Combined Armed Forces of America
|Combined Armed Forces of America|
Fuerzas Armadas Combinadas de América (esp)|
Forces armées combinées d'Amérique (fr)
Kombinierte Streitkräfte von Amerika (de)
Объединенные вооруженные силы Америки (rus)
Emblem of the Combined Armed Forces of America
|Founded||March 12, 1963 (As the Inter-American Security Forces)|
|Current form||September 2, 2002 (Treaty of Bernheim)|
|Headquarters||American Defense Center, Seattle, Republic of Astoria|
|High Representative||Jack Esper|
|General Commander||Gen Alexander Hyten|
|Chairman of the Military Committee||Lt. Gen Troy M. Taylor|
|Percent of GDP||2.2% (2019)|
The Combined Armed Forces of America (CAFA) are the multinational armed forces of the Conference of American States and the main body responsible for the defense, security and crisis management of the intergovernmental organization. It is the key component of the CAS Foreign Regional Security Policy (FRSP).
CAFA has its roots within the North American Defense Organization (NADO) established after World War II which served as the de-facto armed force of the CAS during its early years. In 1963, the Combined Armed Forces was founded initially as the Inter-American Security Forces and participated in a number of small regional conflicts in the Americas, most notably the Dominican Civil War in 1965. The CAF was formally established in 1982 and its current organization was established in the 2002 Treaty of Bernheim which laid out the structure of the military and how it would have a multinational expeditionary armed force, but would rely upon voluntary cooperation from member states during military engagements. The CAF involves all civilian and military missions of the CAS worldwide and mainly carries out operations in regards to peacekeeping, painting national or regional security, preventing conflict and strengthening international security in accordance with the Charter of the League of Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
- The American Military Staff, the main joint chiefs of the CAS and its military operations.
- The American Military Committee, the main body of military and defense ministers that manage CAF operations.
- The Defense Committee of the American Parliament, responsible for funding the CAF.
- The American Security Agency, handles all regional security and civilian missions.
The Military Committee also oversees the command and control structures of the CAS and is similar to that seen in NATO Common Structure and that in the European Union and its Common Security and Defence Policy, the latter of which influences the CAF's structure, though it's more active that the CSDP. The CAF acts as a expeditionary force and carries out many peacekeeping and security operations around the world in the modern era and has its own standing military units, though does rely upon the armies of its member states during large-scale deployments and interventions.
Military cooperator between the nations of Anglo-America has been around well before the establishment of the CAS with the earliest cases being in the War of Contingency in the 1860s where the militias and early armies of the emerging states of the Northeast Union, Superior, Tournesol and Astoria fought alongside one another and with the Kingdom of Sierra and Brazoria against the Union, later the United Commonwealth, to secure their independence. During the 1898 Spanish–American War multinational units known as the Continental Army Brigades were formed and were made up of troops from Sierra, Brazoria, the Northeast Union and the United Commonwealth establishing further cooperation between the Anglo-American nations. During World War I, the American Expeditionary Forces were established and fought in a unified expeditionary force against the Central Powers for the Entente Powers. The AEF proved to be a major source of inspiration for foreign relations between Anglo-American nations and eventually another multinational expeditionary force was formed in 1942 to fight in World War II against the Axis Powers on the side of the Allied Powers.