|Province of Apache (en)|
|— Province of Sierra —|
|Nickname(s): The Reservation Province (official), The Navajo Province, The Athabaskan Province, The Four Corners Province|
|Motto(s): Hózhǫ́ǫ́jį́ nihee ha'ííą́ (Navajo: "With joy for us the sun rose")|
|Provincial song(s): "Haven of Rest"|
|Largest city||Show Low|
21,178 sq mi |
|• Total||376,265 (2020)|
17.76/sq mi (6.86/km2)|
|• Highest point||
10,916 ft (28,272 m)
|• Lowest point||
0 ft (-86 m)
|Admission to the Union||March 21, 1895 (15th)|
|Lord Superintendent||Nathan Lizor|
|Lieutenant Governor||Seth BeGaye|
|Legislature||Apache Grand Council (unicameral)|
|• Upper house||None|
|• Lower house||None|
Ben Acitty (DR)|
Amber Shelley (DR)
Herman Freeland (DR)
|K.S. House delegation||
1 total commoner|
Mountain Time Zone |
UTC –7/UTC –6
|Abbreviations||AP, AP, KS-AP, APA|
Category • Topics
Apache is a province located in the Sierran Southeastern region. The province is the 9th largest by area, and the 33rd most populous PSA. Central Valley is bordered to the north by the Deseretian area of Zion, to the east by the Sierran territory of West New Mexico, to the south by the provinces of Maricopa and Cornerstone, to the west by the province of Flagstaff, and touches West Colorado to the northeast at the Four Corners. Its capital is Eagar and the largest city is Show Low. It was admitted on March 21, 1895 as the 15th province in order of admission. Its residents are known as Apaches, although not all of its residents are ethnically Apache (the majority of residents are members of the closely related Navajo). The ethnic Apache are occasionally referred to as Indé or Diné to distinguish them from non-Apache residents in the province of Apache.
The province's name is derived from the Spanish word Apache, which was used broadly to refer to the Southern Athabaskan-speaking peoples in the region. The ultimate origin of the word has not been definitively ascertained. The province's official name is "The Reservation Province" as it consisted of lands that were specifically set aside by the Sierran government for inhabitation by the Navajo, Apache, and Hopi peoples. Apache is one of only two PSAs to have a majority Amerindian population (the other being Cornerstone), as the Navajo accounts for over 80 percent of the province's total population. In addition, more than 95% of the province belongs to the Navajo Nation, the largest Sierran Amerindian reservation, whose boundaries extend into Cornerstone, Flagstaff, West Colorado, West New Mexico, and Zion. Since the Navajo Nation is nearly completely coterminous with the province of Apache, the Apache Constitution has officially designated most provincial powers and functions to the tribal government.
Apache is situated primarily in the Colorado Plateau, a large, semi-arid, flat-lying region which ranges between 5,000 to 8,000 feet in elevation. Small sections of southern Apache features part of the Mogollon Rim, which defines the southern boundary of the plateau with the Arizona transition zone. The province is known for its high deserts and scattered forests, as well as its brightly colored rock formations and canyons. Located on the eastern extremity of federal Sierra by the Deseret and West New Mexico, Apache is culturally distinct and relatively isolated from the rest of Sierra. It retains a prominent Amerindian identity, primarily centered around the Southern Athabaskan culture of the Navajo and the Apache.
The province is sparsely populated, with the majority of the population living in the southeastern region of the province. The provincial economy is heavily dependent on agriculture and mining. Ranching is the predominant agricultural activity in Apache, with the most common livestock raised being cattle and sheep. The two most important resources which are mined in Apache are coal and uranium. Oil and natural gas are also major sources of income for the Apache economy. Tourism and the defense industry have helped support the modern Apache economy, which remains one of the smallest economies in the entire Kingdom.
Humans have inhabited the area since the 10th century, with the Navajo and Apache becoming the dominant groups by the late 19th century following the Sierran-enforced Long Walk. The Compact Indian–Sierran Friendship Act established modern Amerindian reservations throughout Sierra including the Navajo Nation in Apache in 1881. The province separated from Maricopa in 1895 and remained largely ignored by Anglo-American settlement. Apache remained an underdeveloped province throughout much of the early 20th century. Increased federal spending following Great War I in agriculture, mining, and defense has helped sustain local, tribal life and self-government.
Apache has been a Democratic-Republican stronghold since the Approbatio period. It has been represented at the federal level solely by Democratic-Republicans in both chambers of Parliament since 1932. The provincial government has been effectively controlled by a Democratic-Republican dominant-party system, which is heavily tied with the Navajo Nation tribal government. Apache's rural character, history, and demographics have helped define the province's unique culture and identity.
Etymology[edit | edit source]
The Flag of Apache
The Seal of Apache
|Colors||Black, white, blue, yellow|
|Dance||Navajo hoop dance|
|Motto||Hózhǫ́ǫ́jį́ nihee ha'ííą́|
|Song||"Haven of Rest"|
|Provincial route marker|
|Part of a series on the provinces, states, areas, and territories of Sierra|
Apache was named after the indigenous population, the Apache people, whose English name derived from the Spanish name Apachu de Nabajo. The Spanish term was initially used to refer to the people who inhabited the Chama region east of the San Juan River in Colorado and New Mexico. The name Apache was later broadened to refer to the general population of the southern Athabaskan peoples, which was a diverse group of distinct tribes, nations, and communities who spoke different, but related languages. The first written record of the name in Spanish is attested to Juan de Oñate in 1598. There has been no conclusive origin for the Spanish term for Apachu de Nabajo although a number of theories have posited possible origins. One widely accepted theory suggests that the term Apache ultimately derives from the Zuni word ʔa·paču, meaning "Navajos" (the plural of paču "Navajo"). Another theory suggests that the term came from Yavapai ʔpačə meaning "enemy". Both theories have been questioned because Oñate used the term before he made any documented encounters with either the Zuni or the Yavapai. A less likely theory suggests that the name derives from the Spanish word mapache, which means "raccoon".