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Commonwealth of Astoria
Motto: Au bord de la mer, depuis la foret
English: By the sea, from the forest
Location of Astoria
and largest city
White (non-Hispanic) 68.3% |
Pacific Islander Other 0.3%
|Government||Federal Semi-Parliamentary Constitutional Republic|
|House of Commons|
|Independence from the United States|
• Declaration of independence
|March 12, 1865|
|October 5, 1865|
|November 19, 1866|
|644,633.44 km2 (248,894.36 sq mi)|
• 2018 estimate
|GDP (PPP)||2017 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2017 estimate|
• Per capita
very high · 4th
|Currency||Astorian dollar ($)|
|Time zone||UTC-8/-7 (Pacific)|
Astoria, officially the Commonwealth of Astoria, is a sovereign state in North America. It is bordered by Sierra to the south, Superior to the east, Alaska and Yukon to the north, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. The capital and largest city is Seattle, located in the province of Olympia.
Astoria was first inhabited by Native Americans up until European exploration which was first undertaken by the Spanish. In the early 1800's the Lewis and Clark Expedition sponsored by the United States was undertaken that mapped out much of Astoria alongside British explorer David Thompson. After the Canadian War of Independence in which the nation of Canada secured its sovereignty from the British Empire, the Canadian government had invested interest in the region of Astoria, but soon found itself competing with the United States for control over the region leading to the 1846 Oregon Treaty between the two nations in which Astoria was jointly-administered by both nations, though the United States claimed it as the Oregon Territory.
During the years under American and Canadian administration, the territory was politically volatile and movements for self-determination and independence grew, especially during the 1864 conscription crisis when Astorian citizens rested attempts to be drafted to fight in the American Civil War. When the War of Contingency began in 1865, the region's forces were mobilized to protect Astoria only and in 1866, the country declared its independence and proclaimed the establishment of the Free State of Astoria. Both Canada and Sierra recognized it, but Canadian troops occupied the country in 1866 leading to the four month long Eugene War between Sierra and Canada ending in Sierran victory and Canadian and Sierran cooperation in securing Astoria's independence.
Astoria is a federal parliamentary presidential constitutional republic with a developed market economy, with major exports including timber, fishing, and agriculture, machinery, electronics manufacturing, silver mining, and tourism. Astoria is one of North America's largest lumber industries alongside Canada as well as being one of the largest exporters of potatoes.
Etymology[edit | edit source]
The name Astoria derives from Fort George, alternatively named Fort Astoria. This fort was set up in 1811 as an outpost for the Pacific Fur Company owned by John Jacob Astor.
History[edit | edit source]
Pre-19th century[edit | edit source]
Humans have inhabited the area known as Astoria for at least 15,000 years. In early historical documents, the land of Astoria is referneced as early as the 16th century. While there is recorded evidence of Paleo-Indians having inhabited the region for years, the oldest evidence of haibtation is at For Rock Cave and the Paisley Caves with material in Fort Rock dating back to 13,200 years ago has been discovered by American-born archeologist Luther Cressman. Settlements would spread across the region by 8,000 BC and would be largely centered on the Columbian River.
19th century[edit | edit source]
20th century[edit | edit source]
21st century[edit | edit source]
Government and politics[edit | edit source]
Astoria is a federal parliamentary constitutional presidential republic. It has had a stable democratic system in place since its foundation and has guaranteed universal suffrage since 1946. It is a federation with five provinces, which share power and sovereignty with the federal government based in Seattle. Its system of government is unique, being described as a combination of the Westminster system and the federal system of the former United States. Its government is divided into three branches: the executive, comprising the ministers of several cabinet ministries and led by the president; the legislative, comprised of the Parliament of Astoria which is divided into two chambers called the House of Commons (the lower chamber) and the Senate (the upper chamber) and led by the first minister; and the judicial, which is comprised of the Supreme Court of Astoria, consisting of eleven justices led by the chief justice, and the federal Astorian judicial system of lower district courts.
Each province has a system of government similar to the federal one, with their own executives, legislatures, and judicial systems.