Member of Parliament (Sierra)
|Kingdom of Sierra|
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In the Kingdom of Sierra, a Member of Parliament (MP) is an individual elected to serve in the House of Commons of the Parliament of Sierra. A member of Parliament is also popularly referred to as a commoner to distinguish them from members of the Senate. Sierrans also elect individuals to serve in the American Parliament who are known as members of the American Parliament or MAPs. Unlike the Senate where some senators are appointed, all members of Parliament are elected in general elections in single-member constituencies (parliamentary districts).
Seats in the House of Commons become simultaneously vacant for elections held on a four-year cycle. Traditionally, these elections must be held on October 16, 17, or 18 (whichever does not fall on a Saturday or Sunday) every four even-numbered years. However, with approval by Parliament, elections may be held earlier if the Prime Minister calls for an election. In addition, a mandatory snap election may occur if Parliament encounters a double dissolution. In all cases, elections are formally held when the Monarch dissolves the Parliament. Traditionally, elections have commonly been held following a successful motion of no confidence. If a snap election occurs within a year of a scheduled election, the scheduled election does not need to be held although the four-year cycle and parliamentary term will still start on that day.
Eligibility and qualifications
The Constitution states that in order to hold a seat in the House of Commons, an individual must be:
- At least 18 years of age by the time of election
- A K.S. citizen by birth or naturalization
- A K.S. resident who has resided in the Kingdom for at least 9 consecutive years or at least 13 years of which 7 of those years were consecutive
- A person who has been free of conviction and punishment for a felony for at least 20 years
- A person who has been free of conviction and punishment for a serious criminal offense to the State or its PSAs for at least 15 years
- A person who has been free of conviction and punishment for a criminal offense to the State or its PSAs for at least 10 years
- A person who has been free of conviction and punishment for a misdemeanor or minor offense (not including minor traffic violations or petty theft whose damages amount to less than $100) for at least 5 years
The majority of MPs do not have legal titles unless they themselves are considered a peer in Sierra's peerage system. MPs who serve on the Privy Council or hold senior leadership positions in the House are entitled to The Right Honorable (The Rt. Hon.) for the former and The Honorable (The Hon.) for the latter.
Responsibilities and duties
Constitutionally, there are no legal distinctions among MPs in the House of Commons. All MPs are equal and entitled to one vote on the floor for every issue. However, the House is also governed by its own in-house standing rules and conventions. Based on a combination of internal rules, procedures, conventions, and traditions, the responsibilities, duties, and scope of a MP is contingent to their party affiliation, seniority, experience, expertise, and assignments. MPs are assigned to at least two committees and two subcommittees where they are responsible for developing and introducing bills that fall under the respective committee or subcommittee's specialty.
General duties include participating and voting in floor proceedings, bills presented before the floor, attending parliamentary hearings, and attending Prime Minister's Questions. Other duties include meeting and interacting with constituents, assisting their party in the House and outside, engaging in fundraising and other money-raising activities, and managing parliamentary staff. Additional duties and roles may be expected if the MP assumes a leadership role such as a committee chair, a party whip, a party leader, or the speaker.