- This country is a part of Altverse.
Northeastern Union of Hudson and New England
Motto: Excelsior ("Ever Upward")
Anthem: I Vow To Thee, My Country
|Largest city||New York|
|Recognised regional languages||Spanish, French, Portuguese, Dutch, German, Italian, Yiddish, Danish|
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Federal presidential republic|
|Sean Kirkpatrick Murphy|
|Legislature||Congress of the Union|
|House of Representatives|
• Declaration of Unity
|April 20, 1870|
|November 13, 1871 – August 4, 1916|
• Black Tuesday
|October 29, 1929|
• World War II
|September 1, 1939 - May 9, 1945|
• Foundation of the Conference of American States
|May 9, 1946|
• Attack on the World Trade Center in New York and the
|September 11, 2001|
|336,626.56 km2 (129,972.24 sq mi)|
• 2016 estimate
• 2011 census
|GDP (nominal)||2016 est. estimate|
• Per capita
|Currency||Northeastern Dollar ($) (NED)|
|Time zone||UTC-5; -4 (Eastern Time Zone, Atlantic Time Zone)|
The Northeast Union, officially known as the Northeastern Union of Hudson and New England, abbreviated as NU, is a sovereign state located in the northeast of North America. It consists of the historical countries Hudson and New England and is the successor state of the two. A federal republic, it is comprised of thirteen constituent states and four territories.
The country shares borders with the Union of American States to the south and Quebec to the north and west. With an area of 336,982.56 km² (130,733 sq. mi.), the Northeast Union is 65th largest country in the world, making it slightly larger than Malaysia, but smaller than Finland. In 2011, the NU had a population of 56,693,138, thus making it the 25th most populous country in the world, putting it with a population greater than Myanmar, but less than South Africa.
Originally the northern most states of the United States, the region of New England broke off during the War of Contingency in which the young nation-state, lead by former Vermont Governor Bob Page, waged a guerilla war and secured their independence by 1868 forming a new nation. During the Reconstruction era, the Northeast Union became a modern nationstate and was industrialized by the time of the 20th century. In the 1920s, a revolution broke out in which the Landonist National Revolutionary Alliance rose up and overthrew the Northeastern government and proclaimed the Congregationalist States during the Landonist revolutions of 1920-1931. The Congregationalist States would be part of the Landonist International and played a major role in Anglo-American politics, but eventually dissolved by the year 2000 and saw the restoration of the Northeast Union.
The contemporary Northeast Union has been at the forefront of international politics as a middle power. It has a very high-income economy with a very high standard of living. The Northeast Union is a member of the CAS, the LN, the World Bank, WTO and NATO. It is also global partners with the European Union. Home to a rich culture, the Northeast Union is renowned internationally for its contributions to the sciences and technology, arts, music, literature, and sports. It's largest cities, Boston and New York, are popular tourist destination in North America.
History[edit | edit source]
Colonial Era and the United States of America[edit | edit source]
British and Dutch Colonies[edit | edit source]
The first colonies in the modern Northeast were established by pilgrims on the Mayflower who arrived via the Netherlands in 1620. These first Pilgrims created the Plymouth Colony at the site of modern Plymouth, Massachusetts. The colony expanded to include the entirety of Cape Cod and southeastern Massachusetts. Other English colonies were founded in the modern territory of the Northeast Union, including the Massachusetts Bay Colony around Boston in 1628, the Province of New Hampshire around Portsmouth in 1630, the New Haven Colony around New Haven, the Connecticut Colony around Hartford, Connecticut and the Rhode Island Colony around Providence, all in 1636.
In the modern Hudson, the Dutch built the colony of New Netherlands, based around New Amsterdam, which was founded in 1614 based around the Hudson and Delaware river valleys. These colonies were successful for the beaver fur industry, but were ceded to Britain for the first time in 1667 and then again after a Dutch reconquest in 1674, transforming the city of New Amsterdam into New York. However, the Dutch settlers, numerous in number, were allowed to stay, becoming an upper class in the colony.
The region was caught up in King Philip's War, where the New English colonists fought against the Wampanoag tribe of Metacomet, called King Philip. While King Philip was defeated in Southern New England in 1676, modern Maine was plagued by attacks for decades to come.
In 1686, King James II of England instituted the Dominion of New England, which included the aforementioned colonies which make part of the modern Northeast Union, as well as New Jersey. This was to reduce the independence of the colonies from the English motherland. However, inner conflict against the dominion governor Sir Edmund Andros, especially in the Connecticut Colony, led to the disintegration of Dominion of New England in 1687. New England was also sight of many colonial wars between the French and the British.
After the Glorious Revolution, the colonies were appointed Royal Governors, which led to tensions between the colonists and the self-serving governors, who wanted absolute power within their colonies. Years of abuse by the governors, high taxes imposed by the British government and Britain sending prisoners to the New World disgruntled many of the settlers, which led to the Revolutionary War.
Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]
In 1773, the Massachusetts Colony's governor Thomas Hutchinson was involved in a scandal in which private letters detailing derogatory terms towards the colonists, including among others that the colonists were not to be treated the same as British citizens in England, by Benjamin Franklin, the postmaster of the colonies. The affair led to the firing of Franklin. With tensions already high due to the tea tax, this scandal served to be a direct reason for the Boston Tea Party, the instigator of the American Revolution.
On December 16th, 1773, a group of men led by Samuel Adams called the Sons of Liberty stormed a British East India Company ship and threw £10,000 worth of tea into Boston's harbor in protest against the tea tax. In response, the British parliament instated punitive measures against the Massachusetts Colony, including the closing of port of Boston. An underground movement for the colonies' independence existed in the underground, and the British attack on them in Concord in 1775 sparked the Revolutionary War.
While at first successful, with the Battle of Bunker Hill being won by the Americans, the British army, aided by German auxiliaries and mercenaries, managed to defeat George Washington at Long Island and occupied the New York Colony. Further attempts at keeping the colony, however, failed, as the Saratoga campaign to keep control of the Hudson river failed after the Battles of Saratoga.
In the long run, the British troops were forced to keep themselves in the occupied parts of the New York Colony and the Providence Plantations. The Americans fought around Rhode Island, New Netherlands and Maine in unsuccessful bids, leading to the United States' greatest loss before its collapse, the Penobscot Expedition.
After the Peace of Paris and the Treaty of Paris, New York was retaken by American troops after British troops left during Evacuation Day. The last shot of the war happened during the event, when a British soldier shot from a ship towards a jeering crowd on Staten Island. However, the shot didn't reach the shore. Thus did the modern Northeast Union become part of the United States of America.
US Rule[edit | edit source]
Even though the United States controlled the vast majority of the modern Northeast Union, it didn't control one sliver: Vermont. Vermont was an independent state since the beginning of the American Revolution, due to New York State claiming control over the region. Thus, Vermont only joined the United States on March 4th, 1791 as the 14th state of the Union, after the state of New York relinquished its claims on the so-called New Hampshire Grants.
New England was a center of abolitionist thought during the times of the United States, and was site of the first abolition of slavery within the country's history. The region was also dependent on trade with England, and thus was against war with the United Kingdom in the War of 1812. Due to tensions between the pro-British New English and the government, the Hartford Convention was organized in 1814 to discuss secession or autonomy from the government in Washington, D.C. However, the convention never gotten very far, but laid the ground of an anti-strong government autonomy movement within New England, which wanted closer ties to England as a result of the region's large mercantile class.
During the Missouri Compromise, Massachusetts released Maine as a free state to balance the addition of Missouri as a slave state. During the growing conflict between abolitionists and slavers in the US, New England and New York were a major center of Whig support, with one of the main leaders of the Whig Party, Daniel Webster, coming from Massachusetts. It was also the center of the abolitionist movement and a leading center of the Underground Railroad. Most famous was the example of Frederick Douglass, a freed slave who became one of the most renowned orators of his time. Other figures of the time were Henry David Thoreau, Nathaniel Hawthorne, William H. Seward and John P. Hale. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was also founded in Fayette, in the modern NU state of Ontario.
During this time, New England and New York became the leading centers of industrialization within the country. The textile industry boomed during this time and New England became a world leader in this industry. The region grew to host a sizable portion of the US population.
Geography, climate, and environment[edit | edit source]
The land area of the Northeast Union is 336,626.56 km². The country lies almost entirely on the North American continent with the exception of a couple of offshore islands including islands such as Martha's Vineyard, which is less than 10 km off the coast of Cape Cod in Massachusetts, and territories such as Bermuda, Puerto Rico and the Northeastern Virgin Islands.
Significant internal water sources include Lake Champlain, Lake Erie, Lake Ontario, the Hudson River and the Connecticut River. Most of the Northeast Union is forested, with low-lying mountains and large plains.
The tallest mountain in the NU is Mount Marcy which stands at 1,629 meters (5,344 ft). The country contains several large mountain ranges in the Northern country, mostly in the states of Adirondack, Saratoga, Vermont and Maine.
The Northeast Union includes four unincorporated territories which are considered officially part of the Union, but where the constitution doesn't fully apply to them. These territories are Bermuda in the Atlantic Ocean and Puerto Rico and the Northeastern Virgin Islands in the Caribbean.
Demographics[edit | edit source]
Population[edit | edit source]
|Latino and Hispanic||19.3%||20.5%||22.1%|
The 2011 Northeastern Bureau of Census officially counted 56,693,138. On August 3, 2019, the Census estimated that 57,522,138 people were living in the Northeast Union— an estimation consistent with the continual positive population growth the Northeast Union has experienced. The Northeast Union has had a history of immigration and has consistently grown upward since the mass immigration in 1848.
While the largest racial group in the Northeast Union has always been White Northeasterners (those of non-Hispanic origin), it has seen a decline in proportion to other races. Hispanic and Latino Northeasterners are by far the largest racial minority group, followed by Asians.
The main source of immigrants have consistently come from the Caribbean and Central America. From Asia, immigrants from Tondo, India, and Pakistan make up the second highest traffic of annual immigrants. Wealthy families and prospective students from China, Hainan and Taiwan, Portugal, Nigeria and India. have also continued in lieu of the domestic workforce to meet the ongoing demand for more jobs in technology, medicine, and science.
Largest cities or towns in Northeast Union
Northeastern Bureau of Census
|Rank||States of the Northeast Union||Pop.||Rank||States of the Northeast Union||Pop.|
|1||New York||New Netherlands||9,530,234||11||Worcester||Massachusetts||345,983|
|5||New Haven||New Haven C.D.||674,555||15||Albany||Saratoga||289,323|
|6||New Barnstable||Massachussetts||534,594||16||Warwick||Rhode Island||283,293|
|7||San Juan||Puerto Rico||533,943||17||Springfield||Massachussetts||259,754|
|10||Yonkers||New Netherlands||370,943||20||Ponce||Puerto Rico||210,293|
Language[edit | edit source]
English is the official language at the federal level. At state levels, official languages are Spanish (New Netherlands, Rhode Island, Massachusetts), German (Erie, Mohawk, Allegheny, Ontario), Dutch (Saratoga, Mohawk, New Netherlands), Portuguese (Rhode Island, Massachusetts), Italian (New Netherlands, Connecticut, Erie) and French (Vermont, Maine). Other commonly spoken languages that do not have any official status include Irish, Spanish, Arabic, Hindi, Chinese, and Ukrainian.
Religion[edit | edit source]
|Affiliation||% of NU population|
The Northeastern Constitution guarantees the free exercise of religion and forbids Congress from passing any law promoting religious law. Christianity has been the most practiced religion in the Northeast Union since its founding with Catholicism claiming the most adherents. In spite of this, weekly church attendance has been declining since the 1970s and currently stands at 39%. Irreligion has been growing particularly among younger Northeasterners and the percentage of Northeasterners openly labeling themselves as "atheists" or "agnostics" is at 5%.
Catholicism is the largest set of religions in Northeast Union, with its dominance thanks to the influx of Irish, Italian and Portuguese Catholics into the country. The largest Christian non-Catholic denomination are different denominations of Protestantism at 15%. Eastern Orthodox claim 1% of Northeast Union's population.
Lovecraftianism is the largest non-Christian religion with 25% of the population, followed by Jewish groups at 6%. Small groups of Muslims, Buddhists, Canaanites and Wiccans are also existing, and are at 4%.
Religion has influenced the Northeast Union, which had held a strong Protestant tradition, but due to immigration has become a very Catholic nation. The Protestant work ethic has influenced the modern Northeastern business culture. Although the government cannot pass any religious laws, the government had been on many occasions been influenced or pressured by religious organizations and groups in the past.
In regard towards the military, religious observers can opt to be a conscientious objector in times of a military draft and serve as a non-combatant in the forces. Such claims are taken seriously and rigorous background checks help determine whether an individual may receive such status.
Family structure and law[edit | edit source]
In 2014, 55% of Northeasterners over the age of 25 were married or cohabited, 2% were widowed, 13% were divorced, and the rest have never married or been involved in a long-term relationship. Marriage and the nuclear family are two concepts which are losing hold in Northeastern culture. Until contemporary times, marriage was defined a monogamous union between a man and a woman. Since the 1980s, this view has been challenged by pro-LGBT activists who helped push towards greater cultural acceptance in the NU. Divorce has become increasingly non-taboo and prevalent among marriages. ted from restricting the practice of religion, it does have the power to restrict religious activity that would violate the constitution or law such as murder and polygamy. It also can deem whether or not an organization claiming religious status can be eligible for tax exemption. Among the most prolific "bans" on a religious group is the Church of Scientology where the government has consistently refused the Church's files for exemption.
According to the 2010 census, same-sex marriages accounted for 12% of all marriages in the NU. Same-sex marriages are legally recognized in all states except for Allegheny. Marriage between first cousins is legal in only 7 states and polygamy is only legal in 1 of the states although. Adultery and extramarital laws are non-existent. cross-species marriage is forbidden in all states but the legality of zoophilia-related activities varies from state to state. Child pornography (with the exception of simulated images or videos which vary from state to state) is criminalized in all provinces and the distribution, ownership, or creation of such material is considered a felony at the federal law.
Government and politics[edit | edit source]
As a republic, the Northeast Union is a democracy with an elected president who serves as the foundation of the executive. The head of state is Eliezer Steinberg, the President who is very important in day-to-day affairs. The system works much like the Congress of the old United States, except that the electoral college can and will be split according to the percentages of winning, to ensure the candidate wanted by most wins. Due to this, a normal majority is needed for the candidate to win.
The bicameral Congress fulfills the role and duty of a legislative branch. Divided between the upper house Senate and the lower house House of Representatives, each house works in conjunction to create, modify, and pass national laws. Congress reserves exclusive rights among them being the power of the purse, and impeachment. Members of both houses are elected by the people and election cycles renew parliamentary terms every 4 years. In the Senate, each state is represented by two senators while in the House of Representatives, seats are apportioned every census (10 years). Congress features a five-way party system: Social Democrats (social liberalism, social interventionism, social democracy), Liberal-Republicans (classical liberalism, progressivism, social liberalism), Libertarian Forum (libertarianism, lasseiz-faire economics), Green Movement (enviromentalism, green politics, eco-socialism) and Continentalist Party (socialism, continentalism, Landonism). The Social-Democrats, Liberal-Republicans and Continentalist Paety have historically dominated the system, with the Libertarian Forum and Green Movement only recently becoming significant parties. Other minor parties with seats in Congress include the Party for the Reestablishment of the United States of America and the Vermont Independence Party.
The Supreme Court of the Northeast Union is the highest court within the Northeastern judicial system. It, along with the inferior courts make up the entirety of the federal judiciary. The Supreme Court interprets the Constitution and uses said interpretation to prevent the legislative or executive branch from passing or executing a law/action that would violate the Constitution. As the final interpreter, its decisions overturn all judicial actions of lower courts. Unless a case is not within its jurisdiction, the decision of any case is often treated as legally binding law. The Supreme Court is composed of eight associate justices headed by the Chief Justice (Anthony De Gregoriis), the ninth and highest-ranking justice.
Law[edit | edit source]
The Northeast Union uses the common law system wherein judges or magistrates develop law through their decision in courts or tribunals case-by-case and on previously established precedents. Some elements of civil law however, does exist within the Northeast Union legal framework and was incorporated in reflection of the American interpretation of classic English law, Roman-Dutch law and German law.
Law exists on several different levels and layers of both domestic codified and uncodified law as well as international agreements such as treaties. The highest form of law in the NU rests within the Constitution, followed by federal statutory laws or regulations created through acts of Congress, executive orders, and Supreme Court decisions implemented in the Northeastern Federal Code.
Under the Northeastern federal system, the extent of federal power is limited and enumerated by the Constitution itself. Any powers not delegated or forbidden to the federal government is left among the plenary sovereign states, who, with their own individual constitutions and governments, determine much of the "living law" of contract, probate, tort, property, tax, criminal, and family law.
Religious law has always been expressively forbidden under the separation of church and state principle provided by the Constitution. Thus, laws regarding blasphemy or desecration are forbidden. Since the 1930s, blue laws have also been prohibited from being enacted as it was found that these laws had religious undertones. Discriminatory and hate speech laws have also been similarly prohibited as such legislation would undermine free speech.
Political divisions[edit | edit source]
The Northeast Union is a federation of 13 states. The boundaries have been virtually unchanged since the unification in 1870 and are primarily based on historical state boundaries during colonial and US times and the drawing up of states within Hudson.
|State||Flag||Capital||Population (2010 census)||Seal/Coat of arms|
|New Netherlands||New York||14,498,886|
Territories[edit | edit source]
- Main article: Territories of the Northeast Union
All citizens in the unincorporated territories enjoy all rights guaranteed by the Constitution, including the right to vote in the election. All of the territories are self-governing and represented nationally in Congress by delegates and are not subjected to most federal taxes. In addition, anyone born in any of the territories are automatically considered Northeastern citizens. All citizens have free unrestricted movement between the states and the territories, as well as any other regions in the Union, as well as full voting rights in presidential and congressional elections.
|Territory||Flag||Status||Capital||Population (2010 census)||Date of acquisition|
|New Haven, C.D.||Organized unincorporated territory||New Haven||674,555||January 20, 1871|
|Bermuda||Organized unincorporated territory||Hamilton||68,758||May 3, 1873|
|Puerto Rico||Organized unincorporated territory||San Juan||5,029,324||December 10, 1898|
|Northeastern Virgin Islands||Organized unincorporated territory||Charlotte Amalie||110,926||March 31, 1917|
Parties and elections[edit | edit source]
Until the 1920s, the Northeast Union had a two-party system dominated between the capitalist-leaning Liberal-Republican Party and the more progressive-leaning Whig Party. Since 1920, the Social Democratic and the Continentalist parties have become dominant, with the Whig Party going down, and them being joined by the Green Movement of the Northeast Union in the 1970s. The present-day five-party system the Northeast Union has been completed by the Libertarian Forum in the 1990s.
Both the Liberal-Republican Party and Social-Democratic Party share similar positions when in regard to civil liberties (socially liberal) whereas the Libertarian Forum and especially the Continental Movement have consistently held conservative stance towards certain issues (opposition towards the legalization of same-sex marriages and marijuana).
Economically, the Liberal-Republicans advocate a form of moderate social democracy and third way. The Social-Democrats prefer an overhaul of the system and a large welfare state, with some members proposing direct democracy. The Libertarians favour a fiscally conservative approach towards economics including laissez-faire economics. The Continental Movement officially advocates for regulated economics, with some of the members being for planned economy. The Liberal-Republicans have traditionally held majority rule in the high-end coastal regions of the NU and in the Hudson Valley, the Continentals in the western states, the Social Democrats along the coast and inland and the Libertarians in the North. Other parties generally focus on single-issue politics like the Green Movement (environmentalism) and the Vermont Independence Party (autonomism).
Foreign relations[edit | edit source]
The Northeast Union has had a long tradition of diplomacy with foreign countries, mostly due to it's naval and trading outreach. It is a founding member of the League of Nations. In addition, the NU is also member of Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development, the Conference of American States and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Many foreign countries have permanent diplomatic missions and embassies at the NU's capital, New Haven, C.D. and consulates throughout the nation. Likewise, NU interests are represented internationally in embassies in many countries across the globe.
The Northeast Union has military and defense pacts with nations including the member states of the Conference of American States, member states of the NATO, Costa Rica, and Portugal. The NU is a founding member of the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD), combining aerial operations with continental Anglo-America.
The Northeast Union has a long history of responding to international crises and conflicts. During both World Wars, the Vietnam War and the Angola War, the Northeast Union provided humanitarian and medical support for soldiers and civilians. It was one of the first nations to respond to the invasion of Kuwait and the Bosnia crisis. In 2005, the NU provided over $200 million to the Hurricane Katrina relief efforts in the United Commonwealth.
The Northeast Union does not have formal diplomatic relations with Angola, Eritrea, and Somalia. In December 2014, the NU severed diplomatic relations with Mexico following the latter's failure to withdraw its troops in the aftermath of the invasion of Guatemala.
Military[edit | edit source]
The armed forces of the NU are divided into five branches (the Northeast Union Army, the Northeast Union Navy, the Northeast Union Air Force, the Northeast Union Marine Corps, and the Northeast Union Coast Guard), all of which are collectively known as the NU Armed Forces (NUAF). Daily management and operations of the NUAF is managed by the Department of Defense and the Department of National Security who work in conjunction with the Chiefs of Staff, a tribunal composed of the NU's highest-ranking generals. There are two reserve forces that are not considered part of the NUAF by de jure but nonetheless treated equally as a NUAF branch: the National Guard (dedicated primarily to national defense and crisis response) and the NU Auxiliary Forces (civilians prepared to go into combat before the regular draft service whitelist in times of war).
Military conscription is voluntary, but conscription is possible in times of war through the Selective Service. Both male and female citizens between the ages of 21 and 45 are automatically registered into the Selective Service's draft waiting list. Those with health complications, disabilities, obligations (a mother raising her 2-year old child), moral objections, or other factors preventing a citizen from fulfilling their military duty are dropped out from the list (and can receive blacklisting from future drafts) or receive other options instead of the default combat role (for conscientious objectors) such as a nurse or engineer.
The military budget of the NU is heavily navy and technology-oriented with an annual spending of $44.64 billion. Currently, the prime focus of military spending has been centered on aircraft, missile, and naval technology. The NU also possesses nuclear weapons although it has signed the Non-Proliferation Treaty and maintains only an active stockpile of 45 active nuclear warheads. During World War II, the NU and UC militaries were allowed to use Sierran land to test nuclear weapons under the condition that it would share nuclear technology and information with Sierra.
Civil rights[edit | edit source]
Gay rights[edit | edit source]
Women's rights[edit | edit source]
Women's suffrage movements have existed in the Northeast Union since the 1880s after the First Convention of Northeastern Women was held in 1884. Throughout the 1910s, individual states had passed suffrage, but more conservative and rural states had held out and opposed suffrage. It wasn't until the National Suffrage Act of 1919 that full suffrage was guaranteed to women, though white women were the ones that were guaranteed full suffrage while racial minorities were denied it. It wouldn't be until 1964 that women of color were guaranteed full suffrage after the signing of civil rights legislation was passed. In the 1960s, women's rights activists had pushed for reproductive rights and in 1972 abortion was legalized nationwide and the Northeast Union has some of the most lax laws regarding abortion in Anglo-America. In the modern era, the Northeast Union has some of the highest rates of gender equality in Anglo-America and equal pay is a top priority in both the Liberal-Republican and Social Democratic parties respectively.
Culture[edit | edit source]
Cuisine[edit | edit source]
Traditional Northeastern cuisine is a derivate of English cuisine, mixed with ingredients found in the Americas and a strong fishing culture. Norhteastern cuisine emphasises the freshness of ingredients, especially the freshness of seafood. Wheat enjoys status as the staple grain and make up the basis of a Northeastern diet. Traditional foods are split between coastal and inland regions: Coastal meals include a lot of fish, lobster, oyster and clam meat, while inland regions eat more pork, beef, chicken, and venison as main meats. Fruits such as apricots, berries, and apples are frequently cooked into pies, a staple all across the NU, while vegetables are usually added to meat pies and to chowders. Few spices are used in Northeastern cuisine outside of desserts, besides salt. Desserts include a variety of spices, including cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg and ginger.
However, modern cuisine of the Northeast Union features a lot of foods brought over by immigrants, with the most famous dishes from abroad and adapted to the NU are pizza, spaghetti, schnitzel, linguiça, malasada, pelimeni, poutine, sauerkraut, jiaozi and soused herring.
Literature[edit | edit source]
Music[edit | edit source]
Sport[edit | edit source]
Footnotes[edit | edit source]
|Canada • St. Lawrence||Canada||Canada • St. Croix|
|Lake Erie||Atlantic Ocean|
|United Commonwealth||United Commonwealth||Atlantic Ocean|