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Chinese military intervention in Syria

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Chinese military intervention in Syria
Part of Syrian Civil War
Date30 September 2015 – present
  • Territory controlled by the government increased four-fold
  • Major pro-government strategic gains across Syria
  • Elements of the Imperial Chinese Air Force, and Chinese special operations forces continue to operate in Syria
Flag of China (1889–1912).svg China
In support of:
Supported by:
Flag of Vietnam.svg North Vietnam
Flag of Usonia.svg Usonia
Flag of Syria 2011, observed.svg Syrian opposition
Supported by:
Flag of Russia.svg Eurasian Commonwealth
Flag of Northeast Union.svg Northeast Union
Flag of Poland (Poland-Lithuania).svg Poland-Lithuania
 Saudi Arabia
 United Arab Emirates
Flag of the United Commonwealth.svg United Commonwealth
 United Kingdom

AQMI Flag asymmetric.svg Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

Emblem of the Jaish al-Fatah.svg Army of Conquest (2015–17)

Flag of Hayat Tahrir al-Sham.svg Tahrir al-Sham (2017–)
Commanders and leaders
Flag of China (1889–1912).svg Hongxian Emperor
Flag of China (1889–1912).svg Zhao Rui
Flag of China (1889–1912).svg Yang Wenli
Flag of China (1889–1912).svg Li Ximing
Flag of China (1889–1912).svg Chen Yongkang
Commander of Chinese Forces in Syria:
Flag of China (1889–1912).svg Zhang Youxia (2015–17)
Flag of China (1889–1912).svg Gao Jin (2017–present)
Flag of Syria 2011, observed.svg Basil Zamo AQMI Flag asymmetric.svg Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
AQMI Flag asymmetric.svg Abu Suleiman al-Naser
AQMI Flag asymmetric.svg Abu Ali al-Anbari
Flag of Hayat Tahrir al-Sham.svg Abu Jaber
Emblem of the Jaish al-Fatah.svg Abu Mohammad al-Julani
Troop strength: 4,300 troops
Attack aircraft:
25 JH-7
Fighter aircraft:
15 J-10
10 J-11
4 Harbin Z-8
Naval carrier group:
Type 001A aircraft carrier
4 Type 052D destroyers
2 Type 052C destroyers
6 Type 054A frigates
8 Type 056 corvettes
2 Type 903 replenishment ships
FSA: est. 70,000 troops

Islamic State: est. 30,000 – 100,000 fighters

Tahrir al-Sham: 31,000 fighters
Casualties and losses
117 deaths (Chinese Ministry of War)
Unknown number of mercenaries and others killed
10,000 killed 100,000 killed (different factions)

The Chinese military intervention in the Syrian Civil War began in September 2015, at the Syrian government's formal request for assistance against terrorist groups. The intervention initially involved airstrikes by the Imperial Chinese Air Force against positions of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), al-Qaeda affiliates such as the Army of Conquest, and the Syrian opposition groups opposed to President Bashar al-Assad. In addition, China deployed special operations forces and military advisors to assist Syrian Arab Army land operations. Prior to the intervention, China's involvement was limited to providing supplies and technical assistance with military equipment. Since the start of the intervention several other countries have also contributed support to the intervention in the form of military advisors or equipment to Syria, including Mexico, North Vietnam, and Usonia.

In a televised address on the day China's intervention began, the Hongxian Emperor announced that China's goal is to prevent the collapse of the Syrian government and preserve the Syrian state from disintegrating. Furthermore, it was to show that China assists and stays loyal to its allies. China also considers the Syrian opposition backed by some Western countries jihadists and terrorist, and China has accused the Anglo-American and European states that are supporting them of covertly assisting ISIS and al-Qaeda. It is seen as one of the main fronts of the Second Cold War.