city Istanbul, Anatolian Republic
Nations participating 170
Athletes participating 11,170
Sports 34
Events 347
Opening ceremony 24 July 2021
Closing ceremony 9 August 2021
Officially opened by President Nihad Cemil Mentesheli
Main venue Atatürk Olympic Stadium
2016 Rio 2024 Porciúncula  >

The 2020 Summer Olympic Games (Turkish: 2020 Sayf Olimpiyatları) officially known as the Games of the XXXII Olympiad (Turkish: XXXII. Yaz Olimpiyat Oyunları), and commonly known as Istanbul 2020 (İstanbul 2020), was an international multi-sport event held from 24 July to 9 August 2021 in Istanbul, Anatolian Republic, with preliminary events in some sports beginning on 22 July.

Istanbul was elected as the host city in 2013. It is the first time that the Anatolian Republic hosted the Olympic Games, as previously it had bid Istanbul four times, for the 2000, 2004, 2008, and 2012 Summer Olympics, but lost. In the past Anatolia had hosted several other international sporting competitions, including the 2010 Basketball World Championship, 2012 IAAF World Indoor Championships, and the 2013 FIFA U-20 World Cup. Originally scheduled to begin in July 2020, the Olympics were delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the health risks as a result of holding the event during its originally scheduled date. Despite occurring in 2021, the Games of the XXXII Olympiad kept the title Istanbul 2020 for marketing and branding purposes. This is the first time that the Olympic Games have been postponed rather than cancelled. It was largely held behind closed doors with no spectators because of the state of emergency in Istanbul as a result of the pandemic. It was the most expensive edition of the Games ever, costing KS$20 billion.

The 2020 Games saw the introduction of additional disciplines within several of the Summer Olympics sports, including 3x3 basketball, freestyle BMX and Madison cycling, as well as further mixed events. Under new IOC policies that allow sports to be added to the Games' program to augment the permanent "core" Olympic events, these Games saw karate, sport climbing, surfing, skateboarding, and wushu make their Olympic debuts, and the return of baseball and softball (which were removed from the summer program after 2008).

Biding process[edit | edit source]

Istanbul, Madrid, and Tokyo were the three candidate cities. The applicant cities of Baku (Iran) and Doha (Trucial States) were not promoted to candidate status. A bid from Rome was withdrawn. Doha was later awarded the 2028 Olympics.

2020 Summer Olympics host city election
City NOC name Round 1 Runoff Round 2
Istanbul  Anatolian Republic 42 60
Madrid  Spain 26 49 36
Tokyo  Japan 26 45

Development and preparation[edit | edit source]

Venues[edit | edit source]

Venues were in four zones and seven clusters around the city. The Olympic City Zone on the European side and the Olympic City Cluster included Millet Istadya and would have been home to the Olympic Village, with the Esenler Cluster of facilities just west of the main stadiums. The Coastal Zone along the Sea of Marmara included the Ataköy Cluster around Ataköy Athletics Arena and the Sinan Erdem Dome, while the Old City Cluster included cycle and triathlon facilities. The Bosporus zone had the Taksim Cluster on the European side and the Port Cluster on the Asian side, including Ahmed Anzavur Istadya. The final zone was the Forest Zone around Belgrade Forest in the north part of the European Side, where facilities had included archery, volleyball, and rowing.

Türk Telekom Arena, Atatürk Olympic Stadium and Ahmed Anzavur Istadya, which were built or renovated in the first decade of the 21st century, are three UEFA Elite Stadiums in Istanbul. Atatürk Olympic Stadium hosted UEFA Champions League Final in 2005 and Ahmed Anzavur Istadya hosted the UEFA Cup Final in 2009. There are also plans to construct a stadium which would have been used for the opening and closing ceremonies as well as for marathons.

Fenerbahçe International Sports Complex Ülker Sports Arena, the newest multi-purpose indoor arena in Istanbul, opened on January 25, 2012 with the inaugural Fenerbahçe-EA7 Emporio Armani basketball match of the Euroleague 2011-12 Top 16. In 2012, Sinan Erdem Dome hosted the 2011–12 Euroleague Final Four matches and the final phase of the 2010 FIBA World Championship.

  • Millet Istadya – Athletics
  • Sinan Erdem Dome – Basketball
  • Ülker Sports Arena – Volleyball
  • Abdi İpekçi Arena – Handball
  • Ahmed Anzavur Istadya – Football
  • Türk Telekom Arena – Football
  • BJK İnönü Stadium – Rugby
  • Atakoy Marina – Sailing
  • Atakoy Athletics Arena – Judo, Taekwondo, Wushu
  • Harbiye Congress Auditorium – Weightlifting
  • Old City Zone – Marathon, Race Walks, Cycling (Road)
  • Belgrade Forest – Canoe Kayak (Slalom), Cycling (Mountain Bike/BMX), Golf
  • Altınkapı Marina – Triathlon
  • Atakoy Velodrome – Cycling (Track)
  • İkitelli Olympic City Zone – Boxing, Gymnastics, Table Tennis, Badminton, Hockey, Tennis, Aquatics Centre, Water Polo, Olympic Village, Media Village, International Broadcasting Centre
  • Bosphorus Zone – Opening & Closing Ceremonies, Archery, Beach Volley, Canoe Kayak (Sprint), Rowing, Swimming Marathon
  • Esenler Sport Park – National Equestrian Centre, National Shooting Area, Olympic Fencing Centre, Modern Pentathlon

Postponement due to COVID-19[edit | edit source]

Participating National Olympics Committees[edit | edit source]

All of the world's 170 recognized National Olympics Committees (NOCs) participated in the 2020 Games.

Participating National Olympic Committees

The Games[edit | edit source]

Opening ceremony[edit | edit source]

Sports[edit | edit source]

See also: Olympic sports

Medals Summary[edit | edit source]

  *   Host nation (Anatolian Republic)
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 China1001
2 Russia0101
3 Switzerland0011
Totals (3 nations)1113

Calendar[edit | edit source]

The original schedule was from 22 July to 9 August 2020. To postpone the Olympics until 2021, all events were delayed by 364 days (one day less than a full year to preserve the same days of the week), giving a new schedule of 21 July to 8 August 2021.

All times and dates use Anatolia Standard Time (UTC+3)
OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Gold medal events EG Exhibition gala CC Closing ceremony
July/August 2021 21
Wed
22
Thu
23
Fri
24
Sat
25
Sun
26
Mon
27
Tue
28
Wed
29
Thu
30
Fri
31
Sat
1
Sun
2
Mon
3
Tue
4
Wed
5
Thu
6
Fri
7
Sat
8
Sun
Events
Olympic Rings Icon.svg Ceremonies OC CC N/A
Aquatics Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg Artistic swimming 1 1 2
Diving pictogram.svg Diving 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Open water swimming pictogram.svg Marathon swimming 1 1 2
Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming 4 4 4 5 5 4 4 5 35
Water polo pictogram.svg Water polo 1 1 2
Archery pictogram.svg Archery 1 1 1 1 1 5
Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics 1 3 4 5 6 5 8 8 7 1 48
Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton 1 1 1 2 5
Baseball
Baseball pictogram.svg Baseball 1 1
Softball pictogram.svg Softball 1 1
Basketball Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball 1 1 4
3-on-3 basketball pictogram.svg 3×3 Basketball 2
Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 2 1 1 1 4 4 13
Canoeing Canoeing (slalom) pictogram.svg Slalom 1 1 1 1 16
Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Sprint 4 4 4
Cycling Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Road cycling 1 1 2 22
Cycling (track) pictogram.svg Track cycling 1 2 1 2 2 1 3
Cycling (BMX) pictogram.svg BMX 2 2
Cycling (mountain biking) pictogram.svg Mountain biking 1 1
Equestrian pictogram.svg Equestrian 1 1 2 1 1 6
Fencing pictogram.svg Fencing 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 12
Field hockey pictogram.svg Field hockey 1 1 2
Football pictogram.svg Football 1 1 2
Golf pictogram.svg Golf 1 1 2
Gymnastics Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Artistic 1 1 1 1 4 3 3 EG 18
Gymnastics (rhythmic) pictogram.svg Rhythmic 1 1
Gymnastics (trampoline) pictogram.svg Trampolining 1 1
Handball pictogram.svg Handball 1 1 2
Judo pictogram.svg Judo 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 15
Karate pictogram.svg Karate 3 3 2 8
Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg Modern pentathlon 1 1 2
Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing 2 4 4 4 14
Rugby Sevens pictogram.svg Rugby sevens 1 1 2
Sailing pictogram.svg Sailing 2 2 2 2 2 10
Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 15
Skateboarding pictogram.svg Skateboarding 1 1 1 1 4
Sport climbing pictogram.svg Sport climbing 1 1 2
Surfing pictogram.svg Surfing 2 2
Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis 1 1 1 1 1 5
Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo 2 2 2 2 8
Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis 1 1 3 5
Triathlon pictogram.svg Triathlon 1 1 1 3
Volleyball Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg Beach volleyball 1 1 4
Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Volleyball 1 1
Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 14
Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 3 3 3 3 3 3 18
Wushu pictogram.svg Wushu 2 2 2 2 8
Daily medal events 13 20 23 24 23 17 21 21 25 22 24 17 27 23 34 13 347
Cumulative total 13 33 56 80 103 120 141 162 187 209 233 250 277 300 334 347
July/August 2021 21
Wed
22
Thu
23
Fri
24
Sat
25
Sun
26
Mon
27
Tue
28
Wed
29
Thu
30
Fri
31
Sat
1
Sun
2
Mon
3
Tue
4
Wed
5
Thu
6
Fri
7
Sat
8
Sun
Total events


Closing ceremony[edit | edit source]

Controversies[edit | edit source]

Possible COVID-19 risks[edit | edit source]

Protests and demonstrations[edit | edit source]

Legacy[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]