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The Mexico Resolution was a Sierran joint resolution from the Parliament that passed in the House but was defeated and failed to pass in the Senate. The resolution, if passed, would have authorized the Kingdom of Sierra to take military action against Mexico for its connection with the 2015 San Diego bombings, an attack the former perceived to be an act of war.
The resolution was overwhelmingly voted in favor by 179-71 in the House on June 7, 2015. On June 8, the Senate drafted a similar version but was filibustered by Senator Eric Pipitone (L). The bill's review by the floor was further delayed when the Senate failed to achieve a quorum the following day. The resolution finally arrived to the floor on June 10 and its final form was voted on the evening of June 12. The Senate ultimately decided against the resolution falling 7 senators short of the required 26 senators (a 60% majority) with 19 yeas, 23 nays, and 2 abstains.
Despite this, through an edict issued by King Charles II, the provisions of the bill's authorization for the use of military action against Mexico were advanced following Prime Minister Steven Hong's decision to reinstate a state of emergency previously enacted following the bombings. The edict was largely ignored by the Sierran Crown Armed Forces and other government agencies, and triggered a constitutional crisis. It was retroactively annulled after the Supreme Court ruled that the edict was constitutionally valid. Controversy surrounding the King's edict would lead to his eventual abdication on June 21, 2015.
Contents[edit | edit source]
The resolution cites various factors to justify the use of military force against Mexico including:
- Mexico's Macias Administration's connection with the perpetrators in the 2015 San Diego bombings.
- Mexico's involvement in the coups d'état of Central American states in 2014.
- Mexico's continual possession and/or development of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons.
- Mexico's human rights record and treatment of its people.
- Mexico's hostility towards its neighbors and threat to regional security.
- Mexico's aid and harboring of terrorist individuals and organizations.
- The efforts of Sierra and its allies to contain Mexico.
- The authorization by the Constitution, the Parliament, and the King for the Supreme Field Marshal (Prime Minister) to fight Mexico.
Background[edit | edit source]
The Resolution was drafted primarily and immediately in response to the 2015 San Diego bombings where incriminating evidence and preliminary investigation strongly suggested that key officials in Mexico's government, including President José Rosario Macias, had close ties with the perpetrators of the terrorist attacks. The attacks, which were confirmed to have been conducted by Mexican sleeper agents, were purportedly an act of retaliation by the Mexican government against its "forced" signing of the 2014 Bogota Agreement, the official international agreement that forced Mexico to pay for reparative fines for its role in causing political upheaval in Central America. Under the agreement, Mexico would agree to relinquish claims of the long-contested El Norte, pay billions in war reparations, to undergo monitoring by the League of Nations, and to agree to restore power to the Central American governments by 2025. The agreement, seen as an embarrassment to the Mexican people, was hugely unpopular in Mexico and led to President Pablo Hidalgo de Veracruz's defeat by Jose Rosario Macias in the subsequent election. Macias, a hardliner politician with a more aggressive Veracruzist stance, rescinded Mexico's compliance to the Bogota Agreement and resumed Mexican policy to claim El Norte, thereby renewing already heightened tensions between Mexico and its Anglo-American neighbors.