Diet of Brazoria
|Diet of Brazoria |
Dieta de Brazoria (es)
Brazörischer Tag (de)
Diète le Brazerie (cj)
|43rd Diet of Brazoria|
Since 15 November 2016
Un. G.-R.: 17 seats
Dem. Soc.: 34 seats
Work.: 64 seats
Chr. Dem.: 32 seats
Mod.: 66 seats
One Nat.: 31 seats
Lib.: 6 seats
|Party-list proportional representation|
|Diet Chamber, Capitol of Brazoria, Austin|
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The Diet of Brazoria (Spanish: Dieta, German: Tag, Cajun: Diète) is the national legislature and the supreme decision-making body of government of the Republic of Brazoria. Since 1848, Brazoria's Diet has been the unicameral legislature of the nation with 250 members, known as Dietmembers (abbreviated Dm., Spanish: Dietario, Do., German: Tagmitglieder, Tm., Cajun: Diètenne, De.). Dietmembers are elected, usually, every four years through party-list proportional representation; each Province receives a total number of Dietmembers proportional to their population, and party-list votes are used to determine the number of seats each party then receives in that Province.
The Diet was founded according to the plan of the Constitution of Brazoria in 1848, with the first general election taking place later that year in November. For most of the remainder of the 19th century, the Dietmembers were elected through a first-past-the-post system, but in 1895 the Constitution was amended to establish the current party-list method. The change was spearheaded by the Progressive Chancellor James Hogg, who had become the first party-affiliated Chancellor in the 1892 elections. The Third Amendment created the modern Diet with the voting method used to this day to the determine the number of seats held by each major party in Brazoria. Though originally criticised for marginalising political groups of smaller size and encouraging party-line polarisation, the emergence of the All-Union Socialist Party, later to become the Democratic Socialist Party, in the 1930s largely placated fear of bipartisan polarisation.
In practice, Brazoria is a parliamentary democracy, where the Diet is the sole governmental decision-making organ. The Constitution originally reserved the dissolution and creation of the Diet to the singular control of the President. The Second Amendment changed this only two years after the Constitution was ratified; following the 1st National Convention, it was decided that the President should serve a largely ceremonial role in governance, and through the Second Amendment it became legally necessary for the President to call for legislative elections "...at a Maximum of four Years, no Composition of the Diet lasting longer than that Period." The President must also "...defer Matters of State directly to the Diet, appointing the Chancellor, but not commanding Him," meaning that the President constitutionally serves a politically highly-limited role.
In the latest elections were held in 2019: it was a snap election caused by the resignation of Democratic Socialist Chancellor Robert Whitmore after the conclusion of the Brazoria—CAS crisis on January 12th, 2019. The Diet's vote to remain a member of the Conference of American States saw the spread of mass protests across Brazoria calling for an election, with protestors going as far as occupying the Capitol grounds for four days. On January 18th, President Charles Valdes announced his intention to dissolve the Diet on March 1st and hold elections on the first of the following month. The weeks leading up to the official campaigning period were marred with political turmoil as the two largest political parties at the time, the Democratic Socialist Party and the National Party, experienced major splits due to heavy ideological differences within them. For the first time in Brazorian history, six different parties would win more than ten seats in the Diet at the same time, and due to a lack of any majority, the Grand Democratic Coalition emerged as the governing bloc as an alliance between the center-left Worker's Party, the centrist Christian Democratic Party, and the center-right Moderate Party.