Great Arab Revolt

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This article is part of Altverse II.
Great Arab Revolt
DateJune 1922 – October 1924
LocationHejaz, Syria, Mesopotamia of the Ottoman Empire, and Nejd
Result New states emerging throughout the Middle East
Partition of the Ottoman Empire

Hashemite Caliphate

 United Kingdom
Turkey Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Hussein bin Ali
Iraq Mohammad al-Sadr
Turkey Mehmed V
Turkey Djemal Pasha
50,000+ fighters 35,000 troops

The Great Arab Revolt (Arabic: الثورة العربية الكبرى, al-Thawra al-‘Arabiyya al-Kubrá) was a military uprising of Arab, Kurdish, and other nationalist forces against the Ottoman Empire from 1922 to 1924, which resulted in the partition of the Ottoman territories in the Middle East. The Arab Revolt also contributed to the abolition of the Ottoman sultanate, ending over six hundred years of rule by the Osman dynasty, as by the end of the revolt, the dynasty maintained loose authority over Anatolia. The primary forces opposing the Ottomans were the Hashemites, but other militant groups would rise shortly after, primarily consisting of various ethnic groups of the Middle East, such as the Kurdish people and the Armenians. The uprising would originate in region of Hejaz, spreading across the Arabian peninsula in the process, before spreading into Ottoman Syria, Ottoman Iraq, and Eastern Anatolia; leading to the independence of Hashemite Arabia, Syria, Iraq, Kurdistan, and Pontus. The invasion of east Anatolia by Armenian troops would ultimately lead to the partition of the Ottoman Empire, but would ultimately give rise to the Turkish National Movement, whom would go on to fully dissolve the Ottoman Empire itself and establish a republic on 29 October 1924. The rebel movements received support from other powers, namely Britain, France, and Russia, which carved spheres of influence among the newly independent states.

The British and French reneged on their promises to Hashemite caliph Hussein bin Ali to create a unified Arab state, leading to the creation of Syria and Iraq under British and French influence, respectively. The end of the Arab Revolt and the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire in October 1924 did not end the fighting in the Middle East, as the unification war in Arabia between the Hashemites and Ibn Saud's army continued, as well as border conflicts between the new states.

The events of the Arab Revolt are considered to be part of the Revolutions of 1917-23.