Bishop giving a lecture in 1947
August 10, 1901
April 22nd, 1997 (aged 95)|
A Defense of Landon|
Privilege and Tyranny: Effects of the Monarchy
King and War
|School||Landonism, Socialism, Social democracy, Direct democracy|
|Republicanism in Sierra|
|Part of a series on|
Mark Bishop, born Arnold Eisenberg (August 10, 1901–April 22, 1997), was a German-born Sierran authors and philosopher and a famous advocate of republicanism and Landonism during the 20th century. Born in Hamburg, Arnold was drafted into the German Army and would fight in the Revolutions of 1917–23 where he would be exposed to the ideas of socialism, Landonism, and other forms of left-wing thought. He moved to the Kingdom of Sierra in 1926 and began studying socialist literature and came across the ideas of Isaiah Landon and became an adherent of Landonism. Throughout the 1930s, Arnold published various books and wrote articles under the pen name of Mark Bishop and advocated for the abolition of the monarchy and the creation of a republic. During the Sierran Cultural Revolution, he would write what would be known as the Basement publications in secret. While controversial in Sierra, his works were very popular in the Styxie and such popularity persists to the modern era. In the 1940s, he was arrested by the Purpleshirts and sent to an internment camp in Emery, but continued to write and push for Landonism and republicanism. In 1946, his book, A Defense of Landon, became very popular and began giving lectures in colleges and universities across Sierra. He is well-known for popularlizing the catchphrase, "Landon is not God, but Landonism is stronger than God".
During the Cold War, Bishop continued to push for Landonism believing that it would give true equality to society and for peace with both the United Commonwealth and the wider Landonist International. He began spreading his beliefs across the constituted countries and territories of Sierra and eventually began traveling across Anglo-America pushing Landonism and trying to garner support for an international Sierran republican movement. Throughout his life, Bishop debated many people with the most notable being Marcus Woodson, a Sierran monarchist, and the two debated multiple times well into their later years. During The Disturbances, Bishop defended republicanism and his works and speeches became widespread in the Styxie provinces, but this caused controversy that plagued him for the latter half of his life. In 1991, Bishop withdrew from public life due to health complications and died on April 22nd, 1997 at the age of 95.
In the years following his death, Bishop's works have remained well known in the public sphere and have seen a resurgence in public interest along with those of Landon since the early 2010s. Bishop's speeches are regularly shown in colleges and he's been credited with spearheading the Sierran republican movement and has been called Landon's strongest defender. Bishop influenced many people with the most notable being Michael J. Wolff, a Sierran Landonist economics and republic activist. In the modern era, there's been a revival in interest of his works and writings
Early life and career[edit | edit source]
Immigration and life in Sierra[edit | edit source]
Basement publications[edit | edit source]
Republican activism[edit | edit source]
Philosophical views[edit | edit source]
Landonism[edit | edit source]
Bishop had been an ardent supporter of Landonism since his youth having read Landonist literature upon the translation of some of his works in Germany during the early 20th century. Bishop described his leaning towards Landonism as being motivated by his pre-existing alienation towards the German monarchy and his working-class upbringing in West Germany. During a 1947 interview, Bishop stated that his opposition to the Sierran monarchy and said that Landonism's origins in Sierra is what motivated him to move to the kingdom and to study it.