Charter for the Kingdom of Sierra
|Kingdom of Sierra|
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The Charter for the Kingdom of Sierra (also referred to as the Charter of 1950, the 1950 Charter, or simply, the Charter) is the chief fundamental document governing the government of the Kingdom of Sierra and is the supreme law of the Kingdom. It primarily establishes and regulates the relationship between the three constituent countries (the Deseret, Hawaii, and Sierra) that form the Kingdom. The Constitutions of Sierra, the Deseret, and Constitution of Hawaii are legally subordinate to the Charter but much of the institutions by which the Kingdom operates on are defined in the Sierran constitution as opposed to the Charter.
The Charter in its initial form was originally signed and promulgated on June 23, 1950 under King Louis III. Since then, there has been few modifications to the Charter, mostly expanding and clarifying on certain provisions in the document. Any modifications or amendments, even the dissolution of the Charter requires the approval of the Parliament, the legislatures of the Deseret and Hawaii, and the assent of the Monarch. The Charter is scheduled to be updated on March 6, 2021, when the Kingdom will recognize the creation of Bajaría as the Kingdom's fourth country.
Background[edit | edit source]
The primary purpose of the Charter is to establish guidelines and describe the relationship of the constituent countries of the Kingdom between each other and to the Kingdom. Before the Charter, the Constitution of Sierra was the leading document of the Kingdom and the distinction between federal Sierra and the Kingdom was nonexistent. The Deseret and Hawaii were also territories of Sierra and were legally established through organic acts passed by Parliament.
In both territories, the push for autonomy and self-determination was strong and the conditions by which Sierra laid upon said territories were deemed unsatisfactory for the local governments. The Deseret had, since its inception, been territory largely occupied by Mormons from the United States. Distinctly different from Sierra politically and culturally, the Mormons attempted, but failed to secede during the Sierran Civil War. In the case of Hawaii, it had previously been independent as the Kingdom of Hawaii but due to Sierran civilian interference with local affairs in the 1860s that culminated into the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy, Hawaii unilaterally became a republic briefly before joining the Kingdom as a territory. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, Sierra entered World War II with the Allied powers that saw the enlistment and service of thousands of Sierrans including Hawaiians and Deseretans.
Following the war, impressed upon the dedication and sacrifice of the territories, along with their continued insistence for greater self-governance, Parliament developed a legal document that would empower the Deseret and Hawaii, whilst maintaining the unity and integrity of the Kingdom. In 1950, Parliament passed a final form of a two-year-long negotiated document that would become the Charter, that would give the Deseret and Hawaii a broad range of self-governing affairs while significantly minimizing the diminishment of Sierra's own powers and affairs. Passed in Parliament on June 22, 1950 by both houses, King Louis III provided her assent the following day on June 23, making the Charter into law, and superseding the Constitution. The devolved governments of the Deseret and Hawaii would not be formally reorganized to comply to their new political statuses until the promulgation of both constitutions on July 7 and August 13 respectively. During these interim periods, the governments of both nations continued to operate under the territorial basic laws that governed them as territories.
Constitution[edit | edit source]
Prior to the signing of the Charter, the Constitution of Sierra was the leading document of the Kingdom. Following the adoption of the Charter, the Charter became the supreme law of the land. The Constitution of Sierra nonetheless remains integral to both Sierra and the Kingdom, in that the Charter asserts the Kingdom's institutions are to be regulated by and originate from the Sierran constitution. Sierra is the only one of the three countries which may operate domestically and internationally as the Kingdom of Sierra. Nonetheless, all other provisions within the Constitution, including its federal system and bill of rights, that do not concern the institutions the Charter mentions pertain only to Sierra proper, and do not apply to the other two constituent countries. For example, it is for this reason that although the Constitution forbids the establishment of a state church, this only applies in Sierra, thus making it permissible for the Deseret to operate as a theodemocratic state with the Church of Jesus of Latter-day Saints as its official church (as the Charter does not enforce or establish such provisions Kingdom-wide itself).
Countries[edit | edit source]
As the Charter stands, the document has full binding application and effect on the three countries it mentions: the Deseret, Hawaii, and Sierra. The Charter declares that in each country, they are governed according to their respective constitutions and that all are subject to the institutions of the Kingdom including the Monarchy, the Prime Ministry, the Parliament, and the Supreme Court. Any affairs not reserved in the Charter are devolved to the Deseret and Hawaii with their constitutions and legislatures while Sierra may operate as its own independent state with its own constitution. Within Sierra, like the Constitution, portions of the Charter are partially and selectively incorporated to the Sierran territories and crown dependencies.
Affairs of the Kingdom[edit | edit source]
Aside from stipulating the relationship of the countries between each other and with the Kingdom, it describes which forms of policy and lawmaking that involve the Deseret and Hawaii to apply to the Kingdom as a whole, and which, do not. All policy and lawmaking that involve the Kingdom as a whole, always apply to Sierra proper.
Among the responsibilities and affairs of the Kingdom that involve all three countries are:
- the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Kingdom's lands, islands, waters, and air;
- the national defense;
- the foreign relations and international agreements by which the Kingdom enters into;
- nationality, immigration, and alien laws;
- the regulation of the orders of chivalry, the flag, and the coat of arms of the Kingdom;
- the regulation of the nationality of vessels and standards for vessels flying the flag of the Kingdom;
- interstate commerce, trade, and monetary policy;
- meta-document regulations.