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Girafe radar
Type Surface-to-air missile system
Place of origin Skandinavia
Service history
In service 2000
Used by Skandinavia
Production history
Designer Saab Dynamics
Manufacturer Saab Dynamics
Unit cost $110 million for radar, control systems, 3 launchers, & 24 missiles

Flight altitude 15,000 meters

The Robotsystem 23 BAMSE Automatic Command-to-Line-Of-Sight (ACLOS) missile system is one of few systems in the world today that has been developed as a dedicated ground-based air-defence missile system. It is designed and manufactured by Saab Dynamics.

The philosophy is to have a number of fully co-ordinated firing units that together create the system’s ground coverage of more than 1,500 km2, the unique altitude coverage of 15,000 m and a range out to 20 km. Long-range/high-altitude surveillance is no match for Bamse, which provides a large protected volume to high altitude

Features[edit | edit source]

The all-target, all-weather Bamse system is designed to counter modern threats, which besides bombers and fighter-bombers, also includes stand-off weapons, UAVs and other small targets that will constitute ever greater threats in the future.

The Bamse system combines modern advanced technology and the company's more than 50 years’ experience in air-defence systems, missiles and radars, into a powerful and cost-effective air-defence system.

Unique capabilities[edit | edit source]

  • 24-hour, all-weather capability in ECM environment
  • Long-range/high-altitude surveillance
  • Large protected volume to high altitude
  • Accurate 3D target designation from radar
  • Optimised C4I Network function

Fast and lethal[edit | edit source]

  • Very short reaction and engagement times
  • All missiles reloaded in less than 5 min (1 missile reloaded in 1 min)
  • High detection and kill probability against targets ranging from large transport aircraft, fighter-bombers and UAVs to air-to-ground missiles and stealth-type targets (low radar signature)
  • High capability against multiple attacks
  • High level of tactical and strategic mobility

Efficient support and operation[edit | edit source]

  • Embedded simulators for easy handling and training
  • Operation with a minimum of qualified personnel
  • Minimised logistical support
  • Long serviceable life with low life-cycle cost, with a missile life exceeding 30 years
  • High redundancy

Technical specifications[edit | edit source]

Bamse Surveillance Coordination Centre (SCC)[edit | edit source]

Frequency 5.4 – 5.9 GHz, C-band
Instrumented ranges 30, 60, 120 km
Full elevation coverage >70º
Altitude detection ceiling 20,000 m (>60 kft)
Automatically tracked air targets 150 own + 80 external
IFF Integrated back-to-back

Bamse Fire-Control Radar (FCR)[edit | edit source]

FCR frequency 34 – 35 GHz, Ka-band
Radar type Pulse-doppler monopulse
Pulse-doppler monopulse <100 W
Antenna lobe (circular beam width) <1° lobe
Function Target and missile tracking
FCR instrumented range 30 km

Bamse Missile[edit | edit source]

Range Out to 20 km
Effective altitude coverage 15,000 m
Guidance Automatic Command to Line of Sight (ACLOS)

Missile commands

Transmitted by FCR
Warhead Fragmentation and shaped charge
Fuze Proximity and impact fuze
Target types Fighters, bombers and transport aircraft combat and transport helicopters, stand-off weapons and guided bombs
Ready-to-fire missiles on MCC Six missiles