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Kingdom of Portugal

Reino de Portugal (pt)
Flag of Portugal
National arms of Portugal
National arms

Map of Portugal
Map of Portugal
and largest city
Official languages Portugese
Recognised regional languages Cantonese
Demonym(s) Portuguese
Government parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• King
John VII (I)
Sandro de Sá
Legislature Parliament
House of Peers
Chamber of Deputies
Jul 25, 1139
December 1, 1640
October 5, 1910
February 17, 1919
• Total
133,486.3 km2 (51,539.3 sq mi)
• 2018 estimate
• 2017 census
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$460.6 Billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$360.45 Billion
• Per capita
Gini (2014) 0.321
HDI (2017) 0.870
very high
Date format dd-mm-yyyy
Driving side right
Calling code +5
ISO 3166 code PRT
Internet TLD .prt

Portugal, officially the Kingdom of Portugal, is a sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in Soutwestern Europe. It is the westernmost sovereign state in Europe, being bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and east and north to Spain. Portugal has overseas territories such as the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Portuguese Macau. The official language of the country is Portuguese with Cantonese being a regionally recognized language.

Portugal is one of the oldest states in Europe and is the oldest state on the Iberian Peninsula having been invaded, contested and fought over various times throughout prehistoric and pre-modern times. Originally inhabited by the pre-Celtic and Celtic peoples, the region was later visited by the Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Ancient Greeks and ruled by the Romans before the invasions by the Subei and Gothic Germanic peoples. After being conquered by the Muslims, the region was known as Al-Andalus of which modern day Portugal was a part of prior to its reconquest in Reconquista. Founded in 868, the future nation was founded as the County of Portugal which became prominent after the Battle of São Mamede (1128) with the kingdom being proclaimed and would gain independence after the Battle of Ourique (1139) from León and was recognized by the Treaty of Zamora (1143).

During the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal would establish the first global maritime and commercial empire and became one of the world's leading economic, military, and political powers. During this period, now called the Age of Discovery, Portuguese explorers would pioneer maritime exploration with the discovery of what would become Brazil (1500).