Abdul Qadir Baryalai

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Abdul Qadir Baryalai
Abdul Qadir Baryali.jpg
Prime Minister of Pashtunistan
Assumed office
9 October 2015 – 1 October 2019
Preceded by Mohammed Emel Khan
Succeeded by Hikmatullah Zain
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
16 April 1997 – 20 December 2002
Preceded by Mohammed Ghous
Succeeded by Sultan Kaylani Hachemi
Personal details
Born (1955-11-29) 29 November 1955 (age 64)
Herat, Social Democratic Republic of Pashtunistan
Political party National Unity Party (1999–present)
Religion Sunni Islam

Abdul Qadir Baryalai (born 29 November 1955) is a Pashtun diplomat and politician who was the Prime Minister of Pashtunistan from 2015 until 2019. Baryalai is the first Pashtun head of government not a member of the Barakzai dynasty since the end of the last civil war. He was previously the Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1997 to 2002, credited with restoring the kingdom's diplomatic relations with many countries, and then spent more than a decade as the influential General Secretary of the Royal Court of Pashtunistan. Before that, in the 1980s he had fought as a rebel commander during the Soviet occupation of Pashtunistan.

He was appointed by King Duran Daud Khan in 2015, having been the secretary-general of the royal court and close to the monarchy. Starting in the fall of 2018, he began peace talks with United Opposition leaders on behalf of King Daud Khan, which went on for a year before being briefly cancelled in September 2019 due to a terrorist attack against Pashtun soldiers. However, Baryalai stepped down following the National Unity Party's defeat in the 2019 Pashtun legislative election. Since then, Baryalai has remained active in politics, becoming one of the Pashtun negotiators with the United Opposition under new Prime Minister Hikmatullah Zain.

Early life[edit]

He was born on 29 November 1955 in Herat, Pashtunistan. From 1975 to 1977, Baryalai served as a conscript in the Pashtun People's Army. Afterwards he began studies at Kabul University.

First civil war: rebel leader[edit]

Second civil war: government service[edit]

Since 1997: in the government[edit]

Personal life[edit]