President of Kalșeri

From Constructed Worlds
Jump to navigation Jump to search
 This article is part of the Kalșeri project.
President of Kalșeri
Alseugi Kalșeri
Presidential Standard of Kalseri.svg
Incumbent
Richard Nakamura

since October 15, 2019
Style His or Her Excellency
Your Excellency or Mister President (spoken)
Residence Gann House
27 Enrik Gann Street, Tașarél, Evalria (official)
Personal summer house
Nominator Political parties or self-nomination
Appointer Direct popular election
Congress (special circumstances)
Term length Seven years, non-renewable
Constituting instrument Carnafarry Statute (1794-1934)
Charter of Kalșeri (since 1934; amended in 1996)
Formation September 3, 1783 (de facto)
September 20, 1794 (de iure)
October 15, 1934 (current powers)
First holder Archibald Hayworth
Kensington R. Johnson (current powers)
Unofficial names Al, Prez, Number One
Salary ħ35,000/month

The President of Kalșeri (Kalhan: Alseugi Kalșeri), officially denoted as the President of the Kalșerian Republic (Alseugi Kalșériton Repúblika), is the head of state of Kalșeri. Under the Charter, the main roles of the President are to represent national unity and to appoint a Prime Minister. The President is also Commander-in-chief of the Kalșerian Armed Forces. A President's term in office lasts for seven years, and is non-renewable. The current President is The current President is Richard Nakamura, who won the 2019 election; his term is set to end on September 20, 2026.

Prior to the ratification of the Charter, the President used to serve as the head of government of the country, as well.

The relations between the President and the Congress have changed throughout the history of modern Kalșeri, from respecting the will of the Congress with little resistance, as Terence Segner did, to asserting presidential dominance over it, as Ioen Rovuan did.

History[edit | edit source]

The post of President was first codified in the 1784 Statute of the Kalșerian Republic, popularly known as the Carnafarry Statute; under the terms of the Statute, the President was to be elected by the people and confirmed by the Inter-cantonal Congress of Electors (ICCE).

From 1894 to 1932, the post of President and its powers were gradually defined by amending the Carnafarry Statute. Ioen Rovuan added the power to issue legislative provisions motu proprio and added several provisions weakening the control of the Congress over the President; following the incapacitation of Ioen Rovuan, the provisions issued by Ioen Rovuan were mostly reversed.

With the promulgation of the Charter in 1934, the post of President was rendered merely ceremonial, as the major parties feared that a case similar to that of Ioen Rovuan could take place. The Charter has since been amended in 1996, where the method of voting used in presidential elections was changed to contingent voting, a variant of instant-runoff voting.

Requirements and appointment[edit | edit source]

To run for President, a candidate must meet the following requirements:

  • be born in Kalșeri or elsewhere to Kalșerian parents;
  • be 25 or older at the time of the election;
  • not have been accused of any felony for the last 15 years, or since the 15th birthday, in case the age of the candidate is between 25 and 30;
  • not be an active member of the Armed Forces;
  • be a layman;
  • be legally sane. This requirement was added in 1934, after it was publicly announced that the late Ioen Rovuan was schizophrenic. In 1987, the Supreme Court case Hendriksen v. Kalșeri ruled that physical or mental disorders that did not completely hinder one's awareness of their surroundings and actions were not intrinsically qualifying factors for legal insanity.

Candidates who wish to run under a party usually go through a process of nomination, especially if multiple candidates wish to run under the same banner.

Methods of election[edit | edit source]

Ever since the inception of the post, the main method of election of a President is by direct popular vote. First-past-the-post was the method of voting used in Presidential elections until 1996, when it was scrapped in favor of contingent voting. The presidential election takes place on September 20 every seven years.

If the President cannot perform their duties, the High Summoner serves as Caretaker President. In case of death or resignation of the President, the High Summoner serves the remainder of the term. Prior to 1934, the successor of a President who quit or was unable to work was normally chosen by the Congress (as was the case for Jim McCormick when Andrew Poxton died) or by the people (as it happened in 1932, when Egbert Ralgi resigned).

Inauguration[edit | edit source]

On October 15th, about a month after the results of the election are announced, the President-elect is escorted from their house to the Presidential Palace, where the public ceremony of being sworn in takes place at noon; the President then utters the oath of allegiance before former Presidents and Senators for life, in either Kalhan or English:

Kalhan:

Ho, [full name], jardoni janu mo ho tirki e șunarki Kalșeri'ta ol ie mongia, mo ho gerki Rialkarta'ta, mo ho jirki ușáriata giasi ol hosi ușáriata, e mo ho jirki geani, káprirdoni e lígirdoni. [Sar hota tișuan.]

English:

I, [full name], do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend Kalșeri from all enemies, that I will bear allegiance to the Charter, that I will fulfill the needs of my people before my own, and that I will perform the duties bestowed to me faithfully, consciously and professionally. [So help me God.]

The President-elect is given the option to swear on either a copy of the Bible or a copy of the Charter. Traditionally, the oath has been taken in Kalhan, and then repeated in English. For those who do not speak Kalhan, flash cards with a phonetic transcription of the Kalhan words are displayed for the President-elect to see.

The oath is then followed by the acceptance speech at Unification Square in central Evalria, the State Luncheon, where the now-full-fledged President lunches with former Presidents, important Representatives and foreign dignitaries, a parade through Evalria and, after a brief pause, a private dinner with the President's immediate family. The following day, the President may choose to attend the morning service at the Evalria Cathedral; at noon, the President and their predecessor are escorted to the Presidential Palace, where the outgoing President gives the presidential sash and the presidential mace to the new President.

Powers and duties[edit | edit source]

According to the Charter, the President's powers and duties are the following:

  • signing bills into law or vetoing them;
    • Congress may override a presidential veto with a two-thirds majority.
  • having laws published in the Official Gazette;
  • appointing the Prime Minister;
  • approving or rejecting the ministerial nominations made by the Prime Minister;
  • issuing declarations of war or peace treaties, upon consent of Congress;
  • appointing federal judges, upon consent of Congress in a joint session;
  • pardoning or changing sentences for federal crimes;
    • The President may not issue a self-pardon, or pardon co-conspirators of a crime in which the President was involved.
  • nominating or dismissing ambassadors and consuls, often at the recommendation of the Minister of Foreign Affairs;
  • awarding people the prestigious orders, such as the Order of the Golden Sun;
  • representing Kalșeri abroad.

The President also enjoys legal immunity during their term for all misdemeanors and most felonies, except high treason, genocide, bypassing or attempting to change any part of the Charter in any meaningful way without the permission of the Congress and without declaring a constitutional referendum, and other wrongdoings listed below.

Other functions specified in the Charter or elsewhere include:

  • being ex officio the Holder of the Keys of the Main Gate to the Old City of Evalria, a ceremonial office inherited from the title of King of Lág, as per the Main Gate Treaty of 1083. A replica of the Keys can be seen in the Presidential Office.
  • being patron to several charity institutions in Kalșeri;
  • being the President of KaGi, from 1871 to 1997;
  • being ex officio the Rector of the National University of New Leeds.

Incapacitation[edit | edit source]

A presidential incapacitation takes place when the Congress strips the President of their powers, esentially forcing them to resign. An incapacitation may take place due to wrongdoing for which legal immunity does not apply; legal insanity is also a qualifying factor for presidential incapacitation. An incapacitation needs to reach a two-thirds majority in both houses of Congress for it to be successful. Once applied, the President and their Cabinet are asked to give up their seats. Should they not comply, they will be charged with bypassing the will of the Congress and sentenced accordingly. A second vote is then held in the Senate to determine whether the offending officials should be made ineligible for public office for the next five years; a two-thirds majority is once again required for this measure to take effect.

So far, only Ioen Rovuan has been incapacitated, due to his aforementioned mental insanity. The threat of incapacitation has also been an effective measure to force a President to resign, regardless of whether the presidential wrongdoings were actually grounds for incapacitation: this happened once, with Raimund Terșet, charged with corruption in 1977. The measure was not actually applied, as Terșet resigned before any vote on the matter could be scheduled.

The President may be incapacitated for the following reasons:

  1. declaring loyalty to an enemy of the State;
  2. attempting to change the Charter in any meaningful way without the consent of Congress;
  3. planning or executing the persecution and/or extermination of a group of people;
  4. disregarding human rights and the basic principles of democracy;
  5. disregarding the limits to the Office of President;
  6. being investigated for or convicted of corruption;
  7. obstruction of justice;
  8. contempt of Congress;
  9. being declared insane or otherwise unfit to act.

Compensation and privileges of office[edit | edit source]

  • Style: Excellency
    • Reference style: His/Her Excellency The President of the Kalșerian Republic
    • Spoken style: (The) President of (The Republic/Kalșeri)
    • Direct style: Mister President, Your Excellency (Congress)
  • Monthly Salary: ħ35,000
  • Residence: Gann House
  • Car: Maserati Quattroporte
  • Airplane: Boeing 787 Dreamliner, whose callsign is Kallie One when carrying the President.

Post-presidency[edit | edit source]

Pensions and staff[edit | edit source]

Since the passage of the Presidential Pensions Act 1951, signed into law by President Andrew Hauptmann, Kalșerian presidents have been given a monthly pension of ħ10,000. The Act allows the Senate to stop giving pensions to individual former presidents under certain circumstances.

In 1998, the Presidential Security Detail Act was signed into law, giving a Kalșerian Defense Agency security detail to former presidents and their immediate relatives until the former president's death.

Libraries and museums[edit | edit source]

Much like in the United States, Kalșerian presidents are given libraries and/or museums where their personal and presidential documents and effects are kept after leaving office. The tradition started in 1943, when Kensington R. Johnson sent much of his older paperwork to what would become the Kensington R. Johnson Presidential Library and Museum; the tradition was confirmed in 1968, when the Presidential Library and Museum Act was signed into law by President Christophe-Marie Martin.

All former presidents have at least one historic site dedicated to them.

List[edit | edit source]

     Kalhan Front/Social Cooperation      Liberal Republican/Liberal Democrat      Christian Democrat      Whig      Farmer      Movement for Action      Pact for the Country      Independent/Military

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Party Term of office Notes
Presidential period (1783–1935)
1 DanielMorgan.jpeg Gen. Archibald Hayworth
(1731–1801)
Military September 3, 1783

October 15, 1794
4060 days
Temporary until October 15, 1784.
2 GabrielDuvall.jpg Tomas Ienuvion
(1745–1803)
Liberal Republican October 15, 1794

October 15, 1799
1826 days
3 Williampinkney (1).jpg James Orrey
(1751–1814)
Liberal Republican October 15, 1799

October 15, 1804
1826 days
4 William Eustis.jpg Richard Kenswick
(1749–1817)
Kalhan Front October 15, 1804

October 15, 1809
1826 days
5 Philip Barton Key (1757–1815).jpg John D. Ewing
(1756–1829)
Liberal Republican October 15, 1809

October 15, 1814
1826 days
6 Richard Jackson Chester Harding.jpg Robert Silorsi
(1758–1822)
Kalhan Front October 15, 1814

October 15, 1819
1826 days
7 Nathaniel Silsbee.png Mark Sellers-Casey
(1779–1845)
Kalhan Front October 15, 1819

October 15, 1824
1827 days
8 BWCrowninshield.jpg Ben Webber
(1784–1843)
Whig October 15, 1824

October 15, 1834
3652 days
9 James Alfred Pearce, standing.jpg Karl Rovuansi
(1789–1841)
Liberal Republican October 15, 1834

October 15, 1839
1826 days
10 Daniel Putnam King (1801-1850).jpg Jean-Yves Delahaye
(1791–1867)
Kalhan Front October 15, 1839

October 15, 1844
1827 days
11 WilliamGWhiteley.jpg Andrew Poxton
(1796–1851)
Liberal Republican October 15, 1844

February 9, 1851
2308 days
Died in office.
12 JamesBarrollRicaud.jpg Jim McCormick
(1805–1867)
Whig February 9, 1851

October 15, 1854
1344 days
Appointed by Congress.
Temporary.
13 John A. Nicholson.jpeg Philip Abernahy
(1804–1890)
Liberal Republican October 15, 1854

October 15, 1859
1826 days
14 William James O'Brien of Maryland - photo portrait seated.jpg William Tecwen Darby
(1811–1887)
Kalhan Front October 15, 1859

October 15, 1869
3653 days
15 Joshua Frederick Cockey Talbott, Bain photo portrait.jpg Enrik Gann
(1823–1911)
Liberal Republican October 15, 1869

October 15, 1879
3652 days
16 Charles Boyle Roberts of Maryland - Portrait seated circa 1865 to 1880.jpg Gabriel Geasergi
(1830–1903)
Whig October 15, 1879

October 15, 1884
1827 days
17 William Kimmel of Maryland - photo portrait seated circa 1865 to 1880.jpg John William Knowles
(1835–1906)
Liberal Republican October 15, 1884

October 15, 1889
1826 days
18 HarryWellesRusk.jpg Eberhard Feldnehmer
(1835–1906)
Farmer October 15, 1889

May 15, 1891
577 days
Resigned.
19 William J. Samford.jpg Ieremía Skanhal
(1833–1902)
Kalhan Front May 15, 1891

January 4, 1892
234 days
Appointed by Congress. Resigned.
20 Hilary A. Herbert.jpg Colonel Baldvin Úkegi
(1847–1901)
Military January 4, 1892

March 15, 1893
436 days
Appointed by Congress. Resigned.
21 Griggs2.jpg Terence Segner
(1832–1896)
Independent March 15, 1893

December 7, 1893
267 days
Appointed by Congress. Resigned.
22 GenWScott-engraving.jpg Aleksis Harnel
(1822–1895)
Independent December 7, 1893

October 15, 1894
312 days
Appointed by Congress.
23 Charles Haughey.jpg Charles Wolfram Haughey
(1835–1911)
Christian Democrat October 15, 1894

October 15, 1899
1826 days
Born outside Kalșeri, in Carnew, Co. Wicklow, Ireland. Commonly listed as Haughey I.
24 HITCHCOCK, G.M. HONORABLE LCCN2016857525 (cropped).jpg Lucretius Reeve
(1848–1911)
Christian Democrat October 15, 1899

October 15, 1904
1826 days
25 George M. Grant.jpg Peter Haughey
(1862–1941)
Kalhan Front October 15, 1904

October 15, 1909
1826 days
Commonly listed as Haughey II.
26 Práxedes Mateo Sagasta (cropped).jpg Ugo Laxalt
(1853–1916)
Kalhan Front October 15, 1909

October 15, 1914
1826 days
27 WallaceWhiteJr.jpg Emilius Ninkoșagi
(1861–1924)
Christian Democrat September 20, 1914

December 1, 1918
1508 days
28 CharlesOLobeck.jpg Mike Tearney
(1868–1936)
Liberal Republican December 1, 1918

October 15, 1919
318 days
High Summoner.
Temporary.
29 William E. Andrews.jpg Raymond Enos Haughey
(1874–1947)
Christian Democrat October 15, 1919

October 15, 1924
1827 days
Commonly listed as Haughey III.
30 Antonio Maura 1917 (cropped).jpg Jorj A. Kregi
(1862–1944)
Kalhan Front October 15, 1924

October 15, 1929
1826 days
31 Silas Reynolds Barton (Nebraska Congressman).jpg Egidius Robert Ralgi
(1883–1951)
Christian Democrat October 15, 1929

May 1, 1932
929 days
Did not name any successor, instead opting to organize a snap election.
32 FrankHook.jpg Ioen "Rovuan" Klarenșus Șandler
(1886–1934)
Movement for Action May 1, 1932

November 17, 1933
565 days
Incapacitated by Congress due to his schizophrenia.
33 James C. Oliver (Maine Congressman).jpg Tomas U. Lerfe
(1873–1946)
Independent November 17, 1933

October 15, 1935
697 days
High Summoner.
Parliamentary period (1935–present)
34 Kensington R. Johnson
(1865–1948)
Christian Democratic October 15, 1935

October 15, 1942
2557 days
35 Orville Linzer
(1881–1965)
Social Cooperation October 15, 1942

October 15, 1949
2557 days
36 Andrew Hauptmann
(1897–1966)
Christian Democratic October 15, 1949

October 15, 1956
2557 days
37 Gen. Eduardus Jalé
(1900–1994)
Independent October 15, 1956

October 15, 1963
2556 days
38 Christophe-Marie Martin, Esq.
(1902–1981)
Liberal Democratic October 15, 1963

October 15, 1970
2557 days
39 Jerry Mazzotta
(1926–2018)
Social Cooperation October 15, 1970

October 15, 1977
2557 days
40 Nikoleta Larongi
(b. 1939)
Liberal Democratic October 15, 1977

October 15, 1984
2557 days
41 Victor Espeland
(1911–1989)
Liberal Democratic October 15, 1984

March 1, 1989
1598 days
Died in office.
42 Thomas Bachmann
(b. 1929)
Social Cooperation March 1, 1989

October 15, 1991
958 days
Acting.
43 William P. O'Grady
(b. 1934)
Pact for the Country October 15, 1991

October 15, 1998
2557 days
44 Donald Glenn Brotz.jpg Ionas Miagi
(1924–2020)
Liberal Democratic October 15, 1998

October 15, 2005
2557 days
45 Maude Haughey, Esq.
(b. 1929)
Liberal Democratic October 15, 2005

October 15, 2012
2557 days
46 Dave Robbins
(b. 1947)
Liberal Democratic October 15, 2012

October 15, 2019
2556 days
47 Richard Nakamura
(b. 1947)
Liberal Democratic October 15, 2019

present
1203 days