Saint Andrews, Santa Clara
|Saint Andrews, Santa Clara|
San Andrés, Santa Clara (es)
City of Saint Andrews|
Ciudad de San Andrés
|• Sierran Hanzi||聖 安德魯 ʃ|
|Nickname(s): Ginseng Capital of North America|
|Sovereign state||Kingdom of Sierra|
|Founded by||Julian Manuel Coronel|
|• Mayor||Debra Feinstein (DR)|
|• Baron||Lord Antoni, 9th Baron of Crespi|
|• Total||69 km2 (26.7 sq mi)|
|• Land||60 km2 (23.3 sq mi)|
|• Water||9 km2 (3.4 sq mi) 12.7%|
|Elevation||13 m (44 ft)|
|• Density||2,244/km2 (5,811/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Pacific Standard Time (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)|
Saint Andrews was founded in 1776 as New Rousillon, by a group of eighty Franco-Catalan pioneers (representing the sixteen Founding Families) led by religious hermit Manu Rios, who sought to establish his ideal agrarian society. With the sponsorship of the French government, Rios and his followers received permission by the local Spanish government to establish a territory on the Californian mainland. Due to the area's relative isolation from other Sierran Creole communities along the Gold Coast, the town achieved a substantial degree of autonomy from the colonial government. However, it did engage in trading relations with other settlements, particularly for its tomatoes, which were prized for their high quality. It was not until the establishment of the Kingdom of Sierra when its residents (legally classified then as Californios, and later Sierran Creoles) were integrated into mainstream society, coercing them to adopt English as their main language and unilaterally renaming the city to Saint Andrews, after their patron saint. The city, however, still prides in its Catalan roots and approximately ~200,000 individuals of Catalan ancestry reside in Saint Andrews and its surrounding satellite towns.
The California Gold Rush and the Great Depression brought over thousands of Chinese and Anglo-American–mainly destitute agricultural laborers colloquially known as "Okies–immigrants" bringing with them numerous cultural contributions such as the concept of diners and ginseng cultivation. Saint Andrews is perhaps best known as the location of the Santa Clara Institute of Agronomics, a highly-prestigious agricultural college founded by botanists Beau Andrews and Jessica Magalona. It was also the center of political activism and civil conflict during the 20th century, being the base of the First and Second Saint Andrews Riots (tied to the Sierran Cultural Revolution and the The Disturbances, respectively). In addition, it became the center of media attention during the highly-publicized murder of Jason Flores, and the ensuing Southside Drug Scandal, which both became the subject of numerous novels, documentaries, and films.
As one of the oldest settlements within Sierra, it includes numerous historical sites including its historic city core, known as the Old Town, and the Santa Clara Chinatown; one of the largest in Sierra. In addition, it is also famous for its bustling nightlife and association with the rich, as exemplified by the presence of high-end shopping streets, dermatological clinics, and spa facilities. The city is subdivided into sixteen wards that can be divided into two informal regions: the richer Northside, and the poorer Southside. The Northside contains the downtown, and as a result, most of the city's financial and business centers. The Southside is comparatively new and is a predominantly working-class neighborhood.
The 2010 K.S. Census reported that Saint Andrews has a total population of 155,166. The population density of the city was 5,811 people per per square mile (2,244/km2). The racial makeup of Saint Andrews was 76,031 (49%) White, 39,558 (25.49%) Asian, 21,791 (14.04%) Black or African Sierran, 1,637 (1.05%) Native Sierran or Amerindian), 9,927 (6.39%) from other races, 6,222 (4.01%) two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12,401 persons (7.99%). Creoles of any race were 55,381 persons (35.69%). In addition, the Census reported that 108,927 people (70.2%) lived in households, 6,207 (4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 40,032 (25.8%) were institutionalized.