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This article is part of Altverse II.
Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

الجماهيرية العربية الليبية الشعبية الاشتراكية‎
(ar.) al-Jamāhīrīyah al-'Arabīyah al-Lībīyah ash-Sha'bīyah al-Ishtirākīyah
Flag of Libyan Jamahiriya.png
Libyan Jamahiriya Coat of Arms.png
Coat of arms
Anthem: Tamam Saidi
Capital Tripoli
Official languages Arabic
Recognised regional languages
Demonym(s) Libyan
Government Unitary socialist single-party republic
Her Excellency Hawwa al-Amman
Jamal Qayyum
Legislature General People's Congress of Libya
National Assembly
5th of November 1912, Annexed by Italy
• Republic of Tripoli
• Annexation by the United Kingdom
• Independence
1st of April 1959
• Total
1,873,540 km2 (723,380 sq mi)
• Census
8.345.293 (2019)
Currency Libyan Dinar (LYD)
Time zone (UTC +2
Driving side right
Calling code +58
ISO 3166 code AND
Internet TLD .upca

The Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, commonly referred to as Libya (Arabic ليبيا Lībiyā) is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It borders the countries of Algeria and Tunisia to the west and northwest respectively, Egypt to the east and Chad to the south. To the southwest there is a border to Niger. To the north Libya has a coastline of around 1,770 kilometres to the Mediterranean Sea. The Libyan population consists of around 8.3 million people, of whom 95% are Arab in descent, mostly affiliated with the islamic faith at around 90% with a significant Coptic and catholic Crhistian minority being present. The vast majority of Libyans live along the coastline, with around a quarter of them living in the capital Tripoli. Other significant cities are Benghazi and Misrata. Libya has historically been divided into three historical regions, Tripolitania in the north west, Fezzan in the south west and Cyrenaica in the east.