Central Valley

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Province of Central Valley (en)
Valle Central (es)
Vallée Centrale (fr)
Sentral Lambak (tn)
中央谷地 (zh)
Tỉnh Xanh-trô Va-lì (vn)
센트럴밸리 (kr)
セントラル・バレー州 (ja)
Zentraltal (de)
Province of Sierra
Flag of Central Valley Provincial seal of Central Valley
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): The Parks Province (official), The Natural Province, The Sea-to-Peak Province, The Breadbasket of Sierra, The Ash Tree Province, The Poetry Province
Motto(s): Semper prorsus
(Latin: "Always forward")
Provincial song(s): "Central Valley, Here I Come"
Map of Central Valley
Official language(s)
Demonym Central Valleyen(s)
Capital
(and largest city)
Fresno
Area Ranked 6th
 • Total 26,240 sq mi
(67,961 km2)
Population Ranked 11th
 • Total 2,109,141 (2010)
 • Density 80.37/sq mi  (31.03/km2)
Ranked 12th
Elevation
 • Highest point Mount Whitney
14,505 ft (4,421 m)
 • Lowest point Death Valley
-262 ft (-86 m)
Admission to the Union November 27, 1858 (10th)
Lord Superintendent Abagail Masters
Governor Woody Caprioglio
Lieutenant Governor Giovanny Esparza
Legislature Central Valley Legislature
 • Upper house Provincial Senate
 • Lower house Legislative Assembly
K.S. Senators Cherzong Vang (DR)
Mercedes Briones (DR)
Joaquin Nunes (DR)
K.S. House delegation 5 total commoners
4 Democratic-Republicans
1 Royalists
Time zone Pacific Time Zone
UTC –8/UTC –7
Abbreviations CV, CV, KS-CV, CNV, Cn-Vl
CategoryTopics

Central Valley symbols
Flag of Central Valley.svg
Seal of Central Valley.svg
Living insignia
Amphibian Western spadefoot
Bird Yellow-billed magpie
Butterfly Gulf fritillary
Fish Central Valley Steelhead
Flower Baby blue eyes
Grass Purple needlegrass
Insect Achemon sphinx moth
Mammal Sierra ground squirrel
Reptile Western aquatic garter snake
Tree Valley oak
Inanimate insignia
Colors Yellow, red
Song "Central Valley, Here I Come"
Provincial route marker
Central Valley route marker
Part of a series on the provinces, states, areas, and territories of Sierra

Central Valley is a province located in the Styxie region of Central Western Sierra. The province is the 6th largest by area, and the 11th most populous. Central Valley is bordered to the north with San Francisco, Santa Clara, and San Joaquin, to the east with Clark, to the south with Kings and the Inland Empire, and to the west with the Pacific Ocean. Its capital and largest city is Fresno. It was admitted on November 27, 1858 as the 10th province in order of admission.

The eastern half of the province is defined primarily with major mountain ranges and narrow valleys. Both Central Valley's and the entire country's highest and lowest points: Mount Whitney and Death Valley respectively, are located here. The two geographic extremes are only separated apart from each other by approximately 87 miles. The center of Central Valley is situated in the midsection of the eponymous valley, namely the southern portion of San Joaquin Valley. The western half is mostly hilly, featuring modest mountain ranges and river plains along the Pacific coast. Six national parks and forests (Death Valley National Park, Inyo National Forest, Kings Canyon National Park, Sequoia National Forest, Sequoia National Park, and Sierra Nevada National Forest), as well as over thirty national recreational areas, provincial parks, provincial forests, and wildlife reserves are all located in Central Valley, a fact reflected through the provincial's official name, "The Parks Province".

Central Valley was the traditional homeland of the Yokuts, the Mono, the Ohlone, and other various Amerindian peoples prior to European exploration and subsequent colonization. All of Central Valley alongside much of modern Sierra were claimed by the Spaniards during the 17th century. Although the Spaniards noted Central Valley's natural landscape and suitability for agriculture, it remained largely undeveloped and uninhabited (with the notable exception of the City of Monterey) until Mexico gained independence and assumed control over the region. Under the Mexican government, significant amounts of land were sold to private citizens and soldiers as ranchos. Following the Mexican-American War, Central Valley witnessed sustained settlement and significant agricultural development. When the California Republic became reorganized as the Kingdom of Sierra, Central Valley was admitted as a province on the founding day. Virtually all of Central Valley was occupied by the Republicans during the Sierran Civil War before it was liberated completely in 1877.

Unlike its immediate neighbors, Central Valley's economy has remained predominantly driven by agriculture and forestry. Tourism, fishing, and energy are also other significant industries in the province. It is the largest producer of raisins and figs in Anglo-America, and is also a significant producer in cotton, rice, alfafa, citrus, peaches, plums, nectarines, almonds, and livestock (mainly cattle).

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