Ministry of Foreign Affairs (China)

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Ministry of Foreign Affairs
外務部
ROC Overseas Community Affairs Council Emblem.svg
Seal of the Minister of Foreign Affairs
Agency overview
Formed September 7, 1901; 121 years ago (1901-09-07)
Preceding agency
Headquarters Chaoyang District, Beijing
Agency executive
  • Dai Lin, Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs
Parent agency Executive Yuan
Website www.mfa.cn

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Chinese: 外務部, pinyin: Wàiwùbù, lit. "External Affairs Department") of the Republic of China is the cabinet-level government department responsible for maintaining the diplomatic relations of China with other countries and international organizations, as part of the Executive Yuan of the Chinese National Government. The tasks of the Foreign Ministry include advising the President and the Premier of the Republic of China on international affairs and to implement the foreign policy of China through diplomacy. As of 2019 China maintains the largest diplomatic network in the world, in terms of the total number of embassies, consulates, and permanent missions to international organizations.

The first Chinese Foreign Office (Waiwubu) was established in 1901 as one of the articles of the Boxer Protocol, signed between the Qing dynasty of China and the Eight Nation Alliance, which abolished the previous Zongli Yamen (the "Office in Charge of Affairs of All Nations") and established a new Foreign Office that outranked the other traditional six boards of government. Since the 1911 Xinhai Revolution, it became part of the new Republic of China, and later after the Chinese Civil War the Foreign Office was part of the State Council of the People's Republic of China. Since the Beijing Spring in 2000 and the restoration of the republic it has had its current form.

Organizational structure[edit | edit source]

  • The General Office
  • The Policy Planning Department
  • The Department of Asian Affairs
  • The Department of European Affairs
  • The Department of Middle East and North Africa Affairs
  • The Department of African Affairs
  • The Department of North American Affairs
  • The Department of Latin American Affairs
  • The Department of International Organizations
  • The Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office
  • The International Trade and Economy Department
  • The Legal Affairs Department
  • The Information Department
  • The Department of Consular Affairs
  • The Personnel Department
  • The Diplomatic Security Department
  • The Bureau of Archives
  • China Foreign Affairs University

List of foreign ministers[edit | edit source]

No. Name Portrait In office
Xi Weizhao
(1938– )
張俊雄院長.jpg August 3, 1985 – July 8, 1990
Yang Wenhua
(1951– )
Li Yong Vienna April 2016 (26684006816) (cropped).jpg July 8, 1990 – March 12, 1996
Li Zhicheng
(1954– )
Lin Yung-lo in May 2015.jpg March 12, 1996 – August 13, 2001
Jiang Zuobin
(1956– )
總統府秘書長 李大維.jpg August 13, 2001 – May 20, 2012
Zhao Meijin
(1975– )
Hongxian.jpg May 20, 2012 – May 26, 2016
Liu Jiaoren
(1962– )
中華民國第12、13任總統馬英九先生官方肖像照.jpg May 26, 2016 – January 22, 2022
Dai Lin
(1975– )
黃浩然.jpg January 22, 2022 – present

See also[edit | edit source]