Algeorgia (Origo Mundi)
|Tsardom of Algeorgia|
Algeorgia's location as red island, and colonies of the same color
|Holy Dodo||The Sixteenth|
|Historical era||Ancient / Classical|
|•||Algeorgia founded||c. 200 BR|
|•||Becomes tributary of Mithadia||80 AR|
|•||Becomes tributary of Hythus||540 AR|
|•||400 AR (humans) est.||80,000|
|•||400 AR (dodos) est.||280,000|
|•||1000 AR (humans) est.||200,000|
The Tsardom of Algeorgia is a relatively-isolated island state located in the far eastern Mauri Sea off the coast of Hyoria, part of the greater island archipelago connected to the continent of Adseia near Mithadia. It is an imperial state, with an autocratic form of government totally centered around the hereditary Tsar. It is known for having very unique blend of ethnic and religious cultures, being almost completely isolated from outside influence for most of their recorded history.
Algeorgia is most famous for having a plethora of natural resources, contributing to its vast quantity of largely untapped wealth. The most unique and prolific of these resources is their state bird, the dodo. Algeorgian society and religion is entirely centered around reverence of the Dodo, in a centrally-organized animistic religion that worships the spirit of the "Great Dodo" that oversees all creation. The Holy Dodo, with his seat in the Holy Dodo Temple, serves as the central authority on the religion of Dodoism.
- 1 History
- 2 Politics
- 3 Religion
- 4 Economy
- 5 Military
- 6 Infrastructure
- 7 Science and Technology
- 8 Foreign Relations
- 9 Footnotes
The island of Algeorgia was first inhabited during the neolithic period, as rural farmers migrated south from Hyoria to bring their cow herding and wheat farms into a more southern climate. These new inhabitants of Algeorgia, settled in around 4000 BR, were part of the greater people group known as the Sorbians. The Sorbians were typified by their language and phonology, which evolved into what is now referred to as Proto-Algeorgian. After the nomadic Cirsyemit people invaded Hyoria around 1500 BR, all the Sorbians eventually died out except for those on the island of Algeorgia, effectively isolating them from the outside world. Algeorgia adopted a great reverence for animals above all other nature, with the dodo being the most unique animal of the island. The Sorbians were generally egalitarian and hierarchical, which became important facets of later Algeorgian culture.
The Tsardom was believed to have been founded by Yuri, otherwise a translation of George in the Algeorgian language, which was the reason for the island to be named Ale-Yuriyya "Yuri's land". Yuri is described having established the city of Algeorgiaville, simply called "Algeorgia" at the time, after uniting several tribes under his benevolent leadership around 200 BR. The crown jewels of Algeorgia, in particular the crown and sword, were believed to be originally wielded by Yuri. It was most likely that the religion of Dodoism already existed at this time, but Yuri made it officially organized under the First Dodo. His successor, Alexei I, established most of Algeorgia's traditions on customs and succession. He had many children and married twice, first to Natalia Poklonskaya, and later he made Natasha Robodvski his second queen. This too became a steady tradition of Algeorgian monarchs to have many children through multiple wives.
Algeorgia established an alliance with Gahren to be their main trading partner in the west, but the spectacular Battle of Zisala against the Saemonites attracted early monarchs to the east. This eastern expansion was eventually their undoing, as the Mithadian Empire eventually subjugated Algeorgia as a tributary in the 80s AR. Tsar Alexei II was not deterred, however, and proceeded with Algeorgia's ambitions to expand their territory. First they unified the island in the 130s AR, and then moved north into Hyoria in 180 AR. Externally, however, Algeorgia went into a long period of isolationism, not contacting any other nations except the tribute to Mithadia.
According to popular legend, a stone full of diamonds fell from heaven in 271 AR, in accordance to a prophesy from the Holy Dodo. The Tsarina Anastasia I acquired the stone herself, and ensured that every diamond was evenly distributed to every citizen of Algeorgia. This story is based in fantasy, but features prominently on campaigns marketing Algeorgian diamonds. Life expectancy noticeably rises at this time, as the first centenarian is noted in 340 AR. The next reign of Anastasia II goes by with almost no written record at all.
Boris II was the penultimate ruler of the original Yurievich Dynasty. His early reign was marked with a period of brief anarchy caused by overabundance of resources on the island. He later personally met with the great Cetan explorer Pennesios, and forged relations with nations of the Irian culture. After Boris died, the Yrievich dynasty was effectively out of power, and the nation went through a period of interregnum for twelve years (511-523 AR). Information on this period is very scant, but later records describe it as peaceful and uneventful, largely administrated by the Holy Dodo until such time as a new ruler is put in place. Some other versions claim that it was a time of fierce chaos and anarchy, causing severe death across the island that fixed their previous issue of resources overabundance. One obscure text from Ceta even claimed that the Holy Dodo named a dodo bird to be the new Tsar, and ruled for the rest of the interregnum.
Konstantin I established the Konstantinovich Dynasty in the 520s AR, which is the current ruling dynasty of the nation. Konstantin completely reorganized the bureaucracy and administration of Algeorgia, and introduced standard currency among other reforms. He abandoned the tributary status with Mithadia and focused on an alliance with Hythus instead. His successor, Konstantin II, is often described as the "Golden Age of Algeorgian Science", due to the various works on medicine and anatomy during his reign. Olga I continued these same scientific achievements, patronizing much work on botany and growth of various spice plants. She greatly expanded Algeorgia's trade network between Beraba and Qaryaat, getting the nation embroiled in the Sillenic Wars from 760-780 AR. When Olga died in 814 AR, she had become the longest-reigning monarch in recorded history, lasting a total of 100 years.
Olga II's coronation was attended by the Emperor of Hythus and King of Qaryaat, helping to strengthen those existing alliances. Alexei IV first dealt with the Dodo Crisis in 914 AR, invading neighboring nations for the sake of extraditing the assassin of the Fifteenth Dodo. In his late reign, Alexei joined with Hythus to declare war on the Elderbethians in 934 AR, being the largest war Algeorgia ever joined. When Alexei died in battle that same year, Anastasia III was quickly made the new Tsarina of the realm, although she was only 18 years old.
The Tsardom of Algeorgia is an autocratic, absolute monarchy, where all power and authority over the nation is totally centered around the reigning Tsar. The title Tsar is believed to derive from the archaic Algeorgian title Cezaar, meaning "commander", but originally used to refer to tribal chieftains of Neolithic Algeorgia. The Tsar has personal and direct control over all laws and policies in the realm, regulation of economy, and high command of the military. Only the Holy Dodo, leading the religion of Dodoism, has authority more powerful than the Tsar.
The Tsar is a hereditary title, which is inherited through absolute primogeniture to the next of kin, regardless of gender. However, the next in line to the throne is always considered the heir apparent. The Holy Dodo reserves the power to approve or disapprove of the candidate succession upon the death of the Tsar, and often does so liberally. As a result, each Tsar is often the grandson or great-grandson of the previous Tsar, owing to their impressively-long reigns.
The death of the Tsar, being so rare in their history, is always seen as the greatest emotional and social impact on the nation. As a result, grand elaborate funerals are common, with attendants numbering as much 90% of the island's population. Originally, the Tsars would be interned in the Dodo Graveyard behind the Temple of the Holy Dodo. However, Konstantin I constructed his own personal Mausoleum in 615 AR, and has been used by the Konstantinovich Dynasty ever since. Another famous ceremony in Algeorgian history is the 90th-Year Jubilee, celebrated if the Tsar reaches a total reign of ninety years. This was originally started by the Konstantinovich Dynasty around the eighth century AR, and has only been celebrated three times in Algeorgian history.
Once the heir presumptive receives the blessing of the Holy Dodo, he goes through a coronation ceremony at the Royal Palace. First he recites the Ancestral Oath of Algeorgia, and then is presented with the crown jewels. These crown jewels include: the Tsar's/Tsarina's Crown, the Amulet of Tsars, the Founder's Sword (ornately decorated with gold carvings of Dodos), the Golden Apple, the Golden Scepter, the Shield of Algeorgia (made of Algeorgian Iron studded with diamonds and thorns), and a small golden Dodo statue. The Tsar generally holds their first open court as part of the coronation ceremony. This elaborate tradition remained entirely unbroken in Algeorgian history, even after the unexpected violent death of Alexei IV. Only the Holy Dodo is allowed to know the location of the Crown Jewels at any given time, such that even the Tsar is not aware of their presence except during the coronation.
The Tsar and his or her family reside in the Royal Palace in Algeorgiaville, where they enjoy a number of different recreations. It is not certain when the palace was built originally, but it already appears in historic records by the fifth century AR. The palace was destroyed once during the Great Fire of 901 AR, the causes of which became quite controversial. Its new construction in 905 AR was fitted with advanced precautions to prevent further fires in the future. The Konstantinovich Dynasty introduced royal safaris as recreation, with game and pets kept in the Imperial Garden. Horseback riding is another facet of this activity, as Kosntantin II was known to have a favorite white horse called Flaming Arrow.
Law and Administration
Algeorgia is administrated as a unitary state, and for the most part all policies on both municipal and federal levels are micromanaged by the Tsar himself. The Tsar holds regular open courts in the palace, where any citizen are able to petition any questions or grievances in a public forum, no matter how frivolous. Most famously, Tsar Alexei II was known to personally meet with the rebels of the West Revolt and hear their causes. These Q-and-A sessions were more formalized in the Konstantinovich Dynasty, and later moved from the palace to the Sky Tower when it was constructed.
The Konstantinovich also introduced lower layers of bureaucracy that previously didn't exist. The first noble title was created for Baroness Anastasia Tchernecko in 565 AR, although to this day only a handful of feudal titles have ever been created, mostly for administration of distant colonies. Algeorgia's administration holds dominion over four minor colonies in their region: the island of Dodo (also called Leusos), Wrangle's Corner, and two colonies on the island of Hyoria. These colonies had been very gradually founded and expanded over time, where only the island of Dodo holds a majority of Algeorgian population.
Local laws are expected to be handled by private individuals out of court, in conjunction with the police force. For this reason, it is not often for a civil crime to require deliberation by court. The High Court of Algeorgia consists of twelve judges from various peerages, which meet in the Dodeceum to deliberate on civil crimes that the local police cannot handle. A higher office, the Supreme Court, consists of nine judges which convene in the Sky Tower, and they deliberate on federal infractions. Due to religious laws passed by the Holy Dodo, the courts cannot order the death of anyone, even for murder, but can only sentence up to life imprisonment. The Tsar himself, however, reserves the right to condemn people to execution once the court has made their deliberation. Only one individual had ever been executed in Algeorgian history: Sergeant Anatov Konstanicoic was executed in 916 AR for assassinating the Holy Dodo, starting a minor conflict in the region known as the Dodo Crisis.
The Dodo Laws, the most sacred forms of legislation in Algeorgia, are set and amended by the Holy Dodo himself. These laws are mostly a kind of canon law and holiness code, but also includes a strict ban against the hunting of any animals besides fish and flocking birds. Algeorgia for this reason prides itself on strict reverence and preservation for the environment, where even their safaris are based on the ability to catch, not kill their game. Due to the advanced and complex infrastructure of Algeorgia, traffic laws between horse-drawn carts are heavily regulated as well, with actual speed limits applied against certain breeds of horses.
List of Tsars of Algeorgia
|1||Yuri||220 BR||c.200-131 BR
|apx. 69 years||First ruler|
|2||Alexei I||153 BR||131-66 BR
|65 years||Established the Dodo Laws|
|3||Nicolas I||77 BR||66 BR-18 AR
|84 years||First foreign contact|
|4||Nicolas II||13 BR||18-84 AR
|66 years||Becomes tributary of Mithadia|
|5||Alexei II||49 AR||84-144 AR
|60 years||Unifies Algeorgia island|
|6||Alexei III||125 AR||144-223 AR
|79 years||Begins colonization|
|7||Anastasia I||202 AR||223-294 AR
|71 years||First Tsarina|
|8||Boris I||274 AR||294-369 AR
|9||Anastasia II||333 AR||369-423 AR
|10||Boris II||415 AR||423-511 AR
|88 years||Expedition of Pennesios|
|11||Konstantine I||518 AR||523-619 AR
|96 years||Becomes tributary of Hythus|
|12||Konstantine II||616 AR||619-714 AR
|95 years||Golden age of science|
|13||Olga I||705 AR||714-814 AR
|100 years||Longest-reigning monarch|
in recorded history
|14||Olga II||759 AR||814-860 AR
|15||Alexei IV||839 AR||860-934 AR
|74 years||Fought the Elderbethian War|
|16||Anastasia III||916 AR||934 AR-Present
Dodoism is an animistic, monotheistic, ethnic-traditional religion that is centered around the worship of the spirit of the dodo bird. The religion has over 180,000 adherents, making up over 90% of Algeorgia's population, in spite of many attempts of the Hythian Empire to spread the more evangelical religion of Hythus to their tributary. Dodos are the most common living creature on the island of Algeorgia, outnumbering any other single species on the island including humans. They rarely appear on any other continental landmass, and it is generally believed the species entirely originates on the island. Dodoism appears to have existed as long as the Tsardom has, with the First Holy Dodo introduced contemporary to the Founding Tsar. The religion quickly became more complex over time, with the Dodo Laws introduced as early as 120 BR. The Ninth Dodo adopted the title of "Holy Dodo" around 421 AR, and subsequently constructed the Temple and Mausoleum in dedication to the First Dodo.
Dodoism worships a single deity, the Great Dodo, that is personified as the great spirit of all dodos in the world. The exact presence of the Great Dodo is unknown, but his words and prophesies are spoken through the central religious office in the nation, the Holy Dodo. The Holy Dodo, residing in the Temple of the Holy Dodo, is often for being a dodo bird himself, especially as the temple is filled with many such birds. Even the Dodo Throne in the middle of the temple typically has a dodo bird on it, except for ceremonial rituals that requires the Holy Dodo's presence. The Holy Dodo dresses in an elaborate outfit completely covered in dodo feathers, shaped in such a way to look like a dodo himself.
Two main religious centers exist on the island of Algeorgia: the Temple of the Holy Dodo, where the seat of the Dodoist religion resides, and the Temple of the First Dodo, which has more infrequent religious ceremonies. The Temple of the Holy Dodo stands opposite to the Royal Palace in Algeorgiaville, and in its courtyard stands an impressive marble dodo statue. Common people may perform personal religious rites at the dodo statue, but the temple can only be accessed by the religious elite, the Tsar, and specially-invited guests. The center of the temple houses the Great Dodo Throne, which is considered the physical presence of the Great Dodo on Earth.
Whenever the Holy Dodo dies, it is believed that the spirit of the Great Dodo is removed from the body and passes on to a newborn child. The high clerics of the temple organize teams to search the nation for the next incarnation of the Holy Dodo, a process that usually takes up to several months. Once the new Holy Dodo is found, he is moved into the temple to be trained on his new office. Because the Holy Dodo always begins office as a child, most of the time he never is given a personal name, but is always referred to by a cardinal number, "the Nth Dodo". Originally, the previous Holy Dodo was interned in the grave of the Dodos located behind the Temple of the Holy Dodo, but in the 5th century AR, after the Mausoleum of the First Dodo was completed, it served as their burial ever since.
Every newly-crowned Tsar must appear before the Temple of the Holy Dodo, and receive blessing from the Dodoist religion personally. After that point, the most sacred ceremony of the year is the annual pilgrimage the Tsar makes to the Holy Temple. An unscheduled ritual is the Questioning of the Dodo. During this ceremony, the Tsar petitions the Holy Dodo to ask a specific question to the Great Dodo, usually involving some matter of state policy. This is meant to be reflective of the Tsar's Q-and-A ceremony, where the Great Dodo is the monarch for the Tsar. The Holy Dodo is known to express many prophesies and visions through this method, most famously being the Vision of the Six-Pointed Bull Star in 554 AR (possibly being inspired by the symbols of Ulm, a religion rapidly spreading in the east at this time). Rainbows are also seen as sacred omens of good fortune, particularly for royalty.
The Dodo Laws act as a kind of holiness code for the people of Algeorgia, stipulating sets of personal commandments that are seen as outward signs of purity. Most of these laws concern respect and preservation of nature, especially the reverence of all dodo birds. According to legend, the First Dodo declared that all animals should be spared, and the adherents of Dodoism should all be vegetarian. However, when this proved to be impractical, the Second Dodo allowed for the hunting of fish and flocking birds, which are in general abundance. Dodos, essentially, are treated with the same dignity and respect as human citizens, and those residing in the temple are treated as if they hold actual clerical offices. The Holy Dodo's ability to dictate religious policy, even higher than the Tsar, gives him an incredible amount of power and respect across the whole island. On two different occasions, the West Revolt in 135 AR and the general havoc in 431 AR, the Holy Dodo was able to single-handedly restore peace.
List of Holy Dodos
|No.||Start term||End term||Length||Notes|
|1||c.200 BR or earlier||146 BR||54 years or more||Founded Dodoism|
|2||146 BR||76 BR||70 years||Start of the Dodo Laws|
|3||76 BR||23 BR||53 years|
|4||23 BR||24 AR||47 years|
|5||24 AR||78 AR||54 years|
|6||78 AR||123 AR||45 years|
|7||123 AR||209 AR||86 years|
|8||209 AR||293 AR||84 years|
|9||293 AR||379 AR||86 years||First to be called Holy Dodo|
|10||379 AR||468 AR||89 years||Built Mausoleum of the First Dodo|
|11||468 AR||553 AR||85 years|
|12||553 AR||648 AR||95 years||Built Temple of the First Dodo|
|13||648 AR||733 AR||85 years|
|14||733 AR||824 AR||91 years|
|15||824 AR||914 AR||90 years||Only Holy Dodo to be assassinated|
|16||914 AR||present||incumbent||Current Holy Dodo|
Algeorgia has over time become an incredibly wealthy nation, currently being within the top ten nations with the highest GDP per capita in the world. Even though their population remains at less than half a million, their natural resources include a vast quantity of precious minerals, metals, spices, and exotic animals. Their spices alone puts them as one of the top three largest producers of spice in the eastern hemisphere, along with Sillas and Qaryaat. Their precious minerals have a global reputation that quickly proceeds them, with stories of the "Algeorgian Diamonds" often greatly exaggerating their actual quantities.
Algeorgia originally had no standard currency, and their annual tribute paid to Mithadia would come in the form of agriculture or dodo products. After trade began with Hythia, however, the concept of coinage quickly rose in prominence in the island. The Algeorgian Dodoise was minted around 480 AR as a silver coin, and has been their standard currency ever since. The Tsar himself has always held power to regulate the economy, utilizing a corollary in the Dodo Laws since the founding of the nation. As such, inflation on Algeorgia is artificially regulated by the Tsar.
Algeorgia constructed their first harbor in Algeorgiaville around 115 BR, and has maintained a steadily-growing navy ever since. Trade with other nations is crucially important to their economy, to ensure other nations invest in the development of their natural resources. Most of their trade comes from nations to the east, on the mainland of Adseia itself. Rikva, Solchia, and other nations of the Irian culture were among the main early investors from the outside world, largely selling animal products in exchange for precious minerals. After the conquests of the Saemonite empire, Algeorgia became largely dependent on Mithadia and Hythia to replace their previous investors. After Beraba conquered the Gahren peninsula, it monopolized the trade from the west leading to the island, and thus remained their only western trade partner. Trade with Qayraat has also been important, exchanging their minerals and medical science for some of Qayraat's spices they don't already have.
After Hythia removed their isolationist trading policies in the seventh century AR, they worked more heavily to ensure Algeorgia had a place in their tributary economic system. Algeorgia invested their currency into the Iron Bank of Hythus around 660 AR, and do this day the Hythian Empire has direct power over Algeorgia's currency value. Algeorgia also featured predominately in the Great Economic Exposition hosted by Hythia in 885 AR.
Originally, the main economy of Algeorgia started as entirely based on agriculture, and it remains one of the most common occupations in the nation. Farms would often be expanded by the order of the Tsar and the Holy Dodo as an attempt to deter people from eating meat, considered to be a temptation to break the Dodo Laws. On the whole, the staple crops on Algeorgia are wheat and rye, which are most commonly used in all their diet. Starting in the eighth century AR, the plethora of spices on Algeorgia started to be traded, and quickly became one of their highest-valued exports. Some of these herbs and spices include: Borisda (Phlox), oregano, cayenne pepper, begonia, saffron, mint, and garlic. Borisda, considered to be a flower that can grow in the dark, is an especially prized kind of herb, carrying a common superstition of having incredible healing powers. The demand for spices eventually reached its first peak around 800 AR.
Some precious metals and minerals on Algeorgia include iron, obsidian, diamonds, emeralds, silver, and gold. Obsidian is often utilized as an extremely durable material, especially in the military that fashions tips of swords and arrows with it. Iron alone isn't as valued, but Algeorgian Iron is a special carbon-iron alloy that's much harder and lighter than any other metal on the island. This is often compared with Sillenic steel, but the exact texture between the two is not quite the same. The specific formula for Algeorgian Iron is a closely-guarded secret, only used by weapons of the Tsar's personal guard. Silver is most-commonly traded, and around 500 AR became the standard backing of the currency.
Gold is highly valued, and used liberally on various works of art and architecture as a status symbol. In addition, Algeorgia produces a unique purplish-yellow metal that is an alloy of gold and copper, commonly known as Dold (or Dodo gold). Diamonds according to legend fell from heaven on Algeorgia around 270 AR, and was regulated in the economy by order of Tsarina Anastasia I. Algeorgia's diamonds are altogether not intrinsically valuable, but are artificially made so by use of their legends and prestige. Emeralds are traded frequently and are extremely common, such that Tsarina Olga I sold emeralds to Hythia in exchange for botanical research.
Aside from raw resources, Algeorgia also produces a variety of manufactured goods. The most valued of these goods are glass cutlery, which create ornately-carved bowls and jars. An authentic Algeorgian glass-work can be quickly identified, not merely but the unique craftsmanship, but its liberal use of depicting dodos and other exotic birds. Other manufactured goods often come in the form of ivory, such as the creation of ivory statues and dolls. As elephants are not native to Algeorgia, and their laws against hunting would forbid it anyway, the ivory itself is largely imported from Hythus, and manufactured in Algeorgia for a marked-up price.
In spite of the Dodo Laws having a ban on hunting animals, the business of buying and selling animals is quite a lucrative business on Algeorgia as well. Some of these animals include horses, as well as more exotic creatures such as moa birds and giant tortoises. Horses bred in Algeorgia are known to be incredibly swift, and laws in Algeorgia specifically regulate what horses may be used in public in order to maintain safe speeds. Dodos, in spite of their sacred position, are also often sold as well for their exotic value, in addition to various parts of dodos that are humanely extracted, such as dodo feathers and skin. Dodos are also known to be bred in captivity, with the most valuable breeds being Red, White, and Royal. The Dodo Laws also have exceptions for the hunting of fish and flocking birds, so these have been the staple sources of meat across Algeorgian history.
The military of Algeorgia is divided into two branches, the navy and army. Both navy and army are merged into the same chain of command, such that both branches have ranks that have the same name and value, including Sergeant, Colonel and General. A colonel has command over a specific battalion and a general has command over a whole regiment. The entire navy is under the command of a Field Marshal, while the army is directed by the General of the Army. The Tsar himself is considered the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and is always expected to personally lead the military in any field position. Both officers and enlisted soldiers in the military can be equally male or female, but there is a general preference for male soldiers and female officers. Some famous military leaders in history include: Rasputin Vladimirovich, Grigory Zhokovich, Anastasia Browotski, and Anastasia Drumciyska.
The military of Algeorgia are all expected to be professionally trained, and the concept of common militias are absent from their history. As a result, most members of the military come from wealthy families, and often are promoted based on their relation to the Tsar. Multiple military academies exist on the island, as a place of required training of all soldiers. Small, elite battalions of guards were first introduced in the sixth century AR, first as a special guard for the Temple of the Holy Dodo, but later was also added to be a Royal Guard for the Tsar. One elite battalion, called the "Night Witches" are entirely female-run. The Tsar himself has a retainer of a regiment that he fields as general, called the Tsar's Own Regiment. The total personnel of the military, however, are largely not Algeorgian citizens, but rather come from a variety of mercenary troops hired from an array of nations that Algeorgia trades with. This was particularly the case after the ninth century AR, when Algeorgia's lucrative spice trade through Beraba increased their military budget to the point of hiring and supporting a much larger foreign military.
Foot-soldiers are all equipped with iron armor and obsidian swords, and often carry shields of Algeorgian iron. This armor would typically be ornately engraved, depicting symbols of the soldier's family, service or just dodos. Originally, each battalion would come with a separate division of archers and a division of cavalry on chariots. However, after their involvement with the Sillenic War, Algeorgia worked to upgrade their military with foreign equipment. Hythian saddles were introduced to create horseback cavalry, especially horse archers that helped to phase out the older model. Archers' arrows are likewise tipped with obsidian.
Siege tactics are also a familiar concept in Algeorgia. The Tsar Fort is the largest fortification in the nation, situated near the harbor of Algeorgiaville. Fixed-position ballistas are used as means of heavy defenses. For offense, catapults are employed as the only main artillery of the nation. The Algeorgian Navy is large, but generally poorly-equipped, only using fairly basic triremes and smaller ships. The largest ships of the navy, the quadrireme, employs ballistas mounted on its deck, of which there are about 20 ships.
Algeorgia is generally considered to be extremely peaceful and passive, consistently building up their military purely to defend their way of life. It is believed that when the First Tsar established the nation around 200 BR, he had barely any military of his own, except a dozen or so personal friends, due to any lack of opposition to his rule. When the first ship of the navy was constructed by Alexei I around 110 BR, it was managed by a crew of around 70 soldiers. The same Tsar established the first official military around 90 BR, consisting of 200 professional soldiers. For a long time, the army's only task was the gradual expansion of the Tsardom across the island, and accompanying the navy on slow exploration missions. A military expedition was sent to Gahren around 50 BR, while placing their defenses on high alert. Even after signing an alliance with Gahren, the nation began rapidly expanding their military more out of fear of the outside world.
Mithadia attacked Algeorgia during their westward expansion, resulting in two wars with the nation from 80-82 AR and then from 84-85 AR. After suffering defeat both times, Tsar Alexei II agreed to become a tributary of the empire. Alexei's later campaign in 132 AR managed to subjugate the entire island, which up to that point had been divided between various tribes. This was quickly followed by the West Revolt in 135 AR, in which the tribes on the west of the island rejected Algeorgian rule, but this was quickly put down. Furthering their expansion, Algeorgia later laid claim to the entire island of Hyoria in 180 AR, sending an expedition of 200 soldiers and two ships to enforce it. In 421 AR the Tsardom suffered another revolt, as the over abundance of dodos and other creatures on the island caused general anarchy and havoc to erupt, and lasted for several months. Following this disaster, the Tsar doubled the size of the army from 1,500 to almost 3,000. The change of tributary from Mithadia to Hythia, however, was entirely bloodless.
After the Vision of the Six-Pointed Bull Star in 553 AR, a fleet of 25 ships was set aside to be on constant search for the vision, and was never heard from again. Algeorgia's alliances with Qaryaat and Beraba instigated them to participate in their wars against Sillas, which dominated the late reign of Tsarina Olga I. Olga made sure to have Algeorgia's navy more prepared in the future, increasing the navy size by 20 ships from 70 to 90. This would be expanded again to 110 by Olga II and to 130 by Alexei IV.
914 AR saw a brief war referred to as the "Dodo Crisis" by contemporary nations. The Fifteenth Dodo was found to be assassinated by Sergeant Anatov Konstanicoic, the only such act of violence ever seen in Algeorgia's history. Konstanicoic escaped the island and managed to flee the nation, causing an enormous outcry across the Tsardom demanding vengeance. An army of 5,000 soldiers, the greatest military in Algeorgian history, was dispatched to invade neighboring nations of Qaryaat and Hythia, hunting down the fugitive. This caused a brief diplomatic crisis, but Tsar Alexei IV managed to negotiate with both nations to permit this expedition to seek an end to their feud. At last, in 916 AR Konstanicoic was captured in the city of Mythus, and taken back to Algeorgia for his eventual trial and execution.
Since the 9th century AR, Algeorgia has put significant effort in enforcing military service among the population, and nowadays the total military amounts to equaling one fourth the entire population. In 934 AR, this significant buildup of military paid off when Alexei IV joined Hythia to declare ware on the Eldebethian Empire. Due to the vast mobilization of military, a strict form of rationing food and water was implemented across the nation, staving off famine. Throughout this war, Anastasia Browotski was most effective at creation a naval blockade using the Algeorgian navy. However, in a minor skirmish leading up to the Battle of Daśa, Tsar Alexei IV was struck dead in battle, being the only Tsar to die so violently. Hythia was eventually able to force the Eldebethians to a favorable peace, while Algeorgia stabilized the government under Anastasia III.
|Date||No. of ships||Personnel|
Algeorgia has some of the most sophisticated and modern infrastructure of the western Adseian archipelago, mostly owed to their significant funding from their array of valuable trading goods. The largest cities in Algeorgia all come with their own gallery of public buildings, services, and institutions that increase the quality of life. Due to the general prosperity in these cities, Algeorgia always prides itself on the population's increased longevity, especially among the upper classes without including infant mortality. Since 350 AR, many Algeorgians among the upper class have been known to live more than 100 years on a fairly regular basis. This gave rise to the Centenarian Medal as a prize for the achievement.
Algeorgia has a well-developed road system across the island, gradually improved and upgraded over the course of a few centuries. They started as dirt roads cleared out around 540 AR, then later upgraded to stone pavement around 600 AR, before finally becoming fully paved roads in 770 AR. The Great Walls of Algeorgia, entirely surrounding the city of Algeorgiaville, were gradually constructed from 150-530 AR, being the strongest defense of the whole nation. After the initial Dodo Laws were made around 120 BR, a large exodus of citizens moved from the capital to the far side of the island, attempting to escape its enforcement. This exodus early on helped to disseminate Algeorgians to other towns and cities besides the capital.
Algeorgian cities have a public education system, which is equally taught to both men and women. Hospitals also exist in the nation, based on significant advancements in medical technology developed in Algeorgia. Ambulances are employed for use of these hospitals, being carried on horse-drawn carts. Algeorgia also has local police forces, voluntarily organized in each city, to both enforce and mediate civil laws and legal disputes. They are usually given only non-lethal weapons, but are expected to deal with all petty crimes that aren't dealt with by the courts. Each city also has a basic plumbing system, and a few major cities even have public steam baths based on the Sillenic model.
A public news bulletin system also exists, called the Weekpaper, that gives news and summarizes events that occur each week. Algeorgia also has a postal system, utilizing the existing roads between cities to deliver swift communication. The primary purpose of the postal system, when it was first created in 599 AR, was for Tsar Boris II to send out personal letters of congratulations to each and every citizen of the island.
Other public buildings exist that are created for specific purposes, mostly for the goal of mass education. There is one undergraduate university, the University of Algeorgia, which is in conjunction with the Library of Algeorgia. The three post graduate education institutions that exist are the Royal Institute of Mathematics and Engineering, the Algeorgian-Qaryaatian Research Facility, and the Scientific Academy of Algeorgia. The Tsar Fort and the Lighthouse of Algeorgiaville are two impressive works of architecture that exist along the coast, although the Lighthouse received quite a bit of controversy on its practicality when it was first constructed. The Tsar Fort has a total of eight towards to it, each uniquely designed with help from Tsarina Anastasia I. The Royal Blacksmith House, much further inland, is where the armaments and artillery are made.
The Dodeceum is a grand marble building and arena located in Algeorgiaville, being the seat of the High Court of Algeorgia. Adjacent to it is the great Sky Tower of Algeorgia, the tallest and most ambitious building project in the nation's history. The Sky Tower is 120 meters tall, surrounded by a moat connected by four bridges. It has four main floors, a roof access, and a basement. The Sky Tower serves as a secondary royal residence, where the royal family stays in the area known as the "Royal Floor" for recreation. Other floors include the house of the Supreme Court, and the Royal Armory. The basement of the Sky Tower is where the royal treasury is kept, not including the crown jewels. The Sky tower's height makes it especially prone to fire damage, caused by lightning strikes during thunder storms.
The capital city of Algeorgiaville is the largest city on the island, being home to over 30,000 citizens. Almost all the major institutions of government, military, and economy are all conducted at this city. The second largest city of Vladimovostok spilled over from it to the northeast, having almost 20,000 citizens. Tsarinigrad, on the opposite side of the island, grew immensely over time as it became the largest producer of emeralds in the nation. The last census in 935 AR gave it a population of over 15,000, the third largest city.
The other major cities of Algeorgia all exist along the coast, specifically the coastal towns of Dodoiseville, Alexiaville, and Olgagrad. Smaller villages are rural and only exist inland among farming communities, specifically the villages of Dodograd, Androvopolivia, and Sevacopolik. The whole island of Algeorgia is covered in a very flat and fertile plain, with no mountains or valleys to be found anywhere. More dense forests exist in the middle of the island, although many of these have been cut down over the years by excessive farming.
The earliest colony of Algeorgia is called Dodo Island, first annexed into the nation around 80 BR. As far as archaeology can tell, Dodo Island was completely uninhabited before the arrival of Algeorgia, and (ironically) had no population of Dodos either before that point. The Cetan explorer Pennesios, when he charted the region around Algeorgia, referred to the island as Leusos. Algeorgia generally tries to expand their colonies to have an excess of agricultural products, so as to re export these foods back through the home island.
Algeorgia has two colonies on the island of Hyoria, located just on the other side of the strait facing Algeorgiaville. The first is the colony of Dodoville, and the other is the colony of Novyygrad. These were claimed by Algeorgia in 192 AR, sending 200 troops and two ships to subjugate the native Hyorian population. Due to their subjugation to Mythadia, Algeorgia was unable to press their claim to Hyoria outside of the bounds of these two cities. Around 850 AR, the Tsardom was finally able to claim a new colony, in the very remote area known as Wrangle's Corner.
Art and Literature
Most works of art from Algeorgia are monumental, creating large statues to commemorate famous rulers or people. Algeorgian art is always very static and idealized, depicting people in unrealistic proportions without concept of perspective. This employs a great use of hierarchy of scale, as well as depicting both people and animals through the spirit they represent, rather than the actual person. The oldest statue is the marble dodo statue located in the courtyard of the Temple of the Holy Dodo, used in ritual purposes for common people. A much larger, grander statue of the Great Dodo is found int he city of Alexiaville, composed of elaborate gold plating on top of an ivory core. The Unity Statue is a statue of Alexei II, located in the exact center of the island. The base of the statue details a fanciful story of how the two halves of the island agreed to be ruled as one nation under Alexei II, bringing unity to the nation. Finally, the city of Olgagrad has a dual statue depicting two different rulers side-by-side: Tsarina Olga I and the First Tsar.
Other works of art tend to be linked to individual crafts that are manufactured in Algeorgia. Works of glass bowls and jars from Algeorgia are ornately decorated, displaying various images and styles of dodos in every genre possible. Crafted ivory works also are used in smaller works, particularly small images or figurines that are exported abroad. Tapestry weaving is a more emerging art in recent Algeorgian history. The Tsar's Tapestry is a piece of art hanging in the upper floor of the Sky Tower. Hanging over a balcony at several meters long, it depicts small portraits and names of every Tsar and royal family member to ever rule over Algeorgia.
Algeorgia first adopted their written language from Mithadia, which they put into public use around 90 AR. Anatoly Formenko is considered the first Algeorgian historian, who compiled a summary of the nation's history from its founding up until 150 AR. After the time of Formenko, Algeorgia generally has a fairly rich historical tradition, with most events being documented as they happen, albeit with a slant of propaganda towards the Tsar.
Only a couple of fiction works from Algeorgia have really come to prominence as national epics. A Tale of Two Nights describes the Battle of Zisala in 30 BR, the largest naval battle of the Saemonite Empire, which was witnessed first-hand by Algeorgians very early in their history. The longest novel in Algeorgian history is Three Stars of the Lake, a very abstract, allegorical story written by an anonymous author around 520 AR. Finally the Tale of the Flying Golden Bull from around 780 AR exists in a variety of versions across the island, all centered around the voyage of the 25 ships in the Six-Pointed Bull Star expedition. They all ultimately end the same way, with the ship returning to Algeorgia completely intact, but completely devoid of all crew.
Science and Technology
Algeorgia excels at developments of science and technology, and has an impressive education system for further research and development. The main fields of study primarily focused on are: biology, mathematics, engineering, physics, and chemistry. Algeorgia focuses on education for all classes of society, at the expense of the federal government, through the use of public libraries and schools. Education is also open to both males and females equally. The University of Algeorgia and the Scientific Academy of Algeorgia are two other places where much research takes place. Algeorgians all praise the concept of innovation and research, and consider every attempt to further scientific development to be a noble effort, no matter how strange or ridiculous it may seem.
After Algeorgia adopted basic understandings of mathematics from nations around them, they created the Royal institution of Mathematics and Engineering in 301 AR. The institution went on to develop more complex components of mathematics throughout the fourth century AR, allowing for more development of engineering and physics later. The first true innovations in engineering appeared in the 570s AR: mathematician Boris Vladimirovich invented the windmill, and engineer Natasha Romanov invented glass-making two years later. In the early eighth century AR, Leondadovich Dainich invented the first wheelbarrow. In 675 AR, Alexei Cheremukhin jumped off a cliff near Tsarinigrad, covered in tar and dodo feathers, in an attempt to mimic birds and discover flight. He died upon impact, but he is greatly honored among Algeorgians for his dedication to ingenuity and study.
Abstract sciences, making great discoveries of biology and medicine, took off primarily during the reign of Konstantin II, often times known as the "Golden Age of Algeorgian science". Bodily dissections began to take place in the 630s AR, which led to the publication of surgical textbooks that started circulating after 645 AR. It is in these early texts that certain landmark discoveries of anatomy are documented, including the discovery of the optical nerve. Algeorgian medical science began to become famous in the latter half of the seventh century AR, attracting its ally to create the Algeorgian-Qaryaatian Research Ministry in 678 AR. After that point, medical science spread from Algeorgia into Qaryaat and surrounding nations.
Tsarina Olga I was particularly interested in various forms of biology and anatomy, and patronized these fields throughout her reign. The field of botany first began in 720 AR as a means to develop new herbal medicines. The first complete models of the human body started to appear after 740 AR. Chemistry, one of the youngest fields in Algeorgian history, was first developed around 825 AR. In 831 AR, a tapestry was created for the University of Algeorgia, depicting a complete list of elements believed to exist at that time. In 852 AR, Konstantin Severinov first proposed a theory on the existence of microbes. Boris Borivioch was a prominent physicist living around the ninth century AR. After lighting struck the Sky Tower and caused it to catch fire in 855 AR, Boris began formulating a theory that lighting was actually made of the same energy produced from amber.
Algeorgia is a fairly isolated nation, evidenced by their very unique blend of ethnicity and culture. Their types of alphabet, phonology, naming conventions, and other aspects are the most unique across the world, and this is largely due to how fiercely the Algeorgians defend their isolationism for so long. The more that Algeorgia is directly contacted by unfamiliar nations, the more they enlarge and arm their military, expecting to have to fight for the defense of their unique way of life.
The silence was first broken by Tsar Nicolas I, when Algeorgia first attempted an exploration westward in 46 BR. A military expedition was sent to invade and open the nation of Gahren for trade, while defenses in Algeorgia was put on high alert. Gahren peacefully accepted trade with Algeorgia and made their first diplomatic alliance. Shortly after this, the Algeorgians saw the first glimpse of a truly powerful state with the Battle of Zisala in 30 BR, documented in fantastic detail in the book A Tale of Two Knights.
Nicolas II, the next monarch, worked off from this to explore the archipelago near Aedseia more, eventually making contact with the rapidly-expanding Mithadian Empire. Mithadia first attacked Algeorgia in 82 AR, and by 84 AR forced them to capitulate and become their tributary. As soon as Nicolas II died, his successor Alexei II staged a revolt against Mithadia in 85 AR, but was promptly put down the following year. Fortunately, Mithadia had very little ability to control Algeorgia as a vassal, so their relationship remained extremely autonomous. At the same time, however, Mithadia continued to pressure Algeorgia into limiting their expansion, when they claimed the island of Hyoria in the third century AR. Alexei II went on to establish an alliance with the nascent state of Rikva in 101 AR, increasing their trade to the east.
A break in foreign relations continues from this point for the next three hundred years, in which Algeorgia turns inward and has very little trade or diplomacy with anyone, besides trade partners and tribute to Mithadia. That silence was finally broken by the great navigator and explorer, Pennesios of Ceta, one of the finest geographers of the Irian civilization. Pennesios explored west along the coast from Ceta on behalf of the Solchian navy, making a diplomatic mission to the Mithadian Empire. On his return voyage, he charted out the islands of Hyoria, Dodo, and Algeorgia, which he referred to as Leusos and Aloria. He attempted to secure Dodo Island as a possible naval base for the Solchians, but Algeorgia defended fiercely against the idea. According to the Algeorgian sources, Pennesios was very shocked by the culture and technology of the island, and the Holy Dodo helped to give him a tour of both the palace and temple of Algeorgiaville. The Tsar Boris II secured this diplomatic contact with Solchia, as well as pushing westward to re-establish relations with Gahren. By this point, however, Gahren had been taken over by Beraba, who completely monopolized trade coming to and from Algeorgia from the west. Boris accepted trade from Beraba as as well as their alliance.
At the start of a new dynasty, Konstantin I change allegiance from Mithadia to Hythus, accepting their alliance and protection in exchange for tribute. Time has shown the bond between Hythia and Algeorgia to have strengthened greatly, as both nations have great mutual respect for each other. Konstantin II made sure Algeorgia was among the first nations to invest in the Iron Bank of Hythus, later Alexei IV attended the Hythian Exposition of Wealth in 883 AR. Ultimately, Alexei IV would fight along side Hythus for their war against the Elderbethian Empire in 934 AR, which the Tsar paid for with his life. Their alliance had been so well, in fact, that Mithadia sent their own noble Ayesuculi to improve their diplomatic relations. The Tsarina Olga II accepted this arrangement, and allowed Ayesuculi to marry her daughter, Eudoxia. Algeorgia also cooperates to allow Hythus to evangulize their Hythian religion on the island, with limited success so far.
Algeorgia first established their alliance with the other main spice trader, Qaryaat, during their war against Mohajaro in 644 AR. The two nations continued to trade and exchange knowledge throughout the reign of Konstantin II, and this friendship passed to the next generation. The reign of Tsarina Olga I was largely dominated by the wars against the Sillenic Republic, contracted by their alliances to both Beraba and Qaryaat. As soon as Olga I died, Algeorgia invited foreign nations to attend the coronation of her successor, Olga II, for the first time in their nation. Emperor Kylus of Hythus and King Heshem of Qaryaat both attended the ceremony.