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Imperial Realm of Eroea
Motto: Emper durania frivtum sona
Let the Imperial wisdom lead you
Eroea (green) and surrounding islands such as Ecker (light-green)
|Recognised national languages|
|Government||Absolute monarchy with strong parliamentary elements.|
|Legislature||Parliament of Eroea|
|Chamber of Deputies|
|21 December 1402|
|4 August 2778|
|4 May 4811|
|6 October 3776|
|86,591,102 km2 (33,433,011 sq mi)|
• 4109 estimate
• 4108 census
Eroea, officially the Imperial Realm of Eroea, is a sovereign nation located on the continent of the same name. The country is surrounded by the Eroean Pool to the west and north, the Fraenuer Sea to the east and the Strait of the Gods to the south. The area of the Imperial Realm amounts to approximately 29.8 million km2, which amounts to approximately 34.4% of the entire area of the Eroean Empire, an entity that consists of all the imperial possessions. Eroea itself does not share any land borders with other nations but does share borders with multiple other countries through its colonies. The nearest continents to Eroea are Greater Ut'un and Faedor. The de jure capital of Eroea is Petersborough, however, Argost is regarded as the de facto capital due to many governmental institutions being located there. Other notable conurbations include Farahdeen, Westerdom and Alexandria City.
The continent of Eroea has been occupied since the 44th age but it is possible that there were civilizations before then. The peoples who landed in the 44th age are retroactively referred to as Archaic Eroeans, to distinguish themselves from Eroeans or more accurately, Modern Benzi-Eroeans. These Archaic Eroeans existed peacefully on the continent until the Benzi migration in the 1300s under the leadership of Gregor the Elder, who led his people to flee from the Benzi archipelago and seek a more prosperous life in new land. Gregor the Elder and the various Benzi people soon took over the Eroean continent through the Uragni Consolidation and the Unification of Eroea. The Land and Empire of Eroeans was formed in 1402 by Gregor's son, known simply as Gregor Yalan, the first Emperor of Eroea. Eroea quickly developed a feudal absolute monarchy, known as the Gregorian governance system. Eroea developed quickly and the innovative drive of the early monarchy made Eroea a center of excellence for engineering, science and innovation. The influx of migrants from poorer regions of Ut'un, along with investment from more developed nations, accelerated this development. By 1850, Eroea was one of the most developed nations in the world and has continued to innovate.
The Government of Eroea is complex and differs from many other absolute monarchies. There is no single document that fullfills the definition of a Constitution of Eroea; instead, the Constitution is formed by a number of imperial decrees, primary legislation, state orders and tradition. The fundamental entity in Eroean governance is the concept of The Crown. The Crown is an abstract legal entity in the form of a corporation sole that represents all institutions, components, actions and functions of the government. The Monarch of Eroea is considered the "sovereign, physical embodiment of the power and functions of The Crown". The Crown is considered supreme and absolute and thus this provides the basis for the Sovereign's absolute power. The Crown derives its power from the divine right of kings, a doctrine developed by the religion, Sanctology, the state religion of Eroea. On a daily basis, the government is led by the State Chancellor and their Imperial Cabinet, a majority of members are elected to the Parliament of Eroea. The Imperial Council, led by the Lord Chamberlain, acts as the imperial privy council and oversees the functioning of the government but is usually inferior in power and stature to the Imperial Cabinet. The Government manages national affairs and in some cases, local affairs. Local affairs, i.e. the affairs of the eight provinces, are usually controlled by either the respective high noble family or a locally elected/appointed government. The eight provinces are: Argnoria, Parallax, Myop, Iserlana, Westerlands, Farah'n, Yuntvar and Rogash. All are ruled by a respective noble family, with Argnoria being ruled by the imperial family. These high noble families have slowly ceded control over to the central government. The current Monarch of Eroea is Amelia of House Smyth and the current State Chancellor is George Manderly, 3rd Earl of Maidenfore.
The city of Petersborough in Argnoria is the de jure capital of Eroea as it is the seat of the Monarch of Eroea. In practice, however, Argost is the de facto capital of Eroea and was the capital until the coronation of Amelia. The Monarch's is officially headquartered at the Imperial Sanctum in Petersborough, but carries out the majority of their functions at the Regnal Building, also known as the Justinian Palace.The city of Farahdeen is the cultural capital of Eroea and informally considered the first city of Eroea as it was the capital from 1402 until 2776.
The economy of Eroea is well developed and the country has constructed and maintained trading routes with many other nations across Eroea, especially with Chimera and the Kingdom of Janere. Eroea has the second highest GDP in the world (nominal).. It is a major hub for the manufacture of goods and stands as the number one exporter in terms of goods, especially electronics, machinery, vehicles and pharmaceuticals. One of Eroea's most developed features is it's higher education, fees for which are completely covered by the government. Eroea is not a member of the Union of Diplomatic, Democratic and Independent States as it violates its Foreign Holding Charter, which stipulates all members must make a commitment to phase out colonial possessions.
History[edit | edit source]
Benzi colonization[edit | edit source]
The first humans to live in Eroea are believed to have landed in the late 44th age. These people were technologically primitive in most areas but were skilled at farming and were capable of yielding surplus crops, which led to population growth. This is known as the Eroean Aborigine era, and the people who lived on Eroea at the time are collectively known as Archaic Eroeans. There are very few written records from the Aborigine era, however, there is evidence that a social structure was built in Aborigine society and led to the emergence of various leaders and rulers. However, by the time that Gregor the Elder landed in the early 45th age, these conurbations of people were so technologically primitive that they were conquered with ease.
Modern-day Eroeans evolved from breeding between the Aborigine people and Gregorian peoples, otherwise known simply as Eroean people. This occurred after Gregort he Elder landed in August 1331. Prior to this, there had been very little contact between Aborigine Eroeans and the outside world. The 45th age is considered the Ut'un Industrial Age and the revolution in transporation allowed for more ease of travel across Ut'un. One of the first people to utilise this was the Benzi people, who lived in the Benz Archipelago, off the coast of Verriae. A distinct ethnic group, the Benzi people were subjects to the Kingdom of Rotarion and by extension, the Radolan Empire. The Benzi people were split up into a number of clans, the most notable being Yalan's clan, led by the ancestors of the modern House Yalan. Benzi people were uneducated and illiterate, but were known for being highly skilled in the fields of engineering and various other crafts.
The Benzi Revolutionary War, which had ravaged the archipelago between 1187 and 1312, was considered a last ditch attempt by the Benzi people for self determination. The war was a failure for the Benzi people as they were unable to compete with Rotarion's significant technological advancement. After this defeat, it was decided by Gregor the Elder that he would move his clan elsewhere to find a new homeland. Construction started on a mighty fleet of boats in 1317 and took 14 years to complete, before setting sale in 1331. Production took so long due to regular inspections by Rotarion agencies. Under the leadership of Gregor the Elder, who took on the honorific of Captain of the People, the trip lasted from the 10 February 1331 until the 3 August 1331. The movement of the Benzi people is regarded as one of the largest mass migrations of an ethnic group in a single grouping every. Over 784,500 people moved from the Benzi Archipelago to Eroea in the year 1331.
The Uragni Peninsula was where Gregor the Elder made landfall on the continent of Eroea. Each boat carried approximately 350 people, with Gregor's boat carrying 3,000 as it was significantly larger than the remaining 2000+ boats. Each boat was part of a grouping of 35 boats, with each grouping having a Vice Captain. Many of these Vice Captains are famous in Eroean history such as Grigori Makormik and Lorrena Decadlen. By the 21 August 1331 all the boats had landed and various groupings joined together to travel across the Eroean continent. Yalan's clan coalesced along with other members and travelled westward along the North Farah'n Panhandle. As the Benzi people landed on Eroea, they grouped into large clans and began migrating across the continent in search of appropriate homes. The concept of a benzeen was born during this time. The word benzeen in the benz language means a societal unit led by a pre-eminent male. The first benzeen to form was the Uragni Benzeen led by Gregor the Elder and this would go on to become the largest and most powerfull benzeen. Other benzeens such as the Migia Clan, Twuton Benzeen and Decadlaen were formed. Each benzeen was led by a groslen, or supreme male.
From here, these benzeens grew exponentially, spreading across the continent from Farah'n. From 1331 until 1346, the benzeens coexisted peacefully on Eroea as there was ample land for all of the benzeens to expand their increasing population into. However, after Gregor the Elder died, his son, Gregor Yalan, one of the most renowned expansionists of his father's benzeen, wanted to expand his benzeen further, despite such an action would cause war. After his ascension on the 29 July 1346, Gregor Yalan began planning for a series of movies against the successor states to the Migia Clan, which had collapsed some years earlier. For the next 10 years a series of wars and conflicts would be fought between the Uragni Benzeen and a number of other benzeens. During this time, all of the original benzeens except Uragni's fell and divided into a number of other benzeens. These conflicts lasted from 1339 until 1367. This became known as the First Wars. These wars were also fought against the Archaic Eroeans but due to their lack of advanced weaponry, they were easily bet in various battles and slowly assimilated with the Benzi people or were exterminated, in Decadlaen for example.
By the end of the First Wars, the numerous rump benzeens had merged into ten larger benzeens; of these ten, eight would go on to become the provinces of modern-day Eroea. Between the end of the First Wars and 1383, there was relative peace on the continent. The Uragni Consolidation, a term applied retroactively to Gregor Yalan's conquest of the Eroean conquest, was the last major war before the unification of Eroea. By the time the Consolidation begun, the Juner benzeen had been eliminated by the Argnoria benzeen in the Eroean Peninsular War (1372-1373, 1376-1380), with the Iserlana benzeen being expelled from its homeland by the Myop benzeen. They were forced to take land of the Argnorians and Parallaxians in the Central Plains War (1371-1378). However, all of these wars were rather small compared to the Uragni Consolidation, which had been in planning for a number of years. Prior to the consolidation and unification of Eroea, the following benzeens were in existence: Caledonia, the Western Benzeen, Jentver, Iserlana, Parallax, Tyberia, Myop, Argnoria and Farah'n.
Consolidation and unification of Eroea[edit | edit source]
The technological superiority and the perceived advancement of the Farah'n benzeen gave rise to what has been retroactively labelled as the pre-eminence theory of Eroean governance. This theory, which was developed separately by a number of independent scholars and advisers to the Groslen of Farah'n, stipulated that Eroea was destined to be unified under the single ruler, known as the Supreme Groslen. The theory stated this was the natural social order and would be enforced either through the assimilation of weaker groups into a stronger social order or the military domination of one group over another. This modus operandi percolated throughout the body politic of Farahdeeni administration in the aftermath of the First Wars and gave rise to the belief that Farah'n must unify the benzeens of Eroea in order to further the progression of the Eroean people. Despite holding the title of Supreme Groslen, Gregor Yalan had no political control over the other benzeens and his influence was minimal even in the benzeens surrounding Farah'n, nevermind the benzeens on the other side of the continent. The continent and especially Farah'n had been ravaged by intermittent war since 1331 and Yalan felt that without intensive indoctrination, the people of his benzeen would rebel against any attempt to violently unify the continent.
During this time, the Continental Program was launched; the name was simply a cover for the indoctrination of Yalani people in order to make war more palatable to them. The Continental Program was led by Martjin Horatuches, who was appointed to the position of Crown Minister of State. Horatuches from 1368 until 1377 would undertake sweeping attempts to push a message of Farah'ni pre-eminence and to instill nationalistic tendencies into the Farah'ni people. He achieved this through free seminars, modifying the curriculum thought in schools, suppressing groups and organisations representing regional identities and other nationalist identities, establishing the Farah'ni Peoples Community and most importantly, introducing mandatory military service for Farah'ni men aged between 17 and 22. Men over the age of 22 were required to enter military service only for two years.
Horatuches was hugely successful in invigorating Farah'ni national pride and by the time the first plans for invasion were drawn up in the mid-1370s, the Farah'ni military had swelled in size and war was seen as a palatable option once again. Gregor Yalan also cultivated a common image with the Farah'ni people and this inspired devotion and conviction to his leadership. On 6 May 1375, a new cabinet of ministers was formed, which would eventually be known as the Cabinet for Unity. Personally led by Gregor Yalan, Horatuches was appointed as Crown Minister of State and Crown Legate for National Unity. Another important figure at the time was General Petre Barlow, who was appointed as Chairman of the War Tribunal. The Cabinet for Unity was made up of a number of other figures, mainly those who also served on the Inner Council such as the Imperial Chancellor and the Lord Chamberlain. The War Tribunal (at the time, tribunal meant any committee of the crown) began drawing up plans to instigate an Argnorian-Tyberian war, which would give the Eroeans a reason to intervene in the conflict and ultimately exert hegemony over the two regions. During this time, Lord Chamberlain Horace Smyth began developing the Tiber imposter doctrine; a doctrine originally developed in fringe groups of the Eroean body politic during the early days of Farah'ni domination, the doctrine stated that the Tyberian people were ethnically related and inferior to the Farah'ni people. Many, like Smyth, claimed that the Tyberian people had no claim to nationhood and that there benzeen was largely illegitimate. After much debate, Smyth was able to convince other members of the Inner Council of the Court to adopt a more harder stance on Tyberia.
Through a number of false flag operations and intentional diplomatic incidents, a conflict between Argnoria and Tyberia arose that ultimately led to the War of the Tiber. Initially, the Eroeans feigned disinterest in the war - secretly, they supported the Argnorians with financial aid. Overtime, the Tyberian Armed Forces under the command of groslen-general Olion Terra proved too great for the Argnorian Security Forces and ultimately many of the Argnorian commanders were wiped out in the early stages of the war. The war would turn into a protracted conflict, beginning in April 1376 and ending in December 1389, after the Farah'ni invasion of Tyberia. The Tyberians had dramatically executed the entire membership of House Caratica, along with other senior noble houses in Argnoria, while imprisoning others. Citing war crimes, the Farah'ni invaded to the surprise of the Tyberians and successfully occupied all territories of Tyberia and Argnoria within a matter of three weeks. The invasion formally concluded on 2 February 1390; it wouldn't be until the 1500s that the Farah'nis admitted to inciting war in the region and fabricating claims of war crimes.
Over the following years, until the foundation of the Eroean Empire, Argnoria was administered as the Argnorian General Administration i.e. military government. The Tyberian benzeen was dissolved after the entirety of House Terra was found guilty of war crimes and related offenses at the Terra Trials which took place from May 1390 until September 1390. The Trials, presided over personally by Horace Smyth, have been regarded as the greatest example of a show trials in the history of Ut'un. The lands of the Tyberian people were split between Farah'n and Argnoria; a period of cultural repression took place and few modern citizens of Eroea identify as Tyberians.
The elimination of Tyberia and the de facto absorption of Argnoria into the Farah'n benzeen would set a precedent for Farah'ni policy in dealing with the remaining benzeens. It was clear by now that Gregor I had the intention of unifying the entire Benzi people and the Eroean continent under his banner.
Gregorian system of governance[edit | edit source]
Commonwealth colonies[edit | edit source]
Yalani Expansion[edit | edit source]
First Julian Reforms[edit | edit source]
Ascension Decree[edit | edit source]
First Tax Act[edit | edit source]
Second Julian reforms[edit | edit source]
Establishment of the Imperial Chancellery[edit | edit source]
Abolition of the Gregorian system[edit | edit source]
First Eroean-Seazarian War (1840 – 1859)[edit | edit source]
Golden age of Eroea (1859 – 1982)[edit | edit source]
Reign of Cedric the Great[edit | edit source]
The golden age of Eroea as the name suggests is considered the most successful time period, which started with the ascension of Cedric II in 1870, often called 'Cedric the Great' or 'Cedric the Omnipotent'; his birth name Archibald. Archibald, a lieutenant colonel of the Imperial Army, his reign oversaw the expansion of the Eroean Empire to its greatest territorial extent in 1913. A brilliant military tactician, he was revered among the military community as one of the greatest soldiers to ever come from House Yalan. His father, Cedric I pushed his son towards the military from an early age, this was due to him not being the eldest. Unbeknownst to him at the time, his eldest son, Bertrand, would die young and never ascend to the throne - thus Bertrand was trained in diplomatic and political matters while Cedric the next eldest was trained in the military. By the time he had finished secondary education, Archibald was already attending the Yalan Institute for Military Excellence and was renowned as a highly intelligent and diligent character.
His first engagement in warfare was at the age of 19 in 1838, when he took part in Operation Hummingbird, during which the Republic of Juno was invaded by the Eroean Armed Forces. The ensuing war would go on to become the Junoian War of Resistance, which ultimately led to defeat for the Eroeans. The war lasted until 1840 when Archibald was ordered to return to Eroea as part of a widespread retreat from Juno by Eroean forces. The defeat was an embarrassment for Eroea, a great empire with a territorial extent of 45.8 million square kilometers failed to defeat a relatively new republican nation. The Chief of the Imperial Army, Bartholomew Lardon was dismissed from his position - along with the Chairman of the Central Defense Council, Justin von Levenberg. Cedric I wished to keep a closer eye on the activities of the Central Defense Council and thus appointed close friend and civil servant, Augustus Jameson, to the position of Lords Representative for War. He also asked for his own son, Archibald, to attend the meetings of the CDC to understand the inner workings of the military. This angered many existing members of the council but Cedric I appointed Morgan Ansfield to the position of Chairman of the Council; he was the only imperial officer to lose no battles during the War of Resistance and was considered a young and enthusiastic commander.
Immediately upon joining the CDC as an observer, Cedric attempted to influence the proceedings of the council. He was a highly outspoken critic of the trench warfare and attrition tactics that had become prevalent among the upper command in Eroea of recent decades. Cedric promoted mechanized warfare as the future of Eroean tactics. Ansfield, while not a proponent of the idea, believed that a new approach was needed and thus took on Cedric's recommendations. This rooted Cedric in the upper command of the Eroean military, but it ultimately created a number of enemies within the army, navy and air force - which would eventually haunt him later down the line. By 1841, Cedric was a major in the Imperial Army and thus now commanded his own company of troops, the 5th Infantry Company. His first command was in the Seazar Rebellion from 1842-1845. A number of rebels declared the Seazarian State as a new republic, separate state independent of Eroea. Cedric I was initially unconcerned by this secession but was convinced otherwise by his son and prominent Eroean businessmen. The Eroean Business Magnate Association put great pressure on the Sovereign to authorize retaliation against the rebels; many had poured their entire investments into resource extraction in Seazar and their industries were now under threat of seizure by the new Seazarian government. On the 17 October 1842, Cedric I issued an order for the Eroean Foreign Legion to begin mobilization. Within 8 hours, over 750,000 troops had been loaded on to transport ships and were headed towards Seazar. The Fifth Company were contracted into the 1st Foreign Regiment, thus, this was the first time that Archibald had his own command. He soon garnered attention for being a courageous and competent battle commander, often leading the troops in his command directly into battle. They arrived in Sezar on the 30 October 1842 and initially fighting was low-intensity and soon halted due to winter.
Fighting resumed on the 19 January 1843 with the Assault of Clementstown, the capital of Haxford County. It was the first major battle of the revolutionary war and the actions of Archibald would result in him being awarded the Imperial Honor of Bravery, the highest military order in Eroea. The assault was ultimately a victory for the state forces and Clementstown would be established as the central base of operations for the remainder of the campaign. Archibald would then command his company in the Battle of the River Ur, the Insfort Assault and Operation Skydive. The former operation involved an amphibious assault on the city of Penin in the Upper Seazar Archipelago, Archibald was injured after being shot in the knee and returned to Eroea on the 5 February 1844, he took 5 months to recover and returned to his command but this time as a colonel. After this injury, he did not take a frontline role again and instead focused on purely military tactical planning. Regardless, he was the highest ranking frontline officer in the war and was regarded as a national hero in Eroea.
The rebellion ended on the 10 May 1845 with the capitulation of Seazar forces at the Battle of Monton Ridge; the Treaty of Westerdom was signed on the 18 December 1845 and Archibald played a great role in the signing of this treaty. This was his first exposure to politics and would mark the beginning of his career in the field. He proceeded to become more involved in the governance of Eroea directly, while also maintaining his role in the army. He did resign from the Central Defense Council on the 17 February 1846 to work at the Imperial Chancellery. He was not discharged from the military and would continue to have an active role in the military until his ascension to the throne on the 13 August 1870. In January 1847, as part of imperial appointments, Archibald was made the High Steward of Farah'n, his home region.
Galactic colonisation (1982 – 2020)[edit | edit source]
First Civil War (2200 – 2214)[edit | edit source]
Eroean Slave Trade (2214 – 2387)[edit | edit source]
War of the Two Crowns (2775 – 2778)[edit | edit source]
Second Civil War (2901 – 2907)[edit | edit source]
Era of Terror (3439 – 3511)[edit | edit source]
The Era of Terror is a period that began with the planned assassination of Edward IV, the Emperor, by various members of the Imperial Chancellery in 3439. Leonard Abernathy, the Imperial Treasurer, had been invited to partake in the plot and originally seemed interested in supporting the assassination. He never made efforts to directly involve himself, even though he attended the White Winter Meeting, which took place on the 3 January of the same year. Abernathy soon grew weary of the plan and its executor, Leviticus Cornwall, the Imperial Chancellor at the time. Abernathy decided to report the issue to the most senior servant of the Monarch, the Lord Chamberlain, whom at the time was Augustus Polonus. A close friend of Cornwall, he was deliberated on by the planners of the assassination on whether he should be notified. It was agreed that he was too senior and too close to the Emperor to be informed of the plot and he went unnoticed. Polonus was originally shocked at the allegations and moved for the Imperial Guard to cease and arrest Abernathy, however, he provided irrefutable evidence that correspondence had occurred between various high ranking officials about a possible assassination of the Monarch.
This had all occurred by the evening of the 29 February 3439, 3 days after the coronation of Edward. Cornwall had delayed the assassination, which was meant to occur in late January. Due to an effort to display a fully dedicated image of himself, he fully focused on the coronation arrangements and postponed the assassination until after the new Emperor was crowned. That evening Polonus phoned the Emperor to inform him of the information he had learned. Abernathy was taken into custody by the Internal Investigation Service, while Cornwall was immediately summoned to the Imperial Palace of Uragni, to brief the Emperor. Usually, Cornwall would brief the Emperor every Wednesday evening; under the guise of travelling on Tuesday and Wednesday, the Emperor invited the Imperial Chancellor for an emergency briefing. Cornwall was alarmed as he had not been informed that the Emperor was meaning to travel but he paid no attention. Over 300 Imperial Guards were put on watch to ensure no retaliation from the Chancellery Defence Service, the only militia in the country that did not swear a direct oath to the Sovereign. The meeting began at 21:45 on the 29 February 3439. After an hour of normal discussion, Edward hinted that he had issued an arrest warrant for the Imperial Chancellor. Cornwall, confused, initially chuckled at the seemingly humorous tone of the Emperor. However, after a number of royal attendants entered the room along with IIS officers, Cornwall began to realise the gravity of the situation.
Cornwall was originally acerbic towards the intruders. He stated that he could not be arrested as he was Imperial Chancellor and therefore was immune from being taken into custody. Edward IV simply voided this by using his royal prerogative to rule by decree. In a major constitutional stand off, Edward removed Cornwall from all posts and granted himself the title of Imperial Chancellor, bringing the CDS under his control - they had originally refused to arrest Cornwall. He was subsequently arrested and questioned by the IIS officers. He was formally charged by the Royal Constable for grand treason - the most serious form of treason and one of the few punishments that would lead to repercussions to family members. Cornwall was denied the right to legal counsel and was kept in the Cells of the Benzeen for a number of days afterward. The following day, Edward dissolves the Imperial Chancellery vests all its authority in the office of Lord Chamberlain. He also removes Polonus as Lord Chamberlain, since Cornwall had recommended him for the post. Instead, he appointed Magnus Wester to the post, the Lord Paramount of The Westerlands and the ringleader of the entire plot to assassinate Edward IV.
Wester had planted the seeds for discontent against the Emperor in the Imperial Chancellery. He falsified the image that Edward was a weak ruler, but also narcissistic and wished to destroy the bureaucratic institutions of Eroea at any cost. Wester did not involve himself in any of the activities of the group of planners. The group would become known as the Council of Treason, which was led by Cornwall. Edwards dissolution of the Imperial Chancellery was done on the advise of his multiple advisers, specifically Wester, and mirrored the actions that Wester had foretold to Cornwall. Ultimately, Magnus Wester wished to eliminate Edward IV and install his son instead, who was not of age and his accession would mean the appointment of a High Steward, a position that Wester vied for.
War of the West[edit | edit source]
The background of the War of the West begin with the passing of the Tithe and State Revenues Reform Act which ended the practice of the noble families from collecting taxes from the subjects within their provinces. While this move was unpopular, Emperor Gregor IV was able to get the noble families to agree to the move in return for guaranteed financial support from the state for time immemorial. The Tithe Council drafted the Act along with the Imperial Chancellery, under Alison Riley; it was passed on the 13th April 3769, on the same day, the Westerlands would declare themselves as an independent nation. Horace Wester, the Lord Primate of the Westerlands, had confided in the Emperor's aide, Jean Marie-Smith, that he would not subject himself to the new Act. Wester was quoted as stating that it 'undermines the very fabric that weaves the governmental and aristocratic structures of our realm together'. On the same day, the Fort Wester Pamphlet was published, outlining the official position of the Westerlands on the removal of House Wester's rights to collect taxes from its subjects.
The Fort Wester Pamphlet was considered a treasonous document and Ingrid Rey, the Imperial Chancellor, contacted Horace Wester in order for them to withdraw the statement. They refused and Rey held an emergency meeting with Gregor IV and other members of the Imperial Council to discuss the course of action necessary in order to prevent a further escalation of the now deepening conflict. Rey recommended that House Wester be immediately removed from their positions, while Gregor argued that they should be coaxed into accepting the Act. However, when the Imperial Army attempted to increase its soldiers stationed in Eroea, they were stopped before they could reach their relevant post and detained by order of Dick Tarantino, general of the Western Ground Militia. This was a serious violation of the Emperor's right to rule by decree and another meeting was held, with Deputy Chief Marshal of the Imperial Forces, Charles G. Taylor, being in attendance. Taylor, along with Rey, convinced to authorize sending in the Imperial Guard along with various legions of soldiers from the Imperial Army to place Horace Wester under arrest. By the time this meeting had concluded, it was approximately 4:50 AM on the 14th April 3769 and action was necessary. Taylor issued a secret order to Lieutenant Colonel Bernie Ken Leesofar to gather 3,000 troops and travel towards the Westerlands borderr. By 07:00 that morning, he had 15,000 troops ready to proceed.At 08:10, Tarantino received word that Lt Colonel Leesofar was making his way with 15,000 troops to the Westerlands border. This was not entirely untrue, he was making his way with 5,400 troops to the border, with 60% of these being reserve soldiers. Tarantino immediately called all members of the Western Militia to arms and by 09:33, he had amassed a force of 30,000. By 10:05, he encircled the M-69, the road which Leesofar was taking with his convoy towards the Westerlands. They were stopped by a checkpoint at 10:15, under the command of Captain Sean Wester. Sean Wester ordered Leesofar to stop, which he did, and present documents to validate his entry on to 'sovereign Westerlands soil'. The phrasing of this came as a shock as, according to Eroean law, the only truly sovereign entity is the Monarch, and this was considered a treasonous act by official forces under the command of House Wester. Leesofar presented various papers, signed by Gregor IV, which validated his entry into the Westerlands with troops. Sean Wester stalled and took the documents for examination. During this time, he engaged with communication and was ordered to hold the convoy until 11:00. During that time, Horace Wester ordered that the assets of the Imperial Broadcasting and Information Service be seized. At 10:45, Horace Wester presented himself on TV in a provincial address and made the following statement:
Subjects of the Imperial Realm of Eroea, and of the eight provinces of the Westerlands, Yuntvar, Argnoria, Myop, Parallax, Jeru, Argnoria and Rogash, I come to you this morning with a message of discontent. In recent days, His Imperial Majesty The Emperor has began instigating various new reforms to the governmental structures in Eroea. As one of the Lords Primate, I am one of the constituent entities from which the Crown derives its power, unofficially. Without the support of myself, or the 7 other Lords Primate, the monarchy that this nation is built upon cannot function, and will not function. The view of the Western Council is that the recent Act of imperial decree, issued by the Most Excellent Chancellor and her Advisors [Imperial Chancellery] is in clear contradiction of my rights as a Lord Primate. Therefore, this morning, I invoke my noble prerogative and declare that the Monarch of Eroea and the Crown from which they derive their power, be exiled from the lands of Eroea that lie in the West [Westerlands]. I make this decision decisively and absolutely; I declare myself as Sovereign Prince of the Westerlands, free from the subjugation and influence of the imposing throne that is the Sovereign [Gregor IV]. I come to you with this statement in good grace; Imperum Bless.The statement sent shock waves throughout the system of governance in Eroea. This was the first time that a Lord Primate had openly expressed their disgust to the rule of the Emperor since the War of the Two Crowns. Leesofar received a live feed of the message though was instructed to act unaware by Charles Taylor as he established contingency plans for the convoy. Horace Wester's announcement concluded at 10:48, and Leesofar's convoy remained unmoved on the M-69 as it was surrounded by various guards of the Western Ground Militia. At 10:58, official records state that General Shawn Whelan, Chief Defense Officer of the West, ordered Sean Wester to arrest Leesofar and 3 trucks of the convoy, while instructing the remainder to return home. All air, rail, road and sea links in to the Westerlands were ceased. After the order by Whelan, events contradict each other. The only known fact was that a skirmish, which became known as the Freeway Skirmish, broke out on the highway leading to the mortal wounding of Leesofar and the death of 766 soldiers from both sides.
Foundations of modern Eroea[edit | edit source]
The Imperial Reformation Decree, which was passed in 3776 by Emperor Gregor IV, reformed the entire political system in Eroea, delegating enormous powers to a newly formed 'Parliament of Eroea' but withholding divine right to the Monarch. The noble families of the various regions on the Isle of Eroea was weakened, with the High Lords of Eroea losing their absolute autonomy and being subject to the control of the supranational parliament. The parliament was delegated to have 620 seats, all elected from constituencies within the Isle of Eroea. The colonies would not have any representation until 3854. The position of Imperial Chancellor was practically disbanded (though still technically exists) and split into two new roles; the Lord Chamberlain and Lord Councillor. The Lord Chamberlain would be an official from the Imperial Family, while the Lord Councillor would be an official from the new House of Councillors.
The Imperial Chancellery, which had acted as the legislative and administrative organ of Eroea since the abolition of the Benzeen was dissolved and replaced with the Parliament of Eroea. The Parliament was to contain two houses, the House of Councillors; a democratically elected body and the Imperial Council; an appointed advisory board, representing the Monarch in Parliament. The organisation pushing through these changes were the Royal Democratic Party (RDP), who had been in existence since the 3720's and had been pushing for the democratization of Eroea for decades. Their leader, Ingrid Rey, had been a close friend of Gregor IV and had significant sway in their decisions. They were eventually appointed Imperial Chancellor in 3758, much to the dismay of the various High Lords of Eroea. With the Partisan Membership Decree of 3760, this allowed for the legal creation of political parties. Parties had always existed before but were never recognized by the Imperial Government, all politicians were seen as subjects of the Monarch.
After the legalisation of parties, the RDP took significant steps to gain political foothold in Eroea. Top ministries were awarded to RDP officials. Meetings of the Royal Court were often heated, with 'democrats' and 'imperialists' standing off against each other. Gregor IV found himself torn between ensuring a good friend was pleased but also ensuring that his feudal kings would not rebel. Eroea overtime became heavily more democratic throughout the 3760's. It culminated in the removal of the power of taxation from the feudal kings in 3769, which led to Horace Wester, King of the Westerlands, declaring independence from the Eroean Empire. Emperor Gregor was enraged by this betrayal and ordered the Imperial Chancellor to do everything to return The Westerlands to Eroea. Rey ordered the immediate mobilization of 650,000 troops to march on Fort Wester. The War for the West took place and lasted 3 months, it ended with the execution of Horace Wester and the appointment of Peregrine Wester, a fifth cousin of Horace, as King of the Westerlands.
The War for the West began the dissolution of the Imperial Chancellery and the expulsion of many royal representatives from the "lesser monarchs". The Imperial Reformation Decree began being drafted and for 6 years was in a constant cycle of debate and re-writing within the Imperial Chancellery. It finally reached imperial assent on the 6 October 3776, which began the dissolution of the old government institutions and the formation of the new ones to take place on the 2 February 3777. The decree was revolutionary as it assigned legislative power to a democratically elected body, something that had never been seen before in Eroea. Gregor had originally been opposed to the idea, but was convinced that a new body would mean he would spend less time as the country's lead administrator. There was some significant opposition from the regional royalty, but nothing on the scale of Horace Wester 7 years prior.
From October 3776 until January 3777, the government institutions were in a cycle of change. The National Election Commission was established to conduct the 3777 parliamentary election, which was scheduled to take place on the 24 January 3777, with parliament convening on the 2 February for the first time. There were three parties running in the election: the Royal Democratic Party, the Conservative Noble Party and the Commoners Party. The Conservative Noble Party was led by Fergal Chrysler, the Lord Paramount of Parralax, from 3755 until 3791. The Commoners Party was the reformed Civil Rights League, under the leadership of Norman Rickard. Ingrid Rey was appointed to the position of Steward for the Transitional Government and tasked with meeting the demands of the Reformation Decree. The Imperial Chancellery, which had once been a bureaucratic mess of officials along with their staff, was organised and structure was formed. Government departments were formed, dedicated staff were assigned to the said departments, a new cabinet with all department leaders was also legalized to run the affairs of the government. The upper and lower house were also decreed and tasked with replacing the legislative function of the Imperial Chancellery, while the Cabinet was tasked with replacing the administrative/executive function of the Imperial Chancellery.
The 3777 election was a landslide election for the Royal Democratic Party, with the Conservative Noble Party and Commoners Party pretty much tying. The CNP would dominate the Imperial Council with Magnus Wester, the Lord Primate of the Westerlands, being appointed as Deputy Lord Chamberlain; Crown Prince Heinz was appointed as Lord Chamberlain and this would set the precedent for all future Lord Chamberlain appointees. The Imperial Council was also made up of RDP members but no Commoner Party members were appointed to the council. Without the control of the Council, the first term of Ingrid Rey was troublesome due to constant vetoing by the Imperial Council in an effort to destabilize the government. Rey served as Lord Councillor from 3777 until 3792; with Magnus Wester served as Deputy Lord Chamberlain from 3777 until his death in 3791. He had been hospitalized since 3788 and this pacified the Imperial Council as it had lost its loudest proponent and spokesperson. The last term of Ingrid Rey was marked by strength of the Parliament and a rapid decline in the power of the Imperial Council as it began to be regulated more heavily by internal protocol and procedure. The main opposition leader in the House was Fergal Chrysler, Lord Primate of Parralax and Leader of the Conservative Noble Party. He began using the title of Shadow First Minister to refer to himself as leader of the opposition.
The Rey premiership had a significant effect on the Parliament and the Royal Cabinet. The constant in-fighting between the House of Councillors and the Imperial Council led to a series of regulations being passed, such as the Veto Rationalization Memorandum in 3789, which removed the power of non-reasoned vetoing i.e. the Imperial Council couldn't veto a bill purely because they didn't like it, but it had to fall under grounds of violating the imperial structure or was too controversial in Eroean society. This seriously weakened the power of the Imperial Council and made it impossible for disruption of the legislation far harder. These reforms had both positives and negatives for the Royal Democratic Party. The reforms rooted the RDP in power and allowed them to pass any legislation through Parliament as long as it pleased the Monarch but it also turned many borderline nobles against the party and strengthened the power of the Conservative Noble Party. This led to the Conservative Noble Party eventually catching up with the Royal Democratic Party in the 3801 parliamentary election and winning by a small margin. The 3800's were marked by "switcharoo" governments, where a government rarely ever lasted more than 1 term. This led to economic downturn, colonial and citizen frustration with the government and the lowest slump in the empires history. It also brought about the colonial devolution, which would significantly change the course of Eroean history for centuries.
Age of Unrest (3830 – 3865)[edit | edit source]The period from 3830 to 3890 is often referred to as the 'Age of Unrest' or the 'Eroean Decline'; modern political scientists often call it the Scanlon-Thornton Era after the periods two major Lord Councillors; Maria Thornton and Eamon Scanlon. These two terms were coined in the research paper, The Sociological, Political, Geographical and International Impact of Eroea on the 39th Century, often shortened to The Eroean 39th Century. The research paper was written by Friedrich van der Linde, a prominent Eroean sociologist and political analyst. The paper was written between 3893 and 3901, and was published in 3902. While the paper did not exclusively focus on the actions of the various governments throughout the 3800s, it did allocate a large portion to analyzing the political instability in Eroea at the time. The governments of the time were unstable, with 12 government changes occurring in the 3800s, which compared to the contemporary era, is a massive number of transitions of power.
Between 3811 and 3829, power switched between Atticus Smith and Peregrine Wester, leaders of the Royal Democratic Party and Conservative Noble Party respectively. Both led relatively stable governments and they are considered the last stable government leaders of the 3800s. In 3816, the vote share of the Conservatives declined rapidly and they were eclipsed by the Commoners Party and the Liberal Party. Together with the Royal Democrats, they would form the basis of all governments in Eroea up until Augustus Wester led his party to power again in 4038. The Conservatives lost the remainder of their middle-class vote, which had been dispersed among the Royal Democrats and Liberals; this eclipsed them from any form of governance for the foreseeable future. With the middle-class vote (which is considered essential to govern) dispersed among the Liberals, Royal Democrats and Commoners, this led to a number of weak governments who either did not have a majority or one that was very slim.
Atticus Smith resigned as Lord Councillor in 3829 in lieu of rising internal tensions between his party. He had been Leader of the Royal Democrats since 3790, a period of 39 years. He had served as Lord Councillor on 3 occasions and won 7 cumulative parliamentary elections. Incredibly popular as a politician, his party had slowly veered leftward during his tenure. This was due in part to an increase in membership of left-wing factions within the party. By 3829, Smith had been in power for 13 years and many newer members pushed for a new leader to take over the party as it continued to evolved; many frontbench ministers opposed this but Smith obliged. This tendency towards the left was led by Eamon Scanlon, a new face in his Cabinet who had entered politics in the 3821 election. He had been elected as First Secretary of the Executive Bureau in 3826 and took over as Leader on the 4 August 3829 after winning the subsequent leadership election. He was able to command a majority in the House of Councillors and was appointed Lord Councillor on the 5 June 3829. Scanlon's appointment as Leader caused mass hysteria within many circles of the Royal Democrats. Scanlon controlled the Executive Bureau and had the support of two-thirds of all backbenchers. However, he did not have the approval of the frontbench and many other party leaders at the time. Many seen him as a democratic socialist, more in tandem with the policies of the Commoners Party and was unable to lead the party. Further division of the party was caused by the appointment of his first ministry, which removed all element of Smiths tenure as Lord Councillor.
Scanlon, with his new Cabinet, pushed on with their agenda. Despite being appointed in the middle of a parliamentary session and having no mandate for his own propositions, Scanlon continued with their implementation with widespread critcism from the opposition benches. By convention, any Lord Councillor who takes up the position during a parliamentary session should either call a parliamentary election to earn a mandate or continue their predecessors policies and election promises until the next parliamentary election is due. Scanlon, while a prominent member of the 3829 election campaign, did not agree with some of the promises laid down by the Smith premiership and thus diverted his course. Maria Thornton, Shadow First Minister and Leader of the Liberal Party was the most virulent opponent of Scanlon's policies. She suggested that a parliamentary election be held for Scanlon's diversions from the Royal Democrat mandate to be justified. Scanlon dismissed these demands and blamed what he called liberal opportunism as the reason for such demands. This claim does have some substance as it was believed by many that Thornton was simply attempting to capitalize off her party's growing popularity.
This political standoff would encapsulate the country until Thornton's resignation 3843. Scanlon and Thornton, despite being largely similar in political views, would become known as the greatest political rivalry in Eroea for decades. On the 14 October 3829, Scanlon announced to the House of his intention to introduce what would become the Affordable Tertiary Education Act, which sought to abolish tuition fees at third level institutions and also establish a government agency to assist low-income families in attending tertiary education institutions. The plan, while popular, was panned for its apparent lack of insight into raising the funds. Scanlon announced upon request that he had the intention of raising tax on upper-class members of Eroean society. This proved to be hugely unpopular, especially with many members of Scanlon's own party and the Conservatives. Thornton agreed to the plan albeit hesitating that it would be unsustainable. The bill was debated in the House for 4 months, the final vote came on the 29 February 3830. By this time, 104 councillors from the Royal Democrats rebelled against the party whip in preliminary votes on the bill. Scanlon, not wishing to risk an election or a divide in his party, did not withdraw the party whip from the rogue members. Instead, he secured the support of 112 councillors from the Commoners Party to support the bill. Thornton allowed members to vote on it as they wish, 79 Liberals voted with the government. The bill passed 611 to 239.
This divide would curse Scanlon over the next 4 years and would make the implementation of his budgets quite difficult. Many of his conservative members of the party would not support measures that led to a rise in income tax to compensate for capital intensive government programs. Thus, Scanlon required the support of the Liberal Party or Commoners Party. The Liberals distrusted Scanlon and Thornton was a virulent opponent of him and his policies. Affiliation with the Commoners Party was also risky as they were often seen as increasingly socialist and such stances were not as tolerable in Eroea at the time. Scanlon would go on to introduce a number of new reforms, such as introducing free health checkups for all minors (under 18). He also introduced the AT Card, which modernized the transport system and allowed all students who were currently attending third-level institutions to use public transport for free. This system came under fire due to possible abuse and by 3833, the program was withdrawn after a number of scandals that involved excessive use of the card. Scanlon also commissioned the construction of 6,500 new educational institutions between the period 3831 and 3834, his government also oversaw the introduction of discretionary items tax (DIT) on cigarettes and alcohol. Along with this tax, Scanlon cut funding to the tourism division of the Department of Transport and Tourism in an effort to reallocate funds elsewhere. This led to a strike by the National Travel Agent Union (NTAU) in 3832 in Argost. Metropolitan Police were ordered to fire pepper spray and water cannons at protesters. It was rumoured that this order came from Minister for the Interior, John J. Swanson; while these allegations were never proven to be true, all opposition leaders denounced the governments actions and demanded Swanson's resignation. Between the 5 October and the 9 Octboer 3832, a committee of the whole house into the matter was held. An motion of no confidence in Swanson was held and it passed. While these motions have no legal binding, Scanlon requested his resignation which Swanson refused. Swanson cited that Scanlon had also signed off on the actions of the Met Police and was equally responsible and thus should resign. Such a resignation would most likely lead to a government collapse, thus, Scanlon sacked Swanson from his position. This severely embittered Swanson and would lead to his resignation from the party and from Parliament. Soon after, Swanson would join the Liberal Party as a campaign adviser, many Cabinet ministers, including the Lord Councillor, accused Swanson of having a personal vendetta against the government since his sacking.
The strike of the NTAU and the Swanson scandal damaged the Liberal-Royal Democrat relationship, however, Scanlon was able to maintain power through his relatively friendly relations with the Commoners Party. Scanlon, despite lacking in pragmatism, maintained a good working relationship with Winifred Abernathy, the First Officer of the Commoners Party (Leader). Due to the volatility of many of Scanlon's backbenchers, he developed a informal agreement with the Commoners Party for support in important government motions. Throughout 3833, Scanlon would consult with Abernathy on various issues of government policy. Such consultations were criticized in the media, by backbenchers, Liberals and Conservatives; many felt that Abernathy had no right to intervene on government matters but the members of Scanlon's cabinet and Scanlon himself thought otherwise. The 3834 budget proved controversial and there were significant signs of Commoners' influence over the budget. One of the most controversial cuts was to STOG plc (State Oil and Gas) to make way for the introduction of the Scanlon Provincial Highway System and the hiring of 12,000 new teachers for second level institutions. The cuts to STOG included 3,000 job cuts, the closing of 6 facilities and a 15.6% pay cut for all executives in STOG. These actions were hugely unpopular and led to the revolt of 59 Royal Democratic councillors on the 16 October 3833. All 59 councillors refused to vote with the party whip, many of these were the councillors who rebelled against the Affordable Tertiary Education Act.
Colonial freedom (3900 – 3955)[edit | edit source]
Aishur War (3919 – 3926)[edit | edit source]
The Aishur War was a global war fought between the Old Alliance and the Confraternity for Reform (commonly referred to as Confra). The war initially began between the United Confraternal States and Faedor. The former was a state founded upon the principles of confraternity, which argued for the establishment of a unified government to promote one culture and one people. The war eventually expanded after the UCS discovered that Faedor was receiving assisting from Warrenord; the UCS launched a preemptive strike against various locations in Warrenord and thus dragged both Warrenord and Ergalia into the war. Eroea became involved in the war after a number of bombings took place which were claimed by the Eroean Confraternal Brotherhood, a terrorist organisation. They were funded by UCS and as such, the Eroean government seen this as an act of war. Eroea and Radolan both entered the war on the 16 September 3919. Four days later, the government of Leonard Riley was dismissed, along with Parliament being prorogued. They were replaced by the Aishur war ministry.
The war ministry was headed up by the Crown Commissioner for Civil Affairs and the Crown Commissioner for Defence. Both were to work together and formulate a plan to ensure civility was maintained in Eroea, while also ensuring the war effort on the Aishur continent was successful. The two leaders of the war ministry were Walter Cranken and Field Marshal Matthew Gareang. From September 3919 until April 3920, there was no fighting on the continent of Eroea and took place on the Aishur continent and other conflict zones. However, on the 12 May 3920, a co-ordinated attack was undertaken by Confra on the coastal region of the Adrenn Peninsula. Confra established a military base in the town of Artur and from there launched an assault on Eroean land. At one points, Confra controlled 63% of Eroean land and they reached their peak in December 3924. However, after a number of technical and tactical improvements undertaken by the Old Alliance, they soon lost their foothold in Eroea and around the globe. While Confra strengthened their prevalence in satellite states, such as the colonial possessions of Eroea, these were too isolated to have any positive effect on the war. Confra were expelled from Mull by the Armed Forces of Ergalia on the 27 May 3925 and from there Ergalians assisted in removing Confra soldiers from the Eroean Isle. The communist government in Faedor collapsed on the 8 September 3925 but Confra were dealt a deadly blow when their forces were forced to retreat from Eroea on the 17 October 3925. A massive amphibious assault, known as the Daendroec Offensive, was launched on the 29 October 3925. The offensive was put together quickly in order to catch Confra off-guard. It was critical that the Old Alliance captured Daendroec as this would provide them with land on Greater Ut'un from which they could launch a full assault in UCS territory. The UCS, who were in disarray and unable to recall their soldiers from Faedor, lost Daendroec in 11 days on the 8 November 3925. On the 12 November, soldiers in Faedor performed a mutiny and surrendered.
Operation Swooping Move involved the invasion of the United Confraternal States; Vitrea, which had been an ally of UCS, withdrew their troops from Greater Ut'un and refused to assist the Armed Forces of the United Confraternal States. Operation Swooping Move began on the 2 December 3925 and concluded on the
Commoner revolt (3931 – 3961)[edit | edit source]
The commoner revolt is a period of Eroean history centered around the early stages of Nelson Varies' premiership and his Commoners Party. The 3931 election was a landslide win for the Commoners Party due to the high turnout of voters. Traditionally, higher voter turnouts indicated that the Commoners Party were going to capitalize on it. In this case, 79.5% of people turned out to vote and the Commoners Party, with a strong manifesto for change, took 581 seats in the House of Councillors; the single largest majority in Eroean history. The implementation of mandatory voting in Varies' first term would ensure that turnouts were kept high; huge money was also pumped into the new Central Electoral Authority, which aimed to ensure that all people around Eroea got their say in the way the country was ran.
Chimeran Revolution[edit | edit source]
Justinian era (4021 – 4109)[edit | edit source]
The Justinian era is a loosely defined term for Eroean history during the reign of Justinian I, II and III. As the name suggests, the era began with the accession of Justinian I to the throne upon the death of his father, Claudius IV. The Justinian era is considered an era of further democratization and liberalization of Eroean society. Justinian I was the first Monarch not to have an active role in the running of the military. Unlike his father, he did not include the title Chief Marshal of the Imperial Forces in his style. While he remained the nominal head of the Imperial Forces, this was not part of the image Justinian I was attempting to project and thus he thought best if it went unmentioned. At the time of his accession, Eroea was under the leadership of Jeremy Smith, the Leader of the Commoners Party and Lord Councillor. Smith had only just secured a stable majority, despite years of unstable leadership which marred the end of Claudius' reign. Smith, a virulent populist and
Westers premiership (4038 – 4083)[edit | edit source]
Vanheim Catastrophe[edit | edit source]
Emergence of the Commoners Party[edit | edit source]
Wester primacy (4109 – 4135)[edit | edit source]
The term the Wester primacy is used to refer the influence of House Wester over Eroean society since the death of Justinian III. This is largely due to Justin Wester, the Lord Primate of the Westerlands from 4041 until 4099 and his influence over the current Monarch. Amadeus II spent the vast amount of his childhood living with his grandfather and mother in the Westerlands. Also during his fathers and grandfathers reign, the Westers held a number of notable positions. Frederick Wester, a first cousin of Amadeus, has served as Lord Chamberlain since Amadeus' ascension. Norman Wester also served as Lord Chamberlain from 4089 until 4102 under Justinian II. Other notable figures include Augustus Wester and Vernon Wester, both Lord Councillors; Albert Wester, Deputy Lord Chamberlain and member of the Imperial Council; Kenneth Wester, Imperial Steward from 4090 until 4103; Benedict Wester, a member of the Imperial Council. This coupled with the fact that the Westerlands are one of the most prominent regions in Eroea due to their military prowess and strong economy often leads to the conclusion that House Wester have the greatest influence in Eroea behind only that of House Meera, the present composition of which is heavily descended from House Wester through Juliana Wester, the Empress of Eroea and consort to Justinian III.
Levdegard's Secession (4135 – 4144)[edit | edit source]
Levdegard's Secession earns its name from its leader, Vernon Levdegard. During this period, Eukatosia, which had long been a major component of the Eroean Empire, seceded to form its own independent entity. This began on the 19 December 4135, with the passing of the Extended Powers Act in the Eukatosian House of Councillors; this act gave unprecedented powers to First Secretary of Eukatosia, the leader of the colony. This caused a number of political deadlocks with the central Eroean government and culminated in the issuance of National Order 12A, commonly known as the 'Declaratory Statement', which was released on the 1 January 4136. Eroea refuses to declare war on the newly formed State of Eukatosia, citing that it is not a legal sovereign entity and therefore cannot be warred with. General Richard Hermang of the First Land Corps is dispatched to the region with a force of 50,000 men on the 2 January 4136, he is ordered to arrest Levdegard and the entirety of the government of Eukatosia and impose martial rule in Eukatosia, which was declared through incurring provisions of the Emergency Provisions (Central Government) Act 4033.
Within the first number of days, Admiral Kenneth Governor attacks the seaside city of Lerodve in the Verona Province of Eukatosia. He is the captain of the IS Erwin and a large collection of smaller ships, he is ordered to begin the barricading of Eukatosia from outside contact. Lerodve goes on to become the center of Eroea's operational command throughout the war as it attempts to remove Levdegard from power. The Eukatosian Defence Division, which was a unit of the Eroean Armed Forces that was permanently stationed there, swore loyalty to the new government of Eukatosia and would form the core component of Eukatosia's defensive mechanisms. The Eroean Colonial Expeditionary Forces were also mobilized and set to the colony under the command of Field Marshal Leonard van Rutte.
By the middle of 4136, Hermang and his First Land Corps were forced to retreat from the Caledonian Corridor, after being heavily defeated by forces led by James Brandburry. van Rutte led the invasion of Verona, which began on the 3 July 4136 and ended on the 31 November 4137. Movement was slow for the first 4 years of the war as the Eukatosian Defence Division utilized stolen equipment from the Eroean Empire to combat the highly stretched expeditionary forces. Imperial forces made small gains but their progress beyond Verona Province was poor. The Regalian Foreign Legion joined the war in August 4140 and provided much needed support to the exhausted imperial forces. Operation Burning Hawk was launched on the 6 February 4141 and involved a pincer movement around Eukatosian forces in the city of Caswell and its hinterland. The operation was a huge success with Eukatosian forces under the command of Field Marshal Archibald Smith capitulating on the 19 March 4141. With both Caswell and capital of Verona Province, Harholdsecured, a massive assault was launched on the Graffian Plain, which lay between the two urban centers. The Graffian Offensive began on the 1 June 4141 and lasted until 16 May 4142, when the forces of James Brandburry surrendered in the city of Becksen.
The Great Reform (4144 – 4150)[edit | edit source]
Regalian economic collapse (4153 – 4155)[edit | edit source]
Sixth Eroean-Seazarian War (4157 – 4060)[edit | edit source]
New Seazarian Deal[edit | edit source]
Devinicusian Eroea[edit | edit source]
Demographics[edit | edit source]
Ethnic groups[edit | edit source]
Language[edit | edit source]
Religion[edit | edit source]
The Benzeen Church is the dominant religion in Eroea by far, with 60.3% of Eroeans claiming to be a member of the Church in the 4108 census. Despite this, only 23.4% claim to be active participants in the Church, the remainder are either lapsed or do not see religious activities as an integral part of their life. The Benzeen Church over the years has lost foothold in Eroean society due to religious reform and social liberalization. During the reign of Cedric I, the High Cleric of Eta've was removed as the supreme head of the Church and replaced by the Monarch. This ended the principle of the Twin Primacy of the Crown and Spirit, which placed the Crown and the Spirit (High Cleric) as equals on religious matters. Since then, the Benzeen Church has been formally headed by the Marquess of Eta've, which is a subsidiary title of the Crown. This change was codified into law by the New Primacy Statute passed on the 4 May 1859. Since then, the Church no longer plays a strong role in Eroean politics and atheism and agnosticism continue to grow in popularity. The Imperial Family are still members of the Benzeen Church and many prominent members of the family and connected branches still actively promote the interests of the Church. The only noble family which does not comply with the teachings of the Benzeen Church is House Jeru, who follow the teachings of the Rotarioan Church.
The Rotarion Church is headed by the Monarch of Rotarion and up until 3056, it was illegal to practice Rotarionism in public as it was seen as treason against the Crown. Since then, laws around public practice of foreign religions have been relaxed, however, a stigma around practicing Rotarionism outside of official grounds in all provinces except Rogash remains. Rogash is the only province which has no laws against the practice of any foreign religion. Parallax is also considered liberal in terms of religious freedom but outright bans all public festivals which commemorate any religion, except those hosted by the Benzeen Church; William Smith, the Prime Minister of Parallax from 4046 until 4109, was blocked in his attempts to ensure that the Benzeen Church was treated like any other religion when within the bounds of Parallax. His moves were blocked by Augustus Wester and his Conservative government in 4042 who disagreed with Smith and argued that he could not ban the state religion. This led to the Wester-Smith Standoff in 4042 and this led many political commentators in Eroea to push the Monarch to advocate for a more secular political sphere, however, their critiques went ignored.
Health[edit | edit source]The Healthcare Administration Act 4030 is the main piece of legislation that governs healthcare in Eroea and sets out the rules and regulations of how the health system should function. The act reformed the healthcare system in Eroea, which had been governed by the Varies National Health Act since 3934. The Healthcare Administration Act set out that healthcare is a matter for the provincial legislatures and that the central government would provide subsidies for regional health organisations and also perform audits and standard checks. This move was to help reduce the burden of health expenditure on the central government but proved very unpopular with all provinces except Farah'n at the time of its introduction. Ultimately, the act permitted for provincial legislation to decide whether provinces wished to govern their own health system. Subsequently, all provinces except Farah'n legislated to keep healthcare a national matter, not a provincial one. This proved to be a major defeat for Sean Chandler who had been in office as Lord Councillor for only one year and his lack of control over the health system led to a destabilization in his authority.
Regardless, Parallax would take control of their health system in 4039, with the Westerlands following suit in 4041. The Farah'ni government agency responsible for healthcare administration is the Central Health Bureau; in Parallax, the Smith Health Service (SHS) administrates healthcare and in the Westerlands the Western Health Commission is the executive body for healthcare. All of these agencies are supervised by the Imperial Medical Service (IMS) which retains the right to intervene in all matters of provincial health, however, its most common function is to maintain health standards and provide training to staff and provincial health organisations. In the other provinces, the IMS acts as the authority responsible for healthcare and thus is responsible for the efficient functioning of the hospitals in these provinces in conjunction with the Department of Public Health, which provides funding to all health agencies. There have been failed attempts to forcefully devolve healthcare, the most recent in 4097 by Arthur Hermang, who was aiming to cut government expenditure through the Healthcare Reform (Expenditure) Bill 4097.
Healthcare in all provinces is paid for through the Universal Societal Services Contribution (USSC) and according to the Imperial Exchequer, has one of the highest revenues of any tax in Eroea. The charge was introduced by Nelson Varies in 3934 through his revolutionary health act. Initially, it was highly unpopular but over the course of his first term, the benefits of free healthcare were felt and the USSC was accepted by the majority of citizens in Eroea. Varies would serve as Lord Councillor for a consecutive 55 years before retiring and by the time he had left office, the USSC was considered a national institution in tax policy. The Conservative Noble Party by that time had dropped their opposition to USSC and the tax remains a stalwart component of government tax policy with very few political parties every proposing major changes to it. The VW Medical Assistance Program is a program designed for low-income families to make health insurance more accessible. Health insurance is still required to avail of certain public services and almost all private practices require patients to have an active health insurance policy. Other than the Imperial Medical Service, the Society and Order of Yalani Healers is the largest private health provider in Eroea. Before the IMS was established in 3934, the order was the most prevalent health organisation in Eroea, being endorsed by the Imperial Family. While the order was renowned for its healthcare and had been certified by the Ut'un Standards Commission, it was quite expensive and often led to people being indebted to the order for life if they required extensive medical assistance. Lower-income families were provided healthcare free of charge, however, surgeries would require a loan to be taken out that would be paid by the patient over his/her life until it was paid, or it would be passed on to their next of kin to be paid for.
Education[edit | edit source]Despite the Department of Education and Skills, an imperial department, being responsible for education in Eroea, the provinces usually take on the majority of tasks relating to the education system. The Education Acts, the most recent being passed in 4153, state that the imperial government of Eroea has a "civic and governmental duty to provide for the education of Eroeans, regardless of age or sex, in the various noble fields of academia and the ideals of Eroean society". Thus, the imperial government provides funding, facilities and procurement to provincial education systems, through the General Education Support Service (GESS). The imperial government also ensure education quality through the Inspectorate of Education, organises and runs state exams through the National Examinations Bureau and provides guidance of the formulation of curricula through the State Pedagogical Association. All other matters are handled by the respective government departments and agencies of the eight Eroean provinces. The vast majority of crown colonies and all crown dependencies do not have autonomy over educational affairs and are instead controlled by the Department of Education and Skills through the Department of Colonial Administration. The literacy rate of citizens varies greatly across the Eroean Empire. Citizens of the Eroean Isle have literacy of 99%, while other possessions such as Swanlin Crown Colony have a literacy rate of only 62%. This is due to discrepancies in funding provided, along with the efficiency of local education systems.
Tertiary education has traditionally been free from state control. While the state does run a number of universities, the vast majority of universities are privately funded or receive only partial state funding.
Economy[edit | edit source]
Industries[edit | edit source]
Tourism[edit | edit source]
Transport infrastructure[edit | edit source]
Due to its position as being one of the most highly developed countries in Ut'un, Eroea has an expansive and diverse infrastructure. It has one of the best motorway networks in the developed world, most notably the Imperial Motorway Network (IMN), also known as the Yalan Imperial Network, which amounts to over 500,000 kilometres of motorway maintained by the Department of Transport. The Imperial Motorway Network was constructed from the mid-4040s until the turn of the century in 4100. The IMN was constructed to replace and repair the Gregorian Interprovincial Expressway System, which had become outdated and obsolete.
The railway network in Eroea, which is state-owned through the Central Rail Transport Authority, amounts to 448,220 kilometres of railway, second only to Faedor in length. Rail use is highly popular in Eroea and the country handles approximately 15% of all railway traffic on its system. Along with the traditional rail system, there are approximately 150,000 kilometres of high-speed rail in Eroea. High-speed rail was the brainchild of Sean Chandler and has been developed since the early 4000s.
Energy[edit | edit source]
Politics[edit | edit source]
Government[edit | edit source]
The government of Eroea composes of elements of representative democracy in a quasi absolute monarchy, called Eroean democracy or reformed Julian democracy. This is the most accepted definition of Eroea's governmental structures. Since the passing of the the Imperial Reformation Decree 3776, the responsibility of governing Eroea has been largely delegated to the Parliament, with the day-to-day affairs of governance being handled by the Imperial Cabinet. The Parliament of Eroea consists of two organs: the Chamber of Deputies; and the Imperial Council. The latter acts as the Monarch's personal advisory council. The Monarch is also the third component of governance in Eroea, along with Parliament and the Cabinet.
Executive[edit | edit source]
Under Eroean custom, the Crown is the corporation sole that exercises authority over the Eroean people. It, as an entity, is supreme. It manifests itself, in physical form, through the Monarch. Thus, as the Monarch is the physical embodiment of the Crown, they have absolute power. This has been a principle of Eroean jurisprudence since the establishment of the Eroean state in 1402. In practice, the power of the Monarchy depends on its ability to command the Imperial Forces, or Armed Forces. If the Monarch is unable to command these forces, they are largely irrelevant and the real Monarch is normally the person who commands the most effective army. Historically, this has always depended on the support the Monarch receives from the Lord Primates. This has waned in the last number of centuries, due to the centralization of power, however, it is still important for the Monarch to enforce their rule of law over the provinces. The main function of the Monarch is not to rule directly, or alone, that is a precedent established soon after the ascension of Gregor the Mighty, the first Monarch. Instead, the Monarch should take an role of their choosing, whether it be active or advisory, in tandem with appointing a number of advisers. Traditionally, the Imperial Council and its sub-unit, the Imperial Chancellery, carried out the functions of advisers to the Monarch. Since the abolition of the Chancellery in 3776, the Imperial Council has been slowly eclipsed by the House of Councillors, and later, the Chamber of Deputies – both democratically elected institutions.
The primary constituent organ of the executive branch of the Eroean government is the Imperial Cabinet of Eroea, with the Imperial Council and Monarch themselves being considered an extension of the executive in practice. Theoretically, the Monarch acts as a figurehead who provides the overarching direction, ceremoniously called the Will of the Monarch, they wish to the country in to the Cabinet. The Cabinet is constitutionally obliged to follow this agenda, however, this government agenda is not formulated singlehandedly by the Monarch. Instead, it is usually a mix of the winning party's manifesto along with the personal goals of the Monarch.
The de facto head of the executive is the State Chancellor. They are the head of cabinet and considered the principal advisor to the Monarch. All advisors, crown ministers, crown secretaries and a multitude of other governmental positions rely on the personal support of the State Chancellor in most cases, unless the Monarch has a personal opinion in the appointment of people to such positions. As Eroea is an reformed Julian democracy, a form of parliamentary democracy, the State Chancellor is always the member of the Chamber of Deputies who can command a majority of the Chamber's members. In practice, this means the leader of the party with the most seats in that Chamber. However, it must be said, the position of State Chancellor and the Cabinet are not officers of Parliament and are thus not constitutionally answerable to it, though in practice they are. The State Chancellor is nominated by Parliament through a legislative mechanism called an ascertainment vote, this is where Parliament ascertains who it believes can command a majority. The Imperial Steward conveys this ascertainment to the Monarch and almost always the Monarch approves and appoints the member named. Then, the State Chancellor names their Cabinet. This usually consists of the State Chancellor's closest supporters but can also include political allies and coalition partners who required a Cabinet position as a prerequisite for their support in Parliament.
The issuance of state orders and imperial decrees is a primary function of the executive. The former being enacted by the State Chancellor and the latter by the Monarch. These are forms of primary legislation and can override Acts of Parliament. The government, however, normally brings forward its legislative agenda through ordinary parliamentary procedure as use of these statutory instruments is discouraged unless in exceptional circumstances. The degree of involvement of the Monarch varies from various holders but the view of imperial supremacy and the divine right to rule are central tenets of Eroea's hybrid democracy. The executive has no single headquarters, with the Monarch's de jure headquarters being located at the Imperial Sanctum and de facto HQ being the Regnal Building, Argost. The State Chancellor is headquartered at the Varies Center, Argost.
Parliament[edit | edit source]
The Chamber of Deputies is the more powerful lower house in the Parliament of Eroea. It is democratically elected at the periodic parliamentary elections and consists of a number of representatives, depending on the population of Eroea at the time of each election. The Great Reform Act, the Imperial Reformation Decree and the Monarch's recognition of Parliament gives these elected officials legislative powers. These legislative powers are set by precedent, law and the Monarch's own views on the power of Parliament. Customarily, there is almost always a clear bloc of similarly aligned deputies that win the largest number of seats in the Chamber – these blocs are traditionally known as political parties. The leaders of these political parties are usually the leaders of governments in Eroea. When a party wins a majority of seats at an election, the party leader is invited by the Monarch to the Royal Chambers of the Palace of Yuntvar to accept an offer to become the State Chancellor, the head of government; if they accept, they are appointed as State Chancellor by the – this is done by communicating the decision to the Imperial Council, provincial governments and noble houses. The next day, the State Chancellor submits a list of names who they wish to become members of the Imperial Cabinet. By convention, this is the traditional protocol that occurs and Monarch's very rarely openly object to a State Chancellor or their cabinet, normally, objections are sorted privately between the Monarch and party leader. If the Monarch approves, they issue a writ of royal appointment, which formally appoints all ministers to their respective roles and forms a new Imperial Cabinet under the leadership of the State Chancellor.
Legislation is usually passed by the Parliament. However, the State Chancellor, Imperial Council and Monarch can all approve their own types of legislation. Imperial decrees are pieces of legislation that are only enacted by the Monarch and Imperial Council. Imperial decrees passed by the Monarch (known as an edict) are supreme and cannot be annulled by any other institution except the Monarch themselves. Decrees passed by the Imperial Council (known as decrees-of-council) can be annulled by the Monarch or itself – it cannot be nullified by the Chamber of Deputies. However, the State Chancellor has the power to issue what are known as state orders. These are considered more authoritative than decrees-of-council and can only be nullified by the Monarch or the State Chancellor. By tradition, these state orders are only used in times of emergency, such as during public health crisis and war. These are all examples of primary legislation. The most common form of primary legislation are Acts of Parliament, these are pieces of legislation passed by Parliament that have approval of both houses. Royal charters are secondary legislative instruments passed by the Monarch or Imperial Council, they often give specific powers to certain people or corporations. Crown ministerial orders are legal instruments that are usually passed by government ministers who have been delegated powers under a specific piece of primary legislation. The use of statutory instruments are extensive.
The extent of the power of Parliament is limited by both the principles of imperial supremacy and the Great Reform Act. The Great Reform Act put significant powers in the hands of the State Chancellor, much to the disdain of many members of Parliament at the time of its passing. Scholars continue to argue over the true extent of Parliament's powers. Despite being called an Act, the Great Reform act is actually an imperial decree and thus can only be overridden by the Monarch, thus it is impossible for Parliament to amend the powers of the State Chancellor and by extension, the executive. The Ut'un Governmental Association has viewed this technicality with significant disgust, viewing it as democratic backsliding in Eroea.
Judiciary[edit | edit source]
The Eroean court system is built upon a common law system. According to precedent and tradition, the Sovereign in their capacity as Imperial Adjudicator is the most senior jurist in the land, the Monarch can overrule any legal ruling by either themselves or their predecessors, or the subordinate courts; the principle of imperial supremacy enshrines this right. The highest court in Eroea and court of last resort is the Imperial Court of Eroea. In most cases, it has supreme appellate jurisdiction, though does have original jurisdiction over matters defined by the Treasonous Offences against the Realm Act. All other provinces of Eroea have separate courts, consisting of a supreme court, high court/central criminal court, circuit court and district court. Each provinces supreme court exercises judicial review over statute passed by that province's respective legislature. Acts of Parliament are subject to judicial review by the Imperial Court.
Administrative divisions[edit | edit source]
Eroea has a complicated structure but the main political division are the provinces, which each are the dominion of the noble families; there are 8 provinces and 7 noble families. All provinces are subject to the supremacy of the Crown, while in reality they are simply under suzerainty of the Crown. While the Monarch could theoretically take control of any one of the provinces by imperial decree, this power has never been exercised since the foundation of Eroea in 1402. Control over the provinces lies with the noble families, the provincial legislatures and the Parliament. Apart from the Westerlands, all provinces of Eroea are ruled by democratically elected legislatures which may or may not have members of the province's noble family involved. Noble families still collect a tithe but are no longer directly involved in the running of their province unless they are elected to a position of government. There have been various pieces of legislation and statutory instruments published over Eroea's existence that delegate responsibility over domestic matters to provincial legislatures, however, the principle of parliamentary prerogative means that only the national parliament is supreme. After the provinces there are the regions of Eroea, which play a very little administrative role other than to facilitate census'. The most numerous political division are the counties. Each county is theoretically under the dominion of a baron, however, multiple counties are often ruled by a single person and this leads to the ranks in the Peerage of Eroea (baron, earl, marquess, duke, archduke). Baronies do not have any control over their respective counties, except the civil tithe which is paid to them on an annual basis.
Provinces are historic boundaries of the various benzeens that were united during Gregor's Conquest and the Uragni Consolidation. There are 8 provinces, each having their own regional autonomy, but are all still inferior to the Monarch, who delegates power to the central Imperial Government. Much like national level whereby the Monarch has absolute authority over all government actions, the noble families have absolute authority over all government decisions in their region. However, this power is delegated to the provincial legislatures and their respective cabinets, which take the majority of administrative tasks into their hands. The noble families also collect a personal tax called the tithe, which is paid annually. The only region to deviate from this convention is The Westerlands, in which House Wester refuses to accept the legitimacy of any other political power and maintains complete control over all matters in the region.
Argnoria[edit | edit source]
As Argnoria is considered part of the crown demense, it is directly administered by the Monarch of Eroea and their subordinates. By convention, every 5 years the ruling government appoints the Commission for Argnoria, which is led by the Lord Lieutenant. The Commission acts as the executive and legislative body for Eroea, which each Commissioner handling legislation relevant to their own department. Prior to 4075, the region was directly controlled by the Secretary for Argnoria, but this post was abolished in favour of a commission due to widespread protests in Argnoria. Many viewed the secretariat position as being easily abused and essentially mimicking the office of Lord Primate of Argnoria, which is a subsidiary title of the Crown.
Farah'n[edit | edit source]
House Yalan is the only noble family in Eroea to be democratically elected to run their own constituent region. The citizens of Farah'n elects the House of Peers, the unicameral legislature of the region. The House has 903 members and has elections every 8 years, the last being in 4109,
Parallax[edit | edit source]
Parallax has a unicameral legislature called the Assembly of State Deputies, this assembly has been controlled since Common Folk Party leadership election, 4109 by the government of Leslie McBride, who took over the role from longstanding Prime Minister, William Smith. Despite the Common Folk Party dominating Parallaxian politics for a number of decades, the province is considered the most democratic out of the other 8. House Chrysler have ceded almost all control over Parallax to the Assembly; they now receive a dividend each year from the Assembly, take part in ceremonial procedures, retain a number of private estates and holdings in state companies. The Prime Minister of Parallax is the most senior government official and is elected by the Assembly after each subsequent legislative election. Since 4046, the Common Folk Party has ruled Parallax. The Common Folk Party was the precursor to the Commoners Party and retains its own individual identity as the Parallax wing of said party. Many of the founders of the Commoners Party came from Parallax and wished to push the democratization of Eroea further than that of the reforms by Ingrid Rey, the first Lord Councillor and the Imperial Reformation Decree.
Westerlands[edit | edit source]
The Westerlands is the only region not to have a democratic government; Argnoria is seen as having a democratic government since the House of Councillors is made up of democratically elected officials. The Westerlands are controlled solely by House Wester, and more specifically, the Lord Primate of the Westerlands. The Lord Primate appoints the members of the Western Council, a council of advisers which handles the administrative and bureaucratic duties of the Westerlands. Due to the fact that the council is appointed by the Lord Primate, the Westerlands scores the lowest in democratic reviews of the province compared to the other 7 regions. Successive administrations of the Westerlands have argued that the centralized control over the nations affairs ensures that the government functions efficiently as possible.
On the Western Council, there is a number of Lord Secretaries, each in charge of an area of policy through their respective secretariats. The Lord Secretary for Internal Affairs is considered the head of government in the Westerlands and has supremacy over all other Lord Secretaries. The Lord Secretaries normally do not consult each other on legislative matters that strictly relate to their secretariat, however, the Western Council meets twice weekly to discuss cross-secretariat legislation and also a general briefing about the legislative agenda of the council at the time. This model of government has often been highlighted as one of the most efficient autocratic governments in the world and is often attributed to the Westerland's economic supremacy, behind that only of Yuntvar. The independence of the Lord Secretaries, coupled with the lack of legislative bureaucracy has led to changes being drafted and implemented quickly.
Myop[edit | edit source]
Iserlana[edit | edit source]
Yuntvar[edit | edit source]
Rogash[edit | edit source]
Colonies and other territories[edit | edit source]It is a common colloquialism and error for Eroea, the country, to be referred to as the Eroean Empire; this term is incorrect for many reasons. The Eroean Empire composes of all possessions that are under the sovereignty of the Crown and in more practical terms, the Monarch. These possessions, called imperial possessions, compose of three distinct groups and one special case. The special case is the Imperial Realm – which refers to the Eroean mainland itself, which is often called the Eroean Empire. The Imperial Realm is under the direct control of the Monarch in a legal sense and in a practical sense, under the control of Parliament of Eroea. The other three groups are crown territories, crown colonies and crown dependencies. Taking these three administrative units, along with the Imperial Realm, constitutes the Eroean Empire. The Eroean Empire is not a sovereign entity, it is simply a legal and colloquial term used to refer to all the entities under the control of the Monarchy of Eroea. It is also important to note, that the Imperial Realm consists of the entirety of the Eroea Isle but also composes of countless areas around Ut'un that are not formally part of any imperial possession.
- Crown territories – Only Eukatosia and Seazar fall into the category of crown territory. This operate similarly to the provinces and have very little involvement from the government, especially in Eukatosia. Both territories have their own devolved legislatures, cabinets and create their own policy in most areas bar foreign affairs, defense and some areas of taxation.
- Crown colonies – Often simply called colonies, they do not necessarily have autonomy like the territories. Some do have devolved legislatures, but all colonies have a representative on the cabinet who actively partake in the colonies' affairs.
- Crown dependencies – These are smaller colonies who are ruled directly by the government. Most dependencies are ran by the Department for Colonial Administration, while others are ran by independent commissions appointed by the government. They are the most numerous and all uninhabited colonies of Eroea, along with external military bases, are considered crown dependencies.
Galactic hinterland[edit | edit source]
Political parties[edit | edit source]There are three dominant political parties in Eroea; Royal Democratic Party, Conservative Noble Party and Commoners Party. The Royal Democratic Party, commonly called the 'Royal Democrats', were formed on the 28 June 3720 after the merging of the Progressive Royalists and the Democratic Party. The party has been described as a centrist party, often with populist and big tent policies. Their motto since the passing of the Imperial Reformation Decree 3776, which was spearheaded by their leader at the time Ingrid Rey, has been 'The trusted founders'. On the 6 October 3776, the Conservative Noble Party was founded by Fergal Chrysler and Peregrine Jebediah Wester, the Lord Paramount of Parallax and Westerlands. The party's aim was to ensure continued involvement of nobles in the government process. It pushed for a strong Monarch, opposed regional legislatures, supported low taxes on corporations and nobility and wanted to increase the power of the Imperial Council; they are generally considered a right-wing party. The Commoners Party was founded on the 28 October 3776. It originates from the Civil Rights League and the Common Folk Party. The party does not advocate for the abolition of the Monarchy as that would disqualify it from registering as a party, instead, it advocates for the establishment of a democratic nation with imperial consent. The party has not been able to achieve full democratization but has often spearheaded programs to further establish democratic institutions in Eroea. The Liberal Party was once a major player in Eroean politics, especially in the 3800s under the leadership of Maria Thornton and Ned van Sprang. It was dissolved in the 3920 after being out of power for 40 years and losing the vast majority of its voting base it had; it had 4 spells in government, its most successful leader being Phillip de Bruene.
Foreign relations[edit | edit source]Foreign relations in Eroea are managed by the Office of the State Chancellor, Imperial Foreign Directorate and the Department of External Affairs. The Imperial Foreign Directorate directs missions to the Monarch directly, while the other two often conduct government business abroad; the most active of these agencies is the Department of External Agencies, led by the Minister for External Affairs. It is a member of the Central Committee of the International Ut'un Society. It is also a member of the International Trade Co-ordination Board (ITCB). Almost all sovereign nations have embassies in Eroea, the vast majority of which are located in the city of Argost, though some are located in Farah'n and Alexandria City. The Republic of Juno is often considered to be Eroea's closest diplomatic partner, formerly being the Principality of Juno within Eroea. The Regalian Empire is another close trading partner of Eroea, however, has often clashed with Eroea in various diplomatic disputes. The Socialist Republic of Faedor has been at war with Eroea since 3995 as part of the Faedor-Eroean conflict; this conflict has been fought on a number of issues but the stark ideological differences between the two countries is the main factor. The Seazarian Far East has also been at war with Eroea on a number of occasions, the most recent being the Sixth Seazarian-Eroean War from 4057 until 4060. The conflict was fought on issues such as Eroean expansion in Seazar through its colony of Eroean Seazar and its reluctance to demilitarize the zone and grant independence to a number of border states in the region. The New Seazarian Deal was ratified on the 3 June 4062 and aims to pacify tensions in Seazar.
Military[edit | edit source]
Culture[edit | edit source]
In recent centuries, especially since the rapid democratization of Eroea under Gregor IV, the country has moved away from its traditionally conservative and imperial roots. While the Imperial Family and the empire remain a popular and important aspect of Eroean life, their significance has been downplayed in recent decades as many members of royalty have decided to step back from direct involvement in the nations affairs and instead to maintain a more ceremonial stance in various situations. Regardless, the power of the Crown is still omnipotent in Eroea and its supremacy is still respected by many of the citizens of Eroea. The Horace Doctrine has a significant indirect influence on Eroean culture; Joseph Horace Smith, a close personal adviser to John V (2043–2057), recommended that the creation of economic prosperity would ensure that the institution of the monarchy would survive. This directly led to John and his successors adopting a system of benevolent autocracy in governing Eroea. This, however, led to an increased delegation of powers and subsequent tolerance of commentary contrary to the political establishment. This tolerance allowed for Eroean culture to diversify and the reign of John V is considered the beginning of modern Eroean culture that moved away from the Gregorian philosophy that had dominated Eroean life since the foundation of Eroea in 1402.
Marriage, customs and traditions[edit | edit source]
Marriage and premarital sex[edit | edit source]
The societal unit of family is considered an integral part of Eroea. While only the Monarch is considered sovereign, the family unit is considered semi-autonomous. This is in conjunction with the Imperial Family who are widely known in Eroean society and often seen as an example for citizens to live up to. The fundamental principle that family is built upon is marriage, specially between male and female. While homosexuality has been decriminalized since 4089 and same-sex marriage since 4109, there is still a stigma around homosexuality in the country. The Imperial Family still take an active stance that homosexuality should not be encouraged and campaigns by government organizations to encourage acceptance have all been shot down by members of royalty and nobility. A notable exception to this is Parallax, which is considered the most liberal and democratic province in Eroea and is active in promoting LGBTQ+ rights.
While religious marriage is encouraged, preferably through the Benzeen Church, secular marriages are becoming increasingly popular. Eamon Scanlon was the first Lord Councillor and prominent government member not to be a member of any specific religion, he however never identified as an atheist as such a belief would be indicative of no supreme deity which contradicts the very foundation of the Eroean monarchy. If a marriage is recognized by the Benzeen Church, it is automatically recognized by the state through the Department of the Interior. Any Benzeen priest can administer marriage, however, the power to annul a marriage lies with the Monarch (the Monarch has delegated powers to the Imperial Council who have further delegated them to an annulment commission). A civil marriage may take place in the presence of any civil administrator of the Department of the Interior, civil marriages can be annulled by certain internal procedures of the Department and do not require approval from the Monarch. Specifics of wedding ceremonies such as attire, celebratory events, wedding cuisine and other aspects vary widely from community to community, however, Benzeen marriages traditionally consist of a tuxedo being worn by the groom (male) and a white dress being worn by the bride (female); celebrations often include drinking and a reception at a venue selected prior to the wedding. Cuisine depends on the province in which the wedding is held. Traditional members of Eroean society believe that once a couple have been married, they must consummate the marriage. Another traditional view is that no person should marry more than once and widowhood is a natural part of the human condition. This view has become increasingly unpopular in society and marrying after divorce/widowing is allowed, however, polygamy is explicitly outlawed under the Fundamental Beliefs Act 4101, which codified the longstanding Eroean convention of rejecting polygamy. Since then, polygamy can lead to a criminal record and hefty fines.
Premarital sex is no longer frowned upon in Eroea, this changed largely during the Thornton-Scanlon Era, when both Lord Councillors did not believe that premarital sex was immorally wrong. This was further reinforced during the premiership of Nelson Varies who believed that premarital sex in relationships was a healthy foundation for marriage. Adultery and other forms of cheating are frowned upon immensely by Eroean society; until 4055, it was possible to initiate legal proceedings against a spouse who was suspected of cheating. Despite calls for federalization, the power to legislate for matters relating to marriage is still solely vested in the Parliament and provincial legislatures have little to no say in the matter.
Funerals[edit | edit source]
Death is considered a celebration in Eroea and attempts are made to inject optimism into the ceremony. It is seen as the movement of life from one world to another and is considered part of the natural progress of life. Prior to death, members of a religion are usually blessed by their respective ecclesiastical representatives in an effort to ensure that their travel to the afterlife is safe and enjoyable. Many religions such as the Benzeen Church celebrate death, however, secular societies of Eroea do not and it is a particularly sombre for all involved. All funerals consist of practicing the tradition of lying in repose to allow for family members and friends to pay respects, the time allocated to lying in repose is the choice of the immediate family but usually lasts no more than 2 days. For state officials, this is usually conducted in a local state building; for ordinary citizens, the family home is often used. Donations to the family are frowned upon, however charity towards organizations that attempt to make a persons death more comfortable (e.g. hospices) are encouraged and considered some of the most honorable acts for Eroean citizens to perform; however, since the Wesleyan scandal in 4103, faith in hospices and other institutions has been rocked. The scandal was far reaching and led to the Terminal Care Regulation Act being introduced by Joseph Xao, the Lord Councillor at the time.
Public holidays[edit | edit source]
There are a number of public holidays, officially called imperial holidays, in Eroea. These holidays are include the vast majority of businesses except emergency services from shutting down. The Department of Public Health and HM Policing Service offer bonuses to employees who work on public holidays and this allows for such essential services to continue functioning even though the day is designated to be a voluntary day of work i.e. a day where no citizen is legally obligated to attend work. Prior to the codification of public holidays in 4067, they were based on precedent and usually imperial decree. For example, Gregor's Day, which is held on the 21 December of each year, celebrates the foundation of the modern state of Eroea and was established through the First Imperial Decree issued on that date. Other days such as the Annual Day of Rest came about during the mass strikes of 1805 when the majority of public sector employees refused to show up for work over pay disputes. Their argument was consolidated by sympathy strikes by private sector workers and the government soon came under pressure to resolve the issue. The strikes began on the 3 June 1805 and since then the 3 June 1805 has been declared the Annual Day of Rest and is taken off by the vast majority of the labour force in Eroea. There are also provincial public holidays but these are strictly monitored by the government and must be approved by relevant legislation in the House of Councillors. Since 4067, the Working Week (Reform) Act has dictated public holidays in Eroea. The act was sponsored by the government of Augustus Wester who were aiming to reduce industrial disputes in Eroea and to boost economic growth. The act was popular and was amended by the so-called Hermang-Workers Cooperation Act in 4089.
Gregor's Day[edit | edit source]
Labor Day[edit | edit source]
Benevolence Day[edit | edit source]
Spring Festival and Spring Sorrowing[edit | edit source]The Spring Festival is held during the first two weeks of March after a good winter, the decision to hold the Spring Festival falls to the Imperial Council who look at the agricultural outputs the 8 Eroean provinces over the winter and judge them according to a precedent set for the 2 decades previous. If the harvest is deemed successful, a festival is held, otherwise, it is up to provincial legislatures to decide if they wish to hold an event known as the Spring Sorrowing. Unlike centuries ago in Eroea, the harsh realities of winter very rarely have affects on the food supply in Eroea. Before the automation of agriculture in 2089, it was common for harvests to fail after a very rough winter. While this did not always lead to famine, it did lead to economic and social hardship. The festival is ran by the Benzeen Church but has gathered a following outside of the church and by many its celebration is essential to ensure that the oncoming year goes successfully. The festival usually involves prayer to the Benzani Hyperions (deities) for their generosity. Another common tradition is also sending letters of gratitude to the Imperial Family for them blessing the country with a good harvest. The latter of these traditions has waned in recent centuries, especially after the Great Eroean Famine in 3711; this saw nearly 2.3% of the population of Iserlana die due to a terribly harsh winter and poor government intervention. Many casual followers of the Benzeen Church questioned why the Imperial Family would wish such a fate upon Iserlani's, this caused a public relations storm and ecclesiastical figures within the Church had to defend the Imperial Family and recuse any direct involvement with the issue. This led to the practice of sending letters of gratitude to the Monarch falling out of favour, however, a vast majority of traditionalist citizens in Eroea and the nobility continue this practice.
The Spring Sorrowing is the opposite of Spring Festival and involves lamentation over previous Spring Festivals and prayer for the return of good weather. Like the Spring Festival, the decision to hold a Spring Sorrowing is now purely ceremonial and is used as an indicator of the harshness of winter. The Spring Sorrowing is not vibrant like the Spring Festival and often includes various forgiveness ceremonies, where citizens of Eroea beg for their forgiveness before the gods for the misdeeds. The often gloomy nature surrounding the Spring Sorrowing has led to many figures calling for its discontinuation. The event is no longer officially supported by the Monarch or the government, organizations such as the Association for Spiritual Growth have also been established to replace the event with more positive events. However, the practice is still extremely popular in the Westerlands and Farah'n, where traditionalism is seen as having a stronger presence there. The last national Spring Sorrowing to be held was in 4080 under the government of Vernon Wester. His successor, Arthur Hermang ended government endorsement of the tradition with the Cultural Rethinking Act 4083 which stated that it was a matter for provincial legislatures to decide whether the tradition of Spring Sorrowing should take place.
The practice of Spring Festival is still formally endorsed by Eroea and is considered a major event in the Eroean cultural calendar. Each day, sectors of the workforce are allowed annual leave with full pay to attend events. Parades, party's, barbecues and firework displays are among the various forms of celebration that take place. The Monarch, or one of their representatives, also make a speech to the nation during this time called the Spring Address. There is also a minor increase in social welfare benefits and a number of state sponsored celebrations are held in various communities around Eroea. Themed television programs also take place and the famous TV gameshow known as New Dawn is also held during this time. Due to the cost to the Treasury of holding this festival, the government also intervenes on whether it should be held or not, especially during times of economic downturn. During the Hermang Economic Crisis in the 4090s, there were many years that had winters which were considered positive, however, due to cuts in public expenditure, the festival did not take place.
Cuisine[edit | edit source]
Eroean cuisine is rich and diverse, encompassing various types of food and beverages. Cuisine varies from province to province and in many cases, county to county. The Gregorian Agricultural Age was when Eroea began developing its own unique culinary identity. This occurred during the 1420s when various governmental reforms encouraged new farming techniques which brought about various new foodstuffs and items. Prior to this, Proto-Eroean cuisine dominated the Eroean diet. This was mainly based upon various varieties of Rotarion cuisine and drew heavily from the culinary and food traditions in the Kingdom of Rotarion.