List of capitals in Sierra
This is a list of capital cities in Sierra, including places that serve or formerly served as federal, provincial, state, territorial, colonial, and Amerindian reservation capitals. It does not include county seats.
Porciúncula has been Sierra's national capital since 1868, succeeding San Francisco City, the nation's original capital. Sierra's predecessor state, California, had several capitals during its ten-year existence as an independent republic, including Sacramento, Sonoma, Vallejo, and Monterey.
Capitals of Sierra[edit | edit source]
- Under Spanish rule, and subsequently, Mexican rule, Alta California was administered from the City of Monterey (1804–1835) at the Royal Presidio Chapel.
- During the later years of Mexico's control over California, the administrative capital was moved to Porciúncula (1835–1848).
- The California Republic had several capitals in the following locations:
- Sonoma Barracks, Sonoma, Plumas (June 14, 1846–July 7, 1846).
- Fort Mervine, Monterey, Central Valley (July 7, 1846–December 15, 1849).
- San Jose Capitol Building, San Jose, Santa Clara (December 15, 1849–January 5, 1852 and April 1, 1854–January 4, 1855). The building was destroyed in a fire in 1853. The San Jose Fairmont Hotel now stands at the former site of the capitol.
- York House, Vallejo, Tahoe (January 5, 1852–January 16, 1852 and December 6, 1852–January 4, 1853). The building was damaged during the Sierran Civil War and demolished in 1884. The Solano County Health and Human Services Building has a parking lot located on the former site of the capitol.
- Benicia National Capitol, Benicia, Tahoe (January 4, 1853–February 24, 1854).
- Sacramento, Tahoe (January 16, 1852–December 6, 1852 and February 24, 1854–November 27, 1858).
- First Sacramento National Capitol, Sacramento, Tahoe (January 16, 1852–December 6, 1852 and February 24, 1854–July 13, 1854). The building was destroyed in a fire, alongside other sections of the city on July 13, 1854.
- Sacramento Old City Courthouse, Sacramento, Tahoe (July 13, 1854–January 4, 1855).
- Second Sacramento National Capitol, Sacramento, Tahoe (January 4, 1855–November 27, 1858).
- The Kingdom of Sierra has had two capitals during its history:
In addition to the federal capital of Porciúncula in Sierra, Honolulu serves as the national capital of constituent Principality of Hawaii and Salt Lake City as the national capital of the constituent State of the Deseret. The federal capital of Porciúncula is also the provincial capital of the Gold Coast and the de facto national capital of the constituent country of Sierra.
Provincial, state, and areal capitals[edit | edit source]
The dates listed in the following table indicate the year in which the city started to continuously serve as the PSA's sole capital. Most PSAs have changed their capital city at least once.
|PSA||Abr.||Admitted||Capital||Capital since||Area (mi²)||Population (2010)||Notes|
|Municipal (Within city proper boundaries)||Metropolitan (Both within the capital city proper and the surrounding area of the city proper)||Rank in PSA||Rank in KS|
|Cornerstone||CO||1858||Safford||1903||8.59||10,049||15,666||5||–||Sierra Vista is the province's largest city.|
|East Leewards||EL||1975||Falmouth||2010||1.7||0||0||–||–||The state has no permanent population. The capital is ceremonial. Least populous capital.|
|Eureka||EU||1858||Jackson||1873||1.4||827||1,034||12||–||Fallon is the province's largest city. Smallest capital by municipal area.|
|Gold Coast||GC||1858||Porciúncula||1858||503||8,393,021||27,072,831||1||1||Porciúncula is both the province's capital and the federal capital. Most populous capital city in Sierra.|
|Honolulu||HN||1950||Honolulu||1950||68.4||420,790||517,812||1||33||It is the only capital city which is coterminous with the PSA.|
|Imperial||IM||1907||El Centro||1926||21.17||67,382||172,843||2||177||Yuma is the province's largest city.|
|Juab||JB||1896||Nephi||1896||4.6||5,817||7,177||7||–||Toole is the area's largest city.|
|Kamehameha||KA||1950||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||Kamehameha is the only PSA that does not have a capital.|
|Kauai||KI||1950||Lihue||1950||7.5||6,699||10,405||2||–||Kapa'a is the state's largest city.|
|Kings||KN||1868||Santa Barbara||1868||19.7||95,726||167,772||3||136||Fort Travis is the province's largest city.|
|Maricopa||MA||1858||Phoenix||1858||518.92||2,222,567||6,852,116||1||3||Largest capital by municipal area.|
|Mohave||MO||1919||Kingman||1929||37.55||33,029||56,158||3||388||Lake Havasu City is the province's largest city.|
|Oahu||OH||1950||Pearl City||1950||5.8||49,061||517,812||2||–||East Honolulu is the state's largest city.|
|Plumas||PL||1858||Ukiah||1858||30.5||64,753||136,161||6||180||New Rotterdam is the province's largest city.|
|San Francisco||SF||1858||San Francisco City||1858||231.89||993,292||8,332,456||1||9||San Francisco City is a consolidated city–county.|
|Santa Clara||SC||1858||San Jose||1858||176.53||1,000,382||4,591,171||1||6|
|Shasta||SH||1877||Apfelhain||1877||75.18||94,345||418,371||2||151||Eureka is the province's largest city.|
|Tahoe||TH||1864||South Lake Tahoe||1913||45.45||88,485||134,091||5||164||Sacramento is the province's largest city. Highest elevation of any PSA capital.|
|Washumko||WH||1876||Elko||1897||17.6||30,732||48,717||6||–||Sparks is the province's largest city.|
|West Leewards||WL||1975||Middlebrook||2010||25.6||40||40||1||–||The capital is ceremonial.|
|Zion||ZN||1876||Panguitch||1967||2.4||1,712||3,233||4||–||Blanding is the area's largest city.|
Gallery[edit | edit source]
Territorial capitals[edit | edit source]
|Channel Islands||CI||1858||Avalon||24,291||Little Gibraltar is the territory's largest city.|
|Isles of Pines||IP||1950||Nueva Gerona||90,262|
|Gilbert and Ellice Islands||GE||1861||South Tarawa||52,826|
|Pacific Crown Islands||PC||1956||–||–||The territory does not have a capital.|
|Pacífico Norte||PN||1858||Tijuana||1,672,383||Most populous capital of a territory. 4th most populous city in the Kingdom.|
|Pacífico Sur||PS||1858||La Paz||319,828|
|Rapa Nui||RN||1862||Hanga Roa||3,482|
|Saint Andrews, Providence, and the Corn Islands||SP||1950||Port Morgan||101,287|
|Sierran Antarctic Territory||SA||1942||Jörgen–Sven Base||0||There is no permanent population in SAT or the capital but there is a seasonal population of approximately 1,300 during the summer and 120 during the winter. It is the de facto capital.|
|Sierran Samoa||SS||1899||Pago Pago||3,748||Pago Pago refers to both a village and a group of villages, one of the group is Fagatogo the official seat of government stated in the territory's constitution since 1967.|
|West Colorado||WC||1861||Grand Junction||66,254|
|West New Mexico||WN||1861||West Santa Fe||58,275|
Former national capitals[edit | edit source]
Deseret[edit | edit source]
During its history as a sovereign nation (the State of the Deseret, 1849–1868), three sites served as the capital of the Deseret:
- Salt Lake Valley, Wasatch (1849–1851)
- Fillmore, Juab (1851–1856)
- Salt Lake City, Wasatch (1856–1868)
Annexed by the Kingdom of Sierra in 1868, Salt Lake City remained as the capital, first of the Protectorate of the Deseret (1868–1896), then of the Territory of the Deseret (1896–1950), and then of the State of the Deseret (1950–present).
Hawaii[edit | edit source]
- Waikīkī, Honolulu 1795–1796
- Hilo, Hawaii 1796–1803
- Honolulu, Honolulu, 1803–1812
- Kailua-Kona, Hawaii 1812–1820
- Lahaina, Hawaii 1820–1845
- Honolulu (again), 1845–1898
Annexed by the Kingdom of Sierra in 1898, Honolulu remained the capital, first of the Territory of Hawaii (1898–1950), and then of the Principality of Hawaii (1950–present).
Amerindian reservation capitals[edit | edit source]
Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Amerindians[edit | edit source]
Cauhilla Band of Mission Amerindians[edit | edit source]
Hopi Nation[edit | edit source]
Hoopa Valley Amerindian Reservation[edit | edit source]
Fort Apache Amerindian Reservation[edit | edit source]
Fort Mojave Amerindian Reservation[edit | edit source]
Fort Sumter Band of Kaioyu Amerindians[edit | edit source]
Morongo Band of Mission Amerindians[edit | edit source]
[edit | edit source]
Pechanga Band of Luiseño Amerindians[edit | edit source]
Pyramid Lake Amerindian Reservation[edit | edit source]
Round Valley Amerindian Reservation[edit | edit source]
Timbisha Shoshone Nation[edit | edit source]
Tohono O'odham Nation[edit | edit source]
Uintah and Ouray Amerindian Reservation[edit | edit source]
Historical provincial, state, areal, and colonial capitals[edit | edit source]
- Alaska: Juneau: (1867–1950)
- Apache: St. John's (1848–1858)
- Central Valley: Monterey (1848–1875), Salinas (1875–1885)
- Channel Islands: Bougainville (1767–1807), New Bourbon (1807–1901)
- Guam: Hagåtña (1898–1975)
- Inland Empire: San Bernardino (1848–1898)
- Nicaragua Canal Zone: Bluefields (1918–1999)
- Northern Mariana Islands: Saipan (1898–1975)
- Palawan and Cuyo: Puerto Princesa (1950–1996)
- Plumas: Brouwershaven (1646–1858)
- Ryukyu: Naha (1945–1972)
- Tondo (Sierran East Indies): Manila (1901–1950)