Diet of Brazoria
|Diet of Brazoria |
Dieta de Brazoria (es)
Brazörischer Tag (de)
Diète le Brazerie (cj)
|7th Diet of Brazoria|
Confidence and supply (12)
Other opposition (41)
|Parallel voting; First past the post (230 seats), Party-list system (120 seats)|
|August 2, 2019|
|On or before 2023|
|Diet Chamber, Capitol of Brazoria, Grand Llano|
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The Diet of Brazoria (Spanish: Dieta, German: Tag, Cajun: Diète), also known commonly as the Diet, is the lower house of the bicameral Parliamet of Brazoria and along with the upper house Corte form the national legislature of the Kingdom of Brazoria. The modern iteration of the Diet was formed in 2000, following the passage of the third version of the Constitution of Brazoria.
The Diet is a 350 member legislative chamber that consists of directly elected members of Parliament (commonly known as Diet members) which are elected to the chamber once every four years in a general election. Diet members are elected via parallel voting with 230 members being elected via first-past-the-post (FPTP) while the remaining 120 are elected on a party-list system of proportional representation. Just like the Corte, the Diet meets in the Captial Building in Grand Llano in the Diet Chamber, located in on the western side of the building. Members of the Diet are elected to represent parliamentary districts, electoral constituencies based on geographical, demographic, economic and other politically important data that is gathered through decennial census conducted by the federal government. Each province is divided into various parliamentary districts which are based upon their populations using the D-Houdt method.
The Diet of Brazoria has seen four iterations throughout Brazorian history. The first Diet was established shortly after the independence of Brazoria from Mexico in 1821. The lower chamber of parliament went through heavy modifications during the reign of Stephen I, becoming a more democratic institution. The second Diet was established following the May Revolution and the abolition of the monarchy. It acted as a unicameral legislature, and although there were elections to the chamber in 1931, it became inactive as the Brazorian Civil War began. The third Diet was established following the passage of the Constitution of the Brazorian Confederation and comprised solely of members of the United Landonist Party, who were either appointed or elected through various means. With the Yellowrose Revolution and the restoration of the monarchy, the third Diet was disbanded permantly by Chancellor Jacob Milton and remained inactive until the establishment of the fourth and most recent iteration of the Diet in 2000.
Of the two houses, the Diet is viewed as the more important and powerful in parliament as it houses the chancellor, who is the executive head of government, and all members to the Cabinet of Brazoria, a council of ministers tasked with operating a certain department within the federal government. It also houses the Oppositor of Brazoria, the leader of the largest party or coalition outside of the government, and their own shadow cabinet. Outside of containing a majority of national leaders, the Diet is viewed as the superior of both houses of parliament because it has the ability to override legislation, resolutions, and other acts of the Corte with a two-thirds majority, a power solely unique to the Diet. Since 2000, the Diet has been modeled off of parliamentary systems seen in other nations in Anglo-America, a fusion of Anglo-American federalism and the Westminster system.
History[edit | edit source]
Tasks[edit | edit source]
Elections[edit | edit source]
Elections to the Diet are held over every four years and typically occur in August of an election year, however snap elections can be held if parliament approves of such measure. Typically snap elections are held following the passing of a vote of no confidence or if a motion to hold a snap election is proposed by the chancellor and is approved by both chambers of parliament with such measures being proposed in the Diet where the chancellor sits in accordance with Brazoria's parliamentary system and political structure. All 350 seats in the Diet are up for election with 176 seats needed for any party to form a majority government. Such a feat has not been achieved since 2004 and every election since has seen parties form either a minority government or form a coalition government with other parties along similar ideological and political leanings and policy proposals.
The Diet uses a system of parallel voting where of the 350 seats, 230 are held using first-past-the-post and the remaining 120 use party-list proportional representation. Since 2000, Brazoria has a multi-party system, though the center-right People's Party and the center-left to left-wing Democratic Socialist Party have been the two biggest and major parties since 2011. This system has been criticized with many, including the Democratic Socialists themselves, having pushed for electoral reform including abolishing the usage of FPTP and having all 350 seats being held with a party-list system.
Most recent election[edit | edit source]
Organization[edit | edit source]
Caucuses[edit | edit source]
Like in other Anglo-American national parliaments and legislatures, the Diet of Brazoria includes various parliamentary caucuses organized along ideological lines, both for specific political parties (party factions) and cross-party caucuses as well. Alternatively known as committees, conferences, and blocs, parliamentary caucuses are organized by MPs to advocate for specific policies, legislation, laws, and proposals for both their respective parties and for nationwide legislative election. Almost every party that holds seats in the Diet has their own caucuses and cross-party ideological caucuses are also common as well. Outside of ideology, caucuses are also organized among regional, demographic, and specific policy lines as well.