Cabinet of Japan

From Constructed Worlds
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Cabinet of Japan (also called the State Cabinet) serves as the executive branch of government, reporting to the Emergency Committee. It consists of the Prime Minister, who is elected by the National Diet from among its members, and up to twenty-four other members, called Ministers of State. Each government ministry and Cabinet-level office is represented in Cabinet by a Minister of State and a Deputy Minister. Members of Cabinet are appointed and dismissed by the Prime Minister. The Cabinet is collectively responsible to the Diet and must resign if a motion of no confidence is adopted by the Diet.

Appointment[edit]

Under the constitution, Cabinet ministers are appointed after the selection of the Prime Minister. A majority of the Cabinet, including the Prime Minister, must be members of the Diet, and all members must be civilians. Under the General Law on the State Cabinet, the number of Cabinet Ministers (excluding the Prime Minister) must be nineteen or less, but this may be increased to twenty-four if a special need arises. In the event that the Cabinet collectively resigns it continues to exercise its functions until the appointment of a new Prime Minister. While they are in office, legal action may not be taken against Cabinet ministers without the consent of the Prime Minister. The Cabinet must resign en masse in the following circumstances:

  • When a motion of no confidence is adopted, or a vote of confidence defeated, by the House of Representatives, unless there is a dissolution of the house within ten days.
  • Upon the first convocation of the Diet after a general election to the House of Representatives (even if the same Prime Minister is to be re-elected and appointed, and every other minister is to be reappointed).
  • When the position Prime Minister becomes vacant, or the Prime Minister declares his intention to resign.

Composition[edit]

The members of the current cabinet of Japan headed by the Restoration Conference (IK) lawmaker Kazuma Amamiya are as follows:

Office Incumbent Seat Cabinet appointment
Prime Minister
Chairman of the Emergency Committee for National Security
Kazuma Amamiya Kazuma Amamiya Diet directory photo.png House of Representatives, Kanagawa 3rd (IK) Elected Prime Minister by Diet (2018)
Deputy Prime Minister
Minister of Defense
Minister for Regional Cooperation with China
Tourei Saito Tourei Saito Diet directory photo.jpg House of Representatives, Fukuoka 2nd (IK) 2018
Minister of the Treasury
Minister for Financial Services
Minister for Economic Competitiveness
Ichiro Kawamura Ichiro Kawamura Diet directory photo.jpg House of Representatives, Osaka 1st (LPJ) 2018
Minister for Internal Affairs
Minister for Territorial Integrity
Motoyoshi Ushida Motoyoshi Ushida Diet directory photo.jpg House of Representatives, Shizuoka 1st (IK) 2018
Minister for Foreign Affairs
Minister for Regional Partnerships
Takuhiro Koiwai Takuhiro Koiwai Diet directory photo.jpg House of Representatives, Saitama 5th (IK) 2018
Minister of Information and Culture
Minister for National Unity
Kazuo Sakai Kazuo Sakai Diet directory photo.jpg House of Councillors, Aichi At-Large (IK) 2018
Minister of Justice
Chairman of the National Public Safety Commission
Momo Takagaki Momo Takagaki Diet directory photo.jpg House of Representatives, Kyoto 4th (IK) 2018
Minister for Transport and Infrastructure Taimei Mori Taimei Mori Diet directory photo.jpg House of Representatives, Shizuoka 4th (LPJ) 2018
Minister of Education, Sports, and Technology
Minister for Cultural Outreach
Minister for Gender Equality
Rin Shirasaki Rin Shirasaki Diet directory photo.jpg House of Representatives, Tokyo 10th (LPJ) 2018
Minister of Health and Welfare
Minister for Ageing and Birth Rate Decline
Kensou Terasaki Kensou Terasaki Diet directory photo.jpg House of Councillors, Kanagawa At-Large (LPJ) 2018
Minister of Agriculture, Forestry, Fisheries, and the Environment
Minister for National Resilience
Junya Tomiyama Junya Tomiyama Diet directory photo.jpg House of Representatives, Chiba 3rd (IK) 2018
Minister of Economy, Trade, and Industry
Minister for Trade Negotiations
Kaiji Nikaido Kaiji Nikaido Diet directory photo.jpg House of Representatives, Tokyo 20th (IK) 2018
Minister of International Development
Minister for Twenty-First Century Reforms
Shizuka Momoi Shizuka Momoi Diet directory photo.jpg House of Representatives, Saitama 15th (IK) 2018
Minister for Emergency Management
Minister for Public Readiness
Hiroyuki Suga Hiroyuki Suga Diet directory photo.jpg House of Representatives, Kagoshima 3rd (IK) 2018
Chief Cabinet Secretary
Minister for Technology Policy
Minister for Space and Aeronautics Policy
Kouya Tachibana Kouya Tachibana Diet directory photo.jpg House of Representatives, Saga 1st (IK) 2018

See also[edit]