Administrative divisions of Kalșeri
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|Politics of Kalșeri|
Kalșeri is a federation of fourteen cantons; the cantons themselves are divided into 37 judicial provinces, 592 municipalities and the Mount Takal Special Territory. Municipalities may be subdivided into smaller divisions, whose names change by canton. Each canton is completely free to decide on its own administrative structure, with no nationwide approval required.
The current administrative division system was established with the Carnafarry Statute, passed in 1794; subsequent modifications have since been applied.
The fourteen cantons (falalia, singular falál), established in 1783, are the member states of the federation. Cantons have virtually unlimited power and responsibility within their borders and their autonomy is protected by Section IV of the Charter of Kalșeri. Their duties include (but are not limited to):
- ownership of non-private and non-federal property and the exercise of eminent domain;
- education of inhabitants;
- maintenance of hospitals and implementation of welfare programs;
- justice and law enforcement, through provinces;
- maintenance of non-Highway main roads;
- regulation of industry;
- fundraising to support activities;
- management of canton-wide transportation;
- administration of non-federal natural reserves.
Cantons have their own constitution, their own government and their own legislature. Each canton has four Senate seats and a variable number of Representatives, depending on its population at the time of election.
The fourteen cantons are:
|Cape Sundervale (CS)||–||English (preferred language)
|1991||211.45 km2 (81.64 sq mi)||222,747||1,053.4/km2 (2,728.4/sq mi)|
|Cartier Island (CI)||Henriville||French (preferred language)
|1783||7773.06 km2 (3,001.18 sq mi)||746,726||96.1/km2 (248.8/sq mi)|
|1954||163.47 km2 (63.12 sq mi)||953,186||5,831.0/km2 (15,102.1/sq mi)|
|1783||329.05 km2 (127.05 sq mi)||2,114,960||6,427.5/km2 (16,647.1/sq mi)|
|1783||10282.80 km2 (3,970.19 sq mi)||3,500,248||340.4/km2 (881.6/sq mi)|
|1783||13177.51 km2 (5,087.84 sq mi)||6,456,398||490.0/km2 (1,269.0/sq mi)|
|1783||7642.04 km2 (2,950.61 sq mi)||5,598,044||732.5/km2 (1,897.3/sq mi)|
|New Kerry (NK)||Carnafarry||Kalhan
|1783||9036.17 km2 (3,488.88 sq mi)||4,499,905||498.0/km2 (1,289.8/sq mi)|
|New Lothian (LN)||Hartleyville||Kalhan
|1783||8011.34 km2 (3,093.18 sq mi)||3,010,496||375.8/km2 (973.3/sq mi)|
|2020||5634.41 km2 (2,175.5 sq mi)||614,489||109.1/km2 (282.5/sq mi)|
|San Rafael (SR)||Las Encinas||Kalhan
|1783||11168.66 km2 (4,312.22 sq mi)||2,639,430||236.3/km2 (612.1/sq mi)|
|1783||12321.80 km2 (4,757.45 sq mi)||5,514,632||447.6/km2 (1,159.2/sq mi)|
|1891||4420.64 km2 (1,706.81 sq mi)||1,175,906||266.0/km2 (688.9/sq mi)|
|Urgel (UR)||St. Adrian||Kalhan
|1783||6195.09 km2 (2,391.93 sq mi)||3.342.783||539.6/km2 (1,397.5/sq mi)|
The provinces (provinsia, singular: províns) are used as statistical subdivisions, and take the name of the most populated municipality within the provincial territory. Provinces were established in 1837, to improve local zoning and cantonal law enforcement, as well as to set the boundaries between a canton's judicial districts. Provinces are also used in license plates.
Due to either their small size or low population, Cape Sundervale, Cartier Island, Chalmersville, Evalria, Quincollia and Tigupoke are consolidated province-cantons (CPCs), where the borders of the single province are coterminous with those of the canton.
|Cape Sundervale||Cape Sundervale||Coterminous with the canton|
|Cartier Island||Henriville||Coterminous with the canton|
|Chalmersville||Chalmersville||Coterminous with the canton|
|Evalria||Evalria||Coterminous with the canton|
|Quincollia||Vemín||Coterminous with the canton|
|Tigupoke||Cowhill||Coterminous with the canton|
Municipality (Kalhan: șamen) is a collective term used in nationwide procedures to refer to the second-level subdivisions, first codified in the Carnafarry Statute. Municipalities are also called CPBs, from "County, Parish, Borough". Unlike with cantons, the creation, modification or abolition of municipalities only requires a vote to be held in the affected area and special bill to be passed in the canton's legislative body.
The duties of the municipalities include:
- local zoning;
- registry of births and deaths;
- registry of deeds;
- local planning and zoning;
- local transportation regulation, including car registration and maintenance of local roads.
Municipalities are usually composed of a single settlement, but it is not uncommon to see clusters of small settlements within a single municipality, especially after the merger of two or more municipalities.
Requirements for creating new municipalities are not universal: some cantons set specific criteria, such as Lág requiring a minimum of 1500 inhabitants and a popular vote on the affected area to be passed, while other cantons have more lenient regulations, such as San Rafael only requiring the proposed municipality to have "a well-defined town center".
There are two types of municipalities: consolidated municipalities, where the government of a settlement within a municipality is also the government of the municipality itself, and traditional municipalities, where the municipal government is distinct from the government of any settlement within the municipal borders. For instance, Sayooville, KL, officially the City and County of Sayooville, is a consolidated municipality, as the city government extends to the county borders, whereas nearby Paisley County is a traditional one, as the county government is distinct from the governments of the towns within it.
Cantons also use the term "city" (rel) to define municipalities or settlements in them that have either reached a certain number of inhabitants or were made cities by presidential decree.
|Canton||Name of subdivision||Number of municipalities|
|Cartier Island||Parish (paroisse)||26|
|San Rafael||Parish (parroquia)||48|
Mount Takal Special Territory
The Mount Takal Special Territory (Takalieme Speșalton Flal) is a part of the canton of Takalim not handled by a municipality; it is instead under direct the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Environment.
The Special Territory was created in 1978 following a decree issued by President Jordanus Hoé, resolving a decades-long conflict involving several municipalities. Restrictions on residence, and sometimes access to the area, are imposed, and it may not be claimed by any municipality.
Municipalities may be divided into smaller subdivisions, most commonly called townships. Their powers differ from canton to canton, but they generally share the following duties:
- contracting for local roads and public works;
- provision of local police, ambulance and firefighting services;
- traffic control.
In New Kerry, townlands bear an Irish name, are routinely used in rural post addresses and are also used as a method of subdivision of cities.
|Canton (first level)||Second level||Third level||Fourth level|
|Cape Sundervale (CPC)||Borough|
|Cartier Island (CPC)||Parish (paroisse)||Circle (cercle)|
|San Rafael||Province||Parish (parroquia)||Comarca|
The nineteen ceremonial counties, inherited from the English subdivision system, were established in 1671, two years after the foundation of the Province of Callen. The counties were the main administrative division of Kalșeri up until 1783, when they were replaced with the modern-day cantons.
The naming of the counties was not subject to change after Kalșeri achieved independence; most of them either bear the -shire suffix or pay homage to an "old" county in England or Scotland. Most of the county borders were set at rivers or other natural features.
The ceremonial counties were governed by a ceremonial leader, called the Lord Lieutenant, appointed by the mayors of the municipalities of the county. The Lord Lieutenant enjoyed legal immunity for misdemeanors within the county, and the term usually ended upon death or resignation.
Ceremonial counties have little practical purpose and are outside the national administrative infrastructure. They are consistently used in several sports imported from the British Isles, such as cricket, Gaelic football and hurling.
|Jarronshire||Jars.||Calvary Hill, JV|
|New Caithniss||Cthn.||Vemín, NL|
|New Cornwall||Corn.||Cowhill, TG|
|New Kent||Kent||Hutchinson, JV|
(also New Lothian Proper)
|New Middlesex||Middx.||Emin, LG|
|New Staffordshire||Staffs.||Murphyville, TK|
|New Warwickshire||Warks.||St. Adrian, UR|
|St. Raphael||Raph.||Las Encinas, SR|