Astoria

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 This article is a C-class article. It is written satisfactorily but needs improvement. This article is part of Altverse II.
Commonwealth of Astoria

Flag of
Flag
Coat of arms of
Coat of arms
Motto: Au bord de la mer, de la forêt
English: By the sea, from the forest
Location of Astoria
Location of Astoria
Capital
and largest city
Seattle
Official languages English
Ethnic groups
White (non-Hispanic) 68.3%
Hispanic 13.1%
Asian 11.4%
Black 4.2%
Native 2.7%
Pacific Islander Other 0.3%
Demonym(s) Astorian
Government Federal Semi-Parliamentary Constitutional Republic
• President
Baishan Wallace (LD)
Jason Voll (BS)
Legislature Parliament
Senate
House of Commons
Independence from the United States
• Declaration of independence
March 12, 1865
• Constitution
October 5, 1865
November 19, 1866
Area
• Total
644,633.44 km2 (248,894.36 sq mi)
Population
• 2018 estimate
14,482,350
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$782.698 billion
• Per capita
$54,045
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$932.1 billion
• Per capita
$64,354
Gini (2017) 37.8
medium
HDI (2017) 0.938
very high · 4th
Currency Astorian dollar ($)
Time zone UTC-8/-7 (Pacific)
Driving side right
Calling code +235
Internet TLD .ast

Astoria, officially the Commonwealth of Astoria, is a sovereign state located in North America. Astoria shares a border with Sierra to the south, Superior to the east, and Alaska to the north west. Along with that, the nation borders the Pacific Ocean to the west. The capital and largest city of Astoria is Seattle, which is located in the province of Olympia.

The territory that would make up modern Astoria was be first inhabited by numerous Amerindian tribes prior to European exploration, who primarily settled along the coast of the area. Astoria would first be discovered by Spanish explorers, who claimed the land as apart of the principle Spanish colony of New Spain. However, Astoria remained largely unsettled, with no official colonization effort being carried out. In the late 1700s, Astoria was opened to further exploration by other colonial powers, including the fledging United States. The Lewis and Clark expedition assisted in mapping out large portions of the Astorian lands, opening interest to colonize the area by the public. Following the collapse of Spanish control in the Americas, Astoria would become a contested region, with both the United States and the British Empire claiming jurisdiction over the region. This resulted in the Oregon Treaty, with the two powers agreeing to jointly-administer the territory. While jointly-administered, Astoria became a politically volatile place, with various movements for independence growing expediently over American and British territorial controversies.

This division was highlighted during the 1864 conscription crisis, when Astorian settlers refused to be conscripted into the Union Army during the American Civil War. This support for independence boil over at the start of the War of Contingency in 1866, with regional militias refusing to support the Union. The Anglo-Sierran intervention into the conflict resulted in the establishment of the Free State of Astoria, and following the conclusion of the war, the establishment of the modern Commonwealth of Astoria. Following its independence, the population and economic power of Astoria increased as the nation became a popular site for settlement. Following the discovery of gold in Alaska, Astorian port cities such as Seattle and Portland became hubs of trade and saw massive population growth even after the initial gold rush. During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Astoria experienced a wave of social reforms, becoming the first Anglo-American country to grant women suffrage in 1889 and the first country to TBD. During the Crimison Spring of the 1920s, Astoria expanded into the former state of Canada, annexing the majority of the province of British Columbia.

Siding against the growing influence of the Landonist United Commonwealth, Astoria came to the defense of the Kingdom of Superior during Great War I, fighting alongside the [[Kingdom of Sierra[[ and Superior as apart of the Entente Impériale. Following the conclusion of the first Great War, Astoria experienced a number of economic reforms combating the economic recession that followed the war. With the outbreak of Great War II, Astoria sided with the Allied Powers, assisting in the island-hopping campaign that reduced the Empire of Japan's control over the Pacific Ocean. During the Cold War, Astoria sided with the anti-Landonist west, being a founding member of the Conference of American States and the Indo-Pacific Treaty Organization and contributing to the Sierran-led efforts to curb Landonist influence around the war. During the Cold War, Astoria developed one of the first successful welfare states in Anglo-America, and their model later was used to create the welfare systems of other Anglo-American nations. By the end of the Cold War, Astoria emerged as a leading power in Anglo-America and an emerging power in global politics.

In contemporary times, Astoria is considered a major regional power in Anglo-America and a growing power in the geopolitical landscape. With a population of over 14 million, Astoria is the TBD most populated nation in the world and is the TBD in terms of land area. Astoria is a founding member of the Conference of American States and the League of Nations, with the former being headquartered in the nation's capital of Seattle. Astoria has served as a rotary member of the League of Nations Security Council on a number of occasions and is apart of the Lincoln Area. Astoria is also a member of the Indo-Pacific Treaty Organization, the [[NATO|Northern Treaty Organization, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, NAFTA, APEC, and is an observer state of NATO and ASEAN. In terms of diplomacy, Astoria has shared a close relationship with its neighbors, especially Sierra and Superior.

Etymology[edit | edit source]

The namesakes of Astoria: the eponymous fort (left) and John Jacob Astor (right)

The name Astoria derives from Fort George, alternatively named Fort Astoria. This fort was set up in 1811 as an outpost for the Pacific Fur Company owned by John Jacob Astor. Astor was one of the wealthiest Americans by the 1840s although he never settled or visited present-day Astoria. Astoria shares its name with several other places named after Astor, including the neighborhood of Astoria in Queens of Astor's native New York City.

Until the mid-19th century, Astoria was better known as "Oregon Country" or simply "Oregon" by the Americans and "Columbia District" or simply "Columbia" by the British. The region was disputed between both powers until the Oregon Treaty was signed to place the region under joint Anglo-American control. After Canada and Manitoba gained independence, the former assumed joint administration with the United States. The name Astoria was popularized during the joint Anglo-American administration of the disputed territory, alongside the more generally used terms Oregon and Columbia. The first official use of the name occurred in 1864 conscription crisis when Oregonians resisted Union efforts to conscript citizens into the war. After the American Civil War, a secessionist movement emerged which culminated in the declaration of the "Free State of Astoria".

The official name of Astoria has been the "Commonwealth of Astoria" since 1966. Previous official names include the Free State of Astoria (1865−1872), the Republic of Astoria (1872−1919), and the Federal Republic of Astoria (1919−1965). Colloquial names for Astoria include "Astos" and "Cascadia". Other well-known epithets include "the Pacific Northwest" and "the Evergreen Country".

History[edit | edit source]

Pre-19th century[edit | edit source]

Indigenous Astoria[edit | edit source]

The first humans to arrive in North America travelled across the Beringia Land Bridge, which connected the continents of North American and Asia for almost four thousands years. Evidence suggest the first humans to arrive in Astoria are documented to have arrived in 13,000 BC. One of the oldest known and most complete human remains in the Americas belong to the Kennewick Man, which was discovered in South Columbia in the 1990s. However, evidence of human habitation of Astoria dates to 9,300 BC, where evidence suggest human habitation of the Olympia Penisula and land along the Columbia River. As human society in the Americas began to transition from nomadic lifestyles to establishing more permanent, sedentary settlements, a number of Amerindian tribes would be established in Astoria. The most notable of these Amerindian and First Nation tribes are the Chinook, the Dene, the Nez Perce, the Salish, the Spokane, the Tlingit, the Haida, the Kwakwaka'wakw, the Lummi, and the Quinnault. Many Amerindian tribes in Astoria would settle along the coast of the Pacific Ocean or along the region's many rivers, though a number of tribes would live on Astoria's eastern plains.

Chinook people meeting the Corps of Discovery on the Columbia River

Similar to other indigenous tribes in North America, Astorian native tribes had complex communities, conducting trade, diplomacy, and war with each other. The long histories of these peoples were preserved through oral traditions, passing down multiple generations. The cultures and interactions between these peoples evolved over the next 5,000 years. In contrast to the large empires of the Aztecs and Incas in Mesoamerica and South America, no regionwide empire would be established by any Astorian indigenous tribe, with wars usually resulting the destruction of the defeated tribe rather than long term occupation and vassalization. Life in pre-European Astoria would largely be isolated when compared with other Anglo-American indigenous tribes, with the forest and mountain terrain of the Cascadian region isolating the many tribes of the region, preventing frequent contact between them. Along with isolation, the Cascadian terrain would also provide native tribes an abundance of resources, with the use of Cedar for shelter construction and clothes making being prominent among the western Astorian tribes. Fishing would be a primary source of food for many western tribes, while eastern tribes located on the plateaus would rely on hunting and a little bit of farming for food. Tribes along the Columbia River would be exceptionally more wealthy than other tribes, largely due to the abundance of salmon in the river.

Society in native Astoria was divided by gender, with males becoming warriors and hunters and females becoming nurturers of the village, with some having leadership roles in their tribes governments. However, among the wealthy Columbia River tribes, women would also be traders, taking a slightly more advanced role compared to other tribes. In the eastern region, tribes were also divided by gender, though men and women were both responsible for equal parts of the food supply, with evidence suggesting that women also took apart in hunting. Governance in Astorian native tribes largely varied, by usually centered around a single leader or a council of leaders. The exact population of Amerindians in Astoria shortly before Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas is unknown, by estimates based off of evidence suggest that over million Amerindians could have potentially lived in the region before European discovery. A estimated total of around 45 to 60 million Amerindians in total lived in the Americas by the time of Columbus's discovery. Columbus's discovery of the "New World", along with the rumors of unlimited riches, would initiate "colonial fever" in Europe. With hundreds of Europeans arriving and beginning to colonize the region, the Amerindian population in the Americas would see a rapid decline as European diseases and virus were brought to the Americas, infecting and killing millions of Amerindians who had never been exposed to such diseases before.

Discovery, exploration, and colonization[edit | edit source]

The first recorded Europeans to arrive in Astoria were Spanish explorers lead by Juan José Pérez Hernández. The Spanish would arrive in 1774, though their landing point has yet to be discovered. A year later, a majority of the lands of Astoria would be claimed as apart of New Spain, Spain's leading colony in the New World. Northern Astoria would be claimed as apart of Russian Alaska. Both Spanish and Russian Astoria would remain largely uncolonized, with the area being deemed too hostile or too distant for proper settlement. Despite this, a number of expeditions to the area would be conducted by many explorers, discovering major parts of western Astoria. Following the Nookta Convention, Spanish exclusivity of the Astorian region would end, allowing other colonial powers to explore the resource-rich region.

During the latter half of the 18th century, the British would become interested in the region, beginning a short period of exploration into Astoria. In 1792, British explorer George Vancouver would lead an expedition into the Tacoma Narrows. Vancouver's exploration would be essential in the latter mapping and colonization of the region. A province would later be named in Vancouver's honor. In the same year, Captain Robert Gray would discover the mouth of the Columbia River, naming the river after his flagship, the Columbia. Following the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, exploration into Astoria by the United States would begin. Under the direction of President Thomas Jefferson, explorers Merriwether Lewis and William Clark would lead an expedition to Astoria, then known as the "Oregon Country". Entering the region in 1805, Lewis and Clark would be surprised by the level of difference shown by Astorian Amerindians when compared to other tribes encountered by the expedition, particularly the level of equality seen in the Astorian tribes. Clark would later attribute this to the more equal distributions of economic roles in Astorian Indigenous society. The Lewis and Clark expedition would enter in Astoria in the modern day province of South Columbia and would end on the coastline of the modern day province of Portland.

Throughout the expedition, both explorers would map out significant portions of eastern Astoria, which during that time was largely unexplored. Following the conclusion of the expedition, and subsequent publishing of their findings, a interest in Astoria would blossom in both the United States and British Canada, with Astoria being hit with a wave of settlers, explorers, and frontiersmen. In 1811, Canadian explorer David Thompson would claim the entire Astorian region for British Canada, with the North West Company establishing a series of forts all throughout northern Astoria. In the same year, American fur traders, largely led by John Jacob Astor and his Pacific Fur Company would begin to establish trading forts in central and southern Astoria. The most notable of these forts would be Fort Astoria, named after Astor, which would become the namesake of the future nation. With the independence of Mexico in the 1820s, the Spanish official claim over the region would become invalid, opening the region for potential claims.

19th century[edit | edit source]

20th century[edit | edit source]

21st century[edit | edit source]

Geography[edit | edit source]

Mount Rainier, the tallest mountain in Astoria

By total area, Astoria is the 14th largest country in the world at 613,658 square miles (1,589,367 km2). It is larger than the African country of Chad and smaller than the African country of Libya. The country is situated on the Pacific Northwest, a region of Northwestern North America bound by the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Rocky Mountains to the east. It borders Alaska to the north, Manitoba and Superior to the east, and the Kingdom of Sierra to the south (bordering two of its constituent countries: Federal Sierra and the Deseret).

The highest point in Astoria is Mount Rainier, which rises 14,417 feet (4394 m) above sea level. There is no point or land area in Astoria which is below sea level. Thus, the lowest elevation in Astoria is at any point along its coastline.

Point of the Arches at the Olympic National Park

Astoria is known for its geographic and geologic diversity. It is straddled by numerous mountain chains, including the aforementioned Rocky Mountains, the Coast Mountains, the Cascade Range, the Olympic Mountains, and the Columbia Mountains. Inland beyond the Cascade Range are broad, dry plateaus. The northern section of these plateaus are known as the Interior Plateau (or Fraser Plateau), while the southern section is known as the Columbia Plateau. The Columbia Plateau is famous for its coulees which are large, steep-walled troughs which serve as spillways and flood channels. It is also home to numerous canyons and the Channeled Scablands, an area that is known for its distinct abundance of coulees, hills, giant current ripples, gravel bars and fans, and loesses.

The country contains an innumerable amount of islands and archipelagoes along the Pacific Ocean, of which the vast majority are in South Columbia and Vancouver. The largest island in Astoria is Vancouver Island, which is the world's 43rd largest island, and the largest island on the west coast of the Americas.

Atlin Lake is the largest natural lake in Astoria, while Williston Lake, a manmade reservoir, is the largest freshwater body of water in Astoria. Notable rivers in Astoria include the Columbia River, the Fraser River, the Snake River, and the Yukon River.

Climate[edit | edit source]

Astoria's climate is diverse, including a wide range of climate areas and zones. Along the coast, the climate types are temperate oceanic, with the temperate oceanic (Cfb) and dry-summer Mediterranean climate (Csb) being the most prevalent forms of climate. Due to rainshadow and dry-summer patterns, some of these areas experience drier conditions compared to other temperate oceanic climates, resulting in a climate more reminiscent of a Mediterranean climate. The marine climates of Astoria west of the Cascades receive greater precipitation than similar climates in Western Europe due to orographic lift, with some areas receiving over 3,500 mm (138 in.) in annual precipitation. Winters are relatively mild for Astoria's relative latitude, although the Astorian interior experiences harsher winters and hotter summers with humid continental climates. Alpine climates can be found on higher elevations on Astoria's mountains.

Environment, flora, and fauna[edit | edit source]

Government and politics[edit | edit source]

The Presidential Mansion in Seattle, the headquarters of the executive branch.
The Astorian Parliamentary Building in Seattle, the headquarters of the legislative branch.
The Temple of Justice in Seattle, the headquarters of the judicial branch.

Astoria is a federal parliamentary constitutional presidential republic. It has had a stable democratic system in place since its foundation and has guaranteed universal suffrage since 1889. It is a federation with eight provinces, which share power and sovereignty with the federal government based in Seattle. Its system of government is unique, being described as a combination of the Westminster system and the federal system of the former United States. Its government is divided into three branches: the executive, comprising the ministers of several cabinet ministries and led by the president; the legislative, comprising the Parliament of Astoria which is divided into two chambers called the House of Commons (the lower chamber) and the Senate (the upper chamber) and led by the first minister; and the judicial, which is comprised of the Supreme Court of Astoria, consisting of eleven justices led by the chief justice, and the federal Astorian judicial system of lower district courts. Each province has a system of government similar to the federal one, with their own executives, legislatures, and judicial systems.

The Constitution of Astoria is the nation's founding government, detailing and guiding the creation of the federal government and the protected rights and civil liberties of the Astorian populace. The Constitution is the TBD oldest active governing document in world history and has been expanded upon through amendments. Amendments to the Constitution are approved by the national legislature and reaffirmed by provincial governments. The Constriction of Astoria details the powers and functions of the three branches of government, employing the Supreme Court to ensure a seperation of powers through a series of checks and balances. Since the implementation of the Constitution, there have been TBD amendments to the document, with over TBD amendments being proposed over the course of Astorian history.

Unique to Astoria, the president of Astoria holds a unique amount of executive powers and takes a more active role in the federal government, unlike the ceremonial presidents seen in other parliamentary democracies. The powers of the presidency are detailed in the Constitution of Astoria, and were expanded upon in the TBD and TBD amendments to the document. The president as the constitutional right to sign legislation passed in Parliament into law and to veto legislation, which can be overturned by Parliament with a 2/3rds majority. Along with that, the president is the commander-in-chief of the Astorian Defense Forces, the nation's military, declare a national emergency, represent the nation in diplomacy, and grant appointments to the federal judiciary. The Parliament of Astoria is tasked with the creation and passage of legislation that will come into effect nationwide. Both houses of parliament: the Senate and the House of Commons, are led by their own leaders, though generally the First Minister is considered the leader of parliament. The First Minister acts as the deputy to the president and is elected in the House of Commons. The Supreme Court is charged with the upholding accurate interpretation of the Constitution, along with settling disputes that have implications to the Constitution, and is lead by the Chief Justice.

Elections[edit | edit source]

Provinces[edit | edit source]

State Flag Capital Population (2010 census) Seal/Coat of arms
Cascadia Border Aurora
Monatoga Border Missoula
Nez Perce Border Boise
Ochoco Border Rockwell
Olympia Border Seattle
Portland Border Portland
South Columbia Border Spokane
Vancouver Border Victoria

Political parties[edit | edit source]

Foreign relations[edit | edit source]

Astoria is a member state of the League of Nations, NATO, IPTO, the G8, and the World Trade Organization. It is a founding member of the Conference of American States, and is part of the Lincoln Area. The headquarters of the Conference of American States and most of the CAS institutions are based in or around Seattle.

Astoria has a close relationship with its Anglo-American neighbors: Alaska, Manitoba, Sierra, and Superior. Of the four, Astoria's longest and closest ties are with Sierra, which it shares a complex and rich diplomatic history with. During the 19th century, Astoria relied on Sierra as its key trading partner and military ally. Sierra helped secure Astorian independence during the Eugene War and shared military bases together. During the 1920s, Astoria began to assert its own independent foreign policy, resisting Sierran influence, and seeking to pursue more multilateral relations. Astoria aligned with other Western Anglo-American powers against the United Commonwealth and other Landonist powers, and participated in both Great Wars. During Great War I, it was part of the Entente Impériale, while it was part of the Allied Powers in Great War II. In recent years, it has sought reconciliation with the United Commonwealth, although relations have fluctuated between periods of tension and cordiality. In addition to its Anglo-American neighbors, it also has close economic and military ties with countries in the Asia-Pacific and Europe, including Japan, Korea, Tondo, and the United Kingdom. In addition to the Common Market within the CAS, Astoria maintains several free trade agreements with other countries.

Astoria actively participates in a number of international aid programs and developmental assistance. In 2020, Astoria sent over $200 billion in international aid, mostly to countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Caribbean, and Southeast Asia. It also sends military personnel to serve in LN peacekeeping missions.

Military[edit | edit source]

The Astorian Defense Forces serves as the armed forces of the Commonwealth of Astoria. The Defense Forces is composed of four branches, the Ground Defense Force, Naval Defense Force, Air Defense Force, and Militia. The Defense Forces was created during the War of Contingency, with each branch, with the exception of the Air Force, being a founding section of the Defense Forces. The Air Force would be created in 1939, though prior existed as a subsection of the Astorian Army from 1909 to 1939. The head of the Astorian Defense Forces is the President of Astoria, whose official title is the commander-in-chief.

Service in the Defense Forces is not mandatory, with eligibility being set at the age of 18, which is also the age of adulthood in Astoria. In accordance with acts of Parliament, Mandatory military service can only be carried out during times of war, with a mandatory conscription being able to be put into effect by either the president or Parliament. Young Astorians interested in joining the Defense Forces are able to join the Youth Defense Corps, a federal program that prepares teenage Astorians for service in the Defense Forces, however membership in the corps does not guarantee admittance into the Defense Forces, nor does it require members to join the Defense Forces after service with the corps. The maximum age of active combat service in Astoria is 55 years old. Active members and veterans of the Defense Forces are given an annual wage determined by Parliament and are entitled to certain benefits, including free college admissions and benefits within in the Common Health Service and other healthcare organizations.

Economy[edit | edit source]

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Ethnic groups[edit | edit source]

Healthcare[edit | edit source]

Religion[edit | edit source]

Language[edit | edit source]

Culture[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]