Administrative divisions of Kalșeri

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Kalșeri is a federation of fourteen cantons; the cantons themselves are divided into 36 judicial provinces, 592 municipalities and the Mount Takal Special Territory. Municipalities may be subdivided into smaller divisions, whose names change by canton. Each canton is completely free to decide on its own administrative structure, with no nationwide approval required.

The current administrative division system was established with the Carnafarry Statute, passed in 1794; subsequent modifications have since been applied.

On November 8, 2020, Quincollia declared cantonhood by separation from New Lothian; Quincollia became the fourteenth canton of Kalșeri when President Maksimilianus Ureska signed the Act of Cantonal Constitution into law.

Cantons[edit]

The fourteen cantons of Kalșeri

The fourteen cantons (flalia, singular flal), established in 1783, are the member states of the federation. Cantons have virtually unlimited power and responsibility within their borders and their autonomy is protected by Section IV of the Charter of Kalșeri. Their duties include (but are not limited to):

  • ownership of non-private property and the exercise of eminent domain;
  • education of inhabitants;
  • maintenance of hospitals and implementation of welfare programs;
  • justice and law enforcement, through provinces;
  • management of sub-canton local government;
  • maintenance of non-Highway main roads;
  • regulation of industry;
  • fundraising to support activities;
  • management of canton-wide transportation;
  • administration of non-federal natural reserves.

Cantons have their own constitution, their own government and their own legislature.

Each canton has three Senate seats, of which two elected, and a variable number of Representatives, depending on its population at the time of election. Section IV of the Charter of Kalșeri also contemplates the partial or total suspension of the autonomy of a canton, after which the involved tasks would be handled directly by the State. The suspension of cantonal autonomy, which requires unanimous approval by Congress, has never been applied so far.

The fourteen cantons are:

Flag Shield Canton Capital city Governor Languages Est. Area Pop. Density HoR seats Demonym
Flag of Cape Sundervale.svg Shield of Cape Sundervale.svg Cape Sundervale (CS) Governor-General William Rothes
Mayor Alfred Coombe (BIP)
English (preferred language)
Kalhan
1991 211.45 km2 (81.64 sq mi) 159,105 752.45/km2 (1948.84/sq mi) 1 Sundervellian
Sundronian
Flag of Cartier Island.svg Shield of Cartier Island.svg Cartier Island (CI) Henriville President of the Cantonal Council René Rodian (PNC-LDP) French (preferred language)
Kalhan
English
1783 7773.06 km2 (3,001.18 sq mi) 533,376 68.62/km2 (177.72/sq mi) 4 Cartierois(e) (French)
Flag of Chalmersville.svg Shield of Chalmersville.svg Chalmersville (CH) Mayor Laura Hodgson (SCP) Kalhan
English
1954 163.47 km2 (63.12 sq mi) 680,847 4164.97/km2 (10,787.26/sq mi) 5 Chalmersvillian
Chalmie (colloquial)
Yarkie (colloquial)
Flag of Evalria.svg Shield of Evalria.svg Evalria (EV) Mayor Ioana Fischer (SCP) Kalhan
English
1783 329.05 km2 (127.05 sq mi) 1,510,686 4591.05/km2 (11,890.83/sq mi) 10 Evalrian
Flag of Janval.svg

Artsagia flag.svg
Shield of Janval.svg Janval (JV) Hutchinson Albert Schiller (LDP) Kalhan
English
German
1783 10282.80 km2 (3,970.19 sq mi) 2,500,177 243.14/km2 (629.74/sq mi) 17 Janvalian
Flag of Kaluen.svg Shield of Kaluen.svg Kalúen (KL) Percy Andréas Kortin Sau (Ind.) Kalhan
English
Portuguese
1783 13177.51 km2 (5,087.84 sq mi) 4,611,713 349.97/km2 (906.42/sq mi) 31 Kaluonic
Kaluonian
Flag of Lag.svg Shield of Lag.svg Lág (LG) Branbury Michael O'Toole (SCP) Kalhan
English
Italian
1783 7642.04 km2 (2,950.61 sq mi) 3,998,603 523.24/km2 (1,355.19/sq mi) 27 Lágan
Flag of New Kerry.svg Shield of New Kerry.svg New Kerry (NK) Carnafarry Vivian O'Keeffe (NKP-LDP) Kalhan
English
Irish
1783 9036.17 km2 (3,488.88 sq mi) 3,214,218 355.71/km2 (921.28/sq mi) 21 New Kerrian
Flag of New Lothian.svg Shield of New Lothian.svg New Lothian (LN) Hartleyville Henry McIntyre (NLPP-LDP) Kalhan
English
Scottish Gaelic
1783 8011.34 km2 (3,093.18 sq mi) 2,150,354 268.41/km2 (695.19/sq mi) 14 New Lothianer
Loshaner (colloquial)
Flag of Quincollia.svg Quincollia (QN) Vemín Tom Kowalczyk (LDP)1 Kalhan
English
2020 5634.41 km2 (2,175.5 sq mi) 438,921 77.9/km2 (201.76/sq mi) 3 Quincollian
Flag of San Rafael.svg Shield of San Rafael.svg San Rafael (SR) Las Encinas Antonio Guillén (AC-LDP) Kalhan
English
Spanish
Miꞌkmaq
1783 11168.66 km2 (4,312.22 sq mi) 1,885,307 168.80/km2 (437.20/sq mi) 13 Rafaelite
Rafaelita (Spanish)
Flag of Takalim.svg Shield of Takalim.svg Takalim (TK) Lennoxton Frankiskus Navean (SCP) Kalhan
English
Italian
1783 12321.80 km2 (4,757.45 sq mi) 3,939,023 319.68/km2 (827.97/sq mi) 26 Takalese
Flag of Tigupoke.svg Shield of Tigupoke.svg Tigupoke (TG) Cowhill Bobby Blanchard Jr. (L) Kalhan
English
Miꞌkmaq
1891 4420.64 km2 (1,706.81 sq mi) 839,933 190/km2 (492.11/sq mi) 6 Tigupokian
Flag of Urgel.svg Shield of Urgel.svg Urgel (UR) St. Adrian Viliam Gerna (SCP) Kalhan
English
1783 6195.09 km2 (2,391.93 sq mi) 2,387,702 385.42/km2 (998.23/sq mi) 16 Urgelian

1 Temporary.

Proposals for new cantons[edit]

The formation of new cantons is regulated by Section IV of the Charter. To secede, a candidate canton must have at least 150,000 inhabitants at the time of the declaration of secession, a referendum in the affected territory of the concerned canton must be passed, and a special bill making the secession official must be passed by the Congress and signed by the President; unilateral secession is explicitly prohibited. This right has been exercised thrice, with the creation of the Canton of Tigupoke in 1891, by separation from Janval, of the City-Canton of Chalmersville in 1954, as a means to end the New Lothian-Lág-Urgel dispute over who actually controlled the city, and of the Canton of Quincollia, separated from New Lothian in 2020.

Since 1783, a number of movements for the separation of a territory from a canton have been formed.

Proposed flag Name Proposed capital city First proposed Supported by Proposed abbreviation Territories involved
Esiskio Islands Ginfradina, SR 1984 Esiskio Islands Cantonal Movement EI The six smaller islands of San Rafael
Bandera azul y oro.svg Falkor Falșak, KL 1913 Falkorian Party FA The Kaluonic Panhandle
Lennoxshire Lennoxton, TK 1988 Several Lennoxtonian legislators LX Lennoxton and surrounding municipalities
Libertas Westport, NK 1991 Local activists LB Roscoe, Westport, Kingsgate and Tullamaloo Counties, New Kerry (the former UK-Kalșeri buffer zone)
Rularonia Murphyville, TK 1868 Rularonian Heartland Party RL Municipalities east of Evalria within the Saiú, Ganmel, Malnarón and Lág rivers
Concordia Evalria and Lennoxton 1894 Concordia Party CN Evalria, Lennoxton and the municipalities inbetween
Lagoceania Folkestone, TK 1966 Lagoceania Cantonal Movement LC Sixteen municipalities between the Atlantic Ocean and the Lág river
Piligan Either Welneweg, SR or Levski, TG 1958 Several members of the Kalșerian Miꞌkmaq Association PI Western San Rafael or Western Tigupoke
Newfoundland St. John's, NL 1932 The Resurrectionist faction of the Movement for Action NF or NL Newfoundland

Another plan, proposed in 1981 by Ron Yaruzelsky's pressure group One Ethnicity, One Home, would see Kalșeri divided into several cantons based on ethnic groups, the same way as the Soviet Union was within its borders. This plan was met with negative feedback, mostly due to such a model resembling South Africa's black homelands and the high amount of work required to move large groups of people.

Provinces[edit]

Map showing all the provinces in Kalșeri; violet areas are consolidated province-cantons

The provinces (provinsia, singular: províns) are used as statistical subdivisions and judicial court districts, and take the name of the most populated municipality within the provincial territory. Provinces were established in 1837, to improve local zoning and cantonal law enforcement, as well as to set the boundaries between a canton's judicial districts.

Each province is headed by a magistrate, with five additional judges, all appointed by the Governor of the Canton upon consent of the Minister of Justice and the Order of Judges.

Due to either their small size or low population, Cape Sundervale, Evalria, Chalmersville, Cartier Island and Tigupoke are consolidated province-cantons (CPCs), where the borders of the single province are coterminous with those of the canton.

Quincollia and New Lothian might update their provincial borders in the coming years.

Canton Provinces Notes
Cape Sundervale Cape Sundervale Coterminous with the canton
Cartier Island Henriville Coterminous with the canton
Chalmersville Chalmersville Coterminous with the canton
Evalria Evalria Coterminous with the canton
Janval
Bremen
Calvary Hill
Gulfport
Hutchinson
Kalúen
Falșak
Goldshore
Land's End
Percy
Rosby
Lág
Branbury
Emin
Piombino
Rișen
New Kerry
Carnafarry
Haywick
Rinnacade
New Lothian
Geeseekulkoo
Hartleyville
Varșvai
Vemín
San Rafael
Las Encinas
Loskaf
Welneweg
Takalim
Folkestone
Lennoxton
Murphyville
Siena
Tigupoke Cowhill Coterminous with the canton
Urgel
Bournemouth
Caesarea
St. Adrian
Whiteriver

Municipalities[edit]

Map showing all the municipalities in Kalșeri; pink area is the Mount Takal Special Territory

Municipality (Kalhan: șamen) is a collective term used in nationwide procedures to refer to the second-level subdivisions, first codified in the Carnafarry Statute. Municipalities are also called CPBs, from "County, Parish, Borough". Unlike with cantons, the creation, modification or abolition of municipalities only requires a vote to be held in the affected area and special bill to be passed in the canton's legislative body.

The duties of the municipalities include (but are not limited to):

  • local zoning;
  • taxation;
  • registry of births and deaths;
  • registry of deeds;
  • contracting for local roads and public works;
  • local planning and zoning;
  • provision of local police, ambulance and fire services;
  • local transportation regulation (such as car registration, maintenance of local roads) and traffic control.

Municipalities are usually composed of a single settlement, but it is not uncommon to see clusters of small settlements within a single municipality, especially after the merger of two or more municipalities.

Requirements for creating new municipalities are not universal: some cantons set specific criteria, such as Lág requiring a minimum of 1500 inhabitants and a popular vote on the affected area to be passed, while other cantons have more lenient regulations, such as San Rafael only requiring the proposed municipality to have "a well-defined town center".

There are two types of municipalities: consolidated municipalities, where the government of a settlement within a municipality is also the government of the municipality itself, and traditional municipalities, where the municipal government is distinct from the government of any settlement within the municipal borders. For instance, Sayooville, KL, officially the City and County of Sayooville, is a consolidated municipality, as the city government extends to the county borders, whereas nearby Paisley County is a traditional one, as the county government is distinct from the governments of the towns within it.

Cantons also use the term "city" (rel) to define municipalities or settlements in them that have either reached a certain number of inhabitants or were made cities by presidential decree.

Canton Name of subdivision Number of municipalities or equivalents
Cape Sundervale Borough 4
Cartier Island Parish (paroisse) 26
Chalmersville Borough 4
Evalria Borough 8
Janval County 66
Kalúen County 82
Lág County 63
New Kerry County 47
New Lothian County 48
New Lothian County 38
San Rafael Parish (parroquia) 48
Takalim County 68
Tigupoke County 32
Urgel County 58
Total 592

Mount Takal Special Territory[edit]

The Mount Takal Special Territory (Takalieme Speșalton Flal) is a part of the canton of Takalim not handled by a municipality; it is instead under direct the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Environment.

The Special Territory was created in 1978 following a decree issued by President Jordanus Hoé, resolving a decades-long conflict involving several municipalities. Restrictions on residence, and sometimes access to the area, are imposed, and it may not be claimed by any municipality.

Fourth-level subdivisions[edit]

Municipalities may be divided into smaller subdivisions, most commonly called townships, which cover a merely statistical role. Fourth-level subdivisions do not require any cantonal intervention and are handled entirely by the municipalities.

In New Kerry, townlands bear an Irish name, are routinely used in rural post addresses and are also used as a method of subdivision of cities.

Quincollia has yet to establish the name of its fourth-level subdivisions.

Canton (first level) Second level Third level Fourth level
Cape Sundervale (CPC) Borough
Cartier Island (CPC) Parish (paroisse) Circle (cercle)
Chalmersville (CPC) Borough
Evalria (CPC) Borough
Janval Province County Township
Kalúen Province County Township
Lág Province County Township
New Kerry Province County Townland
New Lothian Province County Township
San Rafael Province Parish (parroquia) Comarca
Takalim Province County Township
Tigupoke (CPC) County Township
Urgel Province County Township

Ceremonial counties[edit]

The ceremonial counties of Kalșeri

The ceremonial counties, inherited from the English subdivision system, were established in 1671, two years after the foundation of the Province of Callen. The counties were the main administrative division of Kalșeri up until 1783, when they were replaced with the modern-day cantons and renamed "ceremonial counties". There are currently 19 ceremonial counties.

The naming of the counties was not subject to change after Kalșeri achieved independence; most of them either bear the -shire suffix or pay homage to an "old" county in England or Scotland. Most of the county borders are set at rivers.

The ceremonial counties are governed by a ceremonial leader, called the Lord Lieutenant (/liˌoʊtəˈnɑ̃/), appointed by the mayors of the municipalities of the county; a distinguished person from the area is generally appointed Lord Lieutenant. The Lord Lieutenant enjoys legal immunity for misdemeanors within the county, and the term usually ends upon death or resignation.

Ceremonial counties have little practical purpose and are outside the national administrative infrastructure; however, they are consistently used in several sports imported from the British Isles, such as cricket, Gaelic football and hurling.

Name Abbr. County town Lord Lieutenant Distinctions Since Notes
Calooenshire Cals. Goldshore, KL R. Weston Smith Science fiction writer 2013
Corfenshire Corfs. Percy, KL Eileen Murago Artist; LGBT+ rights activist 2019
Jarronshire Jars. Calvary Hill, JV Tom Klinsman Former Mayor of Calvary Hill 2004
Lagoceania
(also Folkestoneshire)
Lago.
Folks.
Folkestone, TK Loretta Barslow, Esq. Former Governor of Takalim 2008
Malneronshire Malns. Haywick, NK Abigail O'Shea
(Abigeál Ó Sé)
Irish-language writer 2011
New Alderney
(Nouvelle-Aurigny)
Aurn. Henriville, CI René Rodian President of the Cartier Island Cantonal Council 2017 The President of the Cartier Island Cantonal Council is also the Lord Lieutenant of New Alderney
New Argyll Argl.
Argyll
Welneweg, SR Jack Hensley Entrepreneur 1994
New Caithniss Cthn. Vemín, NL Jerry McNamara Radio personality 2004
New Cornwall Corn. Cowhill, TG Bobby Blanchard Jr. KALMORA pilot and team owner 2019
New Essex Esx.
Essex
Straughton, LG Theresa McNally President of the National Architectural Heritage Association 2015
New Kent Kent Hutchinson, JV Albert Schiller Governor of Janval 2018 The Governor of Janval is also the Lord Lieutenant of New Kent
New Lothian
(also New Lothian Proper)
Lthn. Hartleyville, NL Henry McIntyre Governor of New Lothian 2013 The Governor of New Lothian is also the Lord Lieutenant of New Lothian Proper
New Middlesex Middx. Emin, LG Andy Strachan Comedian 2005
New Staffordshire Staffs. Murphyville, TK Hon. Janeane Engelmann Representative for Takalim since 2002 2006
New Warwickshire Warks. St. Adrian, UR Paul Merrick, Esq. Vice President under Edward R. Schindler 1990
New Wessex Wesx.
Wessex
Chalmersville Russ Aikens Teacher 2020
Nooyashire Noos. Rosby, KL Kurt Rawlins Country singer 2011
Shanwellshire Shans. Cape Sundervale William Rothes Governor-General of Cape Sundervale 2007 The Governor-General of Cape Sundervale is also the Lord Lieutenant of Shanwellshire
St. Raphael Raph. Las Encinas, SR Orlando Sánchez Vice President for 2004; Minister of Telecommunications under Alejandra Ríos Soriano 2008