Ancient Edom (Origo Mundi)

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Edom
-8rd Century–Present
The Alasanan Tablet, proclaiming the rebirth of the Edomite Ankum, 9th century

The Alasanan Tablet, proclaiming the rebirth of the Edomite Ankum, 9th century
Capital Not specified
Languages Edomian, Mesallian, Azozan, Denivan, Usinian
Religion see below
Government Not specified
Historical era Edomite Dark Ages -
Classical antiquity
 •  Established -8rd Century
 •  Disestablished Present

Ancient Edom was a civilization of ancient Letsia, concentrated along the Meran River. Ancient Edomite civilization followed prehistoric Letsia, and first coalesced into the Elameran Ankum around the -8th century. The region's namesake, the city of Edom, would be founded by the Elameran civilization some five centuries after their formation, as a colony on the northern end of the Meran. Following the collapse of the Elameran civilization around the -3rd century, the nation of Edom was formed as an independent nation. The nation of Edom would eventually grow to overtake the former empire that created it, becoming a major nation in the ancient world. Its history would be divided among a series of different stable kingdoms, often separated by periods of relative instability.

History[edit]

Old Kingdom[edit]

The Old Kingdom of Edom refers to the first stable nation that emerged after the collapse of the Elameran Ankum, existing from approximately the -3rd century to the year 408, when it was conquered by Ioxemander the Great of Erasidon.

Ptelamtic Edom[edit]

Ptelamaic Edom, officially the Kingdom of Edom during its period of rule under the House of Ptelamus, before its formal annexation by the Xeran Empire, was a Mesallenistic kingdom based in ancient Edom. The "New Kingdom of Edom" was ended by a brief occupation by the Kingdom of Azoz, before being annexed by Ioxemander I of Erasidon in the year 408. During the lifetime of Ioxemander the nation of Edom would remain autonomous and traditional, ruled technically by Ioxemander's wife, the Maleka Shameza.

After Ioxemander's untimely death in the year 420, Shameza would continue to rule the kingdom, followed by her daughter with Ioxemander, Medesa. During this time the nation became increasingly dominated and settled by Mesallians, with the later reign of Shameza being dominated by one of Ioxemander's lead generals and later governors, Asandius. During the Wars of the Successors, Asandius would attempt to transition the nation into an independent kingdom ruled by himself and his male descendants, leading to a war led by himself and his son, Ioxemander II. However, Asandius' ambitions would be crushed by Lysimedes of Erasidon, who had formally been crowned King of Erasidon and married to Ioxemander's Edomite heir, Medesa.

Lysimedes would establish control over the eastern half of Ioxemander's former empire, namely Erasidon, Edom, and Emalia, ushering in the first major era of peace in the empire after the emperor's death. Lysimedes would divide his three kingdoms among his three children, with his daughter Evanematra ruling Edom. Evanematra would become one of the nation's most prestigious rulers, carefully navigating the kingdom through a period of religious and political upheaval, against the increasingly expansionist Azozian Xeran Empire, which sought to unite Edom with Azoz permanently. Evanematra would be a lead figure in preventing this, but after her death her daughter, also Evanematra, would be wed to Thalut III of Azoz after the Eras Incident, which would pave the way for Edom's integration into the Xeran Empire.

New Kingdom[edit]

The New Kingdom of Edom came about after the death of the last Ptelamaic monarch, Evanematra V, in the year 672. After a brief insurrection caused by religious extremists, known as the Ephiphenites, all three of Evanematra's daughters were killed, leaving the throne to her granddaughter-in-law Shameza II, who had wed Amedantes, son of the late Evanematra the Heir and Erisoh, First Citizen of Azoz.

Shuad Dynasty Peroid[edit]

The Shuad Dynasty Period refers to the later half of the New Kingdom's history, when Edom came to be dominated by the descendants of Shuadna’al Hesam, an influential southern governor within the nation. The dynasty came to power after Maleka Berena (792-823) formally adopted Alasana, the natural-born daughter of her wife Medosa, Governor of Ascana, by Sanasun, grandson of Shuadna’al Hesam. During this time the nation reconquered the ancient capital of the former Elameran Ankum, and the nation declared itself the Edomite Ankum, or Edomite Empire.

Religion[edit]

The nation of Edom was historically considered one of the most religiously diverse of any nation of the ancient world. Traditionally the nation followed the Edomite religion, but by the time of Ioxemander's arrival new religions had begun to take form. This was most evident in the city of Edom itself, which would become home to a microcosm of ancient religions. Various monarchs of the time would attempt to promote their individual faith, with the polytheistic Mesallian religion being the religion of choice immediately after Ioxemander. By the time of the kingdom's annexation by Thalut IV, the state religion would be the Ulm religion.

Estimated Percentage of Religious Adherence in Edom City by Year
Religion 280 [a] 408 [b] 454 [c] 485 500 525 550 [d]
Traditional Edomite Religion 67.5% 60% 43% 45% 40% 30% 23%
Shanzian Ulmism 7.2% 11% 15% 10% 8% 10% 20%
Traditional Ulmism 1% 4% 9% 4% 2% 5% 19%
Misc Aposic Ulmism 2% 4% 5% 6% 5% 7% 8%
Lementarian [e] 4.8% 5% 6% 8% 5% 3% 1%
General Mesallian 13.5% 12% 20% 12% 11% 10% 8%
Yannian 0.8% 1% 1% 1.5% 2% 2% ~0%
Enulmism 0.3% 1% 3% 4% 5% 5% 4%
Zamism -- -- -- 5% 19% 23% 12%
Cult of Ioxemander [e] -- -- 21% 11% 8% 6% 4%
Edomite-Mesallian
(e.g. Soronisism) [e]
-- -- 23% 25% 16% 18% 12%
Other 1.9% 2% 2% 4.5% 3% 5% 5%
^ At the time of the Year 280 census.
^ At the time of Ioxemander's conquest of Edom.
^ At the time of the Division of Lysimedes.
^ At the time of the Azozian annexation.
^ Often in conjunction with Edomite and/or Mesallian religion.

Footnotes[edit]