Corazon

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República de Corazón
Republic of Corazon
Flag
Seal
Corazon highlighted in green
Corazon highlighted in green
Capital Sagrado
Official languages Spanish
Ethnic groups
84% White
15% Mestizo
1% other
Demonym(s) Corazonan
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Andrés Lucio Juárez
• Speaker of the National Assembly
Silvia Tristán Aberquero
• Legislature
Parliament of Corazon
Independence from United States
• Recognized
July 6, 1913
• Current constitution
January 1, 1996
Population
• Estimate
12.452,000
GDP (PPP) estimate
• Total
$39 billion
• Per capita
$10,587
Gini 58
high
HDI 0.765
high
Currency Corazon peso ($) (CZP)
United States dollar ($) (USD)
Time zone UTC -6
Date format yyyy-mm-dd
Driving side right
Internet TLD .cr

Corazon (Spanish: Corazón), officially the Republic of Corazon (Spanish: República de Corazón), is an island country situated in the Gulf of Mexico.

Although geographically located in North America, it is for many cultural, political, and linguistic reasons considered part of Latin America. Originally inhabited by the indigenous Nasoōta people, Corozon was colonized by Spain following its discovery by explorer Santiago Paquito Efraín Morales. Morales' arrival and subsequent settling of Europeans on the island severely lowered the population of the Nasoōta people due to a combination of disease and warfare. Natives that survived European settlement were then enslaved and this remained the case until slavery's abolishment throughout Europe.

After the Spanish-American War, the island was ceded to the United States who administered the country for fifteen years, under the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt. American rule in Corazon was critical in forming a unique cultural identity for the Corazonan people as they sought to separate themselves from Spanish cultural dominance. Through the rise of popular nationalist movements that espoused anti-American socialist ideologies, coupled with infighting among the US Republican Party, Corazon successfully attained independence from the United States in 1913. However, despite independence, the US' role and influence in Corazon remained strong.

Between the 1960s and 1980s, economic hardship, social inequality, and corruption coupled with the rise of communist and other left-wing movements led to political instability similar to what its neighbors in Central America experienced. It culminated into a short but intense armed conflict referred to as the Corozonan Civil War. A tenuous agreement between the government and militant forces has kept the peace since the war's end. In the years following the conflict, Corazon has developed a middle-economy based largely on tourism but numerous issues still affect the country including poverty, poor infrastructure, and access to education. The role of the United States in both the country's foreign policy and society as a whole remains a contentious matter.