Aisin Gioro

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Aisin Gioro
Manchu: AisinGioro2.svg
Chinese: 愛新覺羅
Imperial House
Seal of Qing dynasty.svg
Imperial Seal
Country Flag of China (1889–1912).svg China
Claimed (disputed):
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Hainan and Taiwan
Titles
  • Emperor of China
  • Emperor of the Great Qing
  • Khagan of Mongolia
Style(s) His/Her Imperial Majesty
Son of Heaven
Founded 1616 (1616)
Founder Nurhaci
Current head Hongxian Emperor

Aisin Gioro (Manchu: AisinGioro2.svg) is the Manchu imperial clan that has been the ruling family of China since 1644, which has officially been a constitutional monarchy since the 1911 Xinhai Revolution. The word aisin means gold in the Manchu language, and "gioro" is the name of the Aisin Gioro's ancestral home in present-day Yilan, Manchuria. In Manchu custom, families are identified first by their hala (哈拉), i.e. their family or clan name, and then by mukūn (穆昆), the more detailed classification, typically referring to individual families. In the case of Aisin Gioro, Aisin is the mukūn, and Gioro is the hala. It is also sometimes referred to as the Qing Dynasty, though that term usually does not refer to the imperial family itself as much as the country of China as a whole.

The Jin dynasty (jin means gold in Chinese) of the Jurchens, ancestors of the Manchus, was known as aisin gurun, and the Qing dynasty was initially named (Amaga aisin gurun1.png) amaga aisin gurun, or Later Jin dynasty. The Jurchens conquered the Ming dynasty of China in the 17th century and have remained the ruling imperial family of the country since then. The ethnic Manchu origin of the dynasty has been a source of disputes as some Chinese nationalists and republicans see the Aisin Gioro as a foreign occupying entity, although the Chinese government has taken the official position of "Five Races Under Heaven," an ideology that promotes ethnic unity in China. The revolutionary republican movement has tried to overthrow the dynasty around the 20th century, which led to the Xinhai Revolution, and again with the support of the Empire of Japan during the Second Sino-Japanese War. Since the end of World War II the Qing emperors of Aisin Gioro have accepted more restrictions on the monarchy's power and a greater role for the elected government, but the Qing rulers continue to wield political power.

The current head of the family and reigning monarch of the Chinese Empire is the Hongxian Emperor, whose birth name is Aisin Gioro Yuquan.

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