Union of Sovereign States
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Union of Sovereign States
Союз Суверенных Государств
Soyuz Suverennykh Gosudarstv
|Location of Union of Sovereign States|
and largest city
|Recognised regional languages||See Languages of the Union of Sovereign States|
|Government||Federal semi-presidential constitutional republic|
• Arrival of Rurik
|16 January 1547|
|22 October 1721|
|14 September 1917|
|7 November 1917|
|30 December 1922|
|12 June 1990|
|17 March 1991|
|Time zone||UTC+2 to +12|
The Union of Sovereign States (Russian: Союз Суверенных Государств, tr. Soyuz Suverennykh Gosudarstv), also known as the USS and formerly known as the Soviet Union, is a country in Eastern Europe, North and Central Asia. At (?) square kilometers or (?) square miles the USS is the largest country in the world by land area and the TBDth most populous at (?) million people as of 2017. Its capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major urban areas include Saint Petersburg, Kiev, Tashkent, and Minsk.
Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, the USS spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, the country shares land borders with Skandinavia, Estonia, Latvia, Poland-Lithuania, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Iran, Pashtunistan, China, and Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and Rainier across the Bering Strait.
The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east.
Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, the largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. After the 1991 Soviet Union referendum, five new sovereign nations have formed (Estonia, Latvia, Poland-Lithuania, Moldova, and Caucasia), but the Union continued existing and was renamed into the Union of Sovereign States.
The Union of Sovereign States is considered to be the world's only democratic state with a full-fledged planned economy; yet its economic model has undergone drastic changes since the fall of the Soviet Union and now it greatly differs from those of socialist states of the Soviet era. According to the Constitution of the Union of Sovereign States, it is a social state recognizing different types of property. Private property is legal, though it is extremely rare and prohibited to own for any individuals earning more than (???) a year. The most common alternative is collective property, with municipal. regional and state properties making up a significant percentage as well.
The Union has a decentralized system of economic planning, with the nation being divided into 16 planning areas (Russian: планировочные округа, planirovochnyje okruga) each with its own planning bureau with representatives corresponding to country's second and sometimes even third-level administrative divisions.
The USS is a symmetrical federation of nine sovereign states (Russian: суверенные государства, suverennyje gosudarstva), each with its own constitutions, official languages, parliaments, and other rights given by the Federal Constitution.
|Flag||State name (in English)||State name (in Russian)||State name (in other official languages)||Official language(s)||Capital||Area||Population|
|Azerbaijan||Азербайджан||Azərbaycan (Azeri)||Azeri, Russian||Baku||86,600 km2|
|Belarus||Беларусь||Беларусь (Belarusian)||Belarusian, Russian||Minsk|
|Kazakhstan||Казахстан||Қазақстан (Kazakh)||Kazakh, Russian||Almaty|
|Kyrgyzstan||Кыргызстан||Кыргызстан (Kyrgyz)||Kyrgyz, Russian||Bishkek|
|Tajikistan||Таджикистан||Тоҷикистон (Tajik)||Tajik, Russian||Dushanbe|
|Turkmenistan||Туркменистан||Түркменистан (Turkmen)||Turkmen, Russian||Ashgabat|
|Ukraine||Украина||Україна (Ukrainian)||Ukrainian, Russian||Kiev|
|Uzbekistan||Узбекистан||Ўзбекистон (Uzbek)||Uzbek, Russian||Tashkent|