Libertas sine sacrificio
Libertas sine sacrificio–Latin for "Liberty without sacrifice"–is the official motto of the Kingdom of Sierra, appearing on the Royal Coat of Arms along with the other traditional mottos: Nemo me impune lacessit (Latin for "No one cuts me without impunity"), Renatus et redemit (Latin for "Reborn and redeemed"), and Iustita et Libertas (Latin for "Justice and Liberty"). The Government of Sierra lists nine official translations for Sierra's official languages, alongside the aforementioned English translation, which are the following: "Libertad sin sacrificio" (Spanish); "Liberté sans sacrifice" (French); "沒有犧牲的自由" (Han); "沒有犧牲的自由" (Chinese); "Tự do mà không hy sinh" (Vietnamese); "희생이없는 자유" (Korean); "犠牲なしの自由" (Japanese); and "Freiheit ohne Opfer" (German).
The motto was adopted on November 27, 1858, upon the adoption and ratification of the Constitution of 1858, which replaced the Republic of California with the Kingdom of Sierra. The motto replaced its predecessor, "Eureka!". The official status of Libertas sine sacrificio is codified into law within the Constitution itself and affirmed in the Sierra Federal Code.
Origins[edit | edit source]
The motto is attributed to Charles I, the first king of Sierra. Through his paternal grandmother, Charles Stuart, Duchess of Albany, Charles was the direct descendant of James II, the last Catholic monarch of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and the great-grandson of Charles Edward Stuart, the Stuart pretender recognized by Jacobites as the Bonnie Prince Charlie. Prior to his ascension as king, Charles was known as Charles Miller, his civilian name. Miller was originally from the U.S. state of New Jersey before he emigrated to California with the funds given by his father, a shipbuilding company owner. His lineage was public knowledge and he developed a large following of supporters, which brought him into the forefront of Californian politics as a highly positioned statesman.
Miller was later appointed President of the 1857 Californian Constitutional Convention where he presided over deliberations for the creation of a new constitution. His popularity and charismatic leadership persuaded members of the Convention to approve the creation of a monarchy. Despite this, a faction of Republicans continued to hold reservations against the prospect of a monarchy. Miller sought to reassure his opponents' fears of an authoritarian monarchy by insisting his vision of Sierra would champion the values of democracy, liberty, and constitutionalism. Numerous mottos had been proposed, including the Miller Family's own motto, Renatus et redemit or the Stuarts' historical motto Semper eadem, but both were rejected due to their overt connection to monarchism. Both mottos would later be adopted as unofficial mottos of Sierra. Just two weeks before the Constitution was ratified, the motto "Libertas sine sacrificio" was accepted after it was uttered by Miller in response to a dissident's argument that liberty would be jeopardized in a monarchy. He replied, "Liberty shall reign from all corners of the Kingdom. Tyranny shall never prevail for as long as man is free. Liberty without sacrifice! Rendered in Latin I dare say, Libertas sine sacrificio." The final version of the Constitution promulgated the foundation of the Kingdom of Sierra, and included the motto in its preamble.
Meaning[edit | edit source]
The meaning of the motto has been traditionally defined by Charles I, who was accredited with coining the phrase during the 1857 California Constitutional Convention. Libertas sine sacrificio is the Latin phrase for "Liberty without sacrifice", reflecting Sierra's vision of a free society which champions individual liberty and personal freedom without the need to forgo safety, security, or stability. It is aligned with contemporary Anglo-American values and principles of "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness". Charles I, who was known as Charles Miller prior to his royal ascension, was a monarchist who desired to reassure the skepticism and fear of his republican compatriots that monarchy would be the end of individualism and freedom in Sierra. His motto was one of a number of affirmations or guarantees Sierra would have as a constitutional monarchy. It is featured in the Preamble of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Sierra, as well as the national coat of arms.
Usage[edit | edit source]
The motto's most prominent usage is its appearance on the royal coat of arms of the Kingdom of Sierra, alongside the mottoes In defens and Honi soit qui mal y pense. It also appears on Sierran currency, including K.S. banknotes and minted coins of varying denominations. Postage stamps have also been issued bearing the motto. Versions of the royal coat of arms, which include the motto, also appear on government seals and logos, as well as some privately owned newspapers.