Conference of American States Membership Referendum Act of 2017

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Conference of American States Membership Referendum Act of 2017
Coat of arms of Sierra
Long title An act to make provision for the holding of a referendum in the Kingdom of Sierra and its territories on whether the Kingdom of Sierra should remain a member of the Conference of American States.
Acronyms (colloquial) CASMRA
Nicknames Sierrexit Act
Enacted by the 77th Parliament of Sierra
Effective December 21, 2017; 5 years ago (2017-12-21)
Citations
Public law Pub.L. 78–317
Statutes at Large 66 Stat. 2309
Legislative history
  • Introduced in the Senate as the "Kingdom of Sierra Conference of American States Membership Status Referendum Act of 2017" by Julian R. Ochoa (R-IM) on September 9, 2017
  • Committee consideration by Foreign Relations
  • Passed the Senate on September 22, 2017 (66–59)
  • Passed the House as the "Conference of American States Membership Referendum Act of 2017" on October 31, 2017 (151–99)
  • Received royal assent from Queen Elizabeth II on December 21, 2017
Part of a series of articles on
KSI membership
of the Conference of American States
(1966–present)
Kingdom of Sierra CAS.svg
Portal-puzzle.svg CAS portal; Flag of Sierra.svg KSI portal
The Conference of American States Membership Referendum Act of 2017 was an act of Parliament in Sierra that legally authorized a pre-legislative referendum (ballot proposition) in the Kingdom of Sierra, on whether it should remain a member state of the Conference of American States or leave it. It was introduced by MP Julian R. Ochoa (R-IM) on September 6, 2017. It was referred to the House Committee on Foreign Relations and after a second reading, it was passed in the House of Commons and sent to the Senate. It passed on October 31, 2017 after its third reading in the Senate and the finalized version was sent back to the House. It was officially given royal assent by Queen Elizabeth II, with partial effect of the law, on December 21, 2016. It came into full effect of the law on June 2, 2018, after it was delayed by Prime Minister Nemesis Heartwell, who opposed the legislation. On November 18, 2018, Heartwell announced that a referendum would be held on July 5, 2019 as Proposition 88. On July 5, 2019, voters defeated Proposition 88 when 55.26% of voters voted for Sierra to remain in the Conference. Following the defeat, the pro-Sierrexit movement pressed for a second referendum in a future date, requesting that the 2017 Act be amended to include another referendum.

Origin[edit | edit source]

When the Conference of American States was formally established in 1966, the Kingdom of Sierra was one of the first nations to join the intergovernmental organization along with most nations in Anglo-America. While the Government of Sierra had accepted the formation of the CAS and joined it, members of the Royalist Party remained skeptical and had been critical of the organization since its creation. Throughout the 20th century, the Royalist Party would mostly be split on the issue of the CAS like the Libertarian Party while the Democratic-Republican Party, Social Democrats and Green Party were largely supportive and espoused American unionism. The party would shift towards support for Ameroskepticism starting in 2000 after the election of Matthew Briggs as Prime Minister in the 2000 Sierran federal election who was critical of the CAS.

While Ameroskeptic sentiment would be downplayed in the early 2000s during the 2004 Anglo-American invasion of Syria and the early stages of the Syrian Civil War, it would gain traction after the election of Daniel McComb as Leader of the Royalist Party in 2012 who was openly critical of the CAS and campaigned on a referendum on Sierra's membership in the organization after being elected party leader. During the 2015 American Parliament election in Sierra, McComb helped elect numerous Ameroskeptic Members to the American Parliament and later won in the 2016 Sierran federal election further gaining momentum for the referendum and for the largelt Sierrexit movement. McComb had planned to hold a referendum, but he resigned in October 2017 admist a controversy involving allegations of sexual abuse and rape causing him to step down. He was succeeded by Nemesis Heartwell in 2017 who opposed Sierrexit, but her stance did little to change the Ameroskeptic direction of her party who pushed for a referendum.

Text[edit | edit source]

Proposition[edit | edit source]

Question[edit | edit source]

THe question that appeared on ballots for the referendum was as followed (English):

Should the Kingdom of Sierra remain a member of the Conference of American States or leave the Conference of American States?


The responses to the question would be marked with a single (X):

Remain a member of the Conference of American States
Leave the Conference of American States


The question would be translated into all officially recognized languages in Sierra to allow for a greater number of citizens to participate and vote in the referendum.

Voting eligibility[edit | edit source]

Reactions[edit | edit source]

Support[edit | edit source]

Opposition[edit | edit source]

Results[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]