Korea and Japan
People's Union of Korea and Japan
조선과 일본의 인민 동맹
|Location||Satellite map of Korea and Japan|
|Official languages||Korean, Japanese|
|Recognised national languages||Korean|
|Recognised regional languages||Japanese|
|Government||Unitary one-party republic|
• Prime Minister
|Legislature||Supreme People's Assembly|
|597,128 km2 (230,552 sq mi)|
• 2017 census
|Time zone||UTC+9 (UTC)|
The People's Union of Korea and Japan (Korean: 조선과 일본의 인민 동맹 Chosŏngwa Ilbonŭi Inmin Tongmaeng), commonly referred to Korea and Japan or just Korea, is a country in East Asia, constituting the Korean peninsula, the islands of Honshu (혼슈 Honsyu), Hokkaido (홋카이도 Hotkaido), Kyushu (규슈 Kyushu) and Shikoku (시코쿠 Sikoku), along with its surrounding islets such as the Dokdo islets and Okinawa.
The current state of Korea and Japan has its origins from the establishment of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) in 1948. After the successful conquest of the communists in the Korean War, the whole of Korea was under communism with Kim Il-sung as first premier. In the 1960s, due to a dispute with Japan over the Liancourt Islands and the mass massacre of Korean residents in Japan, the Korean People's Army took action to invade Japan. The US and Soviet forces in Japan immediately surrender on 13 April 1966, and later the Union was proclaimed on 1 May. The Union was subjected to a totalitarian dictatorship under Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il; the dictatorship ended when Kim Jong-nam took power in 2011 following Kim Jong-il's fatal stroke on 1 April 2010, paving way for economic reforms. Today, the Union has one of the largest economies due to its strong industrial might, with many industries in northern Korea and Japan.
Establishment of communist Korea and Korean War
Invasion of Japan and Kim Il-sung's rule
After the Korean War, Seoul became the new capital of the DPRK. Communist Korea remained closely aligned with China and the Soviet Union, but the Sino-Soviet split saw Korea allying itself towards China. Korea sought to become a leader of the Non-Aligned Movement, and emphasized the ideology of Juche to distinguish it from both the Soviet Union and China. Recovery from the war was quick—by 1957 industrial production reached 1949 levels. Its military capabilities increased as well which makes Korea rather powerful in the region.
Meanwhile, post-war Japan was chaotic. The air raids on Japan's urban centers during World War 2 left millions displaced and food shortages, created by bad harvests and the demands of the war, worsened when the seizure of food from Korea, Taiwan, and China ceased. Repatriation of Japanese living in other parts of Asia and hundreds of thousands of demobilized prisoners of war only aggravated the problems in Japan as these people put more strain on already scarce resources. Mass rioting and protests took place in Japan in the 1960s, prompting Korean intervention after it mobilized several of its troops to occupy the land. Kim Il-sung later launched an invasion onto Japan in 1964, starting the four-year Korean-Japanese War. Due to being unable to defend itself with weak troops, Japan was swiftly conquered by Korea, forming the People's Union of Korea and Japan.
Kim Jong-il's rule
Kim Jong-nam's reforms
After the death of his father Kim Jong-il, his eldest son Kim Jong-nam took power after a year of mourning. Under the young Kim's rule, he began a progress of easing control by the government over society. He began a progress of rapid economic revisionism that helped brought further progress to the economy of the country. Meanwhile, however, those loyal to the previous regime were unhappy with such reforms and attempted a coup against Kim Jong-nam led by Jang Sang-thaek, his uncle, and his half-brother Kim Jong-un in 2012. Managing to stop the coup, Kim Jong-nam began to loosen the military's influence over the nation's affairs.