Hawaii

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Principality of Hawaii

Aupuni Mōʻī o Hawaiʻi (Hawaiian)
Flag of Hawaii
Flag
of Hawaii
Coat of arms
Motto: Ua Mau ke Ea o ka ʻĀina i ka Pono
("The life of the land is perpetuated in righteousness")

Locator map of Hawaii (colored green) in relation to the Kingdom of Sierra
Locator map of Hawaii (colored green) in relation to the Kingdom of Sierra
Capital
and largest city
Honolulu
Official languages English, Hawaiian
Ethnic groups
(2010)
38% Asian
28% White
10% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
1% Black
21% Two or more races
1% Other
Demonym(s) Hawaiian(s)
Sovereign state Flag of Sierra.png Kingdom of Sierra
Government Federal semi-parliamentary constitutional monachy
• Queen
Elizabeth II
• Prince
Kawānanakoa
Richard Kaimoto
Legislature National Hawaiian Congress
Senate of Hawaii
House of Representatives of Hawaii
Autonomy within the Kingdom of Sierra
• Overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy
January 17, 1870
April 8, 1896
June 23, 1950
Area
• Total
28,311 km2 (10,931 sq mi)
• Water (%)
41.2
Population
• 2010 census
1,360,301
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
• Total
$61.35 billion
Currency Sierran dollar ($) (KSD)
Time zone UTC−10 (HAST)
Date format dd-mm-yyyy
Driving side right
Calling code +1
ISO 3166 code KS
Internet TLD .ks
Website
www.hawaii.gc.ks

The Principality of Hawaii (Hawaiian: Aupuni Mōʻī o Hawaiʻi), commonly referred to as Hawaii (Hawaiian: Hawaiʻi), is a constituent country that is a part of the Kingdom of Sierra (the other three being the Deseret, New Mexico, and Sierra). It comprises all the Hawaiian Islands, and shares no land borders with any other country or sovereign state, and is completely surrounded by the Pacific Ocean. The Hawaiian Islands are the northernmost group of islands in the Polynesia, located in the central Pacific. There are a total of 139 islands, of which only 16 are inhabited. All of the islands and islets in Hawaii are organized into one of the eight states that form the country. Three of the states (Kamehameha, the West Leewards, and the East Leewards) do not have any permanent population, with their citizens (all of whom are Native Hawaiians) scattered throughout Hawaii, and the Kingdom. The Hawaiian states are classified as PSAs within the Kingdom of Sierra and are therefore represented in both houses of the Parliament of Sierra. Hawaii has a population of approximately 1.3 million and the capital of Hawaii is Honolulu on the island of Oahu in the state of Honolulu District.

Hawaii was originally inhabited by traveling Polynesians, who would become Hawaii's natives for over a millennium before the natives came into contact with Europeans. Pre-European Hawaii was dominated by rivaling chiefdoms who fought for supremacy, but following European contact, Hawaii was eventually united under King Kamehameha the Great, who established the Kingdom of Hawaii. Throughout the early 19th century, Hawaii witnessed increased interaction with Europeans and Anglo-Americans, who came seeking to profit from the islands' resources, and to spread the Christian faith. The Sierrans, who had a considerable presence in Hawaii, eventually rallied with other white groups in the islands, and overthrew the monarchy, following years of political tension and uneven compromises with the Hawaiian monarchy. Hawaii's monarchy was removed, and the islands were administered as a Sierran territory, earning self-rule in 1896 through the Organic Act. During Great War I, Hawaii served an important role for the Sierran Royal Navy in the Pacific Theater and was heavily fortified due to fears of imminent Japanese invasion. Following the war, Hawaii, as well as the Deseret were granted country status under the new 1950 Charter, and was allowed to reestablish its monarchy as a principality (whilst remaining a subject to the Sierran monarchy) and was granted a greater degree of autonomy.

Hawaii's economy relies heavily on tourism, although it has a long history of agriculture. In contemporary times, Hawaii has also become a center for international banking and finance, and is one of Sierra's wealthiest regions. Investment, deregulation, industrialization, and changes to interstate commerce from Sierra allowed Hawaii to grow significantly after the 1960s, although the cost of living in the islands are among the highest in the Kingdom. Hawaii is also important to Sierra militarily, as it is home to several major bases (some of which are controlled together with other nations in the CAS), is geographically located in a strategically ideal area between Asia and North America, and is relatively closer to Sierra's other territories in the Pacific (Bénieîle, Gilbert and Ellice Islands, Pacific Crown Islands, and Rapa Nui, and historically, Tondo and Palawan and Cuyo) compared to the Sierran mainland.

Hawaii, as a constituent country of the Kingdom, is subject to the authority of the Parliament, the Queen, the Prime Ministry and its federal bureaucracy, and the Supreme Court, through the 1950 Charter. As part of the Kingdom, it is also by virtue, a part of the Conference of American States and the St. Louis Area. All citizens of Hawaii are also citizens of the Kingdom and the CAS.

At the country-level, Hawaii features a parliamentary system which features its own legislature, the National Hawaiian Congress, and a premier who is elected by the Parliament to head the Hawaiian government and their ruling party, and governed according to its own constitution and statutes. The head of state is the Prince, who is represents the Hawaiian nation, and is the foundation of the government, and is subservient to the Queen of Sierra as her de facto viceregal representative in the Hawaiian Islands.

Etymology[edit]

The name Hawaii derives from the largest island in the Hawaiian Islands: Hawaiʻi, or the Big Island. It has been commonly purported that the name itself originates from Hawaiʻiloa, a legendary figure in Hawaiian mythology who was said to discover the islands first. As a Polynesian language, the Hawaiian word for Hawaiʻi is similar to the Proto-Polynesian word for Sawaiki, which was reconstructed to mean "homeland". In other Polynesian languages, cognates for "homeland" can be found, including Māori (Hawaiki), Rarotongan (ʻAvaiki), and Samoan (Savaiʻi). Unlike the other Polynesian languages however, where Hawaiʻi and its cognates are a reference to the underworld, or one's ancestral home, in the Hawaiian language, the name itself has no inherent meaning.

Officially, as declared in the 1950 Constitution of Hawaii under Article VII, Section I, the name Principality of Hawaii is used, and translated as Aupuni Moi o Hawaii, with the diacritics, okina (ʻ) and kahakō, found in modern Hawaiian orthography absent in all mentions of Hawaiian terms in the document. However, while the Hawaiian language is recognized as the other official language of Hawaii, the inclusion or omission of the diacritics, and usage of Aupuni Mōʻī o Hawaiʻi and Hawaiʻi to refer to the country is varied, and is inconsistently used among government agencies and bodies. The Sierran federal government officially recognizes the name provided by the Hawaiian constitution: the Principality of Hawaii. Hawaii shares its name with one of its own state, Hawaii, which is also mentioned in documents as "Hawaii the State" or "Hawaii (state)" to distinguish the state from the country. Likewise, it may be referred to as Hawaii or Hawaiʻi'. Most private institutions and businesses prefer using the names with the diacritics used to indicate the glottal stops and vowel lengths.

Government and politics[edit]

Prince Kawananakoa

As a constituent country of the Kingdom of Sierra, Hawaii has limited self-government and is subject to the ultimate authority of the Parliament, the Monarchy, the Prime Ministry, and the Supreme Court through the Charter of 1950. Hawaii self-governs itself with its own constitution, its own laws, and its own legislature. The Queen of Sierra, currently Elizabeth II is the head of state, as the Queen-in-right of Hawaii but is represented in Hawaii by the hereditary Prince (Kawānanakoa) as her viceregal representative, while the Premier is Hawaii's head of government. The Premier is a member of the National Congress' House of Representatives, who is elected by his or her own peers based on the Premier's ability to command confidence.

While Parliament has control over reserved matters including defense, foreign affairs, and immigration laws, Hawaii retains authority and jurisdiction over all other matters relating to Hawaii. Within Hawaii itself, it has designated itself certain reserve powers in the National Congress, whilst the rest are individually handled by the eight Hawaiian states. Hawaii is represented in Parliament through its states, which are classified as PSAs. Each state is constitutionally mandated three senators (two regular senators and one commissioned senator) in the Senate and at least one member of Parliament in the House of Commons. Hawaii is also represented in the Conference of American States' American Parliament as the Hawaiian Islands constituency where it is represented by one Member of the American Parliament (MAP). The current MAP is Alice Nishikata.

The National Hawaiian Congress is the national bicameral legislature which is composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Both the Senate and the House of Representatives' members are elected using the first past the post system. In the Senate, there are a total of 40 senators, with the number of senators apportioned to each state based on population. Senators are elected to four-year terms, with half of the seats open to elections every two years. In the House of Representatives, there are a total of 60 representatives, which are also apportioned proportionally according to population. Representatives are elected to two-year terms.

Both houses convene to nominate one of their members to serve as the Premier, who is accountable to the National Hawaiian Congress, and is in charge of the Hawaiian government. The premier may remain in office as long as they are able to maintain confidence and supply in Parliament. They be removed if they lose confidence and supply, are dismissed by the Prince or Queen, resign, die, or are otherwise incapacitated to continue serving. It is customary however, regardless of the premier's maintenance of confidence, for the premier to face reelection at least once every five years from their last inauguration, in order to continue leading in such office.

The Supreme Court of Hawaii is the highest national court in Hawaii. It is the last court of resort for most cases and legal issues in Hawaii. It possesses limited original jurisdiction and has appellate jurisdiction over all cases appealed by the lower courts. Its responsibility is to interpret and defend the Constitution of Hawaii and to determine the constitutionality of laws passed by the National Hawaiian Congress or the administrative actions of the Premiership and its executive bureaucracy. Decisions made by the Supreme Court of Hawaii may be appealed to the Supreme Court of Sierra only if it is determined to have peculiar relevance to Sierran federal law or the Charter for the Kingdom of Sierra.

Political divisions[edit]

Hawaii is a federal country which is divided into eight states. Hawaiian states are one of the three subnational entities recognized by the Kingdom of Sierra as a PSA. As PSAs, Hawaiian states are represented in both houses of the National Parliament and Hawaiian state citizens are also citizens of the Kingdom. There are two classes of Hawaiian states: open states and reservation states. Open states are identical in purpose and composition to Sierran provinces as they are subnational entities which have their own constitutions, elected officials, laws, courts, public services, reserve powers, and residents. Reservation states are a sui generis type of administrative division where a nominal state government exists over a defined territorial jurisdiction despite lacking a substantive permanent population in said jurisdiction. Its citizens are instead, dispersed across Hawaii and the rest of the Kingdom, where they are subject to their resident PSA. Reservation states' citizenship laws are unique in the country by being based on ancestry (determined through blood quantum laws) rather than by birth or residency. In each of the reservation states, citizenship is reserved for Sierran nationals who have lineal descent from a documented Native Hawaiian ancestor. As the reservation states are geographically situated in the mainly uninhabited, isolated Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, the reservation states' citizens reside primarily outside these states and are exempt from specific legal requirements regarding domicile, particularly in public office. Although the reservation states each have their own elected governments and representation in Parliament, they have, through mutual agreement, shared the same laws, regulations, courts, and services as the Homeland Authority, of which all three states' governments operate under by de facto.

Open states[edit]

Open states of the Principality of Hawaii
Flag, name and
postal abbreviation
Cities Admission Population Total area Land area Water area Number
of MPs
Capital Largest mi2 km2 mi2 km2 mi2 km2
 Hawaii (state) HA Hilo June 23, 1950
197,476
4,028 10,432 2,970 7,692 1,058 2,740
1
 Honolulu HN Honolulu June 23, 1950
420,790
68 177 61 157 8 20
1
 Kauai KI Lihue Kapa'a June 23, 1950
122,680
562 1,456 522 1,352 40 104
1
 Maui MI Wailuku June 23, 1950
238,583
2,398 6,211 1,162 3,010 1,237 3,204
1
 Oahu OH Pearl City East Honolulu June 23, 1950
380,722
2,060 5,335 540 1,399 1,519 3,934
1

Reservation states[edit]

Reservation states of the Principality of Hawaii (Homeland Authority)
Flag, name and
postal abbreviation
Cities Admission Citizens* Total area Land area Water area Number
of MPs
Capital Largest mi2 km2 mi2 km2 mi2 km2
 East Leewards EL Falmouth October 18, 1967
101,294
1,320 3,418 0 1 1,319 3,417
1
 Kamehameha KA No capital October 18, 1967
93,404
693 1,794 2 6 690 1,788
1
 West Leewards WL Middlebrook October 18, 1967
102,366
26 67 3 7 23 60
1

*There is no permanent population or residency in any of the reservation states. The vast majority of reservation state citizens reside in the open states of Hawaii or elsewhere in the Kingdom.

History[edit]

Geography and climate[edit]

Economy[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Culture[edit]

See also[edit]