List of Prime Ministers of Rainier

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The Prime Minister of Rainier is the head of government of the Commonwealth of Rainier as the chairman of the Cabinet of Rainier, the executive government of Rainier. The Prime Minister by convention is appointed with the confidence of the House of Councillors and is officially given the post by the Governor-General. The Prime Minister has almost always been a member of the House of Councillors as the leader of the largest party, although a few have been members of the House of Senators.

Traditionally the Prime Minister's term in office was counted upon their official resignation to the Governor-General. However since 1915 the Prime Minister's final day in office has been counted on the day the succeeding ministry to their's was sworn in.

There has been 24 Rainian prime ministers. The longest serving prime minister was Austin Alexander Duncan who served from 1892 to 1907. The shortest serving prime minister was John Spencer for an eleven-month period from 1969-1970.

Key[edit | edit source]

List[edit | edit source]

No. Name Took office Left office Elected Political Party Home state
1 Franklin Pierce - Cropped.jpg
Charles Rochester
1824-1901
12th March 1872 30th September 1880 1872, 1875 Conservative Party Flag of British Columbia.svg
British Columbia
First Prime Minister following federation, winning the 1875 election for the Tories. Rochester's government was staunchly pro-British, protectionist and interventionist in economic affairs. Winning the 1875 election, in 1877 Rochester's government signed into law the Fiscal Responsibility Act which transferred debts taken by the federal government to provincial ones; this was received negatively in several states and led to the defeat of the government in the 1880 election.
2 SEdgerton.jpg
Alfred Henry Lawson
1825-1892
30th September 1880 4th March 1884 1880 Liberal Party Flag of Oregon (Rainier).png
Oregon
The former governor of Oregon, Lawson's government repealed the Fiscal Responsibility Act replacing it with the Provincial Act which led to a sharing of debt amongst provinces. Lawson's government was regarded as being decentralising passing significant responsibility to the provinces and reducing federal government intervention in the economy. However his inability to deal with the Long Depression meant the Liberals lost the 1884 election.
3 George Henry Williams - Brady-Handy - Restored & Cropped.jpg
Stuart Mackenzie
1824–1906
4th March 1884 12th November 1892 1884, 1889 Conservative Party Flag of Oregon (Rainier).png
Oregon
Mackenzie led the Tories to victory on a pro-tariff platform particularly opposing Americanisation and promoting a renewed partnership with the United Kingdom. Hoping that his tariff programme would alleviate the Long Depression the economy in fact worsened under his term. The government also launched the Pacific Railway project which attracted controversy due to the use of imported Chinese labour. Mackenzie won the 1889 election on a reduced majority, but infighting within the Tory caucus meant he called a snap election to secure a majority - this backfired with the Tories being soundly defeated by the Liberals.
4 Henry Campbell-Bannerman photo.jpg
A. A. Duncan
1824-1901
12th November 1892 5th October 1907 1892, 1896, 1899, 1904 Liberal Party Flag of Cascadia (Rainier).png
Cascadia
A liberal radical, Duncan's term as Prime Minister was marked by four successive majority governments in the 1892, 1896, 1899 and 1904 elections. His government saw the introduction of the Continental Policy which introduced a series of free trade measures and tariff reductions as well as introduce more worker rights in legalisation such as the Factory Act 1894 which banned child labour. Under Duncan the government passed the Oriental Exclusion Act 1906 which banned Chinese and Japanese immigration. Duncan retired in 1907 due to ill health.
5 Oswald West.jpg
Samuel Batstone
1862-1909
24th October 1907 3rd June 1911 1908 Liberal Party Flag of Oregon (Rainier).png
Oregon
The Batstone government championed progressive policies and economical reform decreasing tariffs which provoked opposition from farmers'. His government also attempted to address the "vested interests of corruption" targeting political machines but faced opposition from big business. In 1909 Batsonte died of dysentery, being succeeded by his Treasurer Ramsey Johnston.
6 Scott Cordelle Bone.jpg
Ramsey Johnston
1845-1916
3rd June 1911 26th October 1912 - Liberal Party Rainier alaska flag.png
Alaska
A progressive Johnston implemented various reforms such as shortening parliamentary terms from five to three terms, implementing antitrust laws against monopolies, target local Tory political machines and support prohibition laws on a provincial level. Johnston however clashed regularly with trade unions alienating him from the left-wing of his party. Infighting led to the Liberals to lose the 1913 election.
7 Governor Charles Evans Hughes (cropped).jpg
R. H. Wallace
1856-1934
26th October 1912 17th November 1921 1912, 1915, 1918 Conservative Party Flag of British Columbia.svg
British Columbia
Wallace formed a majority government following the 1912 election. Although he campaigned on an pro-tariff platform the government kept the existing system created by the previous government whilst launching investment into industry. The government declared war on Germany in 1914 with Wallace implementing conscription as well as rationing as a preemptive measure against the possibility of war in the America's. Wallace represented Rainier at the Paris Peace Conference, attempting to reach a compromise surrounding the Racial Equality Proposal in contrast to other British dominion leaders. However his government was embroiled in the Northern Lakes mining scandal in 1920 leading to the defeat of the government at the election the next year.
8 Williameborah.jpg
Malcolm Russell
1882-1948
17th November 1921 7th October 1930 1921, 1924, 1927 Liberal Party Flag of Idaho (Rainier).png
Idaho
Russell formed a minority government with confidence and supply from independent MP's in 1921. Known as a progressive leader, Russell promoted reforms such as universal suffrage, the introduction of pensions and a system of free trade. A strong isolationist Russell refused to send Rainian troops to Turkey during the Chanak crisis. In 1929 his government was faced with the Great Depression with Russell - a committed practitioner in laissez-faire economics - doing little to intervene to reduce unemployment. The Liberals suffered a landslide defeat at the 1930 election.
Joseph Gordon Coates, 1931.jpg
Campbell Radcliffe
1877-1946
7th October 1930 8th November 1936 1930, 1933 Conservative Party

National Union Party
Flag of Oregon (Rainier).png
Oregon
9
Radcliffe continued largely restricted economic policies whilst setting up small funds for the unemployed and rural workers'. Whilst his charisma and commitment to an "economic recovery administration" saw him initially seen as a fairly popular figure his failure to convince his party to adopt his interventionist policies led to the Tories to lose their majority at the 1934 election. Osborne formed a national government with the Liberals and in 1936 merged the Conservatives with the Liberals to form the National Union Party. However the new party was not able to win the 1937 election.
10 McNary Headshot.jpg
Edward C. Osborne
1873-1950
8th November 1936 12th February 1949 1936, 1939, 1942, 1945, 1948 Progressive Party Flag of Oregon (Rainier).png
Oregon
Osborne became leader of the previously minor Progressive Party and Prime Minister as a result of the Great Depression. Despite being elected under the Socred banner Osborne implemented a Keynesian economic programme intervening to reduce unemployment, nationalising failing businesses and spending money to restart the economy. Osborne also expanded the welfare state. As a result of these policies the economy recovered enabling Osborne to win several successive general elections. In 1939 following the outbreak of World War Two he supported Britain's declaration of war against Nazi Germany and later against Japan. In 1949 Osborne retired due to ill health, the sole prime minister to retire on his own terms.
11 Garfield todd.jpg
Robin Matthews
1914-2007
12th February 1949 2nd August 1958 1951, 1954, 1957 Progressive Party Flag of Idaho (Rainier).png
Idaho
A former Methodist minister, Matthews continued the welfare reforms of Osborne as well as championing a more independent Rainian identity such as changing the national anthem and renaming the country the Commonwealth of Rainier. These moves alienated the conservative wing the Progressive based around BC premier W. A. C. Bennett, leading to constant infighting despite post-war economic prosperity and successful relations with the Commonwealth. In 1957 the Progressive Party lost their majority resulting in Matthews to form a minority government with Labour - this resulted in the BC Socreds to vote against the government and call a snap election which saw Matthew's defeated.
12 AWM.jpg
Edward Henderson
1892-1978
2nd August 1958 21st April 1965 1958, 1961, 1964 National Union Party Flag of British Columbia.svg
British Columbia
The second Prime Minister from the National Union Party. Henderson's government oversaw a period of unprecedented economic growth through Keynesian economics, demand management and price and wage controls largely retaining the mixed economy created by the Progressive Party. The Henderson government launched a national infrastructure programme and developed the Rainian oil sector resulting in the modernisation of Rainier whilst also ending conscription and embarking on a large house building programme. The Henderson government also oversaw an anti-communist, pro-western foreign policy supporting the Vietnam War whilst asserting Rainier as a middle power. He was ousted as party leader in 1965.
13 Warren Magnuson 1945 better.png
Albert W. Moore
1917-1984
21st April 1965 30th June 1969 1967 National Union Party Flag of Cascadia (Rainier).png
Cascadia
A long serving finance minister, Moore became prime minister as a compromise candidate amongst Tory factions. Considered an effective administrator but a dull public speaker, Moore faced an economic slowdown as the prosperous post-war years came to an end. Moore responded with the decision to devalue the Rainian pound and take it off the peg with its British counterpart - this reduced the government's popularity leading to Moore's ouster.
14 Tom McCall 2.jpg
John Spencer
1909-1984
30th June 1969 17th May 1970 - National Union Party Flag of Oregon (Rainier).png
Oregon
Coming to power after Moore was ousted Spencer faced constant infighting within his caucus. The Spencer government passed the Rainian Bill of Rights in 1969 and in response to economic difficulties attempted to deregulate the oil and transport industry but was unsuccessful in his efforts. Spencer lost the 1970 election to the Labour party as a result.
15 FrankChurch.jpg
Lester Murray
1918-1975
17th May 1970 30th April 1973 1970 Labour Party Flag of Idaho (Rainier).png
Idaho
First Prime Minister from the Labour party. Murray's government presided over several landmark progressive legalisation, including the abolition of capital punishment, the withdrawal of relations from South Africa, the introduction of the Health Assistance Programme, recognising the sovereignty of the People's Republic of China and withdrawing troops from Vietnam. However a sharp downturn in economic fortunes meant Labour lost the 1973 election.
16 NelsonRockefeller (1).png
Frederick Joseph
1935-
30th April 1973 12th May 1982 1973, 1976, 1979 National Union Party Flag of Cascadia (Rainier).png
Cascadia
Achieved a majority at the 1973 election. Joseph used Keynesian stimulus to deal with stagflation as well as launching the National Energy Plan that attempted to make Rainier self-sufficient for energy needs. In the 1979 election Joseph formed a coalition with the Socreds. However following cuts to rural subsidies his coalition partner left his government leading Joseph to lose a vote of confidence in 1981 in the House of Councillors but finished the government's term after the House of Senators voted down the confidence vote.
17 Tom foley.jpg
Nicholas Lennox
1930-
12th May 1982 13th April 1985 1982 Labour Party Flag of Cascadia (Rainier).png
Cascadia
Elected in 1982 due to economic and political stagnation, Lennox attempted a broad programme of economic stimulus to restart the economy. Legalised homosexuality and abortion. At the 1985 election Labour emerged the largest party but lost its majority, with Lennox losing the premiership after failing to secure the confidence of the House of Councillors.
18 Victor Atiyeh in 1986 (cropped).jpg
Michael Chamieh
1922-2013
13th April 1985 13th September 1987 1985 National Union Party Flag of Oregon (Rainier).png
Oregon
Formed a minority government with support from the Social Credit party. Chamieh begun an economic policy of neoliberal reform with monetarist policies designed to curb inflation. His 1987 Autumn Budget however was rejected by his coalition partners and losing the confidence of parliament was forced to call snap elections.
(17) Tom foley.jpg
Nicholas Lennox
1930-
13th September 1987 28th August 1990 1987 Labour Party Flag of Cascadia (Rainier).png
Cascadia
Returning to office in 1987 at the head of a majority government. The Lennox government continued economic reforms including the liberalisation, deregulation and privatisation of much of the economy turning Rainier from a corporatist to free market economy, the introduction of free university education, strengthening trade unions and expanding welfare. Under his term there were trade disputes with Japan. In his second term Lennox failed to revive popularity for the Labour party amid economic recession and was defeated at the 1990 election.
19 Mark hatfield (cropped).jpg
Don Barber
1938-2016
28th August 1990 16th September 1996 1990, 1993 National Union Party Flag of Oregon (Rainier).png
Oregon
Led the Unionists to a large majority in the 1990 and a reduced majority in the 1996 elections. Barber's government pursued welfare and trade union reform whilst also supporting a neoconservative foreign policy heavily supporting NAFTA. Controversial changes to employment laws led to a decline in his popularity and a corruption scandal in 1996 led to the NUP to suffer a severe defeat in the 1996 election.
20 Gary Locke.jpg
Ken Huang
1950-
16th September 1996 22nd June 2004 1996, 1999, 2002 Labour Party Flag of Cascadia (Rainier).png
Cascadia
The first Prime Minister of Chinese descent forming two majority governments. Huang supported socially liberal policies approving of civil unions for LGBT couples and passing the Fair Wage Act, the first federal legislation ensuring equal gender pay. Huang also privatised religious schools. His government was considered a practitioner of "third way" policies balancing the federal budget for the first time since the 1960's. He also opposed the Iraq War. Huang was ousted as party leader due to inter-party disunity between himself and the Treasurer Gerald Ruben after Labour's polling declined during the summer of 2004.
21 Ted Kulongoski headshot Color 2007.JPG
Gerald Ruben
1944-
22nd June 2004 3rd October 2008 2005 Labour Party Flag of Oregon (Rainier).png
Oregon
Formed a government with the Green-Left Movement following the 2005 elections. Ruben promoted first nations rights. His government however continued fiscally conservative policies. In response to the 2008 financial crisis Ruben implemented a stimulus package which stemmed the recession; this however raised the deficit and led to Labour to be defeated in the 2008 election.
22 Sarah Palin portrait.jpg
Jennifer Redford
1964-
3rd October 2008 27th June 2013 2008, 2011 National Union Party Rainier alaska flag.png
Alaska
The second female prime minister. Redford was considered part of the Christian right and promoted religious education whilst also implementing tax cuts, privatising sections of the health sector and liberalising restrictions on gun ownership. During the 2008 financial crisis Redford used economic stimulus from oil revenue to keep the economy afloat. Her right-wing populist style were increasingly seen as damaging support for the government which was slashed to a majority of two at the 2011 election and in 2013 was ousted by Andrew Clarkson.
23 Malcolm Turnbull September 2016.jpg
Andrew Clarkson
1960-
27th June 2013 10th September 2017 2014 National Union Party Flag of Cascadia (Rainier).png
Cascadia
Formed a majority government following the 2014 election. In his term his government sought to address the large deficit by pursuing austerity policies cutting government expenditure whilst also pursuing a neoconservative foreign policy. The "cash-for-votes" scandal led to a decline in support and the government's defeat at the 2017 election.
24 Borut Pahor (cropped).jpg
Alexander Llewellyn
1964-
10th September 2017 Incumbent 2017, 2020 Labour Party Flag of Cascadia (Rainier).png
Cascadia
Formed a majority government following the 2017 election. In his first term Llewellyn pursued pro-environmental policies such as the introduction of a federal carbon tax. His government has led Rainier through the Covid-19 pandemic. In 2020 Labour were re-elected with a minority government.