American Parliament

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American Parliament
Parlamento americano
Parlament américain
Amerikanisches Parlament
11th American Parliament
Flag of the Conference of American States.svg
CAS Flag
History
Founded August 12, 1960 (1960-08-12)
Leadership
Sofia MuñozLDA
Since May 20, 2015
Speaker
Brian Woods, PARU
Since May 20, 2015
Deputies
Leader of the largest political group
Boris Griffiths, PARU
Leader of the 2nd largest political group
Jackie Nutalli, LDA
Structure
Seats 501 MAPs
11th American Parliament 2015-20.svg
Political groups

Government

  •      PARU (123)
  •      LDA (92)
  •      AAU (23)

Confidence and supply

  •      SDA (73)
  •      RGA (51)

Non-aligned

  •      UAL (10)

Official Opposition

  •      ACC (78)
  •      ADL (33)
  •      ACL (18)
Committees 24
Length of term
5 years
Salary $70,000 (AME)
Elections
First-past-the-post, IRV, Party-list, and STV
Last election
May 16-20, 2015
Next election
November 6-10, 2020
Meeting place
American Parliament.jpg
Grand Chamber, St. Louis, United Commonwealth
Website
amerparl.am

The American Parliament (abbreviated as AP and also known as the Parliament of America or the Grand Chamber) is the transnational legislature of the Conference of American States. It is one of the five integral institutions of the CAS and was founded in 1960 by the Treaty of Louisville. The legislative body is composed of 501 legislators (commonly referred to as members of American Parliament or MAPs) who are directly elected every 5 years. The Parliament works in conjunction with the American Council and American Secretariat in exercising the legislative functions of the CAS. The parliament is made up of 501 total members (MAP) and the current session, the 11th American Parliament, has been in motion since May 2015 with the next one scheduled for mid to late 2020.

The American Parliament is responsible for requesting and reviewing legislative proposals submitted by the American Secretariat (the only CAS institution which has legislative initiative for most issues). It shares its roles of amending and revising proposed legislation with the American Council, and negotiates with the Council through consensus-based policymaking. The Parliament is also empowered to introduce and pass legislation regarding the CAS budget, issue non-binding resolutions, and conduct parliamentary hearings. Legislation can only pass if both Parliament and the Council can reach common agreement. The parliament also has the power to declare war and approve of peacekeeping initiatives and/or CAS-led military interventions such as in 2001 with the CAS intervention in the Pashtun Civil War and in 2003 with the invasion and occupation of Iraq

Every member state of the CAS is represented in the American Parliament and are allocated seats based on degressive proportionality as determined by population. The United Commonwealth, the Conference's largest member state, has the most seats in the Parliament with a total of 44 MAPs, while the smallest member state, Saint Kitts and Nevis, has 5. The American Parliament is a multi-party chamber made up of nine political groups with the the biggest five being the Pan-American Reform Union (PARU), the Liberal Democrats of America (LDA), the American Conservative Coalition (ACC), the Social Democrats of America (SDA) and the Red-Green Alliance (RGA). The presiding officers of the AP is the President, currently Sofia Muñoz since 2015, and the Speaker, currently Brian Woods since 2015.


Powers and functions[edit]

The Treaty of Louisville provides the general foundations and principles by which the American Parliament functions and operates as. Several additional international agreements and amendments to the treaty have also ascribed additional powers and responsibilities to the AP.

Legislative procedure[edit]

Budget[edit]

Oversight[edit]

Members[edit]

Transnational agreements[edit]

Salaries, benefits, and expenses[edit]

Party groups and coalitions[edit]

Members of the American Parliament are organized into various parliamentary groups similar to political parties in regular national legislatures. The two biggest political groups is the left-wing Pan-American Reform Union (PARU) and the center-left Liberal Democrats of America (LDA). Both PARU and the LDA have been the most influential and dominant party groups in the American Parliament throughout its history and have both held the largest number of seats in parliament throughout each session, though neither party group or any of the other seven have held a clear majority of seats and coalition governments are incentivized and formed as a result. All nine political groups are a coalition of national parties from all members of the CAS and as a result operate on a decentralize level and are more in common with federal parties like those in Germany and the rest of the European Union than they do with national parties found in unitary states across the world. Party groups have their own respective leaders who are elected in party conventions and voted on my party members.

Party groups of the CAS are very similar to their counterparts in the European Union, but the CAS possess a more hybrid system in comparison with some party groups being transnational political parties and others being traditional parliamentary groups with their own affiliated parties. The SDA, LDA, ACL, UAL and AAU are both political groups and transnational political parties due to their structure and functions. Meanwhile the ACC, PARU, ADL RGA are all political groups with their own respective affiliated transnational political parties based around common ideological views of member parties. Notable American political parties that are part of a political group includes the American Solidarity Party and Free Democratic Party of America for the ADL and the Continental Union of America and American Labor Coalition for PARU.

Elections[edit]

Seats[edit]

Auxiliary bodies[edit]

See also[edit]