Administrative divisions of Kalșeri
Kalșeri is a federation of fourteen cantons; the cantons themselves are divided into 36 judicial provinces, 592 municipalities and the Mount Takal Special Territory. Municipalities may be subdivided into smaller divisions, whose names change by canton. Each canton is completely free to decide on its own administrative structure, with no nationwide approval required.
The current administrative division system was established with the Carnafarry Statute, passed in 1794; subsequent modifications have since been applied.
On November 8, 2020, Quincollia declared cantonhood by separation from New Lothian; Quincollia became the fourteenth canton of Kalșeri when President Maksimilianus Ureska signed the Act of Cantonal Constitution into law.
The fourteen cantons (flalia, singular flal), established in 1783, are the member states of the federation. Cantons have virtually unlimited power and responsibility within their borders and their autonomy is protected by Section IV of the Charter of Kalșeri. Their duties include (but are not limited to):
- ownership of non-private property and the exercise of eminent domain;
- education of inhabitants;
- maintenance of hospitals and implementation of welfare programs;
- justice and law enforcement, through provinces;
- management of sub-canton local government;
- maintenance of non-Highway main roads;
- regulation of industry;
- fundraising to support activities;
- management of canton-wide transportation;
- administration of non-federal natural reserves.
Cantons have their own constitution, their own government and their own legislature.
Each canton has three Senate seats, of which two elected, and a variable number of Representatives, depending on its population at the time of election. Section IV of the Charter of Kalșeri also contemplates the partial or total suspension of the autonomy of a canton, after which the involved tasks would be handled directly by the State. The suspension of cantonal autonomy, which requires unanimous approval by Congress, has never been applied so far.
The fourteen cantons are:
|Flag||Shield||Canton||Capital city||Governor||Languages||Area||Density||HoR seats||Demonym|
|Cape Sundervale (CS)||–||Governor-General William Rothes
Mayor Alfred Coombe (BIP)
|English (preferred language)
|1991||211.45 km2 (81.64 sq mi)||159,105||752.45/km2 (1948.84/sq mi)||1||Sundervellian|
|Cartier Island (CI)||Henriville||President of the Cantonal Council René Rodian (PNC-LDP)||French (preferred language)
|1783||7773.06 km2 (3,001.18 sq mi)||533,376||68.62/km2 (177.72/sq mi)||4||Cartierois(e) (French)|
|Chalmersville (CH)||–||Mayor Laura Hodgson (SCP)||Kalhan
|1954||163.47 km2 (63.12 sq mi)||680,847||4164.97/km2 (10,787.26/sq mi)||5||Chalmersvillian|
|Evalria (EV)||–||Mayor Ioana Fischer (SCP)||Kalhan
|1783||329.05 km2 (127.05 sq mi)||1,510,686||4591.05/km2 (11,890.83/sq mi)||10||Evalrian|
||Janval (JV)||Hutchinson||Albert Schiller (LDP)||Kalhan
|1783||10282.80 km2 (3,970.19 sq mi)||2,500,177||243.14/km2 (629.74/sq mi)||17||Janvalian|
|Kalúen (KL)||Percy||Andréas Kortin Sau (Ind.)||Kalhan
|1783||13177.51 km2 (5,087.84 sq mi)||4,611,713||349.97/km2 (906.42/sq mi)||31||Kaluonic|
|Lág (LG)||Branbury||Michael O'Toole (SCP)||Kalhan
|1783||7642.04 km2 (2,950.61 sq mi)||3,998,603||523.24/km2 (1,355.19/sq mi)||27||Lágan|
|New Kerry (NK)||Carnafarry||Vivian O'Keeffe (NKP-LDP)||Kalhan
|1783||9036.17 km2 (3,488.88 sq mi)||3,214,218||355.71/km2 (921.28/sq mi)||21||New Kerrian|
|New Lothian (LN)||Hartleyville||Henry McIntyre (NLPP-LDP)||Kalhan
|1783||8011.34 km2 (3,093.18 sq mi)||2,150,354||268.41/km2 (695.19/sq mi)||14||New Lothianer|
|–||Quincollia (QN)||Vemín||Tom Kowalczyk (LDP)1||Kalhan
|2020||5634.41 km2 (2,175.5 sq mi)||438,921||77.9/km2 (201.76/sq mi)||3||Quincollian|
|San Rafael (SR)||Las Encinas||Antonio Guillén (AC-LDP)||Kalhan
|1783||11168.66 km2 (4,312.22 sq mi)||1,885,307||168.80/km2 (437.20/sq mi)||13||Rafaelite|
|Takalim (TK)||Lennoxton||Frankiskus Navean (SCP)||Kalhan
|1783||12321.80 km2 (4,757.45 sq mi)||3,939,023||319.68/km2 (827.97/sq mi)||26||Takalese|
|Tigupoke (TG)||Cowhill||Bobby Blanchard Jr. (L)||Kalhan
|1891||4420.64 km2 (1,706.81 sq mi)||839,933||190/km2 (492.11/sq mi)||6||Tigupokian|
|Urgel (UR)||St. Adrian||Viliam Gerna (SCP)||Kalhan
|1783||6195.09 km2 (2,391.93 sq mi)||2,387,702||385.42/km2 (998.23/sq mi)||16||Urgelian|
Proposals for new cantons
The formation of new cantons is regulated by Section IV of the Charter. To secede, a candidate canton must have at least 150,000 inhabitants at the time of the declaration of secession, a referendum in the affected territory of the concerned canton must be passed, and a special bill making the secession official must be passed by the Congress and signed by the President; unilateral secession is explicitly prohibited. This right has been exercised thrice, with the creation of the Canton of Tigupoke in 1891, by separation from Janval, of the City-Canton of Chalmersville in 1954, as a means to end the New Lothian-Lág-Urgel dispute over who actually controlled the city, and of the Canton of Quincollia, separated from New Lothian in 2020.
Since 1783, a number of movements for the separation of a territory from a canton have been formed.
|Proposed flag||Name||Proposed capital city||First proposed||Supported by||Proposed abbreviation||Territories involved|
|Esiskio Islands||Ginfradina, SR||1984||Esiskio Islands Cantonal Movement||EI||The six smaller islands of San Rafael|
|Falkor||Falșak, KL||1913||Falkorian Party||FA||The Kaluonic Panhandle|
|Lennoxshire||Lennoxton, TK||1988||Several Lennoxtonian legislators||LX||Lennoxton and surrounding municipalities|
|Libertas||Westport, NK||1991||Local activists||LB||Roscoe, Westport, Kingsgate and Tullamaloo Counties, New Kerry (the former UK-Kalșeri buffer zone)|
|Rularonia||Murphyville, TK||1868||Rularonian Heartland Party||RL||Municipalities east of Evalria within the Saiú, Ganmel, Malnarón and Lág rivers|
|Concordia||Evalria and Lennoxton||1894||Concordia Party||CN||Evalria, Lennoxton and the municipalities inbetween|
|Lagoceania||Folkestone, TK||1966||Lagoceania Cantonal Movement||LC||Sixteen municipalities between the Atlantic Ocean and the Lág river|
|Piligan||Either Welneweg, SR or Levski, TG||1958||Several members of the Kalșerian Miꞌkmaq Association||PI||Western San Rafael or Western Tigupoke|
|Newfoundland||St. John's, NL||1932||The Resurrectionist faction of the Movement for Action||NF or NL||Newfoundland|
Another plan, proposed in 1981 by Ron Yaruzelsky's pressure group One Ethnicity, One Home, would see Kalșeri divided into several cantons based on ethnic groups, the same way as the Soviet Union was within its borders. This plan was met with negative feedback, mostly due to such a model resembling South Africa's black homelands and the high amount of work required to move large groups of people.
The provinces (provinsia, singular: províns) are used as statistical subdivisions and judicial court districts, and take the name of the most populated municipality within the provincial territory. Provinces were established in 1837, to improve local zoning and cantonal law enforcement, as well as to set the boundaries between a canton's judicial districts.
Each province is headed by a magistrate, with five additional judges, all appointed by the Governor of the Canton upon consent of the Minister of Justice and the Order of Judges.
Due to either their small size or low population, Cape Sundervale, Evalria, Chalmersville, Cartier Island and Tigupoke are consolidated province-cantons (CPCs), where the borders of the single province are coterminous with those of the canton.
|Cape Sundervale||Cape Sundervale||Coterminous with the canton|
|Cartier Island||Henriville||Coterminous with the canton|
|Chalmersville||Chalmersville||Coterminous with the canton|
|Evalria||Evalria||Coterminous with the canton|
|Tigupoke||Cowhill||Coterminous with the canton|
Municipality (Kalhan: șamen) is a collective term used in nationwide procedures to refer to the second-level subdivisions, first codified in the Carnafarry Statute. Municipalities are also called CPBs, from "County, Parish, Borough". Unlike with cantons, the creation, modification or abolition of municipalities only requires a vote to be held in the affected area and special bill to be passed in the canton's legislative body.
The duties of the municipalities include (but are not limited to):
- local zoning;
- registry of births and deaths;
- registry of deeds;
- contracting for local roads and public works;
- local planning and zoning;
- provision of local police, ambulance and fire services;
- local transportation regulation (such as car registration, maintenance of local roads) and traffic control.
Municipalities are usually composed of a single settlement, but it is not uncommon to see clusters of small settlements within a single municipality, especially after the merger of two or more municipalities.
Requirements for creating new municipalities are not universal: some cantons set specific criteria, such as Lág requiring a minimum of 1500 inhabitants and a popular vote on the affected area to be passed, while other cantons have more lenient regulations, such as San Rafael only requiring the proposed municipality to have "a well-defined town center".
There are two types of municipalities: consolidated municipalities, where the government of a settlement within a municipality is also the government of the municipality itself, and traditional municipalities, where the municipal government is distinct from the government of any settlement within the municipal borders. For instance, Sayooville, KL, officially the City and County of Sayooville, is a consolidated municipality, as the city government extends to the county borders, whereas nearby Paisley County is a traditional one, as the county government is distinct from the governments of the towns within it.
Cantons also use the term "city" (rel) to define municipalities or settlements in them that have either reached a certain number of inhabitants or were made cities by presidential decree.
|Canton||Name of subdivision||Number of municipalities or equivalents|
|Cartier Island||Parish (paroisse)||26|
|San Rafael||Parish (parroquia)||48|
Mount Takal Special Territory
The Mount Takal Special Territory (Takalieme Speșalton Flal) is a part of the canton of Takalim not handled by a municipality; it is instead under direct the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Environment.
The Special Territory was created in 1978 following a decree issued by President Jordanus Hoé, resolving a decades-long conflict involving several municipalities. Restrictions on residence, and sometimes access to the area, are imposed, and it may not be claimed by any municipality.
Municipalities may be divided into smaller subdivisions, most commonly called townships, which cover a merely statistical role. Fourth-level subdivisions do not require any cantonal intervention and are handled entirely by the municipalities.
In New Kerry, townlands bear an Irish name, are routinely used in rural post addresses and are also used as a method of subdivision of cities.
Quincollia has yet to establish the name of its fourth-level subdivisions.
|Canton (first level)||Second level||Third level||Fourth level|
|Cape Sundervale (CPC)||Borough|
|Cartier Island (CPC)||Parish (paroisse)||Circle (cercle)|
|San Rafael||Province||Parish (parroquia)||Comarca|
The ceremonial counties, inherited from the English subdivision system, were established in 1671, two years after the foundation of the Province of Callen. The counties were the main administrative division of Kalșeri up until 1783, when they were replaced with the modern-day cantons and renamed "ceremonial counties". There are currently 19 ceremonial counties.
The naming of the counties was not subject to change after Kalșeri achieved independence; most of them either bear the -shire suffix or pay homage to an "old" county in England or Scotland. Most of the county borders are set at rivers.
The ceremonial counties are governed by a ceremonial leader, called the Lord Lieutenant (/liˌoʊtəˈnɑ̃/), appointed by the mayors of the municipalities of the county; a distinguished person from the area is generally appointed Lord Lieutenant. The Lord Lieutenant enjoys legal immunity for misdemeanors within the county, and the term usually ends upon death or resignation.
Ceremonial counties have little practical purpose and are outside the national administrative infrastructure; however, they are consistently used in several sports imported from the British Isles, such as cricket, Gaelic football and hurling.
|Name||County town||Lord Lieutenant||Distinctions||Since||Notes|
|Calooenshire||Cals.||Goldshore, KL||R. Weston Smith||Science fiction writer||2013|
|Corfenshire||Corfs.||Percy, KL||Eileen Murago||Artist; LGBT+ rights activist||2019|
|Jarronshire||Jars.||Calvary Hill, JV||Tom Klinsman||Former Mayor of Calvary Hill||2004|
|Folkestone, TK||Loretta Barslow, Esq.||Former Governor of Takalim||2008|
|Malneronshire||Malns.||Haywick, NK||Abigail O'Shea
(Abigeál Ó Sé)
|Aurn.||Henriville, CI||René Rodian||President of the Cartier Island Cantonal Council||2017||The President of the Cartier Island Cantonal Council is also the Lord Lieutenant of New Alderney|
|Welneweg, SR||Jack Hensley||Entrepreneur||1994|
|New Caithniss||Cthn.||Vemín, NL||Jerry McNamara||Radio personality||2004|
|New Cornwall||Corn.||Cowhill, TG||Bobby Blanchard Jr.||KALMORA pilot and team owner||2019|
|Straughton, LG||Theresa McNally||President of the National Architectural Heritage Association||2015|
|New Kent||Kent||Hutchinson, JV||Albert Schiller||Governor of Janval||2018||The Governor of Janval is also the Lord Lieutenant of New Kent|
(also New Lothian Proper)
|Lthn.||Hartleyville, NL||Henry McIntyre||Governor of New Lothian||2013||The Governor of New Lothian is also the Lord Lieutenant of New Lothian Proper|
|New Middlesex||Middx.||Emin, LG||Andy Strachan||Comedian||2005|
|New Staffordshire||Staffs.||Murphyville, TK||Hon. Janeane Engelmann||Representative for Takalim since 2002||2006|
|New Warwickshire||Warks.||St. Adrian, UR||Paul Merrick, Esq.||Vice President under Edward R. Schindler||1990|
|Nooyashire||Noos.||Rosby, KL||Kurt Rawlins||Country singer||2011|
|Shanwellshire||Shans.||Cape Sundervale||William Rothes||Governor-General of Cape Sundervale||2007||The Governor-General of Cape Sundervale is also the Lord Lieutenant of Shanwellshire|
|St. Raphael||Raph.||Las Encinas, SR||Orlando Sánchez||Vice President for 2004; Minister of Telecommunications under Alejandra Ríos Soriano||2008|