RBS 70 MANPADS

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RBS 70
TBU RBS70 02.jpg
RBS 70 training simulator
Type Short-range Air Defense (SHORAD)
Man-portable air-defence system (MANPADS)
Place of origin Skandinavia
Service history
In service 1977–present
Wars Iran–Iraq War, 1992 Venezuelan coup d'état attempts
Production history
Manufacturer Saab Dynamics
Specifications
Weight 87 kg (Stand + Sight + Missile)
Length 1.32 m
Diameter 106 mm
Warhead 1.1 kg Combined with 3,000 tungsten spheres and shaped charge
Detonation
mechanism
Adaptive proximity fuze function with 3 selectable modes (Off, Normal, Small target)

Engine Booster and sustainer with smokeless solid propellant
Wingspan 32 cm
Operational
range
250 m – 8 km
Flight altitude 5,000 m
Speed Mach 1.6 (Mark 0/1)
Mach 2 (5 km in 12 seconds) (Mark 2/BOLIDE)
Guidance
system
Laser beam riding missile
Launch
platform
tripod, weapon platform (ASRAD-R) and warship

The RBS 70 man-portable air-defence missile system (MANPADS) is designed for anti-aircraft warfare in all climate zones and with little to no support from other forces. Originally designed and manufactured by the Skandinavian defence firm Saab Dynamics. It uses the RB 70 missile which is also in use in a number of other Skandinavian missile systems. It is a first-class reputation system based on its outstanding performance, unique unjammable laser-guided missile, high reliability and availability.

The RBS70 is combat-proven and has the capability to combat targets from ground level up to 5,000 m. Due to the smart laser proximity fuze and the high-tech warhead, the system can defeat armoured targets on the ground as well as small air targets, e.g. UAVs and cruise missiles.

The system has been designed to be easy to use requires minimum personnel and logistic support, enabling it to be deployed and redeployed quickly and to have minimised reaction time.

TBU RBS70 01.jpg
TBU RBS70 03.jpg

Development[edit | edit source]

RBS 70 development studies started over 40 years ago. By 1978 Generation 1 was in service. With an effective intercept range against incoming targets of 5 kilometres, and altitude coverage of more than 2,000 metres, it was a unique product. Its unjammable guidance with laser beam riding missile was one of the first military laser applications and ensured it could perform in cluttered environments.

1982 saw the second generation RBS 70 developed with increased area coverage and by 1990, the third generation was introduced. The Mk II missile, Clip-On Night Device (COND) and Battlefield Management Terminal set it apart from earlier versions as well as from the enemy.

In 2003, the fourth generation presented a major capability enhancement, entering the digital era with non-cooled laser diodes (No Freon), the BOLIDE all-target missile, BORC Thermal Imager, Digital IFF Interrogator, Target Data Receiver, PC-based Weapon Simulator and external power supply.

Features[edit | edit source]

The unjammable laser-guided RBS 70 system is designed to counter the modern threat, which besides bombers and fighter-bombers, also includes stand-off weapons, UAVs and other small air targets as well as ground targets. The RBS 70 system combines modern advanced technology with the Saab's more than 50 years of experience in air-defence systems, missiles and radars, into a powerful and cost-effective air-defence system.

VSHORAD requirements[edit | edit source]

  • 24-hour capability in ECM environment
  • C4I network interface
  • Very short reaction and engagement times
  • High detection and kill probability against targets ranging from aircraft, helicopters and UAVs to cruise missiles
  • High capability against multiple attacks
  • High level of mobility
  • Simulators for effective training
  • Operation with a minimum of qualified personnel
  • Minimised logistic support
  • Long serviceable life with low life-cycle cost
  • High redundancy

Unjammable guidance[edit | edit source]

The RBS 70 unjammable and accurate guidance system is uniquely suited for deployment from sites of opportunity, such as rooftops in urban areas.

The guidance is unaffected by target background such as heat sources and ground clutter. All functions for target engagement are completely unjammable, providing full system performance in all tactical situations, day or night.

All-target missile[edit | edit source]

The laser beam-riding BOLIDE missile provides true all-target capability. Due to the large effective-protected area and short re-engagement time, one firing unit can effectively engage multiple targets in a flight formation, before the enemy has time to employ their weapons.

4th Generation[edit | edit source]

Besides the new BOLIDE missile, the fourth generation of RBS 70 incorporates the BORC Night Sight (thermal imager), a digital IFF interrogator, the new Target Data Receiver (TDR35), a digital Video recorder Attachment (VRA), an external hydrogen fuel cell and a PC-based classroom trainer.

Technical Specifications[edit | edit source]

General[edit | edit source]

  • Guidance method: Laser beam-riding missile
  • Effective intercept range: 8,000 m
  • Altitude coverage: Ground to more than 5,000 m
  • Target types: Fighter aircraft, Helicopter, Transport aircraft, UAV, Cruise Missiles and armoured ground targets
  • Max velocity: Mach 2 (5 km in 12 seconds)
  • Propulsion: Booster and sustainer motor with low-smoke propellant
  • Warhead: Combined with >3,000 tungsten spheres and shaped charge
  • Fuzes: Adaptive proximity fuze function with 3 selectable modes + Impact fuze
  • Deployment time: 30 sec (from being carried)
  • Reloading time: <7 sec

BORC Night Sight[edit | edit source]

  • Type: Thermal Imager
  • Wavelength: 8 to 12 (LWIR)
  • Detector: FPA QWIP

IFF Interrogator[edit | edit source]

  • Type: Mk XXII STANAG 4193/5170 Mode 1, 2, 3/A, C, S All Call. Optionally encrypted Mode 4 or National Secure Mode. Prepared for Mode 5.

Combat control[edit | edit source]

Target cueing from radar or command post to operator's head-set via target data receiver (Weapon Terminal).

RBS 70 NG[edit | edit source]

Started in 2012, the RBS 70 NG project will be the future development of the system. It will be ready for 2018. The RBS 70 NG has a modular concept and state-of-the-art technology in order to provide a highly flexible, scalable and long term solution to evolving GBAD requirements. The NG sight has been specifically designed for a high degree of flexibility and modularity: in addition to the Man-Portable Air Defence System (MANPADS) configuration, the same NG sight unit can be used in remote-controlled or vehicle applications. The modular design of the NG sight allows for integration into an almost unlimited number of vehicle types and for network integration and remote control.

New generation sight[edit | edit source]

The core of RBS 70 NG is the new generation sight module:

  • Integrated high resolution thermal imager allows for 24/7 capability.
  • Advanced cueing improves reaction times and target acquisition.
  • Auto-tracker assists the gunner during engagement, increasing the hit probability throughout the missile range.
  • Improved guidance further increases system performance both for manual and auto-tracker engagements.
  • Built-in video records for after-action review.

System features[edit | edit source]

  • Automatic target tracking
  • Integrated thermal imager
  • Visual target assignment
  • Simplifed aiming functions
  • Simultaneous detection of several targets
  • All-target capability (with BOLIDE Missile)

Technical data[edit | edit source]

  • Guidance method: Laser beam-riding missile
  • Effective range: 220 - >9,000 m
  • Altitude coverage: 0 - 6,000 m
  • Deployment time: 30 sec
  • Reloading time: Less than 6 sec (MANPADS)
  • Max velocity: Mach 2.5 (with BOLIDE Missile)