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List of political parties in Manchuria

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There are currently 19 registered national political parties in Manchuria, with 8 retaining seats in the national unicameral legislature, the Supreme National Assembly. Parties must register and be approved by the Electoral Orgburo, with registered parties must having over a 100 members. There are several smaller parties that do not function on a national scale. Traditionally, the Manzuxiehui (MNA) has dominated national politics being the oldest political party in the country and the governing party of the modern republic since its creation in 2000. Despite this de-facto dominant-party system, Manchuria has a multi-party system and the emergence of the Progressive Alliance for Manchuria in 2019 has played a role in diminishing the MNA's dominance over national politics.

Parties represented in the legislature

Logo Name Founded Ideologies
Compass Supreme National Assembly Seats Local government seats
Manchurian National Association (ㄇㄢㄗㄨㄒㄧㄝㄏㄨㄟ) September 1917 Manchurian Nationalism, Statism, Big tent Centre to Centre right 285 390
New Progressive Party (ㄒㄧㄣ ㄐㄧㄣㄅㄨ ㄉㄤ) 14th November 2008 Progressivism, Populism Centrism 212 (PAM) 269
Green Party (ㄌㄨ ㄉㄤ) 18th April 2005 Green politics, Environmentalism Centre left 11 (PAM) 22
Democratic Union for Change (ㄇㄧㄣㄓㄨ ㄌㄧㄢㄇㄥ ㄉㄜ ㄅㄧㄢㄏㄨㄚ) 3rd October 1999 Reformism, Social Democracy, Feminism Centre left 10 (PAM) 20
Socialist Party of Manchuria (ㄇㄢㄓㄡ ㄕㄜㄏㄨㄟ ㄉㄤ) 12th March 1991 Democratic Socialism, Social Democracy, Left-wing nationalism Left wing 103 267
Qinglonghui (ㄑㄧㄥㄌㄨㄥㄏㄨㄟ) 12th December 1911 Manchurian nationalism, Neo-fascism, Anti-communism, Anti-immigration Far right 23 45
Manchu Communist Party (ㄇㄢㄗㄨ ㄍㄨㄥㄔㄢㄉㄤ ) 22nd April 1991 Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, Anti-revisionism Far left 21 36
United People's Party (ㄌㄧㄢㄏㄜ ㄖㄣㄇㄧㄣ ㄉㄤ; 미국 사람들의 당) 19th September 2009 Korean minority interest, Liberalism Centrism 20 27

Other parties

Logo Name Founded Ideologies
Future for Manchuria (ㄨㄟㄌㄞ ㄇㄢㄓㄡ ) 23rd December 2010 Liberalism, Progressivism Centrism
Nationalist Party of Manchuria (ㄇㄢㄓㄡ ㄇㄧㄣㄗㄨ ㄓㄨㄧ ㄉㄤ) 24th March 2003 Nationalism Centre-right
Libertarian Party of Manchuria 21st March 1998 Libertarianism, Laissez-faire, Cultural liberalism, Fiscal conservatism Big tent
National Liberal Party (ㄍㄨㄛㄐㄧㄚ ㄗㄧㄡㄉㄤ) 11th June 2006 Economic liberalism, Anti-trade unionism Centre-right
Mongolian Democratic Movement (ㄇㄥㄍㄨ ㄇㄧㄣㄓㄨ ㄩㄣㄉㄨㄥ; Монголын Ардчилсан Хөдөлгөөн) 21st March 1991 Mongolians interests
Social democracy
New Development Association (ㄒㄧㄣ ㄈㄚㄓㄢ ㄒㄧㄝㄏㄨㄟ) 3rd May 1995 Political Buddhism, Social Conservatism Right Wing
Republican Justice Party (ㄍㄨㄥㄏㄜㄉㄤ ㄓㄥㄧ ㄉㄤ) 12th March 2012 Social Conservatism, Manchurian nationalism Far right
People's Labour Party (ㄖㄣㄇㄧㄣ ㄍㄨㄥㄉㄤ) 27th January 2008 Marxism-Leninism, Communism Far Left
Citizens for Progress and Democracy (ㄍㄨㄥㄇㄧㄣ ㄐㄧㄣㄅㄨ ㄩ ㄇㄧㄣㄓㄨ ) 28th July 2015 Direct democracy, Classical Liberalism Centre-right
Innovation Party of Manchuria (ㄇㄢㄓㄡ ㄉㄤ ㄉㄜ ㄔㄨㄤㄒㄧㄣ) 12th February 1998 Techocracism, Third Way Centrism

Defunct parties

Logo Name Founded Disbanded
Ideologies Compass
Concordia Association (滿洲國協和會) 1931 1945 Monarchism, Manchurian Nationalism, Authoritarianism, Personalism Far right
Communist Party of Manchuria (ㄍㄛㄋㄍㄔㄚㄉㄤ ㄇㄚㄋㄓㄡ) 31st September 1933 12th March 1991 Marxism-Leninism, National Communism, Revolutionary Socialism Far left
Minzhudang (ㄇㄧㄣㄓㄨㄉㄤ) 1990 8th September 2008 Liberal Conservatism, Economic Liberalism Centre-right
Republican Party of Manchuria (ㄇㄢㄓㄡ ㄍㄨㄥㄏㄜㄉㄤ) 4th January 1990 16th May 1996 Social Conservatism, Confucianism Right wing
Progressive Millennium Party (ㄐㄧㄣㄅㄨ ㄉㄤ ㄑㄧㄢ ㄒㄧ) 13th May 2000 8th September 2008 Social Liberalism, Tridemism Centrist
Social Democratic Party (ㄕㄜㄏㄨㄟ ㄇㄧㄣㄓㄨ ㄉㄤ) 2nd January 1990 8th September 2008 Social Democracy, Social Liberalism Centre-left