|Kingdom of Cadisia|
Location of Cadisia (green) on Sabel
and largest city
|Recognised regional languages||Kai|
|Government||Federal parliamentary constinutional monarchy|
• Prime Minister
• Speaker of The Yankat
• Speaker of The Senate
|8,594,705 km2 (3,318,434 sq mi)|
• 5994 Ʋ census
Cadisia (/kɐ'dɪsiə/, Cadisian: Kadisur), officially the Kingdom of Cadisia (Cadisian: Rayudaak Kadisur), is a country on the planet of Sabel. It occupies the southern part of Kai-Meridia, as well as the island of Särokka. At 8,594,705 square kilometers and 102,043,276 people, Cadisia is the second-largest country in the world (behind only Vespia) and the TBDth most populous in the world. It is bordered by Eldai and Republic of Perses to the east and Memu and the Kanosphere to the west. It shares maritime borders with Kaishuri across the Kai Strait to the north and with Balisar Empire across the Royo Strait to the southeast.
Cadisia's capital Mtsvara is one of the country's nine municipalities and one of the largest cities in the Southern Hemisphere with over 14 million residents. It is home to the King (emperor), the royal family, the parliament, as well as the headquarters of most state organizations. Cadisia is a federation of sixty-three provinces and nine municipalities, each with its own council elected on the popular vote. The capital is directly controlled by the Senate, with only one of the districts (Old Mtsvara) being under the direct control of the emperor. Each of the provinces is divided into rural districts and urban districts, which are divided into communes and boroughs respectively. The municipalities are divided into municipal districts, which consist of quarters.
Cadisia is a constitutional, popular monarchy and a federal parliamentary democracy. The bicameral federal parliament is made up of two houses. The Upper House, also known as The Yankat, is made of 210 Noble Lords, 35 from each of the six noble families, each representing a region of the country; and 30 Holy Lords, who are appointed by the Kanaarist Church. The lower house, known as the Senate, consists of 360 senators, five from each country's subdivision. The Senate's 360 representatives are elected under a proportional voting system from 72 electoral districts (whose borders completely coincide those of provinces and municipalities). Cadisia has compulsory voting and thus maintains one of the highest rates of voter turnout in the world. The King (currently Yutta III) is the head of state, though with limited prerogatives. In addition to appointing most of the Upper House of Parliament, he is the head of both legislative and judicial government, while the executive government has the Prime Minister as its head.
The native name for the country, Kadisur, derives from Cadis, the name of a valley in the northwest of modern-day Cadisia. This area is commonly considered to be the original location of the first Southern Kai city-states, as well as home to the first known Southern Kai country, known as Mossato Cadissur (translated to as Mossa's Lands of Cadis; in honor of the first capital of the country, Mossa, which is the second-largest city of the country today). Later, when the TBD writing system was introduced, Cadissur was now written as Kadissur and later Kadisur, which is the current name of the country by this day. However, the root Cadissur has left some traces in other languages as well, but translated differently: Balisian (Balishek): Kedayar, Kai: Cadisíshuri, Bersanian: Cadisia. The Bersanian name for the country, Cadisia, was accepted as the standard English name for the state.
The first evidence of the existence of the human race in Cadisia traces back for as long as 100,000 years ago, which is the time the bones discovered in the Karka river valley were discovered, though the data about then humans is hugely unknown. The earliest human settlements are dated back to the 5th century BYH. One of those is the famous Nikla 4 site, which is thought to be the most populous ancient settlement on the planet with its population reaching as much as 7,500 people in the 2nd century YH. However, these people are not the ancestors of modern Cadisians, who are the southern Kai tribes instead, who migrated west from what is now known as southern Kaishuri and settled in the Cadis plain, which later gave the name to the country.
Around the 12th century YH the first city-states became known in Cadis, which were either absolute monarchies ruled by a king (Rai), or direct democracies ruled by a popular assembly (Morin), with monarchies heavily outnumbering the democracies. Due to its location on the southwest shores of the Chevïs (Tchevi) Sea, the economy of Cadis was hugely dependent on fishing and sailing resources by sea to what is now east coast of Memu and southwestern Riden Peninsula. Thanks to its convenient location and massive population being able to provide a large number of craftsmen, the Kingdom of Mossa became Cadis' richest city-state and unified all of Cadis under its authority around the 24th century YH under the Jarın dynasty.
Cadisia is divided into three major climate zones: the relatively cool yet temperate northwest; the rugged and frigid far east; and the barren tundras of the southwest. Though Cadisia is defined by the humid continental climate which dominates the majority of the country's landmass, the majority of the population resides the northwest near the border with Memu, where the ports and rivers do not freeze during the winter, and where agriculture has traditionally been possible without the danger of bitterly cold winds rushing over the land as in the east. Temperatures in northwestern Cadisia typically range between 24°C (75.2°F) during the summer months, and -6°C (21.2°F) during the winter months, with both ranges being well within the reasonably tolerable conditions for human habitation. However, the moderate temperatures that define the northwest of the country are only possible due to the presence of the southern reaches of the Esdaga Mountains, which protect Cadisia population core from the Antarctic wind currents deeper to the south. In the east, where the mountains are replaced by sloping hills and grasslands, the average temperature drops dramatically. The summer months can see temperatures of about 17.7°C (63.8°F), while the winter months are as low as -32.8°C (-27°F). Consequently, eastern Cadisia has some of the most sparsely-populated lands in the world.
The southern half of the country is defined by the largely barren or permafrost conditions of the land, with few to no trees anywhere in some areas, and rivers which are frozen all-year round. There the temperatures can be as low as -74°C (-101.2°F), while the only regions with a permanent human presence between settlements build around oil, coal, and natural gas extraction, military bases and storage facilities, and scientific research sites sponsored by the government. The subarctic climate conditions make any infrastructure development or natural resource exploitation in certain parts of southern Cadisia enormously difficult if not outright impossible, with matters only deteriorating as the winter months approach. Wind chills are capable of killing in certain conditions, where even flora and fauna cannot survive in the region. Because of these matters, the majority of development and human habitation are located further to the far west, south of the Esdaga Mountains. There, the largest southernmost port in the world, TBD, can be found, as well as major civil and military installations. Rivers here flow at least some part of the year, and hunting has managed to sustain a local population for millennia.