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Province of Cisplatina
Location of Paiagua in Cisplatina
Location of Paiagua in Cisplatina
Country Cisplatina
Official Languages English, Guaranite, Guaicurite
Capital Itaipoa
 • Governor Belinda Somers (CSDP)
 • Senator Larry Powers (CSDP)
 • Deputies List
 • Total 478,818 km2 (184,873 sq mi)
Population (2018)
 • Total 24,501,222
 • Rank 1st
 • DensityBad rounding here51/km2 (Bad rounding here130/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Paiaguani
Time zone WCST (UTC−4)
ISO 3166 code PAI

Paiagua (Guaranite, Guaicurite: Paiaguua) is a province of Cisplatina, located in the central-western portion of the nation. The western portion of the province is made up mostly of the semi-arid Chacu geographic area, while the eastern part of the province is predominantly located in a humid subtropical climate area. Paiagua has a great deal of arable land, and has historically maintained one of the largest populations in the country; today, with an estimated population of 24 million people as of 2018, the province is the most populous in the country. Paiagua is also the second largest province in the country, with a total land area of 478,818 square kilometres.

There are two primary indigenous peoples that have traditionally inhabited the modern province of Paiagua, those are the Guaycuru peoples of the western Chacu region and the Guarani people of the eastern region. The first European explorers arrived in the area around the 1540s, these were expeditionary groups from the lands of the Knights Hospitallier in the east; these expeditions were largely headed by Roman Catholic missionaries from across the British Isles who were escaping the persecution of the English King Henry VIII. The British missionaries established agricultural religious communities known as the Reductions, where the native peoples were Christianised and taught to live European lifestyles. For most of the 16th and 17th centuries, the Reductions prospered in the relative peace of the remote region. Settlers from the British Isles poured into the countryside, along with other immigrants from Europe, where farms and ranches saw a great deal of success. Immigrants mixed with the native peoples to form the two primary mixed-race ethnic groups which hold a plurality in the province in the contemporary day, the Guaicurite people and the Guaranite people. True political organisation would not take place until 1659, when the Council of the River-Plains was established; the oligarchic Council established a small number of political institutions aimed at increasing the stability of the region through advancements in law enforcement, education, and customs control. The Council held de facto independence politically speaking; it would take until 1712 before the region began integration into the modern Cisplatine nation, after the end of the relatively bloodless Paiaguani War. In 1716, Paiagua officially joined Cisplatina as a province.