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The Federal Kingdom of Esmat (Esmati: — — , Maakaatu Aatuti Baanesmaat) is a sovereign state in northeastern Tersa which constitutes the majority of the Samat peninsula. Esmat is a federal state made up of nine Ekaan and four Federal Cities, one of the latter including the capital, Dedusa. Esmat has an estimated population of 74.4 million people as of 5995 Ʋ and a total land area of NNN, making it the 2nd largest country in Tersa by both population and area.
Esmat has a history of human habitation which is estimated to stretch nearly 75,000 years before the present, but the modern political entity of Esmat originates from the three esori of Araan, Dedus, and Maasi first founded by the Livaretic Empire in the late 42nd century. The Eighteen Clans of the Samat waged a successful campaign of attrition to reduce the influence of the First Talashi Empire in the region after the Esoric Crisis of 4266 Ʋ. The Ekaani League was formed in 4291 Ʋ to cement the alliance between the Samati clans, and the defensive nature of the union gradually became more economically and politically bonded as clans intermarried. The League collapsed shortly after the beginning of the Talashi Interregnum in 4586 Ʋ and constant feuds between the Samatic clans whittled the total number of political entities in the area to eleven by the beginning of the 53rd century.
The Gaaydesi Conquest ended in 5206 Ʋ and resulted in the creation of the Great Kingdom of the Samat after the total victory of Queen Aasha I over a coalition of independent ekaanati. Clan Gaaydesi was thus established as the ruling political dynasty in the Samat, and the descendants of Aasha I continue to rule over the contemporary Federal Kingdom. The historic Great Kingdom did not last as the sole political entity of the Samat, however, as the Third Empire-Samatic Wars the boundary between Talas and the Samat in continuous flux from the middle of the 55th century to the Second Vespian Invasion of Tersa in 5657 Ʋ. The Vespian invasion greatly weakened many regions across Tersa and heralded the beginning of a tumultuous period for the Great Kingdom in the later 57th and early 58th centuries.