League of Nations

From Constructed Worlds
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This article is a start-class article. It needs further improvement to obtain good article status. This article is part of Altverse II.
This organization is part of the Altverse II universe.
Flag of the League of Nations
Flag
Logo of the League of Nations
Logo
Headquarters Palace of Nations
Geneva, Switzerland
(international territory)
Official languages Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
Type International organization
Membership TBD member states
TBD observer states
Leaders
• Secretary-General
Ammanuel A. Zerezghi
• Deputy Secretary-General
TBD
• General Assembly President
TBD
• Security Council President
TBD
Establishment
• LN Charter signed
20 January 1947
• Charter brought into effect
18 April 1947

The League of Nations (LN) is an intergovernmental organisation that aims to promote international peace and security, develop friendly relations between nations, and provide a framework for international law and cooperation. It is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented, and most powerful intergovernmental organisation in the world. The LN is headquartered on international territory in Geneva, with its other main offices located in Porciúncula, Chicago, London, Addis Ababa, and Damascus.

The organisation was established after the First Great War in January 1947 with the aim of preventing future conflicts of such magnitude. On TBD 194X, TBD governments met in TBD at a conference, and started drafting the LN charter, which was adopted on 20 January 1947 and was brought into effect on 18 April 1947. Pursuant to the charter, the organisation's objectives include maintaining international peace and stability, upkeep of global security, protection of human and domestic rights, deliverance of aid and humanitarian relief, promotion of cooperative economic and infrastructural development, and observation of international law. At its establishment; the LN had a membership of TBD, and with the most recent addition of TBD, the membership count stands at TBD—representing almost all of the world's sovereign entities.

The LN has six primary organs: the General Assembly; the Security Council; the Economic and Infrastructural Council (ECOINC); the Trusteeship Council; the International Court of Justice, and the LN Secretariat. The organisation further includes a multitude of speacialised agencies such as the World Bank Organistation, the World Health Organistation, and LoNICEF. Additionally, non-governmental organisations may be granted consultative status with the ECOINC and other agencies to participate in the LN's work.

The LN's chief administrative officer is the Secretary-General, currently Ethiopian politician and diplomat Ammanuel A. Zerezghi, who began his five year-term on TBD. The organisation is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states.

History[edit]

Background[edit]

Structure[edit]

The LN system has six primary organs: the General Assembly; the Security Council; the Economic and Infrastructural Council (ECOINC); the Trusteeship Council; the International Court of Justice, and the LN Secretariat.

All of these primary organs are headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The six official languages of the LN, used in intergovernmental meetings and documents, are Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish. On the basis of the Convention on the Privileges, Rights and Immunities of the League of Nations, the LN and its agencies are immune from the laws of the countries where they operate, safeguarding the UN's impartiality with regard to the host and member countries.

Below the six organs sit a collection of entities and organisations, some of which are actually older than the LN itself and operate with almost complete independence from it. These include specialised agencies, research, and training institutions, programs and funds, and other UN entities.

Principal organs of the League of Nations
LN General Assembly
—  Deliberative assembly of all LN member states —
LN Secretariat
— Administrative organ of the LN —
International Court of Justice
— Universal court for international law —
LN General Assembly hall
Headquarters of the LN in Geneva
International Court of Justice
  • May resolve non-compulsory recommendations to states or suggestions to the Security Council (LNSC);
  • Decides on the admission of new members, following proposal by the LNSC;
  • Adopts the budget;
  • Elects the non-permanent members of the LNSC; all members of ECOINC; the LN Secretary General (following their proposal by the LNSC); and the fifteen judges of the International Court of Justice (ICJ). Each country has one vote.
  • Supports the other LN bodies administratively (for example, in the organization of conferences, the writing of reports and studies and the preparation of the budget);
  • Its chairperson—the LN Secretary General—is elected by the General Assembly for a five-year mandate and is the LN's foremost representative.
  • Decides disputes between states that recognize its jurisdiction;
  • Issues legal opinions;
  • Renders judgment by relative majority. Its fifteen judges are elected by the LN General Assembly for nine-year terms.
LN Security Council
— For international security issues —
LN Economic and Infrastructural Council
— For global economic and social affairs —
LN Trusteeship Council
— For administering trust territories —
LN security council
LN Economic and Social Council
LN Domestic Council
  • Responsible for co-operation between states as regards economic and social matters;
  • Co-ordinates co-operation between the LN's numerous specialized agencies;
  • Has TBD members, elected by the General Assembly to serve staggered three-year mandates.
  • Designed to manage League of Nations mandates;
  • Has been active since the Jerusalem mandate that made the city an international territory.

General Assembly[edit]

Security Council[edit]

Membership[edit]

Objectives and funding[edit]

Evaluations, criticisms, and awards[edit]

See also[edit]