Continentalist Party of the United Commonwealth

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 This article is a B-class article. It is written to a good standard. This article is part of Altverse II.
All-Union Continental Landonist Party
General Secretary Daniel Muir
First Secretary Joseph Ojeda
Chairperson Martha Evans
Founded May 1, 1911 (1911-05-01)
Headquarters 510 Independence Way, Chicago
Newspaper People's Journal
Student wing Crimson Guard
Youth wing Continentalist Youth League of the United Commonwealth
Young Mountaineers
Paramilitary wing Continental Revolutionary Guard
Membership 42.9 million (2016)
Ideology Continentalism
Marxism–Landonism
Political position Red flag waving.svg Far-left
National affiliation National Front
International affiliation Landonist International
Official colors      Crimson
Anthem The Internationale
Presidum
7 / 7
National People's Congress
1,106 / 1,580
Election symbol
Continental Party Symbol.svg
Party flag
Landonist Flag of the Continentalist Party.svg

Politics of the United Commonwealth
Political parties
Elections

The Continentalist Party of the United Commonwealth (CPUC), also known as the All-Union Continental Landonist Party (AUCLP), is the founding sole governing political party of the United Commonwealth of Continentalist States (UCCS). Founded in 1911 under the leadership of Aeneas Warren and Zhou Xinyue, the Continentalist Party emerged victorious in the Continental Revolutionary War against the Federalist Party, and in 1921 proclaimed the establishment of the Continentalist States. The Continentalist Party governs alongside seven subordinate parties within its National Front. The official doctrine of the party is Continentalism and Marxism–Landonism, but each successive leader of the party has contributed their own interpretations to these ideologies. As of 2016 the party has over 42.9 million registered members, making it the third largest political party in the world by party membership.

The Continentalist Party was founded in 1911, but it traces its lineage to the Revolutionary Socialist Party, beginning at the party's first congress in 1901. The Revolutionary Socialist Party in turn consisted of elements from the Socialist Labor Party of America, Socialist Party of America, and the Knights of Labor, who contributed to the Second International. In 1912 the Continentalist Party succeeded the Revolutionary Socialists at its 5th party congress. The party became the foremost leader of the Continental Revolution beginning in late 1916. The following year a provisional government was declared in Chicago, in which the Continentalists received a majority in its first constituent election. Provoking armed insurrection against the dominant Federalist regime of the United Commonwealth, a civil war began that would last another four years. On 1 May 1921 the Continentalist-led provisional state of the United Commonwealth would declare a union with the socialist republics of Okaloosa and the Congregationalist States, creating the modern United Commonwealth of Continentalist States.

Aeneas Warren formed the inaugural government of the nation and ruled until his death in 1922. He would be succeeded by Seamus Callahan after internal struggle among the party leadership. Under Continentalist administration the United Commonwealth would implement a series of five-year plans, implement widespread land reform, and purge capitalist and reactionary elements in the country through the Cultural Revolution. After the death of Callahan in 1947, the Party implemented Decallahanization, which stressed increased democratization and transparency among the government. Subsequent Continentalist leaders, such as Amelia Fowler Crawford, Lysander Hughes, and Rupert Gardner, reinterpreted Landonist theory to the circumstances of the Cold War.

The Continentalist Party is officially committed to Marxist–Landonist political theory and is organized on the basis of democratic centralism, as espoused by select writings of Isaiah Landon. It is grounded on the theory that internal political criticism and discussion must be reconciled into a unified external party decision which will lead to the successful implementation of party policy and goals. Landonism was synthesized with American unionism to create the country's operating ideology known as Continentalism. Within the party's manifesto, the modern party continues to uphold that there remains both a militant and gradualist approach to the implementation of socialism from within, and the integration of the various independent states of North America. The CPUC regards itself as the party of the vanguard class that wields the sole authority to lead the proletarian revolution and the right to establish a dictatorship of the proletariat. It also believes it is the primary guarantor of democracy and socialism within the United Commonwealth, as exemplified by its recognition and allowance of the Registered Sections (legally authorized factions) and minor parties. Utilizing a modified syndicalist model which incorporate elements of public ownership, the party maintains that free markets within the nation is a necessary transitional element essential for the future fruition of a socialist society.

The highest body of the Continentalist Party is the Party Congress, convened usually every five years. The Party Congress elects a Central Committee, which oversees the Party between invocations of the Congress. However, on a day-to-day basis the Central Committee delegates most responsibilities and powers to the Secretariat of the United Commonwealth, led by the General Secretary, who is considered the de facto leader of the Party and often of the nation. Other members of the Secretariat often include the President, Premier, and other influential deputies. The figure who holds one or more of these positions and de facto command over the Secretariat is regarded as the country's paramount leader. The current leader is Daniel Muir, who has held the position of General Secretary since 2018.

The party is a founding member of the Landonist International and maintains official party-to-party relations with other international Continentalist parties. Since the 1990s, it has also established ties with Marxist–Leninist parties and non-communist ruling parties, primarily those belonging to one-party states and dominant-party states, as well as social democratic parties.

History[edit | edit source]

Foundation[edit | edit source]

The Continentalist Party claims descent from early socialist groups in the United Commonwealth, as well as the Landonist movement that was born in Sierra. Landonism refers to the political theory and application of Marxism as articulated and advocated by Sierran revolutionary and Civil War leader Isaiah Clayton Landon. Landon rose to prominence in the 1850s as a leader of a dissident faction of the Democratic-Republican Party of Sierra, known as the "Radical Democratic-Republicans", that advocated for the abolition of the Monarchy of Sierra. Isaiah Landon led the Second California Republic during the Sierran Civil War, a conflict that lasted for three years and claimed the lives of nearly 22,000 Sierrans. Although the Royalist forces won the war, the ideology of Landon remained popular within the region of the Styxie and San Francisco. Landon's ideology provided that a socialist state (and ultimately a communist society) could be achieved through either revolution or reformism. Among his contributions to Marxist thought was the idea of the vanguard party, or a group of professional revolutionaries tasked with guiding the proletariat.

Landonist thought was imported into the United Commonwealth by early Marxist writers such as Gregory Dahl, who wrote against the growing authoritarianism of the Federalist Party and the necessity for a proletariat revolution. In 1877 Dahl helped unify several Midwest socialist parties into the Socialist Labor Party of America, which after Dahl was further transformed under Daniel De Leon. At the turn of the century, a faction within Socialist Labor joined with members of the Social Democratic Party of America to form the Socialist Party of America in 1901. Under the leadership of Eugene V. Debs, the party became the most successful socialist party in the pre-Continentalist era. Another influential organization during this era was the Knights of Labor. Founded in 1869 and descended from the National Labor Union of the International Workingmen's Association, the Knights of Labor became the country's largest labor federation of the 1800s. Together these three organizations would be invited to the Second International in 1889.

Evolution of Socialist groups in the United Commonwealth

Government suppression, reformist conciliation, and infighting eventually contributed to the decline of all three groups, leading to a splinter group from the Socialist Labor Party to convene a new party. At the first congress held in March 1901 in St. Louis, the Revolutionary Socialist Party was born. This congress featured 37 delegates, electing a five-person central committee, and adopted a platform of revolutionary socialism in response to the Federalist regime. They would specifically adopt works by Landon including Exploitation in the Modern Age, Society and Statelessness and A Dissertation on the Current State and its Implications. Although not yet the leader of the party, this congress would mark the involvement of Aeneas Warren. In 1904 the party elected to form the United Labor Front with other left-wing parties under the leadership of Patrick Melville. While its members held differing beliefs, they all held sentiments in favor of Landonism and agreed on the principle of "an injury to one is an injury to all" to establish solidarity among the various socialist, anarchist and Marxist organizations.

From 1905 until 1917 the American Federation of Labor (the largest labor organization in the country) rejected any affiliation with socialism, creating a rift among unionized Americans. Labor struggled with the division between craft unionism and industrial unions, which created lifelong feuds among organizer and local leaders. When the Federalist Party passed the Emergency Labor Relations Act (ELRA) in 1916, ending all forms of labor negotiations, it forced the American Federation of Labor into the radicalized camps. Landonism was also influential to a small faction within the Federalist Party who were lead by a Methodist minister, Richard Sutherlin (1844-1918). Sutherlin, who was influenced by the Radical Republicans, viewed wage capitalism as immoral practice that was inline with chattel slavery. Sutherlin also was a outspoken support of American unification and is considered by many as ideological godfather of Continentalism. Sutherlin established a fairly large following in the rural Midwest, specifically in Indiana, Illinois, and Ohio. When he and his faction were executed in 1918 a sizeable portion of farmers in the aforementioned states joined the revolution.

Zhou Xinyue and Aeneas Warren, the co-founders of the Continentalist Party.

Initially a faction within the United Labor Front, in 1911 a delegation led by Warren and Zhou Xinyue proclaimed the formation of Continentalist Party. By 1912 Warren arose to the forefront of the Labor Front at its 5th party congress, effectively subordinating most left-wing parties, with the notable exception of the Landonist Party under Alfred Frick. The Party steadily rose in support during the 1910s despite government disapproval, especially in Chicago. In 1917 the Chicago Constituent Assembly was formed as a city council made up primarily of Continentalists, Landonists, social revolutionaries, and other left political parties, although the Continentalists did not make up a majority themselves. On 8 January Warren established the Council of People's Commissars as a "shadow cabinet" made up the leadership of the Continentalist Party, as well as members of the Landonist Party and other non-Continentalists, in a "rare act of socialist pluralism" according to Warren biographer Simon Crowder. Although initially working with the constituent assembly, Chicago authorities outlawed the Continentalist and Landonist parties in July 1917 and ordered the assembly disbanded, to which the revolutionaries responded with the establishment of the Chicago People's Council. On 11 July 1917 the 8th Party Congress was convened in Chicago, in which Warren rallied support for armed insurrection against the Federalist government. The congress would elect the 8th Central Committee, sometimes nicknamed the "Central Committee of the Revolution", as its members would approve and oversee the beginning of the revolution.

Continental Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]

Continental and Landonist supporters marching in Chicago in the leadup to the creation of the Chicago Assembly, 1917

The 8th Central Committee would be persuaded to call for open rebellion against Federalist forces in late 1917. By this time, open violence had already broken out in Chicago which resulted in the overthrow of the Federalist mayor and his government, as well as the withdrawal of Federalist military forces from northern Illinois by the end of summer. The northern states of the United Commonwealth began to fracture into differing factions. Although elections were scheduled for a new constituent assembly, Warren feared the Continentalists would not be able to achieve a majority due to the party being a relative newcomer to the political landscape. In the autumn of 1917 a coup would be launched by the Continentalists in Illinois, which captured the state and the city of Chicago, and appointed Zhou Xinyue the chairman of the Chicago Assembly. The Provisional Socialist United Commonwealth would be established, along with a new congress centered in the Midwest. Subsequently, in November when the election to the American Constituent Assembly took place, the Continentalist Party achieved a plurality of the vote at 38.4%. Combined with the Landonist Party and other socialists, they were able to easily form a supermajority in the constituent assembly, which elected Aeneas Warren the Chairman of the Executive Committee.

The Continentalist Party quickly grew in power through a series of audacious military campaigns, such as the Appalachian Campaign and the Battle of Black Mountain, which resulted in the birth of an armed grassroots movement. By 1919 the Continentalists had gained an upper hand in the Midwest, and were then able to launch an invasion of the southern states, and later into neighboring nations. In response a coalition of Sierra, Superior, and other allied nations attempted to overthrow the Continentalist government. Pressured by his allies, Warren governed through a broad government coalition that included non-Continentalists, but at the same time he advanced the interests of the Continentalist Party through extensive propaganda and government decrees. The early Continentalist regime would pass universal suffrage in 1917 granting women the right to vote, established workers' committees for the running of industries, and instituted a minimum wage and eight-hour work day. The first half of Warren’s administration, which was concerned with fighting and ending the Continental Revolutionary War, was governed by the policy of “War Landonism”, or the implementation of partial Landonist values specifically for the purpose of winning the war, at which point the Continentalist Party could institute its full agenda. At its core, the policy involved nationalization of all crucial industries under strict, centralized management, and to this end the state had complete control over foreign trade and labor. In only one year, the Continentalist Party had grown from 25,000 members to 200,000, although processes were introduced by Warren to weed out opportunists from reliable Continentalists.

Continental forces successfully reached the Gulf of Mexico, as the remaining Federalist governors fled to the Antilles. Although the Continentalists were repulsed in invasions of Superior, for many, including Zhou Xinyue and Samson Zima, it was believed that the Continentalists should not stop at the collapse of the Federalists, but continue onward and wage a "war of revolutionary defense" to spread international socialism, and ultimately to topple the governments of Sierra and others with socialist revolution. According to Zhou Xinyue, the success of the Continentalist Revolution and its successful exportation to the rest of the world would catalyze an inevitable revolution in his native Sierra, which he believed would be instrumental in ensuring the survival of the fledgling United Commonwealth. Warren was favorable to this, but believed the country's military was exhausted and resented continued warfare. Warren urged delegates to accept peace proposals with Sierra, arguing it was necessary to ensure the survival of the Continentalist-led government first and foremost. Negotiations reopened with Sierra and ultimately led to the Antilles.

Creation of the Continental States[edit | edit source]

In Chicago the National People's Congress met on 1 May 1921 to ratify the Union Treaty of the Continental Republics, establish the civilian government of the United Commonwealth of Continental States (UCCS), and ratify the Constitution of the Continental States.

With the signing of the Treaty of Bernheim, the surrounding North American nations recognized the Provisional Socialist Authority of the United Commonwealth. Additionally, Continentalist regimes had been established in the Congregationalist States and Okaloosa. On 1 May 1921 these three entities would sign the Union Treaty, which formally created the United Commonwealth of Continentalist States as a union of the three republics. During the early history of the Continentalist States, divisions begin to form within the Continentalist Party, especially between Zhou Xinyue and Seamus Callahan, who came to represent two rival factions within the Continentalist Party. In particular, Callahan represented the Revolutionary Front which promoted a nationalistic and militaristic line within the party, and he also personally favored the continuation of racial segregation. He disagreed on Warren’s implementation of land reparations for black farmers, the public reason being because it compromised the Continentalist vision. Meanwhile, Zhou came to represent the Labor Front, which was strongly integrationalist and staunchly in favor of the unions, as they derived a great deal of their power and support from the trade unions and syndicalists. With Warren’s commitment to holding a 1924 election, this galvanized the various forces of the Warren administration to push for their own agendas—very few differed on the goals of the administration, but rather on the implementation. These groups were organized into the Registered Sections of the Continentalist Party by Warren to encourage better representation of interests and greater transparency. Otherwise, the Continentalist Party was established as the sole governing party of the new nation.

The 1921 constitution of the United Commonwealth empowered Warren to take the office of acting president and to appoint an interim executive committee. By agreement at the constitutional convention, this interim government would be re-approved by a session of the National Congress after national elections could be held the following year. Effective after May 1921, Warren created the Secretariat of the United Commonwealth to accompany the preexisting Central Committee, representing his innermost circle, while the Central Committee expanded to include representatives from the continental republics. The role of the Secretariat became absolute, as it effectively controlled all appointments to the executive and legislative high committees, and the People’s Commissars considered any designation from the Secretariat to be mandatory. Although Warren had effectively begun to consolidate control around his own leadership, he advocated for collective leadership and an avoidance of authoritarianism in theory. Warren publicly advocated to the Congress of the Continentalist Party that decentralization of leadership would protect the party from serious mistakes, improve accountability, and would make the country overall more democratic. It was widely understood that any lack of collectivization was a temporary war-time measure until the reign of Seamus Callahan, as in his life Warren advocated for elections and the avoidance of a one-man dominance over the political system. According to Warren’s political theory, the committee was to be the head of the nation, rather than any one leader. Although he was president and chairman of the Council of People’s Commissars, in theory the power of both these offices should be limited and at the whim of the committees as a whole, and ideally not held by the same person.

The Warren administration would face numerous crises, including a lack of support for the Continentalists, especially in the southern states where the Southern Insurrection grew, mass hyperinflation, and resource shortages. The Continentalists would implement Crimson Terror against dissidents and lead a military occupation of the South to quell unrest. A series of currency reforms stabilized the Continental Dollar and the economy. Primarily as a result of the disruption posed by the war and the cutting off of trade, the country suffered a Great Famine in the mid 1920s, later capitalized on by Seamus Callahan. The Continental Cultural Revolution would be launched to overturn traditional institutions and symbols, replacing them with Landonist symbology, socialist artwork, and party propaganda. The Landonist International would be founded in 1919 as the international organization to advocate for world communism, attracting organizations from around the globe. Warren implemented policies to rebuild and end homelessness through the People's Commissariat for Housing, promoting urbanization and better urban development. His government also passed universal access to education, worked to promote the rights of women and racial minorities, and mandated free, secular, and universal education to all people until the age of 16.

Callahan era[edit | edit source]

Seamus Callahan (1875–1947), who served as paramount leader of the United Commonwealth from the mid 1920s until his death.

After Warren's untimely death in 1922, an internal power struggle took place that ultimately resulted in the rise of Seamus Callahan (1875–1947), as well as the death of early party leaders like Zhou Xinyue. Under Callahan, the Party underwent a series of changes that slowly allowed for power to be consolidated and centralized around Callahan and his allies. He dramatically reduced the role of collective leadership and the number of government positions, in the name of decreasing bureaucratization, which also removed participation in government and a separation of powers, and as such Callahanism is often described as authoritarian, or Callahan as overseeing democratic backsliding. Although Callahan described himself as a continuation of Warren’s policies, in many respects Callahanism is seen as a rejection of the leadership policies preferred by Warren, leading to the formulation of what is instead known as Callahanism. The position of the Continentalist Party during this period was that centralization should be undertaken to make government less burdensome, inefficient, and bureaucratic, as such characteristics opened the possibility for mismanagement and abuse. Additionally, such positions were argued to be out of necessity as a result of weak turnout in the Election of 1924 and crises such as the Southern Insurrection. Callahan effectively undid Warren’s registered sections by banning internal factions, and while he did legalize the creation of other political parties, these organizations were neutered into puppet organizations of the Continentalist Party.

Among Callahan's key developments was the idea of “national communism”, or the belief that the United Commonwealth should look internally, build socialism domestically, and only then export socialism to the rest of the world through its positive example and adequately built-up conditions. This idea was not in opposition to the Marxist–Landonist idea of world revolution according to Callahan, but rather a necessary step to defend Landonist ideas prior to it. As such, an important part of Callahanist ideology became the creation of self-sufficiency and economic success in the country, via a highly hands-on approach by the government, in order to shield the country from capitalist manipulation. Callahan’s national communist approach was criticized by figures such as Zhou Xinyue, who viewed the adoption of a nationalist character in Continental socialism as contributing to isolation, which would in turn lead to increased bureaucratization instead of less. Callahan’s “degeneration” toward bureaucracy became a rallying cry of the “Left Opposition” and the Labor Front led by William Z. Foster. Zhou and Harry Haywood also criticized Callahan for embracing a white American-centric nationalism as a consequence of his non-internationalism; the status of Okaloosa and the extent of its autonomy became a frequent battle between Callahan and Haywood.

Among his efforts in self-sufficiency, Callahan prioritized agricultural policy in the United Commonwealth. He instituted collectivization as a means of increasing efficiency and breaking the power of individual Southern farmers. He instituted scientific research and mass education to improve farm yields, as well as providing financial relief and security for impoverished farmers. Callahan hoped to “show the greatness of the Continental system” to the rest of the world by solving hunger in the country, and then turning to global hunger. Eliminating world hunger was seen as a long term goal of the administration, to show just how far the country had bounced back under Landonist policies, and to set an example for the rest of the world. At the 14th Congress of the Continentalist Party in 1928, Callahan would declare, "Food is strength, and food is peace, and food is freedom, and food is a helping hand to people around the world whose goodwill and friendship we want." The Food for Peace initiative was established to provide food assistance around the world, later laying the foundation for the Green Revolution. Likewise, Callahan pursued mass industrialization, urbanization, and electrification. He diminished the power of individual unions to resist Continentalist commands, and centralized the economy through economic planning. In 1932 Callahan led the country in an invasion of Brazoria, triggering Great War I, which would be waged until 1938. The United Commonwealth would be successful in the war, establishing Landonist client governments in Brazoria, Quebec, and the Maritimes. Callahan's position was that the United Commonwealth was incrementally uniting the North American continent, and would continue to do so after the war.

Cold War[edit | edit source]

After Callahan's death in 1947, many of the elements of Callahanism were walked back by the Continentalist Party, in what became known as Decallahanization. Callahanism was criticized as fostering a cult of personality within the Party, and for its system of centralized and autocratized government, which was gradually reversed. The uncertainty following Callahan’s death caused a whirlwind of activity in reaction. A faction within the Continentalist Party immediately sought to reinstate a dedication to decentralized leadership by separating the highest offices of Continental government, in what became known as the Second Triumvirate. Likewise, a Southern-led insurrection in the wake of the lifting or restrictions, known as the Dixiecrat Revolution, broke out in 1948 and galvanized the post-Callahan leadership of the party. Amelia Fowler Crawford (1901–1978) represented a hardline faction that sought to preserve Callahanist principles. She would successfully take command of the Continentalist Party through the office of General Secretary, ruling the nation from 1950 to 1953. Missteps such as the Irish Missile Crisis would lead to her resignation and replacement by Lysander Hughes (1897–1958).

Hughes implemented a program known as the "New Frontier", which promoted an outlook of guiding socialism through science, reason rather than sheer will, and technological innovation. Scientific discovery and innovation were prioritized as the most important tools toward building the future communist society, creating a sense of optimism and futurism in Continental society. Along with Jack Spruance, Hughes decentralized the economy and allowed for the growth of a market alongside the public sector and strong government control. A right-left divide materialized within the Party throughout the 1950s regarding the role of the state in regulating or planning the economy. Among Hughes' initiatives were the development of a nuclear arsenal and strong cooperation with Landonist allies, Atoms for Peace to push for civilian applications of nuclear energy, and the promotion of the Space Race as a race with the west to lead in space exploration. Hughes defined the New Frontier as the fight to “fulfill the American Dream” and the fight for “Freedom from Want and Fear”, by making healthcare, education, and employment the tenets of a “new Bill of Rights for mankind”.

After Hughes, many of his policies were continued by Rupert Gardner (1908–1968), who also oversaw the "Gardner Thaw" in which relations stabilized with the west, and the country opened up to reform. Gardner embraced a more traditional Landonist-republican view, calling for the expansion of democratic socialism and democratic involvement in society. As part of his reforms he lifted restrictions on the media and party control in cultural affairs, allowing for a diversity of leftist tendencies within the Continentalist Party, and an outlook known as the Harmonious Society. He supported electoralism across the world, condemned sectarianism especially on racial grounds, seeking to fulfill the nation’s commitment to racial equality. Gardner’s reign corresponded with the rise of the New Left and the Continental democracy movement, the latter calling for increased democratization, even to the point of the removal of Continentalist control over government. Gardner sought to compromise with democrats and promoted organizations such as the Continental Democratic Party as a legalized democratic socialist voice in politics. Throughout much of his tenure Gardner received broad popular support allowing political experimentation, in what is known as the “Era of Good Toil”.

The late 1960s saw the development of a strong counterculture within the nation, which became openly critical of the Continental government at times. Although tolerated by Gardner, after his death and paired with the violent classes at the end of the decade, the decade's sense of optimism declined, and the Continentalist Party was recaptured by largely conservative forces. The next decade and a half is sometimes nicknamed the Era of Stagnation, known for its more cautious approach, and the nation’s gerontocratic leadership. Having hesitantly allowed Gardner some leeway at first, General Secretary Charles Acker reversed course and cracked down on further protests. Opposition to foreign wars of intervention and authoritarianism intensified, most seriously in an anti-Landonist rebellion in Quebec, which involved an armed crackdown. Despite some government censorship, news of these events galvanized the public perception. The situation stabilized under Simon Valure, who in 1982 reformed the Constitution of the United Commonwealth to guarantee greater separation of powers and to limit the involvement of the General Secretary.

Organization and membership[edit | edit source]

Since the late 1920s the Continentalist Party has operated with a bureaucratic structure.

The Continentalist Party has maintained political and economic dominance within the country through its appointments system and required membership to access public sector jobs and services. Although considered a merit-based system, it requires those seeking positions within most levels of the government to belong to the party. Selection to party positions are considered competitive, although general membership is provided to any citizen in good standing with their community, the Party Congress, and is a self declared Marxist-Landonist. Roughly 42.9 million are members of the Continentalist Party according to official membership rolls published in 2016. All 1.6 million teachers, 300,000 postal workers, and the 2 million members of the active and reserve component of the Armed Forces of the United Commonwealth belong to the Continentalist Party. Some 30 million children within state schools are required to be enrolled within the youth wing of the governing political party known as the Continentalist Youth of America (ages 12-18) and the Young Mountaineers (5-12). Membership statistics are maintained through the Committee for Engagement, Internal Education and Membership. General records, regarding dates of birth, occupation, voter status and residency are maintained digitally. The Continentalist Party utilizes an open ballot system, with all votes during every primary being stored and documented.

Central organization[edit | edit source]

The Congress of the Continentalist Party is the party's supreme decision making body, and convenes at least once every five years. The responsibilities of the Congress include:

  1. electing the Central Committee (SCC);
  2. electing, or confirming the General Secretary;
  3. electing the Central Commission for the Continental Armed Forces (CCCAF);
  4. electing the Central Auditing Commission (CAC)
  5. discussing and enacting party policies and amendments to its Charter or Program.

Ideology[edit | edit source]

The Continentalist Party adheres to the ideology of Marxist-Landonism, which seeks to establish a socialist state, guided by a revolutionary vanguard, a single-party state controlled by the dictatorship of the proletariat. Commitment to the ideals of Landonism, it also incorporates Continentalism, which seeks to develop socialism in North America first and then the world. In an effort to establish the foundations for global socialist society it is engaged in anti-imperalist activites across the world, combating capitalism and promote the establishment of global communism.

According to some far-left organizations and some conservative sources, the Continentalist Party does not have an ideology, but rathe it is directed by pragmatism. Anthony Malito in 2017 reinforced the party's dedication of Marxist-Landonism, stating that the party's ideology must spread to all facets of global culture. Ideologies of the Party also partly correspond with the generations of Continental leadership, with cycles of conservative and liberal interpretation of party doctrine. Party teachings in education, the military and government jobs are emphasized heavily during orientation and throughout an individual's career in the aforementioned sectors. In military doctrine, recruits and officers are taught that the party line is the only comprehensive ideology suitable for humanity;
Marxist-Landonism is the sole doctrine of humanity that abides by the natural law, that seeks to better the lives of all people regardless of race or origin. The preservation of the people, the government and ideology of the United Commonwealth of Continental States is a nonnegotiable element when it comes to surrender, and that any attempt to extinguish the torch of socialist liberty must be met with hostility and relentless defiance.

Continentalism[edit | edit source]

Economic[edit | edit source]

Although the party has switched between economic planning (during wartime) and market socialism (during peacetime), the official stance of the party believes that the economic development of the nation should utilize cooperatives to organize the production in the secondary and tertiary sector. All raw materials extracted through the primary sector is considered under the domain of the commonwealth. Extraction of oil, coal, timber, fishing, and energy production are considered industries belonging to the nation as a whole.

Social[edit | edit source]

Foreign relations[edit | edit source]

Fronts, registered sections, and other factions[edit | edit source]

Labor Front[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary Front[edit | edit source]

Stewards Caucus[edit | edit source]

Other factions[edit | edit source]

Electoral history[edit | edit source]

Constituent Assembly[edit | edit source]

Election Seats Votes % +/- Position Party Leader(s) Coalition
1917
236 / 615
1,406,389 38.4% Steady 1st Aeneas Warren In Government
1919
212 / 700
2,006,531 30.4% Decrease 24 Steady 1st
1920
289 / 720
12,383,119 40.1% Increase 77 Steady 1st

National People's Congress[edit | edit source]

Election Seats Votes % +/- Position Party Leader(s) Coalition
1924
342 / 720
18,399,130 47.5% Decrease 114 Steady 1st Seamus Callahan National Front
1928
567 / 720
39,533,418 78.8% Increase 225 Steady 1st
1932
601 / 780
45,231,376 83.5% Increase 34 Steady 1st
1936
635 / 790
48,561,613 80.4% Increase 34 Steady 1st
1940
626 / 820
57,255,073 76.34% Decrease 9 Steady 1st
1944
659 / 820
64,296,303 80.37% Increase 34 Steady 1st
1948
482 / 866
45,762,249 55.7% Decrease 77 Steady 1st Amelia Crawford
Jack Tracy
John L. Lewis
Hoyt Vandenberg
1952
536 / 874
51,437,426 61.38% Increase 54 Steady 1st Amelia Crawford
1956
584 / 890
56,064,783 65.59% Increase 54 Steady 1st Lysander Hughes
1960
519 / 890
56,458,382 58.3% Decrease 65 Steady 1st Rupert Gardner
1964
756 / 1,104
66,336,177 68.5% Increase 237 Steady 1st
1968
707 / 1,242
57,493,662 56.9% Decrease 68 Steady 1st
1972
697 / 1,242
58,585,420 56.1% Decrease 10 Steady 1st Christopher Yeager
1976
656 / 1,242
55,719,934 52.85% Decrease 41 Steady 1st
1980
902 / 1,340
66,622,624 67.33% Increase 152 Steady 1st Simon Valure
1984
803 / 1,340
68,331,698 59.94% Decrease 99 Steady 1st
1988
888 / 1,340
78,234,830 66.3% Increase 85 Steady 1st Jackson Rothko
1992
859 / 1,340
78,234,830 64.1% Decrease 29 Steady 1st
1996
840 / 1,340
75,384,354 62.7% Decrease 19 Steady 1st
2000
847 / 1,340
77,261,728 63.21% Increase 7 Steady 1st
2004
839 / 1,410
74,395,475 59.49% Decrease 18 Steady 1st
2008
1,024 / 1,496
88,996,930 68.43% Increase 185 Steady 1st Sebastian Summers
2012
978 / 1,500
91,308,150 65.22% Decrease 46 Steady 1st Helene Poirier
2016
876 / 1,500
87,630,134 58.42% Decrease 102 Steady 1st Anthony Malito
2020
1,106 / 1,580
112,161,161 70% Increase 230 Steady 1st Daniel Muir


See also[edit | edit source]