Sillenic philosophy

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Sillenic philosophy first arose during the Classical era, during the reign of the Five Empresses. It originated from the wisdom literature of the preceding Bronze Ages; during the Occidentalizing period, during which Sillenic culture was influenced by contact with the West, it absorbed elements of Letsian (especially Azourian and Mesallan) philosophy. Sillenic philosophy matured during the Philippine dynasty, during which Anystessean philosophy emerged as a major school of thought. Sillenic philosophy covers a variety of subject matters, including epistemology, ethics, political philosophy, natural philosophy, and aesthetics.

History[edit | edit source]

Antiquity[edit | edit source]

Classical era[edit | edit source]

Medieval Ages[edit | edit source]

Dark Ages[edit | edit source]

High Middle Ages[edit | edit source]

Modern era[edit | edit source]

Overview of major schools[edit | edit source]

Natanism[edit | edit source]

Main article: Natanism

Natanism refers to the school of thought derived from the teachings of Natana, a jurist and politician who lived during the 4th century. Natana is referred to as Sillas' "first philosopher", as prior to her, Sillenic thought consisted of wisdom literature (written or orally transmitted by "sages"). She retired early, and joined the court of Empress Sanson (the Sun Empress) in her forties. She served as both a court physician and political advisor, it is during her service in court that she met her correspondant and philosophical rival, Vandena.

Natana's personal ideology is based on the central idea that there is an objective truth, which could be understood through reason. Natana vastly developed logic, devoting some of her works to the theory of syllogism. Natana also created the theory of forms (the underlying immaterial essence of everything) and advanced an dualistic cosmology consisting of an intangible spiritual realm and a tangible physical reality. Both her theory of forms, and her dualistic cosmology, while extrapolated from preexisting concepts, would set the basis of Sillenic thought and also influence religion, including Oriental Ulm and eventually, Anystesseanism. Natana mainly discussed moral and political philosophy. She stressed instilling "positive values" such as altruism and compassion; she also introduced the principle of karma as a secular (non-religious principle). She also stressed socio-political stability, which she considers the basis of any successful society; she believes this can be achieved through maintaining tradition and maintaining "microcosms" within society (such as the family unit).

Natana's works were combined into a systematic ideology following her death. While Natanists later became split on a variety of different issues - especially as philosophical discourse shifted from politics and ethics - Natanists as a whole continued to be characterized as universalists. Natanist works and literature including the Analects of Natana and Great Learning (a collection of Natana's various essays). These later formed the corpus of works that prospective civil service examinees would have to memorize and learn about.

TBD[edit | edit source]

  • application of Natana's thoughts on natural philosophy

Neo-Natanism[edit | edit source]

  • rejected matter
  • deistic
  • put large emphasis on self-control and temperance (both minor virtues cited by Natana)
  • believed in destruction of the individual

Vandenism[edit | edit source]

Main article: Vandenism

Vandenism refers to the school of thought founded by Vandena, who was a contemporary and close friend of Natana, albeit a decade her junior. Vandena rejected the perceived arbitrariness and idealism of Natanism, while extolling her identification of reason as a means of understanding the universe. Vandena's ideology encompassed more "pragmatic topics" such as politics, statesmanship, and jurisprudence while essentially being ambivalent on ethics and natural philosophy. Her doctrines could be essentially summarized through the trinity of "law, statecraft, and charisma", which she advocated as the cornerstones of a strong and successful leader.

Andreanism[edit | edit source]

Anystessean philosophy[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]