Provincial governments of Sierra
|Kingdom of Sierra|
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Provincial governments of Sierra are institutional units in the Kingdom of Sierra that exercise the functions of government on a level below the federal government. These governments are largely based in Federal Sierra and exercise executive, legislative, and judicial authority over the borders and territory of their respective provinces. Federal Sierra comprises 23 individual provinces with the Channel Islands set to become the 24th province in March 2021. According to the Constitution of Sierra, provincial governments are given a great degree of autonomy within their own territories allowing them to exercise their own authority, pass their own laws and elect their own leaders within the confine of Sierran federal law. Any powers which are not forbidden to the provinces by the Constitution, or reserved to Parliament, are reserved to the provinces. Similar institutions exist in both Hawaii and the Deseret with their own administrative divisions, states and areas respectively.
Legal status[edit | edit source]
Within the confines of the borders within Sierra's provinces, the provincial governments are granted executive and administrative authority and jurisdiction within their own borders, but are not sovereign in the same way that the Sierran federal government or any other foreign national governments are. Provincial governments are granted the powers of a regular government, but restricted to their own province's borders and posses such features like their own provincial cabinet, a provincial legislature and judicial system including local courts and a provincial supreme court. Provincial governments are largely left to their own devices and only deal with federal intervention if a provincial law or laws interfere with federal law or a provincial government interferes in the affairs of another province. While provincial governments hold a great degree of autonomy, they are not sovereign governments nor are they recognized as independent states such as Superior, Astoria or Alaska among others. They are not allowed to interfere with the free movement of people within its borders, though some exceptions exist in regards to undocumented immigration.
The current system of provincial governments is based upon the system of federalism that was used by the United States where states possessed their own governments and political systems and institutions beneath that of the federal government. This system was a source of inspiration and was maintained in the duel federalist–Westminster system adopted by Sierra by Charles I of Sierra upon his ascension to the throne. Such a system was present during the California Republic, but was hampered by corrupt and ineffective leadership on both the state and federal levels of government. Upon their admission into the union, provincial governments are to draft their own constitutions as long as they are inline with the federal constitution and establish their own executive branch comprising by a Lord Superintendent, governor and lieutenant governor. There are two main forms of provincial governments: one based on the American-styled state government (where the executive and legislative are separated powers) and the other on the federal Westminster system (where the executive and legislative are fused in the legislature).