Hashemite Arabia

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Kingdom of Hashemite Arabia

المملكة العراقية
al-Mamlakah al-ʿArabīyah Al-Hāshimiyyah
Flag of Hashemite Arabia
Flag
Coat of arms of Hashemite Arabia
Coat of arms
Motto: لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا ٱللَّٰهُ
lā ʾilāha ʾillā -llāhu
("There is no deity but God.")
Capital
and largest city
Medina
Official languages Arabic
Ethnic groups
Arabs, Bedouins
Religion
Sunni Islam
Demonym(s) Hashemite
Hashemite Arabian
Government Islamic absolute monarchy
Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Independence 
1922
• Recognized
1924
1925-1927
1995
Area
• Total
2,239,032 km2 (864,495 sq mi)
Population
• 2020 estimate
44,876,292
GDP (PPP) estimate
• Total
TBD
GDP (nominal) estimate
• Total
TBD
Currency Hashemite riyal
Time zone UTC+3 (Arabia Standard Time)

Hashemite Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Hashemite Arabia, is a country in Western Asia situated primarily on the Arabian peninsula. The country is bordered by Syria and Palestine to the northwest, Iraq to the northeast, Oman to the southeast, Yemen to the south; it is separated from Egypt by the Gulf of Aqaba and Persia by the Persian Gulf. It is the only country with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast, and most of its terrain consists of arid desert, lowland and mountains. The capital, Medina, is the renowned as one of the two Holiest sites in Islam, with its secondary capital, Mecca, being regarded as the center of Islam, although the largest city is Riyadh. As of 2020, the Hashemite economy is the largest in the Middle East.

The Hashemite Dynasty, commonly referred to as the Hashemites, had ruled over the city of Mecca continuously from the 10th century, as the Sharif of Hejaz (Arabic: شريف الحجاز‎, Sharīf al-Ḥijāz). Their ancestor, Hashim ibn Abd Manaf, was the great-grandfather of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. Although originally Zaidi Shias, they would convert to Shafi'i Sunni Islam during the early Ottoman period. They would be absorbed by the ever-expanding Ottoman Empire in 1517 during the Ottoman conquest of Egypt, with the Ottoman Sultan at the time, Selim I, recognizing Sharif Abu Numayy II as ruler of Hejaz. During the Great Arab Revolt,

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