Federalist Party of America
|Federalist and Conservative Unionist Party of America|
|Senate Majority Leader||David Thayer|
|House Minority Leader||Stan Scalise|
|Founded||February 19, 1982|
|Headquarters||310 Main Street, Washington D.C.|
|Student wing||Student Federalists of America|
|Youth wing||Young Federalists of America|
• Social conservatism
• Economic liberalism
• Soft Ameroskepticism
• Economic nationalism
• Right-wing populism
• American unionism
|International affiliation||International Democrat Union|
|American Affiliation||American Conservative Coalition|
|House of Representatives|
The Federalist Party of America, officially known as the Federalist and Conservative Unionist Party of America and more commonly known as the Federalist Party or simply the Federalists, is a center-right national political party in the Union of American States and is one of the three major parties in the American Union alongside the United Democratic Alliance and the Libertarian Party. It is also the oldest political party in the American Union having been founded in February 1982 as an underground resistance party and a successor to the Republican Party. As the Republican Party, the Federalists would dominate Unionist politics from the Second American Civil War up until the 1933 American Union coup d'etat, when a authoritarian dictatorship was established, forcing the dissolution of the Republican Party. As an underground resistance organization, the Republicans would be reformed into the Federalist Society. The Federalist Society would continue to act as a underground group until 1982, becoming the modern Federalist Party during the Liberalization of the American Union. It would play a key part in the overthrow of the dictatorship during the Second American Revolution.
Throughout the 2000s, the Federalist Party had made up the opposition within the Congress of the Union before acquiring a majority in Congress in both the 2016 House election and 2016 Senate elections and also won the 2016 presidential election with their candidate Donald Trump, though since 2018, it has lost its legislative majority in both houses and is now in a coalition government with the Libertarians and Constitutional Alliance to maintain a coalition government. The Federalist Party's main base is located in many suburban areas, rural communities and small towns and the party has widespread support amongst White votes, Baby boomers and Gen-X'rs, and conservative Christians, especially Evangelical Protestants.
Since the end of the authoritarian era, the Federalist Party has been committed towards further liberalization and supports a de-centralized federal government. On economic issues, the Federalist Party are economically liberal and oppose most economic regulations, support free trade, are opposed to increasing the minimum wage, and believe that the free market is the best solution when it comes to issues such as healthcare and support private enterprise in most sectors of the economy. On social issues, the Federalists are socially conservative opposing un-regulated abortion, are against marijuana and drug liberalization, support gun ownership and are opposed to most gun control measures, and want to promote private and charter schools. On foreign policy, the Federalist Party is mixed with many members supporting involvement in international and regional politics and supporting intervention in conflicts, though many members and factions oppose it. The party is mixed on the Conference of American States, but in general support reforming the organization and want to hold a referendum on the American Union's membership in the OAS.
As of 2020, the Federalist Party holds 30 seats out of 100 in the Senate, 121 seats out of 435 in the House of Representatives, nine governorships and control over ten state legislatures. Within the American Assembly of the Organization of American States, the Federalist Party is affiliated with the Conservative Alliance, a coalition of center-right Soft Ameroskeptic and reformist political parties, and is the largest member party surpassing the many other right-wing parties in the party. The Federalists currently have 33 out of 85 members of the American Union's delegation to the American Parliament.
History[edit | edit source]
Formation as the Republicans[edit | edit source]
The official predecessor of the Federalist Party was the Republican Party, which was founded in 1854. The original goals of the Republican Party was the total abolition of slavery in the United States and the emancipation of all former and current slaves. In the 1860 United States presidential election, Republican Abraham Lincoln would be elected the 16th President of the United States. Afraid of the Lincoln's and his party's agenda and plans for slavery, a majority of slave states seceded from the United States, forming the Confederate States of America and causing the First American Civil War. During the First American Civil War, the Republicans would be known as the National Union Party and would become the dominant party in the United States.
In 1865, the Confederate States would surrender to the Union, ending the first American Civil War. Days after the official Confederate surrender, United States President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated at Ford's Theatre, Washington D.C. Because of the ineptitude of his successor Andrew Johnson and the de facto military dictatorship lead by Ulysses S. Grant, a second civil war would ensue with many territories and states attempting to secede from the United States. After years of war, a truce would be signed in 1870, resulting in the independence of a majority of breakaway states. Grant would official seize power of the crumbling United States and would reform it into the Union of American States.